The distal continuation of the adductor canal
Dr.Murali.M.S; M.B.A.
Prof. of Surgery
DY Patil Medical College
Mauritius.
 Superolaterally —
biceps tendon
 Superomedially —
semimembranosus
reinforced by
semitendinosus
 Inferomedially and
Inf...
Fascia lata which is
pierced by the short
saphenous vein as this
enters the popliteal
vein & posterior
femoral cutaneous
n...
From above down is
formed by:
1. Popliteal surface of
the femur
2. Capsule of the knee
joint
3. Oblique popliteal
ligament...
 By a tendon from
anterior end
of popliteal groove on
lateral femoral condyle.
 Its tendon passes under
lateral collater...
 Tendon passes within
the knee capsule under
arcuate popliteal lig.
 Into a triangular area on
the posterior surface of
...
1. The common peroneal
nerve passes out of the
fossa along the medial
border of the biceps
tendon
2. The tibial nerve is f...
1. The popliteal vein lies
immediately
superficial to the
artery;
2. The popliteal artery
itself lies deepest of all
in th...
Beginning:
 Continuation of
femoral a. @
 adductor magnus
hiatus
Termination:
 Divide into anterior
and posterior tibia...
Course:
 It is the deepest of the
structures of the
popliteal fossa
Anterior relations:
 Floor of the fossa
Branches:
 ...
Course:
 Along its course, lies
between popliteal
artery and tibial nerve
Tributaries:
 Veins that accompany
the branche...
Formation:
 From the lateral side of
dorsal venous arch of
foot
Course:
 Ascends behind lateral
malleolus
 Then upward ...
 Few nodes just under
the deep fascia
 Embedded in the fatty
connective tissue of
popliteal fossa, close to
the poplitea...
 Passes vertically in the
fossa
 Leaves between the 2
heads of gastrocnemius
 Gives:
 Muscular → to muscles
arising fr...
 Passes medial to biceps
femoris
 Disappears into
peroneus longus
 Lie on neck of fibula
 Gives:
 Muscular → none in ...
 Varicose veins are
enlarged, swollen,
and tortuous
(twisting) veins,
frequently linked
to faulty valves in
the vein.
 Popliteal artery
entrapment is an
uncommon clinical
entity that occurs due
to compression of the
popliteal artery by
adj...
 Baker cyst is " a
collection of synovial
fluid that has escaped
from the knee joint or a
bursa and formed a
new synovial...
Popliteal fossa
Popliteal fossa
Popliteal fossa
of 21

Popliteal fossa

This PPT is mainly for First yr M.B.B.S. Students. An outline of basic Anatomy of Popliteal fossa.
Published on: Mar 6, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Popliteal fossa

  • 1. The distal continuation of the adductor canal Dr.Murali.M.S; M.B.A. Prof. of Surgery DY Patil Medical College Mauritius.
  • 2.  Superolaterally — biceps tendon  Superomedially — semimembranosus reinforced by semitendinosus  Inferomedially and Inferolaterally — the medial and lateral heads of gastrocnemius.
  • 3. Fascia lata which is pierced by the short saphenous vein as this enters the popliteal vein & posterior femoral cutaneous nerve. Small Saphenous Vein Popliteal Vein
  • 4. From above down is formed by: 1. Popliteal surface of the femur 2. Capsule of the knee joint 3. Oblique popliteal ligament 4. Popliteus muscle covering the upper posterior surface of the tibia. LM
  • 5.  By a tendon from anterior end of popliteal groove on lateral femoral condyle.  Its tendon passes under lateral collateral ligament of knee Origin :
  • 6.  Tendon passes within the knee capsule under arcuate popliteal lig.  Into a triangular area on the posterior surface of the tibia above the soleal line.  Knee capsule  Lateral meniscus Insertion :
  • 7. 1. The common peroneal nerve passes out of the fossa along the medial border of the biceps tendon 2. The tibial nerve is first lateral to the popliteal vessels and then crosses superficially to these vessels to lie on their medial side. PoplitealV. Tibial N. PoplitealA. Common Fibular N
  • 8. 1. The popliteal vein lies immediately superficial to the artery; 2. The popliteal artery itself lies deepest of all in the fossa. 3. Fat 4. Popliteal lymph nodes. PoplitealV. Tibial N. PoplitealA. Common Fibular N
  • 9. Beginning:  Continuation of femoral a. @  adductor magnus hiatus Termination:  Divide into anterior and posterior tibial arteries @ lower border of popliteus
  • 10. Course:  It is the deepest of the structures of the popliteal fossa Anterior relations:  Floor of the fossa Branches:  Superior, inferior, and middle genicular arteries  Muscular branches (sural)
  • 11. Course:  Along its course, lies between popliteal artery and tibial nerve Tributaries:  Veins that accompany the branches of the artery  Small saphenous vein
  • 12. Formation:  From the lateral side of dorsal venous arch of foot Course:  Ascends behind lateral malleolus  Then upward in the calf  Drains the lateral side of the foot and ankle and the back of the leg. Termination:  Pierces the deep fascia and drains into the popliteal vein
  • 13.  Few nodes just under the deep fascia  Embedded in the fatty connective tissue of popliteal fossa, close to the popliteal vessels  Drain the deep tissues of the leg,foot and knee joint  Efferents to the deep inguinal LN
  • 14.  Passes vertically in the fossa  Leaves between the 2 heads of gastrocnemius  Gives:  Muscular → to muscles arising from the popliteal fossa  Articular → 3 genicular nerves  Cutaneous → sural nerve
  • 15.  Passes medial to biceps femoris  Disappears into peroneus longus  Lie on neck of fibula  Gives:  Muscular → none in the fossa  Articular → 3 genicular nerves  Cutaneous → sural communicating nerve and lateral cutaneous nerve of the calf
  • 16.  Varicose veins are enlarged, swollen, and tortuous (twisting) veins, frequently linked to faulty valves in the vein.
  • 17.  Popliteal artery entrapment is an uncommon clinical entity that occurs due to compression of the popliteal artery by adjacent muscle and tendinous structures
  • 18.  Baker cyst is " a collection of synovial fluid that has escaped from the knee joint or a bursa and formed a new synovial fluid-lined sac in the popliteal space

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