Subfloor Preparation
and Moisture Mitigation
“an ounce of prevention is worth a
pound of cure”
Benjamin Franklin
Outline
 Concrete Slab Basics
 Moisture Sources and Testing Methodologies
 Repairing Defects in Concrete Surfaces
 Cra...
Concrete Basics
 Cement
 Supplementary
Materials
 Aggregates
 Water
Moisture Sources
 Water of Hydration
 Water required to complete chemical reaction
• Typically considered ~25% of cement...
Water in the Slab
 Free water
 This water is found within
the capillaries of the slab
and will begin to evaporate
if giv...
Concrete Curing/Drying
 All concrete requires
time to “dry”.
 4” concrete slab with a
0.5 w/c ratio over an
impermeable ...
Drying of Concrete
 Thickness of concrete
slab also impacts
drying time
Open or Closed System
 Open system: Slab in contact with earth
 Greater opportunity for introduction of water post const...
Basic Concrete Slab Construction
 Site evaluation
 Compressed soil
 Large aggregate (capillary
break)
 Smaller aggrega...
Closed System
 A vapor barrier’s purpose from a
construction point of view differs
from the floor covering industry’s
and...
How Moisture Moves Through a
Slab
 On grade concrete
 Capillary & MVT
 Below grade concrete
 Capillary, MVT &
Hydrosta...
Moisture Testing per ASTM
Ravages of Moisture
Amount of Moisture Extracted
MVE of 20 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. (9,07 kg per 92,9 m)/ 24 hours
7 Days of Ex...
Flooring Moisture Issues
Solutions for Moisture Control
 Silicate Penetrating Sealers
 Topical Sealers
 Epoxy Coatings
 Cementitious Overlay
 ...
Penetrating Sealers
 Penetrating type reactive sealers are liquid applied treatments that
chemically react with the concr...
Top Coat Sealers
 Typically used for lower MVER/PH
conditions (approx. 8 lbs)
 May not require slab surface
preparation ...
Epoxy Coatings
 There are single and multiple coat
systems available.
 Designed for very high moisture/ph
conditions
 D...
Concrete Profiles for Epoxy
Membranes
Dual Function Adhesive Systems
 New adhesive products designed
to seal the slab and act as a
bonding agent in one step.
...
Dense Cementitious Overlay
 Usually requires preparation of the slab’s surface
 Primer is applied prior to top coat
 Hi...
Slip Sheet Membranes
 “Free floats” accommodating
minor cracks and joints.
 Shot blasting or grinding is not
required.
...
Decisions Drivers and Pitfalls for
Moisture Solution Selection
 Amount of remediation required (MVER and RH Levels)
 Ava...
REPAIRING DEFECTS IN
CONCRETE SURFACES
Minor Defect Repairs
 Cement Based with Liquid
Polymer Additives
 Dry Polymer Modified Cement
based
 Dry Polymer Modifi...
Large Area Repairs
 Self Leveling
Underlayments
 Prep
• Make sure the substrate has
the proper CSP or profile to
receive...
Deep Fill Repairs
 Screeds
 Typical fills up to 4”
thick
 Cure time relatively
quick but reset the
clock in terms of
fl...
Concrete Profiles for Self Leveling
Underlayments
Crack Repair
 Mechanically prepare control and
construction/expansion joints with a
diamond crack-chasing/concrete-
cutti...
He who lives upon hope, dies fasting.
Benjamin Franklin
of 30

Pontevedra 2d1johnson

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Pontevedra 2d1johnson

  • 1. Subfloor Preparation and Moisture Mitigation “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” Benjamin Franklin
  • 2. Outline  Concrete Slab Basics  Moisture Sources and Testing Methodologies  Repairing Defects in Concrete Surfaces  Crack Repair Treatments  Treatments for Moisture Vapor Emission
  • 3. Concrete Basics  Cement  Supplementary Materials  Aggregates  Water
  • 4. Moisture Sources  Water of Hydration  Water required to complete chemical reaction • Typically considered ~25% of cement by weight  Water of Convenience  Water used for ease of workability and placement • Usually another 25% to 40% of cement by weight  Moisture Vapor Transmission (MVT)  Water of convenience evaporating • 4” slab poured at .50 W/C evaporates >½ gallon per sq ft.  Water coming up through the concrete from under slab
  • 5. Water in the Slab  Free water  This water is found within the capillaries of the slab and will begin to evaporate if given the correct conditions.  Bound water  This is the water that is permanently bound as an integral part of the concrete slab.
  • 6. Concrete Curing/Drying  All concrete requires time to “dry”.  4” concrete slab with a 0.5 w/c ratio over an impermeable moisture barrier will take approximately 92 days to get to a suitable level for wood floor installation Reference: “Are your slabs dry enough for floor coverings?” By Bruce Suprenant and Ward R. Malisch, Copyright 1998
  • 7. Drying of Concrete  Thickness of concrete slab also impacts drying time
  • 8. Open or Closed System  Open system: Slab in contact with earth  Greater opportunity for introduction of water post construction.  It is prudent to consider any slab of age to be an open system. (compromised closed system design)  Closed System: Slab separated with a vapor “barrier”  Recommended within ASTM F710  Greater protection from introduction of water post construction, but not bullet proof and often times not constructed according to ASTM F710.
  • 9. Basic Concrete Slab Construction  Site evaluation  Compressed soil  Large aggregate (capillary break)  Smaller aggregate  Moisture barrier specifications  0.010” thick reinforced film  Exterior Drainage and Landscaping concerns
  • 10. Closed System  A vapor barrier’s purpose from a construction point of view differs from the floor covering industry’s and building occupier’s perspective. Vapor barriers at the time of slab pour are intended to trap the necessary water required for proper curing. Not an adequate barrier for long term protection from moisture migration.
  • 11. How Moisture Moves Through a Slab  On grade concrete  Capillary & MVT  Below grade concrete  Capillary, MVT & Hydrostatic Pressure
  • 12. Moisture Testing per ASTM
  • 13. Ravages of Moisture Amount of Moisture Extracted MVE of 20 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. (9,07 kg per 92,9 m)/ 24 hours 7 Days of Extracted Moisture 20lb MVER Roughly 16 gallons of water over a 7 day period over an area approximately 31’x31’
  • 14. Flooring Moisture Issues
  • 15. Solutions for Moisture Control  Silicate Penetrating Sealers  Topical Sealers  Epoxy Coatings  Cementitious Overlay  Single system approach (adhesive acts as bonding agent and moisture control solution)
  • 16. Penetrating Sealers  Penetrating type reactive sealers are liquid applied treatments that chemically react with the concrete reducing the MVER.  There are also products that are incorporated into the product at the time of pour. (mixed in the truck)  These may be silicate in nature (sodium, lithium, or potassium)  Some concrete mixtures will affect the efficacy of these types of sealants in relation to moisture/ph suppression and bonding compatibility with flooring adhesives.  Silicate type treatments are considered by some with much less confidence than other topically applied products
  • 17. Top Coat Sealers  Typically used for lower MVER/PH conditions (approx. 8 lbs)  May not require slab surface preparation depending upon surface condition of the slab  Not typically recommended for open slab systems.  May not be recommended for below grade slabs.  Creates “non-porous” substrate
  • 18. Epoxy Coatings  There are single and multiple coat systems available.  Designed for very high moisture/ph conditions  Designed to reduce MVER to a tolerable level at the bond line.  Isolates PH from flooring system.  Typical that slab must be abraded through grinding or shot blasting.  Typical that a cementitious over lay is required due to type of adhesive used for the floor covering and/or repair trenching caused by concrete surface preparation.  May include a sand broadcast
  • 19. Concrete Profiles for Epoxy Membranes
  • 20. Dual Function Adhesive Systems  New adhesive products designed to seal the slab and act as a bonding agent in one step.  Water based acrylic adhesive  Moisture cure urethane adhesive  Typically designed for a maximum of 15lbs MVER and 90% RH  May not be designed for certain types of floor covering  May or may not be recommended for open slab systems or slabs with hydrostatic pressure.
  • 21. Dense Cementitious Overlay  Usually requires preparation of the slab’s surface  Primer is applied prior to top coat  Highly densified cementitious layer is poured (may be self-leveling)  Floor patching as needed to bring to floor coverings required levelness benchmark.  Isolates slab from floor covering system.
  • 22. Slip Sheet Membranes  “Free floats” accommodating minor cracks and joints.  Shot blasting or grinding is not required.  Not necessarily compatible with all flooring systems.  Effectively isolates floor covering away from the slab alleviating build up of vapor pressure. (vapor moves laterally)  PH resistant
  • 23. Decisions Drivers and Pitfalls for Moisture Solution Selection  Amount of remediation required (MVER and RH Levels)  Available funds (Moisture Issues not typically expected)  Incorrect system chosen for existing conditions / Lack of investigation.  Incomplete system that does not include accommodations for cracks or joints.  System requires “certification” prior to purchase and application / Warranties  Liability/Support if failure occurs  Incorrect application or slab preparation
  • 24. REPAIRING DEFECTS IN CONCRETE SURFACES
  • 25. Minor Defect Repairs  Cement Based with Liquid Polymer Additives  Dry Polymer Modified Cement based  Dry Polymer Modified Gypsum based (residential and light commercial use)  High hydrating, polymer and fiber reinforced cement based underlayments (skim coats)  Typical Usages: From Feather egde to 1-1.5” Thickness in single application Use “exterior rated” patching compounds on slabs with moisture issues.
  • 26. Large Area Repairs  Self Leveling Underlayments  Prep • Make sure the substrate has the proper CSP or profile to receive the leveler  Prime • Select the right primer for the substrate  Pour • Follow all instructions on the package  Wait 3 days for floor covering installation
  • 27. Deep Fill Repairs  Screeds  Typical fills up to 4” thick  Cure time relatively quick but reset the clock in terms of flooring acceptance as much as 30 days
  • 28. Concrete Profiles for Self Leveling Underlayments
  • 29. Crack Repair  Mechanically prepare control and construction/expansion joints with a diamond crack-chasing/concrete- cutting blade.  Overcut the joint width to obtain a sound, clean edge.  Clean cracks or joints with oil free compressed air and/or vacuum with a dustless collection system to completely remove contaminants An Engineer or Consultant determines if a crack is ‘dormant’ or ‘active’ and which product to use
  • 30. He who lives upon hope, dies fasting. Benjamin Franklin

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