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National fedratation of disabled nepal eastern regional half yearly publication 2015
National fedratation of disabled nepal eastern regional half yearly publication 2015
National fedratation of disabled nepal eastern regional half yearly publication 2015
National fedratation of disabled nepal eastern regional half yearly publication 2015
National fedratation of disabled nepal eastern regional half yearly publication 2015
National fedratation of disabled nepal eastern regional half yearly publication 2015
National fedratation of disabled nepal eastern regional half yearly publication 2015
National fedratation of disabled nepal eastern regional half yearly publication 2015
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National fedratation of disabled nepal eastern regional half yearly publication 2015

Post by regional coordinator Uttam siwakoti from Biratnagar
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - National fedratation of disabled nepal eastern regional half yearly publication 2015

  • 1. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn
  • 2. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn
  • 3. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn! o; cªsleq /fli6«o ckfªu dxf;+3 g]kfn k"jf{~rn If]qLo sfof{no lj/f6gu/åf/f k|sflzt jif{ %, c+s !@ ;fpg @)&@ ;Nnfxsf/ ;'bz{g ;'j]bL /fdaxfb'/ sfsL{ ;ltz rGb| emf vu]Gb| axfb'/ e§/fO{ ;Dkfbs d08n lji0f'k|;fb a/fn odaxfb'/ a:g]t pQd lzjfsf]6L bfdf]b/ l/hfn /fh]Gb| bfxfn Joj:yfkg÷ljt/0f /fli6«o ckfªu dxf;+3 g]kfn k"jf{~rn If]qLo sfof{no lj/f6gu/ k|sfzs /fli6«o ckf+u dxf;+3 g]kfn k"jf{~rn If]qLo sfof{no lj/f6gu/–!%, hgky6f]n df]/ª kmf]g g+= )@!–$&!)** Od]n M nfdnero@gmail.com k|sfzg ;xof]u Knfg g]kfn df]/ª sfo{qmd OsfO{ sDKo'6/ l8hfOg PG8 ;]l6ª dfdf–efGhf 8]:S6k ;]G6/ lj/f6gu/–!# d'b|0f c/lgsf] 5fkfvfgf lj/f6gu/ !%, hgky6f]n kmf]g g+= )@!–%@^)&* zLif{s ======================================== k[i7 gof“ ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?sf ;/f]sf/sf ;jfn la:t[t ;'emfjx? k|fs[lts k|sf]k / ckf+utf sfof{Gjogsf] r/0f cem} ablgotk"0f{ 5 ;/sf/L gLlt b[li6laxLg lr/GhLljsf] cf“6f dLn vf]Ng]] cf“6 æaf“sL hLjg s;/L u'hfg'{ <Æ afx'g8F“uLsf ckfªu -sljtf_ pRrtxsf] k|fljlws lzIffno gx'“bf cj;/af6 jl~rt /fhgLlts kf6L{ leq ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] ;xeflutf k'gM:yfkgf sfo{qmddf lj/f6gu/ cf“vf c:ktfnsf] cu|0fL e"ldsf km];a'sn] h'/fOlbPsf] k|]d b'3{6gf sd u/fpg] p2]Zon] ckf+usf] ljZjofqf ckf+u ;+/If0f tyf sNof0f lgodfjnL, @)%! ! @ # $ % ^ & * ( !) !! !@
  • 4. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn ;DkfbsLo @ ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bfn] g;d]6]sf ;jfnx¿ g]kfndf nf]stGqsf] :yfkgfsf] em08} Ps bzs kl5 bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;ef dfkm{t g]kfndf ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bf cfPsf] 5 of] cfd g]kfnL hgtfsf] nfuL v'zL / uj{sf] ljifo xf] t/ klg o; v';L leq pTkL8t ju{,If]q,lnË efiff,;d'bfon] ckgTjaf]w ub}{ xiff]{Nnf; dgfpg' kg]{ xf] t/ d:of}bfn] ;j}sf ;jfnx¿nfO{ cf+lzs ?kdf dfq ;+jf]wg u/]sf] x'gfn] ;j}} ju{ If]q oltv]/ cfGbf]lnt eO/x]sf5g . g]kfndf bz jif{ ;Dd ePsf] hgo'4, @)^@÷)^#sf] hgcfGbf]ng / dw]z cfGbf]ngn] rfx]sf] kl/jt{gsf] k|ltljDj o; d:of}bfdf cfpg' kYof]{ t/ lj8Djgf cfpg ;s]g cfd plTkl8t ju{,If]q,;d'bfosf ;jfnx¿sf] ;lx 9+un] ;Djf]wg x'g ;s]g o;n] cfd hgtfdf Psvfnsf] lg/fzf / cfqmf]z hGdfPsf] 5 . cflv/ olQsf 4G4 / cfGbf]ng s;sf nflu ul/Psf lyo < s] g]tfx¿s} ;'v ;'ljwfsf nfuL ls b]zsf] cfd'n kl/jt{gsf nfuL ulDe/ k|Zg lrGx v8f ePsf] 5 . P]ltxfl;s ;+ljwfg;efn] o;sf] xn ub}{g eg] s] n] u5{ s}n] u5{ < ;w} el/ /fhlglts kl/jt{gs}nfuL g]kfnL hgtfn] nl8/xg' kg]{ xf] < g]kfn cfly{s ljsf;sf] qmflGt lt/ slxn] nfU5 < ef]sfPsf k]6x¿n] slxn] k]6e/L vfg kfp5g < cfjfh ljlxgx¿sf] cfjfh slxn] ;'G5 /fHon] < a]/f]huf/x¿n] slxn] /f]hufl/ kfp5g < klxrfg x/fPsfx¿n] klxrfg slxn] kfp5g < k'0f{ czQm ckfËtf ePsf JolQx¿n] kl/jf/af6 / /fHoaf6 kfng kf]if0fsf] xs slxn] kfp5g < ckfËtfsf] cfwf/df ul/g] lje]bsf] cGTo slxn] xf]nf < /fHosf] x/]s c+udf ;dfg'kflts k|ltlglwTj x'g] Joj:yf slxn] x'G5 < oL ;du| ;jfnx¿sf] ;Djf]wg gug]{ ;+ljwfg hfl/ eof] eg] km]/L b]zsf] Oltxf;df Ps yfg ;+ljwfg t/ c;kmn ;+ljwfgsf] ?kdf ylkg] lgZrLt k|fo M 5 . ;+ljwfgn] slDtLdf klg %) jif{ kl5 ;Ddsf ;jfnx¿nfO{ ;Daf]wg ug'{k5{ ;j} gful/sx¿sf] /fHodf ;dfj]zLs/0f sf] 9f]sf vf]n]sf] x'g' k5{ plTkl8t ju{ ;d'bfonfO{ ljutdf k5f8L kfl/Psf] s'/fnfO{ cfTd;fy ub]{ Iflt k'lt{ ;lxt eflj lbgdf ;dfg'kflts ;xeflutfsf] Uof/]G6Lsf] k|Tofe'lt lbnfpg ;Sg' k5{ xf]Og eg] nf]stGq km]/Lklg s]lx cf}nfdf uGg ;lsg] JolQmsf] nfuLdfq x'g]5 . g]kfnsf] x/]s P]ltxfl;s /fhg}lts kl/jt{gsf] cfGbf]ngdf ckf+utf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] cx+ e'ldsf /xb} cfPsf] 5 . s'g} klg /fhg}lts kl/jt{gsf] cfGbf]ngdf /ut gju]sf] Oltxf; 5}g rfx] Tof] zflGtk'0f{ xf]; rfx] Tof] z;:q xf]; k|To]s cfGbf]ngdf xhf/f}sf] ;+Vofdf c+ue+u ePsf 5g / ckf+utf ePsf 5g /fhg}lts kl/jt{gsf] hueg]sf]/utjufpg]x¿af6}plePsf]5eGbfcltof]lQm gxf]nf . t/ hj /fhg}lts kl/jt{g x'G5 / cfGbf]ngsf g]t[Tj ug]{ /fhg}lts bnx¿ zf;g ;Qf ;+rfng ug{ k'Ub5g dfgf} Tof] ;j} kl/jt{g PSn}n] u/]sf lyo . cfhsf] o; nf]stGq k|fKtLsf nfuL !) cf} xhf/ JolQmn] ckf+utf j/0f u/]sf 5g eg] ckf+utf j/0f u/]sf JolQmx¿n] klg @)^@÷)^#sf] hgcfGbf]ngdf cu|Ld df]rf{df /x]/ cfGbf]ngnfOphf{lbPsflyot/hj/fhg}ltspknAwLnfO{ ;+ljwfg dfkm{t ;+:yfut ug]{ j]nf cfof] of] a]nfdf pk]Iff ul/Psf] 5 /fhg}lts clwsf/ s6f}lt ul/Psf] 5 . ;/sf/df /x]sf pk–k|wfg tyf u[xdlGq h:tf] ul/dfdo kbsf JolQmn] ckf+ux¿sf nfuL j:g] / vfg] lgltut Joj:yf ldnfO lbG5f} /fhg}lts clwsf/ lsg rflxof] < eGg] u}/lhDd]jf/L egfOn] l;+uf] ckfËtf If]q nfO ddf{xt t'NofPsf] 5 / cfqmf]l;t klg jgfPsf] 5 . s] /fhg}lts clwsf/ eg]sf] zf/Ll/s ?kdf ;jnx¿sf nfuL dfq xf] < olb To;f] xf] eg] /fHosf] s/f}8f} ;Dklt vr]{/ pkrf/ u/]/ j:g] JolQm /fhg}lts bndf ;efklt / cWoIf lsg x'g' < lsg k|wfgdlGq, dGqL x'g' < s] o;sf] hjfkm /fhg}lts bnsf g]tfn] lbg ;S5g < ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bf ;fj{hflgs eO;s]kl5 tkfO{ xfdL ckf+utfIf]qdfsfdug]{ckf+utfclwsf/sld{x¿n]/fhg}lts clwsf/ ;'lgZrLttfsf] nfuL d:of}bfdflysf] 5nkmndf ;zQmpkl:ylthgfpb}df}lnsxsleqsf:jf:Yo;DjGwL xs, /f]huf/ ;DjGwLxs / /fhg}lts clwsf/ ;DjGwLsf xsdfxfd|f;jfnx¿p7fpgh?/L5eg]csf]{lt//fhg}lts bnsfckf+utf;DjGwLsfeft[;+u7gx¿n]cfˆgf]/fhg}lts bn÷ kf6L{ ;fd' d:of}bfdf 5'6]sf ;jfnx¿nfO{ ;dfj]z u/fpg] sfo{df / ;+o'Qm df]rf{ agfo/ oyfl;3| ;zQm 9+un] nfUg cfjZos 5 eg] dfxf ;+3df cfj4 ;+3 ;:yfx¿n] ufFptx ;Dd k'u]/ xfd|f hfoh dfux¿sf ljifodf ;j} ;/f]sf/jfnfnfO{ a'emfpg], :yflgo ;+hfnx¿nfO{ hfu?s jgfpg] / d:of}bfdf ;'emfjlbg] sfo{ u/]/ cufl8 a9g'g} clxn]sf] cfjZoQmf xf] .
  • 5. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn e"ldsf Me"ldsf Me"ldsf Me"ldsf Me"ldsf M sf]xL klg dflg; cfkm'n] rfx]/ cfÎgf] OR5f rfxgf jf /xn] ckfªutf a/0F ub}{g . dflg; s'g} klg a]nf ckfªutf j/0F ug{ ;S5 of] lttf] ;To xf] . o;nfO g xfdLn] /f]Sg ;S5f} g t 6f/]/ 6fg{ . xfdL ckfªutf Go'lgs/0F ug{ / ckfªutf ePkZrftplrt Joj:yfkg ul/ hLjgnfO ;xh agfpg ;Sb5f} . ckfªutf ePsf JoStLx? k5f8L kg'{df plgx?sf] ckfªutf eGbfklg ;dfhn] ;w} ckfªutfnfO c;Ôdtf;"u hf]8g', dfgj lgld{t ef}lts ;+/rgf ckfªutf d}lq gx'g' / ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?k|lt ul/g] Jojxf/ ;f]r gsf/fTds x'g' g} xf] . ;dfhdf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmL cg's'nsf] ef}lts, ;dflhs, gLltut Jofj:yf clje]bs/L ;dflhs aftfj/0F ePsf] v08df ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx? /fi6«lgdf{0Fdf ;s[o ?kdf of]ubfg ug{ ;S5g eGg] lJZjdfdfq geP/ xfd|f] ;dfhdf klg lgs} ;kmn gof“ ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?sf ;/f]sf/sf ;jfn la:t[t ;'emfjx? pbfx/0Fx? kfOG5g . h;nfO xfdL sf]xL s;}n] klg gsfg{ ;Sb}gf} . g]kfnsf] at{dfg /fhgLlts kl/jt{sfnfuL ckfªutf ePsf JoQmL tyf o; ;d'bfosf] klg 7"nf] of]ubfg /x]sf] 5 . of] s'/f slx st} l5k]sf] n's]sf] 5}g x/]s cfGbf]ngsf] cu|k+ltdf ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx? /x]sf] xfdL ;j}n] b]v]sf 5f} . ;+;f/sf s'g} klg kl/jt{gnfO /fhgLltn] k|ToÔ k|efj kg]{ x'bf xfd|f] b]zdf kl/jt{gsfnfuL Oltxf;sf] sfnvG8b]vL xfn;Dd w]/} /fhlglts ptf/r9fjx? cfPsf 5g . g]kfnsf] ljleGg ;dosf] /fhgLlts kl/jt{gsf/L cfGbf]ngx?df ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx? ;s[o ?kdf cu|k+ltdf/xL ljleGg bnsf g]t[Tjk+ltnfO pTk|]/0Ff hufpg] sfo{ u/]sf] ljlwt} 5 . bnx?sf ;xofqL ag]sf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgdf k'/} j]jf:tf ul/of] eGbf #
  • 6. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn km/s kb}{g . klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg / lgjf{rg kZrft ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] hg;+Vofsf] cfwf/df x'g] ;xefuLtfnfO{ bnx?n] cfTd;fy ug{ g;Sbf ;+ljwfg ;efsf] lgjf{rg kZrft s]jn @ hgf dfq ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] ;xefuLtf x'bf ;d:t ckfªutf ;d'bfonfO lgs} b'MvLt agfPsf] lyof] . lautdf h] eof] clxn] klg ToxL lgolt bf]x/LPsf] 5 . ;+ljwfg;ef efu b'O{df ckfªutf ePsf gful/x?sf] ;+dfghgs k|ltlglwTj x'g g;Sbf ;Dk"0F{ ckfªutf ;d'bfo ddf{xt ePsf] 5 . lautsf] z;:q åGå / /fhgLlts cfGbf]ng ;lxtsf] ckfªutfsf] ;+Vof #) nfvsf] xf/fxf/Ldf 5 olt w]/} ;+Vofdf /x]sf ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?nfO ljsf;sf ;j} k|lqmofdf ;dfj]z / ;s[o ;xefuL x'g] cj;/sf] c´} ;[hgf x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . x/]s bnx?df ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] eft[;+u7g u7g eO{;s]sf] cj:yfdf klg ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] /fhgLlglts clwsf/nfO bnx?n] sd} k|fyldstf lbPsf] kfOG5 . o; cj:yfdf bnx?n] ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?nfO{ u/]sf] k'0F{ ckdfg xf] . To;}n] cj jGg] ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutf ePsf gful/x?sf] clwsf/ k'0F{ ?kdf ;+/Ô0F ug{ bnx? k|ltaGw x'g' clgjfo{ /x]sf] 5 . cªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] ;jfnnfO{ ;dfj]z ug{ lgDg cg';f/sf ;jfnx? lj:t[t ?kdf tof/ kfl/Psf] 5 o;nfO{ oxf"n] cj:o ;+jf]wg ug'{ x'g]5 eGg] xfdL cfzf ub{5f} . !=!=!=!=!= ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?sf] ;Gbe{dfckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?sf] ;Gbe{dfckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?sf] ;Gbe{dfckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?sf] ;Gbe{dfckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?sf] ;Gbe{df at{dfg /fhgLlts kl/j]z Mat{dfg /fhgLlts kl/j]z Mat{dfg /fhgLlts kl/j]z Mat{dfg /fhgLlts kl/j]z Mat{dfg /fhgLlts kl/j]z M lautdf Ps bzs b]vLsf] /fhlglts cl:y/tf/ cfGtl/s åGåsf] sf/0Fn] ubf{ /fi6« ljsf;sf x/]s k|lsof cj?4 ePsf 5g . @)^@ / @)^# sf] hgcfGbf]ng efu @ kZrft s]xL cfÈf hgtfdf knfP klg cfÈf u/] cg'?k zflGt / lasf; lgdf{0F k|s[ofsf sfo{x? cuf8L a9g ;ls/x]sf 5}gg . Psflt/ /fi6« ljsf;sf] ultn] ;':ttf 5fPsf] 5 eg] csf]{lt/ ;dfhsf ;j} eGbf ;Dj]bglzn / /fHon] ;Djf]wg ug}{ kg]{ ;d'bfosf] ?kdf ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?nfO{ kfvf nufOPsf] 5 . s] /fHosf] 7'nf] lx:;f cf]u6]sf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO cnUofP/ ljsf;, zflGt / ;+ljwfg x/]s bnx?df ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] eft[;+u7g u7g eO{;s]sf] cj:yfdf klg ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] /fhgLlglts clwsf/nfO{ bnx?n] sd} k|fyldstf lbPsf] kfOG5 lgdf{0F k|s[of ;Dej 5 < o; lsl;dsf] lje]bsf/L ;+/rgfdf jg]sf] ;+ljwfgn] ;dtfd'ns ;dfhsf] lgdf{0F ug{;S5 < o; laÈodf ;j} ;/f]sf/jfnfx? ulDe/ eO ;f]Rg] a]nf cfPsf] 5 . ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?nfO klg /fHosf cGo gful/s ;/x cfly{s ;fdflhs gful/s /fhgLlts clwsf/ k|fKt ug{ ;Sg] afgpg ;/sf/ /fhgLlts bn at{dfg ;+;b ;+ljwfg ;efn] k|d'v ?kdf Wofg lbg' kb{5 . @=bnx?sf] ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?k|ltsf]@=bnx?sf] ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?k|ltsf]@=bnx?sf] ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?k|ltsf]@=bnx?sf] ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?k|ltsf]@=bnx?sf] ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?k|ltsf] b[li6sf]0F Mb[li6sf]0F Mb[li6sf]0F Mb[li6sf]0F Mb[li6sf]0F M bnx?n] hlxn] klg gful/s hgtfnfO ef]6a}ssf] ?kdf x]g{] k/Dk/fn] ubf{ ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] /fhgLlts ;xefuLtf ;Ddflgt / cy{k'0F{ ?kdf x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . bnx?n] hlt a]jf:tf u/]klg ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx? cfkmgf cf:yfsf cfwf/df bnxx?df cfj4eO ;s[o /x]sf 5g . hgcfGbf]ng efu @ kZrft ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?n] klg bnx?;"usf] ;fldKotf / ;xsfo{ a9f]; elg ;+ul7t eO eft[;+u7g $
  • 7. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn vf]nL ;s[o ?kdf sfo{ ub}{ cfO/x]sf 5g . s'g} klg s'/f Psf]xf]/f] x'g} ;Sb}g elgG5 lg Ps xftn] tfnL aHb}g . To;}n] ;+l3o nf]stflGqs u0FtGqsf] ;+:yfut ug]{ xf] eg] ;j} bnx?n] cf– cfÎgf ;+u7gdf cf:yf /fVg] lqmofzLn ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO ;dfg cj;/ lbg lxlRsrfpg x'b}g / ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO /fhgLlts clwsf/sf] ;'lglZrt ug{ bnx?n] cj sGh';fO ug'{ x'b}g eGg] ;du| ckfªutf ePsf gful/s / ltgsf ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] egfO /x]sf] 5 . klxnf] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bfdfklxnf] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bfdfklxnf] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bfdfklxnf] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bfdfklxnf] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bfdf ckfªutfsf] ;jfnckfªutfsf] ;jfnckfªutfsf] ;jfnckfªutfsf] ;jfnckfªutfsf] ;jfn klxnf] ;+ljwfg ;efdf /x]sf ljleGg ;ldltx?n] cfkmgf] cfkmgf] k|ltj]bgdf ljleGg ;'´fjx? lbPsf lyP . laleGg ;ldltx?sf] k|ltj]bgdf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] ;jfn s] s;/L ;+jf]wg x'g ;s]sf] lyof] lyPg elg lgDg cg';f/ laa]rgf ul/Psf] 5 . != df}lns clwsf/ tyf lgb]{zs l;bfGt ;ldlt!= df}lns clwsf/ tyf lgb]{zs l;bfGt ;ldlt!= df}lns clwsf/ tyf lgb]{zs l;bfGt ;ldlt!= df}lns clwsf/ tyf lgb]{zs l;bfGt ;ldlt!= df}lns clwsf/ tyf lgb]{zs l;bfGt ;ldlt df}lns xs eg]sf] ;j} eGbf dxTjk'0F{ xs xf] . df}lns xsdf pNn]lvt laÈo a:t'n] ;+ljwfgsf cGo laÈo a:t'nfO lgb]{lzt ub{5 . klxnf] ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bfdf df}lns clwsf/ tyf lgb]{zs ;ldltsf] k|ltj]bgdfæ cflys{ ;fdflhs jf ;f+:s[lts b[i6Ln] lk5l8Psf dlxnf blnt cflbjf;L hghftL dw]zL ls;fg dhb'/ plTk8Lt Ô]q d'l:nd lk58f ju{ cNk;+Vos ;LdfGts[t nf]k'Gd'v ;d'bfo jf ljkGg ju{ o'jf afnjflnsf h]i7 gful/s n}ªlus tyf of}lgs cNk;+Vos ckfªutf ePsf JoQmL czQm jf c;fo gful/ssf] ;+/Ô0F ;zQmLs/0F jf lasf;sf] nfuL sfg"g 4ff/f ljz]È Aoj:yf ug{ /f]s nufPsf] dflgg] 5}g elg pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . oL afx]s df}lns xs v08df ckfªutfnfO ;+jf]wg ug{ lgDg cGo Jofj:yf pNn]v ul/Psf] lyof] . – 5'jf5't tyf e]befj la?4sf] xsMs'g} klg JoQmLnfO hft, hflt plTkl8t ;d'bfo k]zf jf zf/Ll/s cj:yfsf cfwf/df s'g} k|sf/sf] 5'jf5't jf e]befj ul/g] 5}g . – c;fo cgfy ;':t dg:lyltsf ckfªutf ePsf åGåkLl8t la:yflkt Pj+ hf]lvddf /x]sf afnaflnsfnfO /fHoaf6 laÈ]z ;+/Ô0F / ;'ljwf kfpg] xs x'g] 5 . – ;fdflhs Gofosf] xs M ;fdflhs ?kn] k5f8L k/]sf dlxnf blnt dw]zL cflbaf;L hghflt cNk;+Vos tyf l;dfGts[t d'l:nd n}ªlus tyf of}lgs cNk;+vos ;d'bfo ckfªutfePsf JoQmL o'jf k58f au{ ls;fg dhb"/ au{ tyf pk]lIftnfO ;dfg'kflts / ;dfj];L l;bfGtsf cfwf/df /fHosf] ;+/rgf yk ;fj{hlgs ;]jfdf ;xeflutfsf] xs x'g]5 . – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLtnfO ljljwtfsf] klxrfg ;lxt dof{bf / cfTd;fDdfg k"j{s hLjg ofkg ug{ kfpg] ;fj{hlgs ;]jf tyf ;'jlwdf ;dfgkx'“rsf] xs x'g] 5 . – ;fdflhs ;"/Ôf ;DjGwL xs MlakGgau{ czQm c;focj:yfdf /x]sf Psn dlxnf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmL afnaflnsf h]i7gful/s cfÎgf] x]/rf/ cfkm} ug{ g;Sg] JoQmL tyf nf]kf]Gd'v hfltsf gful/snfO sfg"gdf Joj:yf eP adf]lhd ;fdflhs ;"/Ôfsf] xs x'g] 5 . o;sfn cnfjf /fHosf lgb]{zs l;bfGtdfklg ckfªutfsf] ;fjfnnfO ;Djf]wg u/]sf] kfOG5 . @= cNk;+Vos tyf ;LdGts[t ;d'bfosf] xs@= cNk;+Vos tyf ;LdGts[t ;d'bfosf] xs@= cNk;+Vos tyf ;LdGts[t ;d'bfosf] xs@= cNk;+Vos tyf ;LdGts[t ;d'bfosf] xs@= cNk;+Vos tyf ;LdGts[t ;d'bfosf] xs clwsf/ ;+/Ô0F ;ldltclwsf/ ;+/Ô0F ;ldltclwsf/ ;+/Ô0F ;ldltclwsf/ ;+/Ô0F ;ldltclwsf/ ;+/Ô0F ;ldlt – zf/Ll/s jf dfgl;s ?kdf czQm jf ckfªu %
  • 8. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn cj:yf jf cGo s'g} x}l;ot h:tf s'g} klg cfwf/df s'g} klg lsl;dsf] e]befj ug]{ 5}g . t/ cflys{ ;fdflhs /fhlglts z}lÔs / :jf:Yodf lk5l8Psf ;d'bfo jf ju{sf] klxrfgu/L plgx?sf] ;+/Ô0F ljsf; / ;zQmLs/0Fsf nflu /fHon] ljutsf] plTk8gsf] Ôltk"lt{ ;lxt ;sf/fTds lje]bsf cfwf/df sg'g 4f/ fljÈ]z Joj:yf ug]{ 5 elgPsf] 5 t/ ckfªutf /flvPsf] 5}g . – zfl/l/s jf dfgl;s ?kdf czQm jf ckfªu cj:yf jf cGo s'g} x}l;ot h:tf s'g} klg cfwf/df kfl/>lds nufot s'g} klg lsl;dsf] ;'ljwf k|bfg e]befj ul/g] 5}g . – jlx:s/0Fdf kfl/Psf] ;d'bfo eGgfn] hflto lje]b / 5'jf5'tdf kfl/Psf] eflÈs cflys{ ;fdflhs wflds{ ;f+:s[t n}ªlus jf of}lgs jf Ô]lqo lje]b / plTk8gdf kl/ jf zf/Ll/s jf dfgl;s czQmtf jf ckfªutfsf sf/0F /fHo ;TQfdf ;dfj]z x'g gkfPsf] au{ jf ;d'bfonfO ;D´g' kb{5 . #= Gofk|0FfnL ;DjGwL ;ldlt#= Gofk|0FfnL ;DjGwL ;ldlt#= Gofk|0FfnL ;DjGwL ;ldlt#= Gofk|0FfnL ;DjGwL ;ldlt#= Gofk|0FfnL ;DjGwL ;ldlt o; ;ldltsf] k|ltj]bgdf hflt ;d'bfo ju{ / wfld{s ;d'bfo elg pNn]v ul/Psf] ePtfklg ckfªutfnfO ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5}g . $= k|fs[lts >f]t, cfly{s clwsf/$= k|fs[lts >f]t, cfly{s clwsf/$= k|fs[lts >f]t, cfly{s clwsf/$= k|fs[lts >f]t, cfly{s clwsf/$= k|fs[lts >f]t, cfly{s clwsf/ tyf /fh:j jf“8kmf“8 ;ldlt Mtyf /fh:j jf“8kmf“8 ;ldlt Mtyf /fh:j jf“8kmf“8 ;ldlt Mtyf /fh:j jf“8kmf“8 ;ldlt Mtyf /fh:j jf“8kmf“8 ;ldlt M o; ;ldltsf] d:of}bfdf klg ckfªutfsf] ;jfn ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5}g . %= /fHosf] k'g;+/rgf / /fHozQmLsf]%= /fHosf] k'g;+/rgf / /fHozQmLsf]%= /fHosf] k'g;+/rgf / /fHozQmLsf]%= /fHosf] k'g;+/rgf / /fHozQmLsf]%= /fHosf] k'g;+/rgf / /fHozQmLsf] af"8kmf8 ;ldlt Maf"8kmf8 ;ldlt Maf"8kmf8 ;ldlt Maf"8kmf8 ;ldlt Maf"8kmf8 ;ldlt M – o; ;ldltsf] k|ltj]bgdf j[4 j[4f ckfªu dlxnf / Psn dlxnf czQmtfsf] Joj:yfkg eGg] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . eg] cGo s'/fx?df ckfªutfdf] ;jfn pNn]v x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . ^= /fHosf] zf;sLo :j?k lgwf{/0F^= /fHosf] zf;sLo :j?k lgwf{/0F^= /fHosf] zf;sLo :j?k lgwf{/0F^= /fHosf] zf;sLo :j?k lgwf{/0F^= /fHosf] zf;sLo :j?k lgwf{/0F ;ldlt;ldlt;ldlt;ldlt;ldlt of] d:of}bf ax'dtn] kf; u/]sf] lyPg / o;df ckfªutfsf] ;jfn ;dfj]z x'g ;s]sf] klg 5}g . &= /fli6«o lxt ;+/Ô0F ;ldlt&= /fli6«o lxt ;+/Ô0F ;ldlt&= /fli6«o lxt ;+/Ô0F ;ldlt&= /fli6«o lxt ;+/Ô0F ;ldlt&= /fli6«o lxt ;+/Ô0F ;ldlt o; ;ldltsf] d:of}bfdf /fHosf bfloTj lgb]{zs l;4fGt tyf /fHosf gLltx?df ckfªutfsf] ;jfnfnfO ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5 . *= Joj:yfksLo c+usf] :j?k*= Joj:yfksLo c+usf] :j?k*= Joj:yfksLo c+usf] :j?k*= Joj:yfksLo c+usf] :j?k*= Joj:yfksLo c+usf] :j?k lgwf{g/0F ;ldltlgwf{g/0F ;ldltlgwf{g/0F ;ldltlgwf{g/0F ;ldltlgwf{g/0F ;ldlt o; ;ldltsf] d:of}bfdf klg ckfªutfsf] ;jfn ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5}g . (= ;+j}wflgs lgsfosf] ;+/rgf(= ;+j}wflgs lgsfosf] ;+/rgf(= ;+j}wflgs lgsfosf] ;+/rgf(= ;+j}wflgs lgsfosf] ;+/rgf(= ;+j}wflgs lgsfosf] ;+/rgf lgwf{/0F ;ldltlgwf{/0F ;ldltlgwf{/0F ;ldltlgwf{/0F ;ldltlgwf{/0F ;ldlt o; ;ldltn] ;+j}wflgs lgsfosf] Jofj:yf ug]{ qmddf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmL cNk;++Vos Pjd l;dfGts[t ;d'bfo tyf lk58LPsf] ju{ / Ô]qsf] lxt ;+/Ô0F cfof]usf] k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . !)= ;+j}wflgs ;ldlt!)= ;+j}wflgs ;ldlt!)= ;+j}wflgs ;ldlt!)= ;+j}wflgs ;ldlt!)= ;+j}wflgs ;ldlt o; ;ldltn] cfÎgf] lhDd]jf/L k'/f ug{ gkfpb} ;+ljwfg;efsf] ;do ;lsPsf] lyof] . !!= ;fdflhs / ;f:s[lts!!= ;fdflhs / ;f:s[lts!!= ;fdflhs / ;f:s[lts!!= ;fdflhs / ;f:s[lts!!= ;fdflhs / ;f:s[lts P]s]j4tfsf] cfwf/ lgwf{/0F ;ldltP]s]j4tfsf] cfwf/ lgwf{/0F ;ldltP]s]j4tfsf] cfwf/ lgwf{/0F ;ldltP]s]j4tfsf] cfwf/ lgwf{/0F ;ldltP]s]j4tfsf] cfwf/ lgwf{/0F ;ldlt o; ;ldltn] ;dflhs ;"/Ôsf] xsdf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO klg ;dfj]z u/]sf] 5 . h;df k|of]u ul/Psf] k|:tfljt Joj:yf æ;z:q åGå / ljleGg hgcfGbf]ngsf] qmddf zlxb ePsf dfl/Psf jf j]kQf kfl/Psfx?sf] kl/jf/ tyf To; qmddf 3fOt] eO ckfªu czQm ePsf / lj:yflktx?sf] nflu plrt /fxt ;Ddfg / k'g:yfkgsf] Joj:yf ug]{ . gof“ aGg] ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutfgof“ aGg] ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutfgof“ aGg] ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutfgof“ aGg] ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutfgof“ aGg] ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLsf] /fhgLltsePsf JoQmLsf] /fhgLltsePsf JoQmLsf] /fhgLltsePsf JoQmLsf] /fhgLltsePsf JoQmLsf] /fhgLlts clwsf/sfnfuL bnx?sf] e"ldsfclwsf/sfnfuL bnx?sf] e"ldsfclwsf/sfnfuL bnx?sf] e"ldsfclwsf/sfnfuL bnx?sf] e"ldsfclwsf/sfnfuL bnx?sf] e"ldsf bf];|f] ;+ljwfg ;efdf xfn}sf] @)^* ;fnsf] hgu0Fgfsf] tYofªs cg';f/ x/]s bnx?n] sDtLdfklg @ k|ltzt ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO :yfg /fhlglts cf/Ô0F ug]{ ul/ bnx?n] Joj:yf ug'{ kb{5 . o;/L :yfg lbbf @)^* ;fnsf]@)^* ;fnsf]@)^* ;fnsf]@)^* ;fnsf]@)^* ;fnsf] tYofªs cg';f/tYofªs cg';f/tYofªs cg';f/tYofªs cg';f/tYofªs cg';f/ x/]s bnx?n]x/]s bnx?n]x/]s bnx?n]x/]s bnx?n]x/]s bnx?n] sDtLdf @ k|ltztsDtLdf @ k|ltztsDtLdf @ k|ltztsDtLdf @ k|ltztsDtLdf @ k|ltzt ckfªutf ePsfckfªutf ePsfckfªutf ePsfckfªutf ePsfckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfOJoQmLx?nfOJoQmLx?nfOJoQmLx?nfOJoQmLx?nfO /fhgLlts/fhgLlts/fhgLlts/fhgLlts/fhgLlts cf/Ô0Fsf] Joj:yfcf/Ô0Fsf] Joj:yfcf/Ô0Fsf] Joj:yfcf/Ô0Fsf] Joj:yfcf/Ô0Fsf] Joj:yf ug'{ kb{5ug'{ kb{5ug'{ kb{5ug'{ kb{5ug'{ kb{5
  • 9. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn ckfªutfsf] ju{, ckfªutf ePsf dlxnfx? / lajleGg cfGbf]ng / ;z:q åGåaf6 ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO{ ;dfg k|fyldstf lbb} /fhgLlts lgo'QmL nufotsf Joj:yfdf klg ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO{ laÈ]z k|flydstf lbg' kb{5 . – bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ckfªutf– bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ckfªutf– bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ckfªutf– bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ckfªutf– bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ckfªutf ePsf ;d'bfon] vf]h]sf] :yfg MePsf ;d'bfon] vf]h]sf] :yfg MePsf ;d'bfon] vf]h]sf] :yfg MePsf ;d'bfon] vf]h]sf] :yfg MePsf ;d'bfon] vf]h]sf] :yfg M ;+;f/sf] Oltxf;nfO x]g]{ xf] eg] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] lgjf{rg b'Ok6s lj/n} cfpg] ub{5 t/ g]kfndf of] df}sf k'g kms]{/ cfPsf] xf] . ljutsf] ;+ljwfg ;efdf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO lbPsf] hlt klg k|fyldstf o; ;+ljwfg;efn] lbg g;Sbf ;du| ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx? ddf{xt ePsf 5g . To;}n] of] ;+ljwfg;efdf ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?sf] ;jfn lnlvt / d't{ ?kdf g} ;+jf]wfg x'g' kb{5 . jt{dfg ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg 3f]È0Ff x'bf ckfªutf ePsf gul/sx?sf]nflu lgDg ;jfnx? clgjo{ ;dfj]z x'g' kb{5 . /fhgLltdf c/Ô0F M/fhgLltdf c/Ô0F M/fhgLltdf c/Ô0F M/fhgLltdf c/Ô0F M/fhgLltdf c/Ô0F M !_ ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] /fhgLlts kx'"r a9fpgsf]nflu bnx?n] lgjf{rgdf pd]bjf/ dgf]go ubf{ k|ToÔ ;dfg'kflts / dgf]gog ;j} :yfgdf ckfªutf ePsf gful/sx?sf] clgjfo{ k|ltlglwTj x'g] Joj:yf ug'{ kg]{ . – ;+ljwfgdf ljleGg :yfgdf l;dGts[t k5f8L kfl/Psf ju{ h:t} dlxnf, blnt, cflbjf;L hghflt / dw];L, d'l:nd eGg] :yfgdf clgjfo{ ckfªutf ePsf JoQmL elg zAbfjnL /fVg' kg]{ . @_ ;fdflhs ;'/Ôf M@_ ;fdflhs ;'/Ôf M@_ ;fdflhs ;'/Ôf M@_ ;fdflhs ;'/Ôf M@_ ;fdflhs ;'/Ôf M – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?df /f]huf/L ug{ g;Sg]sf] xsdf ;bf c?sf] e/df af“Rg' kg]{ afWotf ePsf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO af“Rg k'Ug] u/L ;fdflhs ;'/Ôf k]G;gsf] Joj:yf ug'{ kg]{ . – ;xof]uLsf] cfjZos kg]{ k'0F{ czQm tyf clt czQm cfkfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf]nflu /fHon] ;xof]uL pknAw u/fpg] Joj:yf ;dfj]; ug'{ kg]{ . – af}lbs ckfªutf, dfgl;s ckfªutf, x]df]km]nLof, cl6hd, 8fpgl;G8/f]d, d:s'n/ l8:6«f]kmL, dlxnf ckfªutf , afn ckfªutfsf] nfuL ljÈ]z Joj:yfx'g' kg]{ . – /f]huf/L ug]{ jf}lbs ckfªutfsf cleefjsx?nfO b}lgs sfo{ ug]{ ;dodf s]xL ;x'nLot lbg' kg]{ . #= efÈf ;+rf/ / gLlt M#= efÈf ;+rf/ / gLlt M#= efÈf ;+rf/ / gLlt M#= efÈf ;+rf/ / gLlt M#= efÈf ;+rf/ / gLlt M – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?dWo] alx/f tyf ;':t >j0F ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] nflu bf]ef;], gf]66]s/ / ;fªs]lts efÈfsf] ;xh pknAwtf x'g] s'/f ;dfj]z u/fpg' kg]{ . – >j0F b[li6 ljlxgx?sfnflu :k:6 ;+rf/sf] Joj:yf x'g' kg]{ – l8lh6n OGkm/d]zg l;:6d tyf cGo ;"rgf k|ljwLsf] ;jfn ;dfa]z ug'{ kg]{ . – b[li6 lalxgx?sfnflu a|]n lnlk, alx/fx?sfnflu ;fªs]lts efÈf / bf]ef;], ;':t >j0Fsfnflu gf]66]s/, >j0F b[li6lalxgx?sfnflu :kz{ ljlwaf6 ;+rf/ tyf k9g] Joj:yf sf] Uof/]G6L ug'{ kg]{ . $= /f]huf/Lsf] clwsf/ M$= /f]huf/Lsf] clwsf/ M$= /f]huf/Lsf] clwsf/ M$= /f]huf/Lsf] clwsf/ M$= /f]huf/Lsf] clwsf/ M – lzlÔt a]/f]huf/ ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO cfTd lge{/ agfpgsf]nflu /f]huf/Lsf] clgjfo{ Joj:yf ub}{ clzlÔt lg/Ô/ a]/f]huf/ ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf]nflu :j/f]huf/ d'ns sfo{qmd ug{ kfpg] ul/ ;+ljwfgdf Joj:yf ug'{ kg]{ . – Psk6s /f]huf/Ldf k|j]z ul/;s]sf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO cGo Joj:yf geP ;Dd lgsfNg gkfOg] k|ltj4tf bnx?n] ug'{ kg]{ . – ckfªutfePsf JoQmLx?sf] /f]huf/Lsf] cj;/nfO{ a9fpgsf]nflu ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO /f]huf/L lbg] gLlh tyf Jofkf/Ls k|lti7fgx?nfO ;x'lnot lbg] sfg'gL Joj:yf u/fpg ;+ljwfgn] lgb]{zg ug'{ kg]{ . ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx?df /f]huf/L ug{ g;Sg]sf] xsdf ;bf c?sf] e/df af“Rg' kg]{ afWotf ePsf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO af“Rg k'Ug] u/L ;fdflhs ;'/Iff k]G;gsf] Joj:yf ug'{ kg]{ .
  • 10. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn =%=lzÔf M=%=lzÔf M=%=lzÔf M=%=lzÔf M=%=lzÔf M – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sfnflu kx'"r ;lxtsf] cf}krfl/s / cgf}krfl/s clgjfo{ lgz'Ns lzÔf ;lxtsf] Joj:yf x'g' kg]{ . – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] ckfªutf cg's'nsf] lzÔf k|fKt ug]{ cj;/sf] >Lhgf ug'{ kg]{ . – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLsf 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ k9g /fHon] lgz'Ns k9g kfpg] Uof/]G6L ;lxtsf] Joj:yfsf] ;+ljwfgdf ;dfj]z ug'{ kg]{ . ^= :jf:Yo M^= :jf:Yo M^= :jf:Yo M^= :jf:Yo M^= :jf:Yo M – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] :jf:Yo ;]jf ;DjGwL kx'“r k'of{pg lgMz'Ns :jf:Yo ;]jfsf] ;xh pknJwtf ;lxt c;fWo} /f]ux? h:t} d[uf}nf, d'6', cj'{w - SoG;/_ h:tf /f]ux?sf] laÈ]z pkrf/sf] Joj:yf ug{ ;+ljwfgn] lgb]{zg ug'{ kg]{ . – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO clgjfo{ :jf:Yo ladfsf] Joj:yf x'g' kg]{ . – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] :jf:Yo k'g:yf{kfgfsf sfo{x?df :yflgo :t/;Dd k'of{pg ;+ljwfgn] lgb]{zg ug'{ kg]{ . – ckfªutf ePsf dlxnfx?sf] k|hgg :jf:Yosf] clwsf/sf] ;+/Ô0F ug{ ;+ljwfgdf ;dfj]z ug'{ kg]{ . – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] zf/Ll/s k'gyf{kgf ;xfos ;fdfu|Lx?sf] ;xh pknJwtfsf] nflu ;+ljwfgn] lgb]{zg ug{ kg]{ . &= ;dfj]zL / lg0F{o k|s[ofdf ;xeflutf M&= ;dfj]zL / lg0F{o k|s[ofdf ;xeflutf M&= ;dfj]zL / lg0F{o k|s[ofdf ;xeflutf M&= ;dfj]zL / lg0F{o k|s[ofdf ;xeflutf M&= ;dfj]zL / lg0F{o k|s[ofdf ;xeflutf M – /fhgLlts bnx?n] ug]{ ljleGg txsf] lg0F{o k|lqmofdf ;+DjlGwt bndf cfj4 ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO lg0F{o k|s[ofdf ;xefuL u/fpg' kg]{ . – ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO ljsf; lgdf{0F,gLlt lgdf{0F sfof{Gjog k|s[ofdf ;dfj]zul/ ;xefuL u/fpg' kg]{ . *= lhjgsf] clwsf/ / ;DktLsf] ;+/Ô0F M*= lhjgsf] clwsf/ / ;DktLsf] ;+/Ô0F M*= lhjgsf] clwsf/ / ;DktLsf] ;+/Ô0F M*= lhjgsf] clwsf/ / ;DktLsf] ;+/Ô0F M*= lhjgsf] clwsf/ / ;DktLsf] ;+/Ô0F M ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?nfO ;Ddflgt hLjg ofkg ug{ / ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] ;DkQLsf] ;+/Ô0Fsfnflu sfg'gL Joj:yf u/fpg ;+ljwfgn] lgb]{zg ug'{ kg]{ . (= gful/s clwsf/ / gful/stf ;lxtsf](= gful/s clwsf/ / gful/stf ;lxtsf](= gful/s clwsf/ / gful/stf ;lxtsf](= gful/s clwsf/ / gful/stf ;lxtsf](= gful/s clwsf/ / gful/stf ;lxtsf] klxrfg Mklxrfg Mklxrfg Mklxrfg Mklxrfg M u0FtGqsf] :yfkgf eO;s]sf] cj:yfdf klg ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?n] cGo gful/sx? ;dfg clwsf/ k|fKt ug{ g;s]sf]sf] x'“bf cGo gful/s ;/x gful/s clwsf/ k|fKt ug{ ;'lglZrttf ug'{ kg]{ . ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] k}t[s ;DktL x/0F ug]{ dg;fon] sltko kl/jf/sf ;b:on] gful/stf g} gjfgfOlbg] x'bf ;j} eGbf klxnf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLnfO gful/stf s;/L lbnfpg ;lsG5 elg gLltut Joj:yf ug{ ;+ljwfgn] lgb]{zg ug'{ kg]{ . !)= åGå tyf /fhgLlts cfGbf]ngdf ckfªutf!)= åGå tyf /fhgLlts cfGbf]ngdf ckfªutf!)= åGå tyf /fhgLlts cfGbf]ngdf ckfªutf!)= åGå tyf /fhgLlts cfGbf]ngdf ckfªutf!)= åGå tyf /fhgLlts cfGbf]ngdf ckfªutf ePsf AoQmLx?sf nfluePsf AoQmLx?sf nfluePsf AoQmLx?sf nfluePsf AoQmLx?sf nfluePsf AoQmLx?sf nflu ljleGg ;dodf ePsf åGå bf]xf]/f] ´8k, hgcfGbf]ng, dw]z cfGbf]ng nufot tyf /fhgLlts cfGbf]ngsf qmddf 3fOt] c+ue+u eO ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf] plrt Joj:yfkg tyf ;Ddflgt hLjg ofkgsfnflu ;+ljwfgn] lgb]{zg ug'{ kg]{ . !!= ckfªutf zzQmLs/0F cfof]u!!= ckfªutf zzQmLs/0F cfof]u!!= ckfªutf zzQmLs/0F cfof]u!!= ckfªutf zzQmLs/0F cfof]u!!= ckfªutf zzQmLs/0F cfof]u ckfªutfsf] ;jfnnfO ;+jf]wg ug{ Ps ckfªutf zzQmLs/0F cfof]usf] u7g ug'{ kg]{ . lgZsÈ{ MlgZsÈ{ MlgZsÈ{ MlgZsÈ{ MlgZsÈ{ M s'g} klg /fi6« ;d'Ggt /fi6« aGgsf] /fHosf x/]s gful/sx?n] ljgfe]befj clwsf/ k|fKt u/]sf] x'g' kb{5 . hj ;Dd ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?n] k'0F{ ?kdf cfly{s, ;fdflhs, ;f+s[lts, gful/s / /fhgLlts clwsf/ k|fKt ug{ ;Sb}gg tj ;Dd /fi6« ljsf; ;Dej 5}g . To;}n] jt{dfg ;+ljwfg;efaf6 clgjfo{ ?kdf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmLx?sf ;jfnx? ;dfj]z ug'{ kb{5 cGoyf #) nfv gful/snfO{ cGofo x'g]5 . ;jfn / ;'´fjx? tof/ kg]{;jfn / ;'´fjx? tof/ kg]{;jfn / ;'´fjx? tof/ kg]{;jfn / ;'´fjx? tof/ kg]{;jfn / ;'´fjx? tof/ kg]{ /fli6«o ckfªu dxf;+3 g]kfn/fli6«o ckfªu dxf;+3 g]kfn/fli6«o ckfªu dxf;+3 g]kfn/fli6«o ckfªu dxf;+3 g]kfn/fli6«o ckfªu dxf;+3 g]kfn kf]i6aS; g+ (!** sf7df08f}kf]i6aS; g+ (!** sf7df08f}kf]i6aS; g+ (!** sf7df08f}kf]i6aS; g+ (!** sf7df08f}kf]i6aS; g+ (!** sf7df08f} ;'bz{g ;'j]bL;'bz{g ;'j]bL;'bz{g ;'j]bL;'bz{g ;'j]bL;'bz{g ;'j]bL ;Dks{ (*%!)%(#^);Dks{ (*%!)%(#^);Dks{ (*%!)%(#^);Dks{ (*%!)%(#^);Dks{ (*%!)%(#^)
  • 11. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn k|fs[lts ljktx?af6 s'g} klg b]z c5"t 5}g . o:tf b}jL k|sf]knfO{ k"0F{ ?kn] 6fg{ g;lsP klg To;sf] plrt Joj:yfkg / hf]lvd Go"gLs/0F eg] lg;Gb]x ug{ ;lsG5 . b]zsf] cfly{s cj:yfn] klg o:tf ljkt Joj:yfkg / hf]lvd Go'gLs/0Fdf k|ToÔ k|efj kf5{ / ljsl;t / ljsf;f]Gd'v b]zdf x'g] d'Vo leGgtf klg oxL x'g;S5 . ;g @)!! ;fnsf] dfr{ !! sf] Tof] lbg ;fob w]/}sf nflu Pp6f ljgfzsf/L / qf;bLk"0F{ lbgsf ?kdf c´} tfh} /x]sf] x'g'k5{, h'g lbgdf hfkfgdf dxfe"sDk / ljgfzsf/L ;'gfdL cfPsf] lyof] . xhf/f}+ 3fOt] ePsf, nfvf}+ lj:yflkt ePsf clg ´G8} @) xhf/eGbf a9Ln] k|f0F u'dfPsf] Tof] 36gfnfO{ d}n] klg k|ToÔ ¿kdf cg'ej u/]sf] lyP" . a9bf] ;x/Ls/0F, cJojl:yt a:tL, e"sDk k|lt/f]wL 3/x¿sf] lgdf{0F gx'g' nufotnfO{ b[li6ut ubf{ d s] eGg c;lhnf] dflGbg eg] olb To:t} e"sDk xfd|f] b]z To;df klg sf7df8f}+df hfg] xf] eg] xfdL w]/} cy{df ;dfKt x'g ;S5f}+ . e"sDkn] vf;} hfkfgnfO{ Ôlt gk'¥ofPsf] eP klg To;kl5 cfPsf] ;'gfdLsf] e]nn] eg] 8f= sdn nfld5fg] hfkfgnfO{ klg ck"/0FLo Ôlt eof] . l;ªuf] hfkfg zf]sdf 8'Aof], lah'nL, kfgL / vfBfGgsf] cefj klg eof], y'k|} ef}lts ;+/rgfx¿ elTsP / b]zn] ;+s6sfn 3f]È0Ff u/L cfÎgf] ;Dk"0F{ zlSt To;df nufof] . l;ªuf] ljZjn] Ps eP/ hfkfgnfO{ x/;Dej ;xof]u u/]sf] lyof] . ;fy} ;/sf/L txaf6 lg0F{o u/fP/ xfdLn] kfpg] u/]sf] tnadf &=* k|ltzt s6f}tL u/L of] Ô]qsf nflu 5'6ofOPsf] lyof] / of] tnasf] s6f}tL ug]{ qmd @)!$ ;fnsf] dWo;Dddf /xof] . lj=;+= @)$% kl5 g]kfnn] ljgfzsf/L e"sDksf] Tolt dx;'; ug{ gk/] klg x/]s jÈ{ xfdLnfO{ af9L / klx/f]n] ;tfO/x]sf] 5 . o;/L k|efljtx?sf] p4f/, pkrf/, vfgf / a:g] Joj:yfsf nflu /fHon] alnof] pkl:ylt hgfpg g;s]sf] s'/f aflx/ cfO;s]sf] 5 . hfkgdf Tolt 7"nf] k|sf]ksf a]nfdf klg sxL+ st} n'6kf6sf 36gfx? ePgg, vfBfGgsf] s[lqd cefj vf;u/L d"Noj[l4 ug{ vf]Hg] xfd|f Jofkf/Lxµdf b]lvg] lgs[i6 ;f]r slxNo} b]lvPg hfkfgLx?df . a? :jo+;]jLsf ?kdf ;]GbfO{ / km's'l;dfsf hgtfnfO{ vfBfGg nufot cGo ;fdu|Lx? pknAw u/fpg] sfd
  • 12. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn u/] Toxf“sf hgtfn] . x'g t b]zleq / aflx/ /x]sf g]kfnLx?n] s]xL cfly{s ;xof]u t ul//x]sf 5g, t/ lj:yflktx?nfO{ pgLx?sf] lalu|Psf] dfgl;s cj:yfnfO{ ;3fpgsf nflu k|efjsf/L p4f/ / k'gM:yfkgf h?/L k5{, h'g s]jn ;/sf/L txsf] dfq} k|of;af6 ;Dej gx'g ;S5 . cfly{s ;xof]u ug'{ afx]s s] slxNo} xfdLn] ;f]r]sf 5f}+, To;/L k|efljt Ô]qdf xfdLn] ef}lts pkl:ylt slt hgfPsf 5f}+ eg]/ . l;Gw'kfNrf]sdf klx/f] / cGo Ô]qdf af9L hf"bf ;x/L Onfsfsf xfdLnfO{ b'Vg] ls gb'Vg] < sf]zLn] k"j{df ljgfz lgDTofp“bf To; afx]ssf cGo Ô]qsf xfdLnfO{ 5'g] ls g5'g] < k|fs[lts k|sf]kn] h;nfO{ klg c;/ ug{ ;S5 . To;}n] o; ;DaGwL ljBfno txb]lv g} ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ plrt hfgsf/L lbg ;lsg]u/L kf7oqmdsf] ljsf; ul/g'k5{, h;n] pgLx¿nfO{ ljktsf ;dodf s] ug'{k5{ eGg] k"0F{ 1fg xf]; . Toltdfq xf]Og, pgLx¿df :jo+;]jL efjgfsf] ljsf; x'g] vfnsf ljÈoj:t'x¿nfO{ ;dfj]z ul/Pdf Psn] csf{nfO{ ;xof]u ug]{ efjgfsf] ljsf; x'g;S5 . hfkfgdf @)!! sf] pQm ljgfzsf/L 36gf ePkl5 Ps ;]d]:6/hlt sltko ljBfno / ljZjljBfnox?n] aGb u/] / b}jL k|sf]k k|efljt Ô]qdf ;a}n] :j:km't{ ?kdf ;3fpgsf nflu ;xefuL eP . o;/L ;xefuL ePafkt ljZjljBfnox?n] ljBfyL{x?nfO{ pgLx?n] cWoog ubf{ k|fKt x'g] qm]l86 :jtM lbg] Joj:yf ul/of] . of] Joj:yfaf6 Psflt/ ljBfyL{x?n] ljktdf k/]sfnfO{ s]xL xb;Dd ;xof]u ug{ kfPsf] cg'e"lt ug{;s] eg] csf{lt/ cWoog u/] ;/x g} qm]l86 klg k|fKt ug{;s] . ca t lqe'jg ljZjljBfno klg ;]d]i6/ k|0FfnLdf uPsf] 5, h;n] o:tf Jofjxfl/s kÔnfO{ klg ;d]6g ;Sg]u/L lzÔsnfO{ tof/ ub}{ n}hfg ;Sg'k5{ . k|fs[lts k|sf]kn] ;a} k|efljt x'g] eP klg dlxnf, afnaflnsf, j[4j[4f clg ckfªu gful/sx? c´} a9L uDeL/ cj:yfdf x'G5g . hfkfgsf] pSt ljgfzsf/L 36gfdf klg j[4j[4f clg ckfªu gful/sx?sf] cj:yf bogLo b]lvP kl5 cfhsn o:tf gful/sx?nfO{ s;/L ljkt Joj:yfkgdf ;d]6g ;lsG5 eGg] af/]df Wofg s]lGb|t x'gyfn]sf] 5 / @)!% ;fn k5fl8sf nflu to x'"b} u/]sf ljsf;sf nIox?df k|fs[lts k|sf]knfO{ ;d]6g] k|of;x? eO/x]sf 5g . ;]GbfO{, h'g @)!! ;fnsf] e"sDk / ;'gfdLaf6 clt k|efljt Ô]q xf], Toxf“ g} cfufdL jÈ{sf] dfr{sf] !$ b]lv !* tfl/v;Dd ljktsf hf]lvd Go'gLs/0F ;DaGwL x'g] ljZj ;Dd]ngdf ckfªutfnfO{ ljz]È k|fyldstfdf /flvPsf] 5 . b}jL k|sf]kdf ;a} dflg;x?n] p:t} vfnsf hf]lvdsf] ;fdgf ug]{ eP klg s:tf dflg; a9L k|efljt x'G5g eGg] s'/f pgLx?sf] cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs cj:yf, gful/s ;r]tgfsf] / ;zQmLs/0Fsf] :t/ clg p4f/ ;fdu|Lx?df x'g] kx'"rn] e"ldsf v]Ng] s'/f cWoogn] b]vfPsf 5g . rfx] Tof] b}jL k|sf]k xf]; of åGå, ckfªu JolQmx¿ To;af6 a9L k|efljt x'G5g eGg]df vf;} b'O{dt 5}g . xfO6Ldf @)!) df uPsf] e"sDkdf 3fOt] eO{ sl/a @ nfvhlt dflg;x? ckfªu ePsf] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . p4f/df kx'“r / cfkTsfnLg af;:yfgsf] Joj:yf gx'g', vfB ;fdu|Lsf] ljt/0Fdf pgLx?nfO{ k|fyldstf glbg' cflb b}jL k|sf]k eO;s]kl5 ckfªu gful/sx?n] ef]Ug'kg]{ s]xL r'gf}tLx? x'g . Psflt/ cfjZos k"j{tof/Lsf] cefjdf ckfªu gful/sx?nfO{ b}jL k|sf]ksf ;dodf p4f/ gul/g] ;Defjgf /xG5 eg] csf]{lt/ ckfªu gful/sx?sf] klxrfg ug{df g} 7"nf] ;d:of x'g;S5 . pko'St / k|efjsf/L ;+oGq / s'g 7fp“df slt ckfªu gful/sx? a:5g eGg] tYofªssf] cefjdf . g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df s]Gb|Lo txdf ;+oGqx? eP klg tL ljkt Joj:yfkg / hf]lvd Go'gLs/0Fdf Wofg s]lGb|t ug]{eGbf klg k|fs[lts k|sf]k e};s]kl5 k|ltlqmof hgfpgdf g} ;Lldt eP´}+ k|tLt x'G5 . uf]i7L / ;]ldgf/ ug]{ / ljb]zdf tflnd klg k|fKt ug]{ t/ b]zleq To;/L l;s]sf ;Lksf] k|of]u ug]{ cg's"n cj:yf tof/ gug]{ k|j[lQn] hgwgsf] ÔltnfO{ sd ug{ ;lsGg . ckfªutf ;DaGwL dxf;GwLsf] wf/f !! n] :ki6;"u hf]lvd / cfkTsfnLg cj:yfdf ckfªu gful/sx?k|lt /fHon] ug'{kg]{ bfloTjx? pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . o;}sf cfwf/df klg ca ckfªu JolQmx?sf] cfjZostfnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug]{u/L ljkt Joj:yfkgsf ;a} lqmofsnfkx?df pgLx?nfO{ k|ToÔ ?kdf ;xeflutf u/fOg'k5{, tfls o;/L agfOPsf sfo{qmdx¿ pgLx¿sf nflu klg plQs} ?kdf k|efjsf/L x'g ;s'g . sflGtk'/ b}lgsdf k|sflzt ljkt Joj:yfkg / hf]lvd Go'gLs/0fdf Wofg s]lGb|t ug]{eGbf klg k|fs[lts k|sf]k e};s]kl5 k|ltlqmof hgfpgdf g} ;Lldt
  • 13. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn ;]jfdf ;ljgo gd| lgj]bg of] 5 sL lghfdlt ;]jfnfO{ ;dfj]zL rl/qsf] lgdf{0f ug{ v'Nnf k|ltof]lutfåf/f k"lt{ x'g] kbdWo] $% k|ltzt kb 5'6ØfO ;f] k|ltztnfO{ ;tk|ltzt dfgL dlxnf ##, cflbjf;L hghflt @&, dw]zL @@, blnt (, ckfªu % / lk5l8Psf] If]q rf/ k|ltzt ;dfj]zL sf]6fsf] Joj:yf u/L 5'§f–5'§} k|lt:kwf{af6 kbk"lt{ ug]{ Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . o;} cg'¿k @)%* ;fnsf] /fli6«o hgu0fgfn] g]kfn clw/fHo leqsf s'n hg;+Vofsf] z"Go bzdnj $^ k|ltzt ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] hg;+VofnfO{ cfwf/ dfg]/ lghfdlt ;]jfdf o; ju{sf nflu kfFr k|ltzt ;dfj]zL sf]6f cf/If0f ul/of] . olx Joj:yfsf] cfwf/df nf]s;]jf cfof]un] x/]s jif{ k|To]s nf]s;]jf cfof]usf] If]qLo / c~rn sfof{nox¿sf nflu ckfªutfsf] sf]6fx¿ a9Ldf b'O{j6f clwsf+; If]qdf Ps / sltko s]Gb|sf ;fy} cGo lghfdlt ;]jf jf kbx¿df z"Go klg /x]sf] cj:yf 5 . o;/L cf/If0f ul/Psf] ckfªutf sf]6fdf ;of}+ ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿n] cfj]bg kmf/d e/L tf]lsPsf] ;dodf k/LIffdf ;fd]n ePsf 5g . t/ ;kmntf xft nfUg g;ls/x]sf] cj:yf xf], / oL cf/If0f sf]6fdf dlxnf, blnt, cflbjf;L hghflt, dw];L nufotsf] ;d'bfon] o; ckfªutfsf] % k|ltzt ;dfj]zL sf]6faf6 /f]huf/L k|fKt ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g eGg] k|df0fx¿ kl5Nnf] ;dodf b]vfkl//x]sf] ;Gbe{ xf] . of] gLlt of] ljlw / k|lqmofn] ckfªutf ePsf ;a} hfthflt blnt, cflbjf;L hghflt dw]zL, dlxnfx¿df kl5Nnf] ;dosf] glthfn] k|ToIf ¿kdf cGofo / lje]bdf kfl//x]sf] b]vfPsf] 5 . o:tf] glthf b]lvg'df pDd]åf/x¿sf] sfof{Gjogsf] r/0f cem} ablgotk"0f{ 5 ;/sf/L gLlt c;Ifdtf dfq sf/stTj x}g, gLltdf ePsf] lje]bsf] sf/0fn] b]vfPsf] kl/0ffd xf] . blnt, cflbjf;L hghflt dw]zL, dlxnfx¿df b]lvPsf] c;kmntf pDd]åf/x¿sf] c;Ifdtf;Fu t'ngf eof] / cf}+NofOof] eg] sdhf]/ ju{, ;d'bfo dfly bf]if y'kf/]/ pGd'lQm kfpg] pkfo afx]s cGo s]xL x'g ;Sb}g . h:n] k|ltjfb ug]{ ;fx; /fVb}gg =======Û ;dfj]zL gLltsf] ;}4flGts w/ftn Tolt a]nfsf] ljBdfg cj:yfdf /fHosf ;|f]t, ;fwg zf;g k4lt / zlQmsf afu8f]/ ;dfn]sf ju{;Fu df}nfPsf gftfjfb / s[kfjfbsf] ;+hfn / afFsL /x]sf hLljt cjz]ifleq 5]pnfu]sf tyf kfvf kfl/Psf ju{ ;d'bfonfO{ /fHo ;+rfngsf ;a} ;+oGqx¿df pgLx¿sf] ;xeflutf z'lglZrt x'g jf hg;ªVofsf] cfwf/df ;dfj]zL x'g g;Sg] cj:yf / sf/0fx¿sf] k[i7e"lddf cfwfl/t 5 . of] kl/l:yltaf6 d'lQmsfdL kl/jt{gsf nflu lghfdlt ;]jfdf $% k|ltzt ;dfj]zL sf]6f kfvf kfl/Psf ju{ ;d'bfox¿sf nflu Joj:yf u¥of] / cfkmgf] hftL cfkmgf] ju{, ;d'bfo;Fu ;xh ¿kdf k|lt:kwf{sf] dfWodaf6 5gf}6 x'g] gLltut jftfj/0f tof/ eof] . of] k|lqmof ;fdflhs Gofosf] lx;fjdf klg pko'{Qm / j}1flgs cfwf/ g} dfGg' kb{5 . t/ ckfªtfsf] If]qdf eg] Tolx % k|ltzt ;dfj]zL sf]6fdf ckfªutf ePsf a|fDx0f, If]qL, dlxnf, cflbjf;L hghflt, blnt, dw];L lk58f If]qnufotsf ju{ ;d'bfo nf]s;]jf cfof]usf k/LIffx¿df jf ;/sf/L /f]huf/Lsf nflu v'nf k|lt:kwf{ ul//x]sf 5g . t;y{ ckfªutf If]qsf] % k|ltzt ;dfj]zL sf]6f v'nf k|lt:kwf{Tds k|0ffnLdf xfn;Ddsf] glthfnfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] klg ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf nflu ul/Psf] % k|ltzt ;dfj]zL sf]6fdf cflbjf;L hghflt, blnt, dw]zL ;d'bfo, / lk58f If]qsf ju{, ;d"bfon] /f]huf/L k|fKt ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg . rGb| /fO{
  • 14. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn cfwfl/t 5 . hxfFaf6 dlxnf, cflbjf;L hghflt, blnt, dw]zL lk58LPsf ju{ If]qsf ;d"bfodf /x]sf ckfªtf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] /f]huf/Ldf ;dfj]zLs/0f / ;dfg'kflts ;xeflutf z'lglZrt x'g ;Sb}g . ;fy} xfn;Ddsf] glthfnfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] klg ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf nflu ul/Psf] % k|ltzt ;dfj]zL sf]6fdf cflbjf;L hghflt, blnt, dw]zL ;d'bfo, / lk58f If]qsf ju{, ;d"bfon] /f]huf/L k|fKt ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg . ;fy} oL ju{ ;d'bfo leqsf jf:tljs ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿n] cfkmg} ju{ ;d'bfoleqsf] ;dfj]zL sf]6faf6;d]t cj;/ k|fKt ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg . To;sf/0f ckfªutfsf] ulDe/tf;d]tsf] ljljwtf k|ltsf] pRr a'emfO{sf] sl7gfOn] x'g ;S5 gLltut Joj:yfkgdf q'l6 x'g k'Uof] . hxfFaf6 ckfªutfsf] If]qdf klg csf]{ lje]bsf] ;'¿cft eof] / h;n] xfn cfP/ lje]bk"0f{ glthf b]vfpg yfNof] . g]kfn ax'hflt, ax'eflifs ax';f+:s[lts / ax'wfld{s ¿kdf /x]sf] ju{ ;d'bfox¿df hLjg:t/ lzIff / hgr]tgfsf cfodx¿df klg ljljwtf 5 . oL g} cfwf/x¿nfO{ tYout cfwf/df s]nfpFbf hftLo, If]qLo, n}lªus ;dfj]zLs/0fsf] nflu ljz]if gLltaf6 cjnDjg ul/Psf pkofx¿ tyf ;dfj]zLs/0fsf] nflu ul/Psf] ljz]if Jo:yfx¿ ;fdflhs Gofosf] lx;fjdf csf6o 5g . tyflk ckfªutfsf] ;d:of s'g} hflt ljz]if, wd{ ljz]if, ju{ / If]q ljz]if;Fu dfq hf]l8Psf] ljifo x}g, ckfªutfsf] If]q klg oL g} ax'kIfLo ;fdflhs w/ftn;Fu cGt/;DjlGwt ljifo x'g . juL{o, hftLo, If]qLo, n}ªuLs pTkL8gsf] ;jfnleq hf]l8Psf] csf]{ pTkL8gsf] ;jfn xf], ckfªutfsf] If]q . oL juL{o, hftLo, If]qLo, n}ªuLstfsf] ljifo jt{dfg cj:yfdf of] /fHosf] k|d'v ;jfn Pjd d'2fx¿ ag]sf 5g . oL pTkL8gsf ;jfnsf] ;Djf]wg x'g] qmddf ToxLleqsf csf]{ pTkL8gdf /x]sf ckfªutf If]qnfO{ klxrfg / ulDe/tfsf] cfwf/df ljz]if gLlt tyf sfo{qmdx¿ dfkm{t cj;/x¿ l;h{gf ul/g' kb{5 eGg] xf] . t;y{ Pstfdf cg]stf eO{ km}lnPsf ckfªutfsf] d'2f Pj+ ;jfnx¿df gLltut txsf] ;+/rgfdf oL ;Dj]bgzLntf / dd{x¿ knfog x'g'n] lje]bsf] l;h{gf ePsf] b]lvG5 / alx:s/0fdf k/]sf ju{, If]q / ;d'bfosf ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿df clwsf/ / cj;/x¿ s6f}tL ePsf] cj:yf xf] To;sf/0f olb gLlt ;a}sf nflu xf] eg] ljBdfg lghfdlt ;]jfsf] kbk"lt{;DjGwL Joj:yf cGt/ut ;dfj]zLs/0fsf] cfwf/nfO{ kl/dfh{g ug{ cfjZos 5 gLltut q'l6af6 s;}nfO{ lje]b x'G5 eg] To:tf gLlt kl/dfh{g x'g klg cfjZos 5 . cGttM ckfªutf If]qsf nflu % k|ltzt ;dfj]zL sf]6f Go"g ePsf] sf/0fn] of]Uotf k'u]sf / Ifdtf ePsf ;Ifd ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿ /f]huf/Laf6 ljd'v / jl~rt x'g' kg]{ l:ylt l;h{gf u/]sf] 5 . o;nfO{ s]xL xb;Dd Go"gLs/0f ug{ / ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf nflu cj;/x¿ l;h{gf ug{ ;lsg] cj:yf 5 . h;sf nflu jt{dfg lghfdlt ;]jf P]g / lgodfjnL leqsf kbk"lt{ ;DjGwL ;dfj]zL gLltnfO{ ;dosf] dfusf] cfwf/df kl/dfh{g ug{ cfjZos 5 . h;sf nflu tklzn cg';f/sf] gLltut k|fjwfgx¿sf] Joj:yf ug{ ;lsPdf lje]b/lxt ;fdflhs Gofodf yk ;xof]u k'Ug] b]lvG5 . ckfªutf If]qsf] % k|ltzt cf/If0f sf]6f @)%* ;fnsf] hgu0fgfdf b]ze/sf ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] hg;+Vof )=$^ k|ltztsf] cfwf/df Joj:yf ul/Psf] xF'bf pQm % k|ltzt ;dfj]zL sf]6fnfO{ @)^* ;fnsf] hgu0fgfn] b]vfPsf] b]z e/sf ckfªutfsf] hg;+Vof !=($ k|ltztsf] cfwf/df ckfªutfsf] ;dfj]zL sf]6f % k|ltztdf yk j[l4 ug{ cfjZos 5 . ckfªutfsf] jt{dfg !=($ k|ltzt hg;ªVofsf] cfwf/df % k|ltztdf j[l4 ePsf ckfªutfsf] ;dfj]zL sf]6f ;a} hflt, lnªu ju{ If]qleqsf ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] nflu v'nf k|lt:kwf{sf] k|0ffnL cGt/ut g} ;'/lIft ug]{ . Dflxnf, blnt, cflbjf;L hghflt, dw]zL ;d'bfosf nflu ;dfj]zL] sf]6fleqaf6 % j6f sf]6f ePdf ! / !) j6f sf]6f ePdf b'O{ j6f u/L Pjd k|sf/n] ToxL ;d'bfodf /x]sf ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf nflu cf/If0fsf] Joj:yf x'g cfjZos 5 . ckfªutfsf] ulDe/tfsf] cfwf/df k|fyldstfsf] Joj:yf ug]{ . – ufO{3f6, pbok'/ raic841@gmail.com
  • 15. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn b[li6laxLg lr/GhLljsf] cfF6f dLn vf]Ng]] cfF6 ckfªutf ePsfx¿nfO{ xfd|f] ;dfhdf cem} x]nfxf]rf] ug]{ / bofsf] kfq agfpg] ul/G5 . t/ lr/GhLljn] u/]sf] ;+3if{n] ckfªutf x'g]x¿ lbgxLg x}gg km/s Ifdtf ePsfx¿ x'g eGg] k|dfl0ft ePsf] 5 . xKtfsf] zlgaf/ / d+unaf/ lr/lGhjLsf] sdfpg] lbg xf] . ha lo b'O{ af/ glhs cfpF5g cl3Nnf] lbgb]lv g} b'j} cfFvfdf Hof]lt gePsf b[li6laxLg cwa+};] lr/lGhjL zdf{ / pgsL >LdtL ls/0fnfO{{ wfuf]df sfutL, n;'g / vf];f{gL pGg EofO{ gEofO{ x'G5 . >LdtLn] sfutL, n;'g / vf];f{gL wfuf]df pgL lbPkl5 lr/lGhjL x/]s zlgaf/ / d+unaf/ lbge/L lj/f6gu/sf x/]s rf]s / ulNnsf k;n k;n / 3/3/df uP/ laqmL ub{5g . o;}af6 rn]sf] 5 b[li6laxLg lr/lGhjLsf] kl/jf/sf] u'hf/f . 3/ k;nsf b}nfx¿df zlgaf/ / d+unaf/ wfuf]df pg]sf] xl/of] sfutL / vf]{;fgL em'08ofPdf c?sf] gh/ nfUb}g eGg] cfd ljZjf; 5 . oxL ljZjf; g} b'j} cfFvfsf] Hof]lt gePsf lr/lGhjLnfO{ kl/jf/ kflnlbg] /fd|f] Jofkf/ ePsf] 5 . #% a;]{ lr/lGhjL hGdb]lvs} b[li6laxLg x'g . t/ lj/f6gu/sf rf]s, ulNn / 3/–3/df 3'd]/ Jofkf/ ug{ pgL cfFvf b]Vg]x¿eGbf sd 5}gg . pgnfO{ sxfF–sxfF cfkmgf u|fxs 5g eGg] s07:y} 5 . tLg tnf dfly xf]; of ;fFu'/f] ulNndf /x]sf] k;n, pgL cfkm"n] ;Fw} af]Sg] nf}/f]sf] ;xf/fn] ;lhn} k'U5g . lj/f6u/ h:tf] Jo:t ofq' / ;jf/Lsf] cfjt–hfjt ePsf] eL8ef8df klg lrl/lGhjL slxNo} b'3{6gfdf k/]sf 5}gg . lrl/lGhjL d+unaf/ / zlgAff/ pg]sf] sfutL a]r]/ lbgsf] b'O{–tLg ;o cfDbfgL ug]{ u/]sf] atfpF5g . c¿ a]nf pgL slxn] k':ts, slxn] klqsf t slxn] Sofn]G8/ / wfld{s k':tsx¿ ahf/df 8'nfP/ laqmL u5{g . pgsf] nugzLntf b]v]/ s;}n] klg pgnfO{ b[li6laxLg / sdhf]/ eGb}gg . 6«flkmsrf]s klAns k':ts k;nsf ;+rfns dfwj zdf{ hLjgaf6 x/]; vfPsf ;anfªux¿n] lrl/lGhjLsf] ;+3if{nfO{ a'em] hLjg dl/nfg x}g ul/vfgsfnflu xf] eGg] k|]/0ff ldNg] atfpF5g . hGdb]lvg} cfFvf 7ØfDd} b]Vg g;Sg] lr/lGhjL zdf{sf] lj/f6gu/–* zlgdlGb/df ;fgf] 3/ 5 . ToxfF pgL b'j} cfFvfsf] Hof]lt ePsL >LdtL;Fu} Ps 5f]/f / Ps 5f]/L;Fu a:5g . d]xgtL lr/lGhjLn] g]qlxg eP/ klg b'j} ;GtfgnfO{ cfkm+}n] sdfPsf] k};fn] ;'ljwf ;DkGg ljBfnodf k9fpFb} cfPsf 5g . pgL hGdhft b[li6laxLg eP klg pgsf ;Gtfg eg] cfFvfdf ltI0f Hof]lt 5 . b[li6laxLg ePs}n] lr/lGhjLn] k9g kfPgg . t/ pgsL >LdtL ls/0fn] rfxLF & sIff k9]sL 5g . ;fgfltgf] Jofkf/ ub}{ hLjg kfNb} cfPsf lr/lGhjLsf] k};f sdfP/ Pp6f cfF6f dLn vf]Ng] OR5f 5 . t/ sfutL a]r]/ sdfPsf] k};f vfFb} l7Ss x'g] ePsf]n] pgn] /sd hDdf ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg . zlgaf/ / d+unaf/ sfutL, slxn]sfFxL k':ts / Sofn]G8/ a]r] afx]s pgsf] csf]{ cfDbfgLsf] ;|f]t klg 5}g . 8'n]/ pgsf] sfutL / vf];f{gL laqmL ub}{ cfPsf lrl/lGhjL h'g;'s} k};f / a:t' 5fd]s} e/df lrG5g . lr/lGhjLdf sfutL–vf];f{gL a]Rg ahf/ k;n 8'Nbf8'Nb} /fhgLlts r]tgf klg a9]sf] 5 . k|foM pgL cfkm";Fu ;xg'e'lt /fVg]
  • 16. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn lzlIftx¿;Fu s'/fsfgL ug{ ?rfpF5g . pgL ckf+usf] eQf kfpg] cfzdf zfxLsfndf lj/f6gu/sf] j8f cWoIf klg 5flgPsf lyP . t/ pgn] dfl;s kfpg] eg]sf] @% ;o eQf rfFxL kfPgg . t/ pgnfO{ eQf gkfPsf]df nfu]sf] b'Mv eGbf klg gu/kfnLsf h:tf] ;+:yfdf k|ltlglw eP/ j}7sdf efulng kfpFbf ePsf] v';L w]/} xf] eGg] nfu]sf] 5 . pgn] eg], …hgk|ltlglw ag]/ b'O{ j6f j}7sdf efu lnPF gfd rNof] 7"nf] s'/f xf] eQf kfOg eg]/ s] lrQ b'vfpg' .Ú ckfªutf ePsfx¿nfO{ xfd|f] ;dfhdf cem} x]nfxf]rf] ug]{ / bofsf] kfq agfpg] ul/G5 . t/ lr/lGhjLn] u/]sf] ;+3if{n] ckfªutf x'g]x¿ lbgxLg x}gg km/s Ifdtf ePsfx¿ x'g eGg] k|dfl0ft ePsf] ckf+u dxf;+3 If]qLo sfof{no lj/f6gu/sf pQd lzjfsf]6L atfpF5g . lzjfsf]6Ln] eg], …pTk|]/0ff eg{ ;Sof] / cj;/ lbof] eg] c¿ klg lr/lGhjLn] h:t} ul/vfg ;Ifd x'G5g .Ú ckfªutf ePsfx¿nfO{ bof x}g cj;/ lbg'kg]{ lr/lGhjLsf] ljrf/ 5 . pgL zLk l;s]sf ckfªux¿nfO{ /fHon] pBf]u Jofkf/ ;+rfng ug{ C0flbg] Jofj:yf ldnfpg' kg]{df hf]8 lbG5g . C0f kfP cfF6f ldn ;+rfng u/]/ ;'v;Fu kl/jf/nfO{ kfNg] pgsf] OR5f 5 . pgn] klg kF"hL gePs}n] n3' pBf]u ;+rfng ug{ g;s]sf] u'gf;f] u/] . cem} /fHon] ckfªux¿nfO{ lje]b u/]sf] lr/lGhjLnfO{ s6Ss b'v]sf] 5 . gofF g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg / sfg'gdf ckfªux¿k|lt ul/g] lje]b x6f]; eGg] rfxgf /fv]sf 5g pgn] . ckf+utf ePsf]n] /fHoaf6 cf+zLs eQf dfq kfpFb} cfPsf lr/lGhjL b[li6laxLgx¿ ;a}nfO{ ;/sf/n] k"0f{ ckfªu eQf lbg'kg]{ dfu u5{g . ckf·utf ;DaGwL s]lx tYox? != ;+;f/df sl/j ^ s/f]8 %) nfv ckfËtf ePsf dflg;x? /x]sf 5g / of] hg;+Vof j[l4;Fu} j9bf] ultdf /x]sf] 5 . @= dflg;sf] cf}ift cfo' &) jif{ eGbf j9L ePsf d'n'sx?df x/]s JolQmn] cfkmgf] hLjgsf] cf}ift em08} * jif{ cyjf !!=% k|ltzt cfkmgf] hLjgsf] ;do ckfËtf lnP/ jfFRg' k5{ . #= /fi6«;+3Lo ljsf; sfo{qmdn] hgfP cg';f/ s"n ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx? dWo] *) k|ltzt ljsf:jGd'v tyf cNk ljsl;t b]zdf 5g . $= ckfËtf ePsf dlxnfx? n}+lus tyf ckfËtfsf] sf/0fn] ul/g] lje]bsf] bf]xf]/f] df/df /x]sf 5g . %= ;g @))$ df ef/tsf] pl8;f /fHodf ul/Psf] Ps gd'gf cWoogn] ;j}h;f] ckfËtf ePsf dlxnfx? 3/df zf/Ll/s oftgfsf] lzsf/ x'g] u/]sf] / @% k|ltzt jf}l4s ckfËtf ePsf dlxnfx? jnfTsf/sf] lzsf/ x'g] u/]sf] tYof ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] lyof] . ^= o'lg;]kmsf cg';f/ #) k|ltzt ;8s jfns jf o'jfx?df s'g} g s'g} k|sf/sf] ckfËtf /x]sf] kfOG5 . &= 8L=Pkm=cfO{=8L= n] hgfP cg';f/ % jif{ d'lgsf jfnjflnsfsf] d[To'b/ @) k|ltzt eGbf sd /x]sf b]zdf ckfËtf ePsf jfnjflnsfsf] d[To' b/ *) k|ltzt /x]sf] 5 . *= ;+;f/sf s]jn $% b]zx?df dfq ckfËtf ;DjGwL jf lje]blj?4sf sfg"gx? 5g . (= o'g]:sf]n] hgfP cg';f/ ljsfz;Ln b]zsf () k|ltzt ckfËtf ePsf jfnjflnsfx? ljBfno hfg ;s]sf 5}gg . !)= cGt/f{li6«o >d ;+u7gn] hgfP cg';f/ ;+;f/df # s/f]8 *^ nfv sfd ug]{ pd]/sf ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx? 5g . j]/f]huf/ ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx?sf] ;+Vof *) k|ltzt eGbf j9L 5 . !!= o'4df x/]s Ps jRrf dfl/Fbf c? # hgf jRrf ckfË x'g] u5{g . !@= ckfËtf ePsf jfnjflnsfdfly x'g] jfn lx+;f ckfËtf gePsf jfnjflnsfsf] t'ngfdf !=& u'0ffn] j9L x'g] u5{ . !#= ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7gn] hgfP cg';f/ s]lx b]zx?df @% k|ltzt ckfËtf zf/Ll/s lx+;f / cGo rf]6k6ssf] sf/0fn] x'g] u/]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . ;fdfu|L >f]t M http://www.un.org/disabilities/default.dasp?id=18
  • 17. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn pbok'/sf ^^ jlif{o /fds'df/ /fO{n] 7fg]sf lyP, xftv'§f nfu'Gh]n u/]/} vfpFnf nfUg 5f8]kl5 ;'6'Ss} hfpFnf . t/, pgsf] of] cfzf ca k'/f gx'g] ePsf]sf] 5 . lsgeg] !@ j}zfvdf uPsf] e"sDkn] pgsf] Pp6f v'§f dfq} efFlrlbPsf] 5}g sDd/;d]t efFlrPsf] 5 . * jif{ g]kfnL ;]gfdf sfd u/]/ 5f8] klg cfkmg} kl/>ddf afFRb} cfPsf /fds'df/n] ;f]r]sf klg lyPgg cfkm" o;/L czQm ckf+u x'g] lbg klg cfpF5 eg]/ . b'O{ j6L >LdtL lax] u/]/ klg PSnf] hLjg latfpg afWo ePsf pgn] xftv'§ ;Un} ePsf]n] s;};Fu eLv dfu]/ vfPsf lyPgg . t/ lgb{oL e"sDksf] df/n] ubf{ ca pgsf] hLjg …g dl/nfg' g ul/vfg'Úsf] cj:yfdf k'u]sf] 5 . sf]zL c~rn c:ktfnsf] xf8hf]gL{ ljefudf pkrf/sfnflu nl8/]xsf j[4 /fdaxfb'/n] eg], …hLjg kl/>d u/]/ latfpFnf eGg] lyof] t/ PSnf] / ul/anfO{ g} b}j klg nfUbf /x]5g .Ú Ps 5f]/f / Ps 5f]/Lsf afa' /fdaxfb'/ b'j} >LdtLn] 5f8]kl5 PSnf ePsf x'g . clxn] pgnfO{ c:ktfndf x]l/lbg] klg sf]xL 5}gg . w]/}n] eG5g, …ul/aL eg]sf] cfly{s cefj xf] .Ú t/ /fdaxfb'/nfO{ nfUg yfn]sf] 5, …k"0f{ ckf+u x'g' kf] ul/a x'g' xf] t, zl// eP t k};f sdfpg ;lsxflnG5 lg .Ú pgn] cfkmgf] ar]sf] eljZonfO{ ;Dem]/ sxflnFb} eg], …e'OFrfnf]n] dnfO{ o;/L p7g} g;Sg]ul/ glsr]sf] eP t d}n] o;/L ?g' kg]{ g} lyPg, an x'Gh]n u/]/ t vfGy]F lg .Ú vf]6fªsf] afKn'–! df hGd]sf x'g /fdaxfb'/ . @)@* lt/} pgL g]kfnL ;]gfsf hflu/] ePsf lyP . t/ cf7 jif{d} hflu/ 5f8] . To;kl5 s'v'/f Jofkf/ u/]/ u'hf/f rnfpFb} cfPsf pgn] h]7Ln] 5f8]kl5 sfG5L >LdtL lax] u/] . sfG5Laf6 Ps 5f]/f / Ps 5f]/L eP . t/ sfG5Ln] klg 5fl8lbPkl5 pgL PSnf] PSnf lyP /fds'df/ ca ckfªu klg eP, eG5g, ljgfzs f/L ljgfzs f/L ljgfzs f/L ljgfzs f/L ljgfzs f/L e"sDksf] kL8f e"sDksf] kL8f e"sDksf] kL8f e"sDksf] kL8f e"sDksf] kL8f …afFsL hLjg s;/L u'hfg'{ <Ú ag] . a'9];sfn klg nfu]sf]n] pgn] csf]{ lax] ug{ h?/L 7fg]gg . s]xL jif{b]lv pbok'/sf] ufO3f6 ahf/df lgdf{0f dhb'/sf] sfd ug{ ;lqmo lyP pgL . Tof] k};fn] pgsf] PSnf] hLjg rnfpg dgUu] k'u]s} lyof] . dg nfu]sf] vfGy] / nfpFy] klg . t/ !@ j}zfv lbpF;f] lqo'uf g=kf=– @ xf]S;]df kfFrtn] 3/sf] ufx|f] agfpFb} lyP /fdaxfb'/ . lbpF;f] PSsf;L e'OFrfnf] cfof] . efUg ;Sg] hlt efu] . t/ kfFrtnf dfly ePsf]n] c¿ h:tf] efUg ;s]gg pgL . o;}n] pgL ev{/} cfkm}+n] agfpFb} u/]sf] kvf{nn] lslrP/ 3fOt] eP . pgsf] pkrf/ ;'?df ufO3f6l:yt lhNnf c:ktfndf eof] . t/ cj:yf ulDe/ ePsf]n] 8fS6/n] lj/f6gu/l:yt sf]zL c~rn c:ktfndf k7fOlbP . !% lbg eO;Sof] c:ktfsf] cyf]{ ljefudf pgL …xn g rnÚ ag]/ n8]sf] . cem} pgsf] ck/];g ePsf] 5}g . v'§fdf /8 nufpg'k5{ eg]sf 5g 8fS6/n] . cf]5Øfgdf ;'t]/} vfgf vfg afWo 5g pgL . lb;flk;fa klg cf]5Øfgd} u5{g . …d/]sf] eP 9'Ss} x'g]lyof], of] cj:yfdf afFlrof] ca sfd klg ug{ ;lsFb}g PSn] df]/fsf] hLjg s'Fhf] g} eof], s'g kfk u/]5' d}n]Ú, /fds'df/n] ;':s]/f xfNb} lanf}gf u/] . ;/sf/n] h]gt]g lgMz'Ns pkrf/ t ul/b]nf t/ afFsL hLjg s] ul/ u'hfg]{ xf] eGg] pgnfO{ lrGtf 5 . ;/sfn] 3/ agfpg k};f lbg] eg]sf] 5, dg]{sf kl/jf/nfO{ klg /fxt lbg] eg]sf] 5 t/ czQm 3fOt] ePsfx¿nfO{ s]xL lbG5' eg]sf] yfxf kfPs} 5}gg /fds'df/n] . pgn] cfzfnfO{ lg/f;fdf abNb} eg], …v} e'OFrfnf]df xfdL h;/L ulDe/ 3fOt] ePsfx¿nfO{ klg ;/sf/n] x]l/lbP t 7Ls} x'GYof] xf]nf lg t/ PSnfsf] s'/f] s:n] ;'Gnf <Ú e"sDkdf czQm 3fOt] ePsfx¿nfO{ /fHon] ;+/If0f ug'kg]{ cfzf u5{g, /fds'df/ h:tf 3fOt]x¿
  • 18. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn gofF ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bfdf ckfªutf ePsfx¿sf] ;fdflhs If]qdf ;xeflutfsf] ljifodf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5}g . lsgxf]nf< gofF ;+ljwfgdf ckfËtf ePsf AolQmx¿sf] ;jfn ;dfj]z gePsf] xf]Og k|;:t ;jfnx¿ ;dfj]z ePsf 5g . xfnsf] gofF ;+ljwfgdf h]hlt ;jfnx¿ k/]sf 5g . lt ;jfnx¿ @)$^ ;fnsf] ;+ljwfg @)^# ;fnsf] cGtl/d ;+ljwfg eGbf k|ultlzn /x]sf] 5 . ;dfj]zL cfof]udf ;xeflutf lgMz'Ns lzIff ;fFs]lts efiff / a|]ndf k9g kfpg] hf:tf ;jfnx¿klg ;dfa]z ul/Psf] 5 . dfq /fhgLlts ;jfn ;dfj]z x'g ;s]sf] 5}g To;sfnfuL xfdL ;dfj]z u/fpg k|oTglzn 5f} . dxf;+3n] ckfªutf ePsfx¿nfO{ ;sf/fTds lje]bsf cfwf/df x/]s If]qdf ;dfg'kflts ;xeflutf u/fpg' k5{ eGg] cfjfh p7fpb} cfPsf] lyof] . t/d:of} bfdfpNn]v ul/Psf] 5}g = gof aGg] ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutfePsfx¿ sf] clwsf/ vf]l;g] cj:yf t cfPsf] xf]Og < gofF ;+ljwfgdf ckfËtf ePsf gful/sx¿sf] klxnf] ;+ljwfg ;efn] ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{ g;s]kl5 bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rg ePsf] lyof] . bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efn] nfdf] ;do;Ddsf] ljjfbkl5 clwstd ;xdtdLaf6 ;+ljwfgsf] k|f/lDes tof/ kf/]sf] 5 . bf];|f] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] d:of}bfdf ckfªutf ePsfx¿sf] clwsf/ slQsf] ;'lglZrt x'g] eof] t < o;} ljifodf xfdLn] /fli6«o ckfªu dxf;+3sf cWoIf ;'b{zg ;'j]bL;Fu s'/fsfgL ul/Psf] 5 . k|:t't 5 ;f]xL s'/fsfgL . ;dfg'kflts ;xefuLsf]nfuL /fli6«o ckfË dxf;+3 g]kfnn] ;b}a cu|k+ltdf al; cfjfh p7fpb} cfO{/x]sf] 5 t/ bnx¿n] o; laifodf Wofg} lbPsf 5}gg . of] ;dfj]z gx'g'df b'O{j6f sf/0fx¿ /x]sf 5g . klxnf] sf/0f dxf;+3nfO{ ;j}n] cfTd;fy ul/ dxf;+3sf] 5ftfdf al; ;+o'Qm jsfnt ug]{ kl/kf6Lsf] cem} lasf; x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . st} g]t[Tjn] h;kfp5sL elg v'§f tfGg] h'g k|j[lQ xfdLdf 5 To;n] ubf{ xfd|f] cfjfh z;Qm x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . h:sf] HjnGt pbfx/0f ;+ljwfg ;ef ! / @ df xfd|f] ;xefuLtnfO{ bnx¿n] dxTj glbg' . csf]{ sf/0f xf] bnsf lzz{ g]tfx¿ cem}klg clwsf/ lbg ;xdt 5}gg . ckfËtf ePsf AolQmx¿sf] ;jfndf t emg ckfËtf ePsf AolQmx¿n] k9g] n]Vg] ;+:yfdf a:g] 3/df a:g] hflu/ /f]huf/L ug{ ;Sg]n] hflu/ /f]huf/L ug]{ gLlt agfpg] 7fpdf lsg hfg kof]{ . gLlt agfpg] :yfgdf hfb}df ;j} x'G5 / eGg] h:tf dfgl;stf af]s]sf 5g of] dfgl;stf kl/jt{g gu/] ;Dd s]xL x'g] cj:yf 5}g . gofF ;+ljwfgdf ckfªutfePsfx¿sf] xsclwsf/ ;'lglZrt ug{ ca dxf;+3n]s:tf] e'ldsf v]N5 < /fhgLlts clwsf/ ;'lglZrt ePg
  • 19. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn gofF ;+ljwfgdf ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] clwsf/ ;dfj]z u/fpg xfdL b]ze/Laf6 g} ;s[o eP/ nfu]sf 5f} . ;ef;b lhNnf lhNnfdf hfbf xfd|f ;b:o ;+:yfsf ;fyLx¿n] ;'emfj lbg'x'g] 5 xfdL s]G›df lgoldt vj/bf/L ub}{ 5f} . s]xL ;ef;bx¿nfO{ cg'/f]w ul/ xfdLn] z+zf]wg k|:tfj btf{ u/fpg] tof/L klg ub}{ 5f} . ckfªutfePsfx¿sf] cGt/fli6«o ;GwLdf g]kfnn] x:tfIf/ u/]sf] 5 . s] x:tfIf/ u/]sf] ;GwLcg';f/ 5 t gFof ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bf < ;+ljwfg eg]sf] d'n sfg"g xf] o;df dxf;GwLdf ePsf ;j} s'/f kg{' kb{5 eGg] 5}g lsgsL ;+ljwfgn] ;j} sf/f ;d]6g ;Sb}g o;n] t lgb]{zg dfq ug]{ xf] . ;+ljwfgdf gk/]sf s'/fx¿ k5L sfg"g agfP/ ;dfj]z ug{' kb{5 . gofF ;+ljwfgsf] k|:tfljt k|fjwfgdf cGt/fli6«o dxf;GwLnfO{ kfngf ug]{ elg n]lvPsf] 5 To;}n] ;+ljwfgn] klg dxf;GwLnfO{ /fHosf] sfg"g ;/x dGotf lbPsf] 5 . ut a};fvdf uPsf] k|fs[lts ljktLdf k/]sf ckfªutf ePsfx¿sf] k'g:yfkgf / p4f/sf lgDtL dxf;+3n] s] u/L /x]sf] 5 < /fli6«o ckfË dxf;+3 g]kfnn] ut a}zfv !@ df uPsf] e"sDk kZrft ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] cj:yf klxrfg / ;]jf k'of{pg] x]t'n] ;dfj]zL lakt Aoj:yfkgsf sfo{qmdnfO{ cuf8L NofO{ !& lhNnfdf *) hgf :jo+;]jsx¿ kl/rfng ul/ sfo{ ul//x]sf] 5 . ljz]iful/ e"sDksf] sf/0fn] ckfËtf ePsf e"sDk cuf8L ckfËtf ePsf t/ lakbaf6 k|efljtx¿sf] oyfy{ tYofÍ ;+sng ul/ plgx¿sf] cfjZoQmtf cg';f/sf] ;+jlGwt lgsfox¿;Fu ;dGjoul/ ;]jf k'of{pg] sfo{ ul//x]sf] 5 . z'?df xfdLn] /fxft ;fdfu|Lx¿ klg lat/0f uof}{ . /fHon] ckfªutfePsfx¿sf] ;+/Iffsf lgDtL s:tf sfdx¿ug{ h?/L b]Vg'x'G5 < lakb eg]sf] afhf ahfP/ cfpb}g . lakbn] ;fgf] 7'nf] wlg ul/j s]xL eGb}g . lakbsf] sf/0fn] dflg; ;+s6df kg]{ xf]O{gsL dflg;n] agfPsf ;+/rfsf] sf/0fn] lakb h:t} af9L klx/f] e"sDk hfbf hg wgsf] gf]S;fgL x'G5 . x/]s lakbaf6 Iflt Go'g ug{ ;lsG5 To;sfnfuL lakbk|lt/f]wL ;+/rgf / ckfËtfd}qL ;+/rgf agfpg' kb{5 o;df /fHon] Wofg lbg' kg]{ h?/L b]Vb5' . clxn] dxf;+3sf] ultljwL s:tf] 5 < /fli6«o ckfË dxf;+3 g]kfn eg]sf] ;j} ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx/f] ;+:yfx¿sf] Psdfq 5ftf ;+:yf xf] . laz]iful/ dxf;+3n] gLlt jsfnt ;b:o ;+:yfx¿sf] Ifdtf lasf; / hgr]tgf sf ;jfndf a9L sfo{/t /x]sf] 5 . dxf;+3sf ;b:o ;:yfx¿sf] ljsf;sf lgDtL s;/L cl3a9g] ;f]rdf x'g'x'G5 < /fli6«o ckfË dxf;+3 g]kfndf sfo{ut Ps r'gf}lt lyof] Tof] s] eg] dxf;+3;Fu ;fem]bf/L ul/ sfo{ ug]{ ;+3;+:yfx¿sf] cfˆg} sfo{If]q x'g] / Tof] ef}uf]lns l;dfdf al; sfo{ ubf{ dxf;+3 &% lhNnfdf km}lnPsf] eg] klg Tof] x'g ;ls/x]sf] lyof] . d}n] g]t[Tj ;dfn]kZrft o;nfO{ kl/jt{g ug{ lgs} k|oTg u/]klg of] ;Dej x'g ;s]g lsgsL Pp6f lglZrt sfof]{hgf tof/ ul/ d}n] g]t[Tj ug{' eGbf cuf8Lsf] g]t[Tjn] agfPsf] / ;Demf}tf u/]sf] sfo{qmdsf] kl/lwleq al; sfo{ ug{' kg]{ afWotf lyof] . t/ at{dfg ;fem]bf/x¿ / gofF cfpg] ;fem]bf/x¿;Fu 5nkmn ubf{ ubf{ clxn] pxfFx¿ xfd|f] ;jfndf ;xsfo{ ug{ /fhL ePsf] cj:yf xf] . o;nfO{ xfdLn] cj;/sf] ?kdf lnP/ /fli6«o ckfË dxf;+3 g]kfnn] a[xt ;+:yfut kl/of]hgf -BroaderOrganizationDevelopment Project_ ;+rfng ub}{ 5f} . o; kl/of]hgfsf] d'Vo p2]Zo xf] ufpFufpFdf dxf;+3 eGg] gf/fnfO{ ;fy{s kfg{ ;b:o ;+:yfx¿sf] ;+:yfut ljsf; ul/ k'0f{ ?kdf cfTd lge{/ agfpg] / cGo ;+:yf / ahf/df k|lt:kwf{ ug{ ;Sg] agfpg] /x]sf] 5 . o; kl/of]hgfnfO{ ;kmn agfpg %)) hgf ckfËtf clwsf/ k|jw{gstf{, :jo+;]js / ;Dks{ AolQm /fvL sfo{ ug]{ of]hgf /x]sf] 5 . s]lGb|o clwj]zg cfpb} 5 . g]lqTjsf r'gf}tLx¿ s:tf 5g < /fli6«o ckfË dxf;+3 g]kfnsf #)) j6f ;b:o ;+:yfx¿ 5g . lt ;b:o ;+:yfx¿dWo] () k|ltzt ;+:yfx¿sf] cj:yf bolgo 5 . xfdL #)) ;+:yfx¿ 5g eg]/ Psflt/ uj{ ub{5f} eg] csf]{ lt/ () k|ltzt ;+:yfx¿ x/]s aif{ gljs/0f ug{ klg g;Sg] cj:yfsf 5g To;}n] dxf;+3sf] ;fwf/0f ;ef clwj]zg ;+rfng ug{ nfUg] h'g vr{ xf] . Tof] vr{ h'6fpg g]t[Tsf]nflu r'gf}lt xf] . Pp6f ;fwf/0f ;ef ;DkGg ug{ slDtdf klg @% nfv nfUb5 of] dxf;+3df hf] g]t[Tjdf /x]klg r'gf}lt xf] . clxn]sf] g]lqTjn] u/]sf pknJwLx¿ s:tf s:tf 5g < xfdLn] k|;:t pknJwLsf sfo{x¿ ug{ ;kmn ePsf 5f} . ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx¿sfnfuL ef}lts kx'Fr tyf ;+rf/ lgb{]lzsf hf/L u/fpg ;kmn eof} . ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx¿sfnlu gofF law]os sfg"g Nofpg dGqL kl/ifbaf6 ;}4flGts ;xdlt eO{;s]sf] 5 / clxn] of] law]ossf] d:of}bf sfg"g dGqfnoaf6 kf; eO{;]sf] 5 . pknJwLx¿nfO{ ;:yfutug{ s:tf] /0flgtL agfpg' ePsf] 5 < d}n] o; eGbf cuf8L g} elg ;s] dxf;+3 tjdfq bx|f] x'G5 hj ;b:o ;+:yfx¿ ;Ifd cfTdlge{/ eO{ sfo{ ug{ ;Sb5g . dxf;+3n] ;+:yfut lasf;df nufgL ug{' kg]{ h?/L b]Vb5' . clxn] /fHo kl/jt{gsf] df]8df /x]sf] 5 . b]z ;+l3otfdf hfb} 5 . dxf;+3n] klg cfˆgf] lawfg / gLltnfO{ kl/jt{g ug{' h?/L x'g cfpb5 . /fli6«o ckfË dxf;+3 g]kfnn] laut tLg aif{df y'k} c;n sfo{ u/]sf] 5 dxf;+3sf] ;+:yfut lasf; u/]sf] 5 cj o;nfO{ ufp ufpdf n}hg] xfd|f] ;f]r /x]sf] 5 . k|:t'lt M xl/ clwsf/L
  • 20. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn afx'g8FuLsf ckfªu – ljgf]b cfrfo{ b]zsf xfdL cu|;/, b]zsf xfdL g]tf xf}+ afx'g8f“uLsf xfdL ckfªu ;a} cfh Ps 5f}+ . 5f}+ xfdL ckfªu w]/} k|sf/sf afx'g8fFuLdf sfd u¥of+}, xfdL ckfªun] w]/} ;kf/sf vf]Nof} xfdLn] ;xsf/L, Nofof+} xfdLn] PDj'n]G; ckfªusf] lxtsf] nfuL xfdL cfkm}+ n8of}+ afx'g8FfuLdf cfh xfdLn] /fd|f];Fu h/f] uf8of+} agfof}+ xfdLn] ckfªusf] ejg Nofof} xfdLn] ToxfF l;kd"ns sfo{qmd ub}{5f}+ xfdL ckfªun] afx'g8fFuLdf ckfªusf] lxtsf] sfd xfdL ;a} b]zsf ckfªu Psh'6 aGg'k5{ ca xfdL g]kfndf s]xL g s]xL ug{'k5{ ca aGg] ;ljwfgdf ckfªunfO{ klxnf] k|fyldstf lbg'k5{ ckfªusf] clwsf/ ;'lglZrt x'g'k5{ eGg] s'/f u5{g clxn] afx'g8fFuLsf ckfªu Tof} eP/ klg h'6]sf 5g afx'g8fFuLdf ckfªunfO{ ;xof]u ug{ w]/} ;kfªu o:t} 5 xfd|f] afx'g8fFuLsf ckfªusf] sfd Tof} eP/ xfdL b]z e/sf ckfªu ;Fw} ;a} Ps h'6 xf}+ wGojfb Û n]vs– g]kfn /fli6«o ckfªu k'gM:yfkgf ;ldlt afx'g8fFuLsf] sfof{no k|d'v x'g'x'G5 . d}n] lax] ug'{ c/] j;Gtsf] jxf/jlg lhGbuLdf cfof} ltdL ;'v b'Mv s] xf] elg ;donfO{ lrgfpg] ltdL cfh ;'g] ltd|f] dg cGt st} ;of]{ c/] vj/ 5f]8of} ltldn] dnfO{ d}n] ljx] ug'{ c/] . ;+of]u xf] jf ljj:yf ltdL ;u e]6 eof] ;s];Dd dfofF nfPF cflv/Ldf 3ft eof] cf8Dj/L dfofF /}5 em'6f s;d vfg] ltdL cfh ;'g] ltd|f] dg cGt st} ;of]{ c/] vj/ 5f]8of} ltdn] dnfO{ d}n] ljx] ug'{ c/] .. hfxfF 5f} v';L x'g' ;'v} ;'v ltd|f]nflu rf]6 lk/ Joyf cf;' ;f/Llbg' d]/f] nflu lxhf] ;Dd d]/f] xh'/ elg slQ ?g] ltdL cfh ;'g] ltd|f] dg cGt st} ;of]{ c/] vj/ 5f]8of} ltdn] dnfO{ d}n] ljx] ug'{ c/] ... eGg] uYof}{ ltDn] dnfO{ d]/f] dfofF gjf8g' x} x'G5 elg s;d vfGy] slQ w]/} /dfO{ /dfO{ efUodfgL /}5' elg dgdg} ubub x'Gy] cflv/Ldf rf]vf] dfof nTofP/ uof} ltdL cfh ;'g] ltd|f] dg cGt st} ;of]{ c/] vj/ 5f]8of} ltDn] dnfO{ d}n] ljx] ug'{ c/] .... – ;/f]h lqvlq ;flxTo
  • 21. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn p7 ltld k'mnjf/Ldf k'mn km'Nof] eG5f} t/ d k'mnjf/Ldf sf]kLnf dfq b]V5' . ltld lhjg nfO{ ;dtn eu/ eG5f} . t/ d sl7g kxf8} kxf8 dfq b]V5' . ltdL k|s[lt nfO{ r'Db} lx8g] ko{6s aG5' eG5f} . t/ d cfkm' nfO{ 7'nf] ef/L jf]s]/ lx8g] el/of b]V5' . ltld / d df lsg of] km/s cfof] ltld dfq s[ltd xf];f] xf:g vf]H5f} s]jn d c?nfO{ x;fP/ /dfpg] u5'{ . ltdL ;fgf] b'vdf klg cfGbf]lnt x'G5f} . d b'Mvdf cfzf ld;fP ;Gt'lnt x'G5' . ltld dfq pHofnf]sf] sNkgf u5f}{ . d cWof/f] jf6 pHofnf] tkm{ hfg] k|oTg u5'{ . To;}n] ltdL / d df w]/} km/s 5 ltld zAb xf} d sljtf x' ltld xfjfsf] j]u xf} d l;tntf x' ltld lstfj xf} t/ d 1fg x' ltld snd xf} t/ d cIf/ x' To;}n] ltdL / d df km/s 5 . P b[li6 gx'g] ltdLx? p7 P jf]nL g;'Gg] ltdLx? p7 P v'6f gx'g] ltdLx? p7 P l;Sg sl7g x'g] ltdLx? p7 P klxrfg gx'g] ltdLx? p7 P lzIff gkfpg] ltdLx? p7 P :jf:Yo ;'ljwf gkfpg] ltdLx? p7 P clwsf/ vf]l;Psf ltdLx? p7 P ;dfh jf6 6fl8Psf ltdLx? p7 P /f]huf/ gkfPsf ltdLx? p7 ;j} hf] hxfF hxfF 5f} uf]nj4 x'b} p7 cfkgf clwsf/sf] dfu ub}{ p7 ;dfhn] jfw]sf] jGwg tf]8b} p7 cfkm'df ePsf] cfTdlj:jf; hufpb} p7 Ps g Ps lbg ;dfj]lz ;dfh jgfpg] ;kgf b]Vb} p7 ef]s / ul/lj nfO{ lrg]{ cfTdflge{/ lhjgsf] ;kgf b]Vb} p7 gful/s / /fhg}lts clwsf/sf] k"0f{ pkef]u ;lxtsf] lhjgsf] ;kgf b]Vb} p7 ltd|f] efiff / klxrfg ;lxt u'0f:t/Lo lhjgsf] ;kgf b]Vb} p7 . pQd lzjfsf]6L If]lqo ;+of]hs, /f=c=d=k'=If]=sf= lj/f6gu/ l;cf/kL8L ;DaGwL sfo{;fnf t]x|y'd – /fli6«o ckfË dxf;F3 g]kfnn] dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfno ;Fusf] ;fem]bf/Ldf t]x|y'd lhNnfdf Ps lbg] ;Lcf/lk8L ;DjGwL sfof{zfnf ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . sfo{;fnfdf To; If]qsf ckfªutf ePsf JoQmL / ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx?sf] clwsf/ ;DjGwL dxf;GwL @))^ sf] af/]df :yflgo :t/df 1fg tyf hfgsf/Ldf clej[4L ub{] o;sf] sfof{Gjogdf ;xof]u k"of{pg' kg{] ;xeflux?n] hf]8 lbPsf lyP . cGt/s[ofaf6 t]x|y'd lhNnfdf #! hgf :yflgo ckfËtf ePsf JolQm ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfosf ckfËtf ePsf JolQmsf cfkmGtx? ;xeflu lyP . ;f] sfo{qmdsf] cWoIf 8f]n]j/ u8tf}nf / k|d'v cltlysf] ?kdf dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf sfof{no t]x|y'd hfgsL s'j/ /f7L /x]sL lyOg . l;/fxf– To;}u/L l;/fxfdfklg ;L=cf/=lk=8L ;DjGwL Ps lbg] sfof{zfnf cled'lvs/0f sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . /fli6o ckfË dxf;F3 g]kfnn] dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfno ;Fusf] ;fem]bf/L cGt{ut l;/fxf lhNnfdfklg Ps lbg] ckf+utf ePsf JolQm tyf ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfonfO{ ;Lcf/lk8L ;DjlGw cled'lvs/0f sfof{zfnf cfof]hgf ul/Psf] xf] . ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx?sf] clwsf/ ;DjlGw dxf;GwL @))^ sf] af/]df :yflgo :t/df 1fg tyf hfgsf/Ldf clej[4L ub{] o;sf] sfof{Gjogdf ;xof]u k'/ofpg] pb]Zon] sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] xf] . sfo{qddf l;/fxf lhNnfsf $$ hgf :yflgo ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfosf k|ltlgwL tyf ckfËtf ePsf JolQm / ltgsf cleefjsx?n] ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx?sf ;xeflutf lyof] . ;f] sfo{qmdsf] cWoIftf ;:yfsf cWoIf ;+ho cu|jfnn] u/]sflyP . eg] k|d'v cltlysf] ?kdf dxlnf tyf afnjflnsf sfof{no l;/fxfsL k|d'v ljgf yfkf /x]sL lyOg . sfo{qmddf lbks l3ld/], /fdljnf; ;fx, ;'/]zs'df/ du/ftL, ljgos'df/ ofbj, nvgnfn ;fx, zlt;rGb| emfsf] pkl:ytL lyof] . ;+v'jf;ef – ;+v'jf;efdf klg sfo{;fnf ;L cf/ lk8L ;dGwL ;+v'jf;efdfklg sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] 5 . /fli6«o ckfËu dxf;F3 g]kfnn] dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf ;dfh sNof0f dGqfno ;Fusf] ;fem]bf/Ldf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf ;+v'jf;ef lhNnfdf ckf+utf ePsf JolQmx? tyf ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfosf k|ltlglwx? ;xeflu lyP . ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx?sf] clwsf/ ;DjlGw dxf;GwL @))^ sf] af/]df :yflgo :t/df ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfonfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg] pb]Zob] cfof]lht sfo{qmddf lhNnfsf ## hgf ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfosf] ;xeflutf lyof] . ;f] sfo{qmdsf] cWoIftf ljdnf a'9fyf]sLn] u/]sL lyOg eg] k|d'v cltyLsf] ?kdf dxnf tyf afnaflnsf sfof{no clws[t ;+v'jf;ef ldgf kf}8]n /x]sL lyOg
  • 22. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn lj/f6gu/ . k|fljlws pRr lzIffno gx'Fbf >j0fzlQm sdhf]/-alx/f_ ePsfx¿ cj;/af6 jl~rt eO/x]sf 5g . ;/sf/n] alx/fx¿sf] z}lIfs ljsf;sf nflu pRrtxsf] k|fljlws ljBfno :yfkgf gul/Fbf dfWoflds:t/;Dd cWoog u/]sf alx/fx¿ yk k|fljlws lzIff lng] cj;/af6 jl~rt eO/x]sf x'g . xfn;Dd g]kfndf alx/fx¿n] ;Lldt ljBfnox¿ df ;f+s]lts efiff dfkm{t !) sIff;Dd dfq cWoog ul//x]sf 5g . b'O{ dfWoflds ljBfnox¿ lj/f6 alx/f dflj lj/f6gu/ / wf}nflu/L alx/f dflj afUn'+ªdf pRrtxsf] k|fljlws lzIffno gx'“bf cj;/af6 jl~rt u0f]z nD;fn dflj txsf ljBfyL{n] -l;len OlGhlgol/ª_ k|fljlws lzIff klg lnO/x]sf 5g . t/ pRr txdf k|fljlws lzIffno gx'Fbf pgLx¿ z}lIfs cj;/af6 jl~rt eO/x]sf 5g . lzIff ljefusf cg';f/ xfn alx/fx¿sf nflu ljBfno:t/df b]ze/ Ps ;o ^( j6f ;|f]t sIff / !( j6f ljz]if sIff ;+rfngdf 5g . t/ tL sIffx¿df alx/fx¿ ;f+s]lts efiff dfkm{t cf}krfl/s lzIff dfq} cWoog ug]{ u/]sf 5g . dfWoflds sIff plQ0f{ u/]kl5 eg] cf}krfl/s pRr lzIff cWoog ug{ klg jl~rt eO/x]sf 5g . alx/fx¿sf nflu pRrdfljx¿ sf7df8f+} / kf]v/fdf dfq ePsf]n] ;a}sf] kx'Frdf gk'Ubf pgLx¿ cWogaf6 jl~rt x'g'k/]sf] sf]zL alx/f ;+3sf cWoIf df]xg ltjf/L atfpF5g . pgL eG5g, …alx/fx¿nfO{ pRr lzIff k9g ;f+s]lts efiffsf] ;d:of /x]sf]n] k|fljlws lzIff g} pko'{Qm x'g] x'Fbf ;/sf/n] ;a} If]qdf pRr k|fljlws dxfljBfno :yfkgf ug'{ k5{ .Ú xfn alx/fx¿sfnflu ;/sf/sf] tk{maf6 afUn'+ªdf wf}nflu/L lzIffno ;+rfngdf 5 . o;}u/L bftfsf] ;xof]udf lj/f6gu/l:yt la/f6 alx/f dfljdf klg dfWoflds txdf cWoog ug]{ ljBfyL{x¿n] k|fljlws lzIff cWoog ul//x]sf 5g . t/, pgLx¿nfO{ k|fljlws pRr lzIff cWoog ug]{ ljBfno eg] cem} :yfkgf ePsf] 5}g . alx/fx?nfO{ k|fljlws -l;lan OlGhlgol/ª_ lzIff lbg ;s] pgLx¿ b]zsfnflu pTkfbg sfo{df dxTjk"0f{
  • 23. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn of]ubfg lbg ;Sg] la/f6 alx/f dflasf cWoIf /d]zrGb| kf}8Øfn atfpF5g . pgn] h]gt]g dfWolds tx;Dd k9]sf alx/f ljBfyL{x¿n] k|fljlws lzIffnosf] cefjdf lzIffsf] cj;/af6 jl~rt x'g'kl//x]sf] atfP . ;a}n] kf]v/f / sf7df8f}+ uP/ pRr lzIff cWoog ug{ ;Sg] cj:yf gePsf]n] slDtdf ;/sf/n] x/]s If]qdf k|fljlws ljBfno :yfkgf ug'kg]{df pgsf] hf]8 5 . alx/fx¿ p;}klg lzkd"ns sfddf a9L cle?rL /fVg] :jfefjsf x'G5g . o;}n] pgLx¿nfO{ sDKo'6/, c6f]df]afOn, 8sdL{, l;sdL{, :k]o;{ kf6{;, cGo OlGhlgl/ª ljifosf] k|fljlws lzIff lbg' pko'{Qm x'g] ckf+u dxf;+3 k"jf{~rn If]qLo cWoIf /fd sfsL{ atfpF5g . wf}nflu/L alx/f dfljsf cWoIf s]kL /fgf du/ ;/sf/n] l;l6le6L dfkm{t Ps ;o k|fljlws lzIffnox¿ ;+rfngsf] cg'dlt lbP klg alx/fx¿sf nflu eg] a]jf:tf u/]sf] cf/f]k nufpF5g . pgsf cg';f/ afUn'+udf ;'? ePsf] dflj txsf] k|fljlws lzIff lgSs} hf]8an kl5 dfq :yfkgf ul/Psf] xf] . pgL alx/fx¿ klg g]kfnL gful/ssf 5f]/f5f]/L /x]sf] / b]zsf s0f{wf/ ePklg ;/sf/n] lzIffdf a]jf:tf ul//x]sf] atfP . g]kfndf @)^# b]lv l;l6le6L dfkm{t k|fljlws lzIff ;+rfng ePsf] xf] . xfn;Dd /fHon] s/f]8f+} /sd k|fljlws lzIffsfnflu vr{ ul/;s]sf] 5 . t/ pknlAw eg] rfx]h:tf] kfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . o;}n] klg ckf+ux¿nfO{ k|fljlws lzIffdf kx'Fr a9fpg /fHon] rf;f] lbg'kg]{ ckf+u dxf;+3sf ;lrj lji0f' a/fn atfpF5g . pgsf cg';f/ 5]d]sL d'n'sx¿df alx/fx¿ k|fljlws k|d'v dfq geP/ lrlsT;sx¿ ;d]t eO;s]sf] kof{Kt pbfx/0f /x]sf]n] g]kfndf klg alx/fx¿nfO{ k|fljlws lzIfftkm{ cu|;/ u/fpg' kg]{ pgsf] hf]8 5 . ckf+utf ePsf] dxf;lGwn] ckf+ux¿nfO{ /f]uhf/sf] Uof/]G6L u/]sf]n] ca alx/f eg]/ pgLx¿nfO{ clwsf/af6 j~r]tLs/0fdf /fVg gx'g] lj/f6 alx/f dfljsf cWoIf /d]zrGb| kf}8]n atfpF5g . pgsf cg';f/ g]kfndf )^# b]lv ;'? alx/fx¿sf nflu k7g–kf7g ;'? eP klg cem} klg ;/sf/n] k"0f{ lhDdf lnO;s]sf] 5}g . cem} klg dflj:t/sf ljBfnox¿ ;/sf/sf] l;ldlt b/aGbL dfq 5 . k|foM ljBfnox¿ bftfx¿s} ;xof]udf ;+rfng eO/x]sf 5g . g]kfndf @)#( df lzIff cfof]un] k|fljlws lzIff kl/ifbcGt{ut tLg jif]{ k|fljlws lzIffsf] cjwf/0ff NofPsf] xf] . To;kl5 qmdzM Joj;flos k|fljlws lzIff kl/ifb :yfkgf u/]/ b]ze/ k|fljlws lzIff k|bfg ug{ yfn]sf] xf] . t/, xfn ;+rfng eO/x]sf k|fljlws lzIffdf alx/fx¿sf] ;xefuLtf z"Go k|foM 5 . lzIff ljefusf cg';f/ xfn g]kfndf b'O{ ;o $! hgf alx/f ljBfyL{x¿ k"j{k|fylds txdf, ;ft xhf/ k|fylds txdf, @# ;o lgdfjL txdf, cf7 ;o &% dflj txdf / Ps ;o %) hgf alx/fx¿ pRrdflj txdf cWoog/t 5g . t/ k|fljlws txsf] pRr lzIffdf eg] pgLx¿n] cj;/ kfPsf 5}gg . lzIff ljefusf dxflgb]{zs 8f= l8NnL/fh l/dfn ;+ljwfg sfg"gb]lv /fhgLlts bnsf 3f]if0ffkqx¿df;d]t k|fljlws lzIffsf] ljsf;sf nflu hf]8 lbO{Psf] / ckf+utf ePsf]x¿sf] ;+/If0fdf k|lta4tf hgfOPsf]n] ;/sf/ alx/fx¿sf] k|fljlws lzk ljsf;sfnflu rf;f] lbO/x]sf] atfpF5g . pgn] alx/fx¿sfnflu pRr lzIff kl/ifb jf l;l6le6L dfkm{t pRr txdf k|fljlws lzIffsf nflu cj;/ l;h{gf ul/g] atfpF5g . dxflgb]{zs l/dfn eG5g, …t/ o;sf nflu kl/dflh{t lzIff P]g cfjZos 5, Tof] cem} cfO;s]sf] rfFxL 5}g .Ú
  • 24. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn ;jf/L b'3{6gfn] j[4cf>d k'¥ofof] lj/f6gu/ . hLjgsf] #% jif{ rfns eP/ latfPsf ^$ jifL{o /w'jL/ yfkf Ps jif{b]lv lj/f6gu/–!# df /x]sf] lj/f6]Zj/ j[4 cf>ddf 5g . dsjfgk'/ x]6f}+8f–$ 3/ ePsf pgnfO{ pgsf cfkmGt / 3/kl/jf/n] ;d]t a]jf:tf u/]sf 5g . sf]xL e]6g uPsf 5}gg . nfdf] ;do gfcv !%*^ gDa/sf] 6Øfªs/ rnfPsf pgL kl5Nnf] ;do lj/f6gu/df :s'n a; s'bfpFy] . @)^% k'; !* ut] lbpF;f] df]/ªsf] 6+sL–! df ef/tLo 7"nf] 6«sn] 7Ss/ lbFbf pgL b'3{6gfdf k/] . 7Ss/af6 pgn] rnfPsf] :s'na;n] ;8s 5f8]sf] lyof] . t/, a; / ljBfyL{nfO{ s]xL x'g lbPgg pgn] . ePg . pgL rfxL+ ulDe/ 3fOt] eP . Ps dlxgf c:ktfn a:g' k¥of] lgsf] x'g . nfdf] pkrf/kl5 pgL lgsf] eP klg afofF v'§f sf6g' k/]kl5 pgL ckf+u eP . b'3{6gfdf k/]/ ckf+u ePkl5 a]/f]huf/ eP pgL . s]xL lbg pgnfO{ g]kfn oftfoft :jtGq dhb'/ 6Øfªs/ ;+3n] kfNof] . t/ ;Fw} To;/L u'hf/ rNg ;Dej gePsf]n] pgn] s]xL jif{ hf]udgLaf6 XjLn r]o/df pkef]Uo j:t'sf] cf];f/–k;f/ klg u/] . t/ ckf+unfO{ ;dfg laqmL ug{ ;d:of ePkl5 5fl8lbP . To;kl5 ;fyLefOs} ;Nnfxdf eG;f/If]qdf rGbf ;+sng u/]/ u'hf/ rnfpg yfn] . To;/L dfu]/ afFRg pgnfO{ lrQ a'em]g . o;}n] pgL Ps jif{cl3 j[4cf>dsf] z/0f lng afWo eP . …cf Û an x'Gh]n ;a}sf] xfOxfO{ ljkQLdf sf]xL x'Fb}gg /5g bfh'efO{Ú, pgn] ;':s]/f xfNb} eg], …ca t cf>dd} d5'{ .Ú …b'3{6gfdf k/]kl5 :s'nn] pgnfO{ Ifltk"lt{ lbg dfg]g, o;}n] rsf]{ bafa lbP/ Ps nfv %) xhf/ lbnfO{ lbPsf 5f}+, g]kfn :jtGq oftfoft dhb'/ ;+u7gsf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o lszf]/ wdnfn] eg] . /3'jL/n] Tof] k};f a}+sdf /fv]sf 5g . …lj/fdL k/] pkrf/df sfd nfU5 eg]/ ;fFr]sf] xF'Ú, pgn] eg] . cf>ddf Ps bh{g hlt :s'n] gfgLx¿ klg 5g . cfOP;Dd k9]sf /3'jL/ laxfg a]n'sf 6o';g k9fpF5 g . lbpF;f] 3'Dg dgnfu] XjLn r]o/df aflx/ lg:sG5g . dg gnfu] cf>dleq} l6eL x]5{g, kqklqsf k95g / cfk"m h:t} b'MvL j[4j[4fx¿;Fu s'/fsfgL u/]/ dgaxnfpF5g . cfkmGtx¿ x]g{ e]6g cfpg eGg] cfzf d/]sf] 5}g pgsf] . lalaP;;Dd k9fPsf lyP pgn] 5f]/fnfO{ / 5f]/Ln] cfOP u/]sL lyOg . t/, vf]O{ b'3{6gfdf k/]kl5 sf]xL e]6g cfPgg, o;}n] pgnfO{ klg 3/ kms{g dg nfu]g . /3'jL/n] eg], …ca t ;Demg klg 5fl8;s]+ .Ú …b'3{6gfdf rfns PSn} bf]ifL xF'b}g, k'/fgf] uf8L, ;fx'sf] hah{l:t, ofq'sf] Jofjxf/, ;fF3'/f] ;8s, rfns, a6'jf / ofqLn] 6«flkms r]tgfsf] kfngf cflbdf ;'wf/ NofP b'3{6gf 36b} hfG5Ú, /3'jL/n] eg] . c3f]lift ljgf; o'4 ag]sf] b'3{6gfn] w]/}sf] larNnL agfPsf] 5, ca x'glbg'xF'b}g, /3'jL/n] OR5f JoQm u/] . …oftfoft sd{rf/Lx¿ lgDg cfly{s cj:yfsf x'G5g . ;jf/L b'3{6gfdf k/L d[To' / cªueªu ePdf a9L b'Mv kfpF5g, w]/}sf] sGt lahf]u 5Ú, otfoft dhb'/ ;+u7gsf s]lGb|o ;lrj eLd /fO{n] eg] .
  • 25. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn /fhgLlts kf6L{ leq ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] ;xeflutf /fhgLlt eg]sf] s] xf] eg]/ clxn]sf] hdfgfdf s;}nfO{ ;f]Wg' cfkmg} d'v{tfsf] kl/ro lbg' h:t} xf] . t/, s] /fhgLlt eGg] s'/f cfh–ef]lns} h:tf] x'GYof] t ljutdf < ljutdf, /fHo rnfpg] gLltnfO{ g} ;/n efiffdf /fhgLlt eg]/ a'l´GYof] / /fhgLlt ug]{x¿ lzlIft, ;';+:s[t / b'/bzL{ x'g'kYof]{ . s] clxn] klg /fhgLlt /fHo rnfpg] gLlt s} ?kdf kl/eflift eO/x]sf] 5 ls o;n] c¿ w]/} s'/fx?nfO{ ;d]l6;s]sf] 5 t < klxn]–klxn] /fhgLlt leq k|j]z ug]{ dflg;x¿ 7"nf] OHht ePsf dfq} x'Gy] / pgLx¿sf] k|j]zn] b]z ;+rfngdf lgSs} 7"nf] of]ubfgsf] sfd uYof]{ t/ s] clxn] To:t} 5 t < s] clxn]sf] /fhgLltdf OHht ePsf dflg;x¿ k|j]z ug{ ?rfpmF5g t < s] clxn]sf] /fhgLltdf lzlIft, ;';+:s[t / b'/bzL{ dflg;n] dfq} k|j]z ul//x]sf 5g t < ;a}eGbf 7"nf] s'/f], s] cfhsf] /fhgLltdf k|j]z ug]{x¿ k|lt ljuts} h:tf] cfd dflg;x¿df 7"nf] OHht 5 t < s] cfhsf /fhgLlt1x¿n] b]z leq–aflx/ ePsf ;d:ofx¿nfO{ ;dfwfg ug{ ;S5g eg]/ cfd dflg;x?n] ljZjfz u5{g t < cfhsf] /fhgLlt klxn]–klxn]sf] /fhgLlt eGbf w]/} g} km/s eO;s]sf] 5 / cfhsf] /fhgLltn] cfkmgf] 5lj laufb}{ uO/x]sf] 5 . k'?iff]Qd e08f/L
  • 26. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn olt x'Fbf–x'Fb} klg, dflg;x¿ h] 5 To;}nfO{ /fhgLlt dfg]/ cl3 al9/x]sf 5g / lg/Gt/ a9b} hfg] 5g . olb clxn]sf] /fhgLltn] k'/fgf] /fhgLlt eGg] zAb sf] kl/efiffnfO{ abn]/ gofF 9+un] kl/eflift x'g vf]Hb}5 eg] clxn]sf] /fhgLltdf c? s]–s] s'/fx? ylkg' k5{ xf]nf t < k'/fgf] hdfgfdf b'O{ –rf/ hgf lzlIft, ;';+:s[t / b'/bzL{ dflg;x?n] rnfPsf] /fhgLlt h:t} cfhsf] /fhgLlt To;/L g} rNnf t jf rln/xg ;Sg] 5 t < cr]n t /fhgLltdf ;dfj]zL /fhgLltsf] a8f] hf]8–tf]8n] cfjfh 3lGs/x]sf] 5 . ;a} hft–hflt, lnªu, wd{, k]zf / 7fpmFsf dflg;x¿nfO{ /fHo ;+rfng df ;xefuL agfP/ b]zsf] /fHo ;+rfng ug]{ eg]/ rf/}lt/ 7"nf] cfjfh pl7/x]sf] 5, h'g :jfefljs klg dflgg yfn]sf] 5 . ha /fhgLltsf] gfddf s]lx d'¶L e/ dflg;n] b]zsf] cfDbfgLdf a|Xd–n'6 ug{yfn], To:tf s'/fsf] rf/}lt/ lgGbf x'g yfNof] / kl/jt{gsf] dfu x'g yfNof] . kl/0ffd:j?k, ;dosf] dfucg';f/ /fhgLltn] klg cfkmgf] bfP/f km/flsnf] agfpmFb} uof] / cfhsf] ;dfj]zL /fhgLltsf] ?k wf/0f ug{ afWo eof] . To;f]eP, /fhgLltn] lsg o:tf] Jofks ?k lnP/ cfof] eGof t ;a} dflg;sf] eftgLlt ldnfpg kf] /x]5 . gvfO{sg s'g} klg hLj afFRg ;Sb}g . c¿ hLjn] cfkmg} lsl;dsf] /fhgLlt u5{g xf]nf t/ xfdL hLjdf klg ;j{>]i7 sxlnPsf dflg;n] rflxF k|ToIf ?kn] ;a}n] b]Vg] / dxz'z x'g]u/L s:tf] /fhgLlt ul//x]sf 5f}+ eGg] s'/f g n's]sf] 5 g n'sfP/ n'sfpg g} ;lsG5 . ca d"n s'/f] lt/ nfuf}+ . s] To;f] eP cfhsf] /fhgLltn] ;a} If]q, hft–hflt, lnªu, wd{, k]zf / 7fpmFsf dflg;nfO{ ;dfg¿kn] ;dfj]z u/]sf] 5 t < dlxnf nfO{ ## k|ltzt ;xefuL agfpg] eg]/ cGtl/d–;+lawfgdf n]lvPsf] s'/f, cfhsf /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿n] slQsf] dfqfdf kfngf u/]sf 5g < To;/L g} ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ s'g–s'g /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿n] slt k|ltzt ;dfj]z u/]sf 5g t < cflv/ cfhsf] /fhgLltsf] clGtd nIo hftgLlt, eftgLlt / cf–cfkmgf lgDtL ul/Psf] cfTdgLlt g} xf] eg] ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] ;xeflutfsf]af/]df rfxLF /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿ s] eG5g t < olb ;a}n] cf–cfkmgf] xs– clwsf/ hf]ufpg / eft sf] ;'lglZrttf ug{ s} nflu v]lng] v]nnfO{ /fhgLlt elgg yflnPsf] xf] eg] t ckfªutf ePsf Joltx¿n] klg cfkmgf] xs– clwsf/sf] /Iff ug{ clxn] s} cj:yfsf] /fhgLltdf klg ;xeflutf t hgfpg} k5{ xf]nf, ls s;f] < ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ /fhgLltdf ;dfj]z s;/L ug]{ jf ul/Fb} 5 t < cfhsf ;fgf–7"nf ;a} /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿sf] o; ljifodf cflwsfl/s wf/0ff s] 5 t < s'g–s'g /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿n] s'g–s'g 7fpmFaf6 slt k|ltzt ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ ;+ljwfg;efsf] nflu slt j6f l;6 5'6ØfPsf 5g t < sL /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿n] klg ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿k|lt pxL k'/fgf] / ?9LjfbL ;f]rfO{ /fv]/ c´};Dd e]b–efj g} ul//x]sf 5g t < cfhsf] o'u eg]sf] lj1fgsf] o'u xf] . cfh s'g} klg s'/f ck"0f{ /xg kfpmFb}g . lj1fgsf] rdTsf/n] h] klg ug{ ;Ifd eO;s]sf] 5 . kf}/fl0fs syfx¿df j0f{g ul/Psf x/]s /Qmlahaf6 /fIf;sf] pTkQL eof] eGg] s'/f lx+hf];Dd sfNklgs nfu] klg cfh Tof] s'/fnfO{ …Snf]lgªuÚ eGg] gofF j}1flgs cfljisf/n] ;To 7x/fO{ lbPsf] 5 . Ps yf]kf /utsf] kl/If0f u/]/ slxNo} lgsf] gx'g] c;fWo /f]ux¿ klg lgsf] kfg]{ k2ltsf] ljsf; x'g uO/x]sf] 5 . t/ s]lx dflg;x? clxn]sf] o:tf] ;dodf klg pxL ;o aif{ cl3sf] h:tf] ;f]r /fv]/ lx+l8/x]sf 5g . a¿ ;o aif{ cl3 ul/g] /fhgLltdf Pp6f cfsif{0f lyof] t/ clxn] To:tf] ;Ddfghgs /fhgLltnfO{ klg 3[0ffsf] v]n agfO/x]sf 5g . lxhf] @–$ hgfn] ug]{ /fhgLltdf klg xhf/f}+sf] enfOnfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ gLlt–lgodx¿ agfP/ sfd ul/Yof] t/, clxn] xhf/f}+sf] ;xeflutf xF'bf klg @– $ hgf dfq} df]6fpg], lrNnf uf8Ldf x'OFlsg] / 7"nf–7"nf clnzfg dxndf a:g] gLlt– lgodx¿ agfOG5 . b]zdf ePsf pBf]u, snsf/vfgf / Joj;fo lbg–lbg} w/f;fO xF'b}5g . kl/0ffd:j?k, b]z c¿sf] pklgj]z eP/ cfkmgf] cl:tTj u'dfO /x]sf] 5 . ;lx cy{df ;dfj]zL x'g' eg]sf] /f]hL, /f]6L, ufF;, af; / skf;sf nflu eP klg xhf/f}+ o'jfx¿ csf{sf] d'n'sdf uf]7fnf] a:g hfg' kg]{ cj:yf 5 . o:tf] cj:yfaf6 d'n'snfO{ kf/ nufpg g;Sg] kf6L{sf g]tfx¿
  • 27. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn rflx+ ;kfªu < clg pgLx¿n] rnfPsf kf6L{df ;xeflutf kfpg' k¥of]{ eGb} lrRofpg] s]lx c+ue+u ePsf JolQmx¿ rflxF ckfªunfO{ klg sf]6f lbg'k5{ eGb} s/fpg' kg]{ < oxL xf] ;dfj]zL /fhgLlt < olx xf] b]z / hgtfnfO{ d'lQm lbg] /fhgLlt < o:t} gLlt ckgfpg] ´'08x¿ rfxLF /fhgLlts kf6L{ < lbPsf] lhDd]jf/LnfO{ k"/f ug{ g;Sg], tna eQf / ;'ljwf hlt ;a}yf]s cfkmg} kfnfdf a9fP/ eljZosf] nflu ;'lglZrt ug]{, cfkmgf] xft–huGgfy u/]/, …d}+ vfpmF, d}+ nfpmF, ;a df]h d}+ u?F, c? ;a d?g b'a{nx? .Ú sf] 3l6of ;f]r /fv]/ lx+8g] u'6sf gfO{s] rflxF /fhgLlts kf6L{sf g]tf x'g / < clg xfdL ;+ul7t¿kn] rNg' kg]{ dflg;x? ltg} gfOs]sf kl5– kl5 nfu]/ lgl/x aGb}, nf}g afaf Û xfdLnfO{ klg vfg b]cf]g eg]/ b}nf] rfxfg'{ kg]{ < lsg xfdL ef]6;{ x}gf}+ / < ef]nL xfd|f] kfnf] cfpFb}g / < g]kfn el/ 5l/P/ /x]sf xfdL c+u– e+u ePsf, lbdfu e+u ePsf 5}gf}+ lg, xfdLn] xfd|} g]tfnfO{ ef]6 xfnf}+ t, ef]nL s] x'Fbf] /x]5 < t/ xfdL To;f] ub}{gf}+, lsg < lsg xfdL lt u'6–pku'6sf kl5 nfU5f}+ < lsg cflv/ lsg < clg ha–ha ;/sf/ kl/jt{gsf] xNnf rN5, xfdL g]tfsf 9f]sf–9f]sf rfxf5f}+{, lsg < xfd|f] cfkmg} ;+u7g 5}g / < s] ef]nL ltgLx¿n] xfd|f 3/sf] 9f]sf 9s–9Sofpg' kb}{g / < lt hdfgf uP, hlxn] e]8f– afv|f h;/L x'ndf uP/ ef]6 vf;flnGYof] . clxn] t Ps kl/ro– kq a/fa/ Ps ef]6sf] hdfgf 5, xfd|f] ef]6 lng] klg sDKo'6/ 5 / uGg] klg sDKo'6/ g} x'G5 . o:tf] hdfgfdf klg xfdL c¿sf kl5 nfUg] < xfd|f] sb/ u5{g / xfd|f nflu 5'6ofPsf] l;6 OHhtsf ;fy lbG5g eg], xfd|f] clwsf/ xf], xfdL klg OHhtsf ;fy pgLx¿ ;/x g} ;+ljwfg–;efsf] 9f]sf leq l5g'{ k5{ . x}g, pgLx¿n] xfdLnfO{ b]Vb}gg eg], sf] ckfªu < xfdL ls pgLx? < To;kl5 xfdL cfkm}+n] km};nf ug'{ k5{ / pgLx?nfO{ cfFvf b]Vg g;Sg] b[li6laxLgsf] sf]6fdf /fVg'k5{ . ;+ljwfgn] eg]sf] s'/f] g;'Gg]nfO{, ;':t>j0f sf]6fdf /fVg'k5{ / af]Ng, ;'Gg g;Sg]nfO{ alx/f– nf6fsf] sf]6fdf k7fpg' k5{ . xfdL lsg pgLx¿nfO{ u'xf/ ub}{ lx+8]sf < ;f]rf}+, ljrf/ u/f}+ / lg0f{o u/f}+ . g]kfn /fli6«o ckfªu k'gM:yfkgf ;ldlt afx'g8fFuL emfkfn] PDa'n]G; ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 . Ps dlxgfcl3af6 PDj'n]G; ;~rfngdf cfPkl5 afx'g8fFuL / cf;kf;sf :yfgLoaf;Ln] ;xh dx;'; u/]sf 5g . !) nfv ?k}ofFdf PDj'n]G; vl/b u/]/ ;~rfngdf NofPsf] g]kfn /fli6«o ckfªu k'gM:yfkgf ;ldltsf cWoIf ;lrg lg/f}nfn] hfgsf/L lbP . pgn] eg], …PDj'n]G; ;~rfngdf cfPkl5 afx'g8fFuL dfq xf]Og cf;kf;sf uflj;sf ;j{;fw/0fnfO{ ;xh ePsf] 5 .Ú
  • 28. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn k'gM:yfkgf sfo{qmddf lj/f6gu/ cfFvf c:ktfnsf] cu|0fL e"ldsf …k|sfz zlQm a|Xd ¿k xf] . Hof]t g} hLjg xf] . Hof]ltdo hLjg g} ;fy{s Pjd pQd x'G5 . o;} sf/0fn] ef}lts / cfWoflTds ;To xf]Ú– hLjg Hof]lt . cbe"t cnf}lss / k|fs[lts ;f}Gbo{nfO{ b[li6ut ul/ dfgj hLjgnfO{ wGo agfpg] pklgifbLo efjaf6 pbjf]lwt ;Daf]lwt xfd|f] lj/f6gu/ cfFFVff c:ktfn, lj/f6gu/ tyf rf/ j6f cfFvf pkrf/ s]Gb|sf] cfFvf pkrf/ ;]jfsf] dfWodaf6 u/fpFb} cfPsf] :jLs[lt b]z–ljb]zsf b'/ b/fhsf b}lgs xhf/f}+sf] ;+Vofdf cf]Ol/P/ cfpg] u/]sf /f]uLx?af6 a'lemG5 g} . ljZjsf nfvf}+ nfv dflg; dw'd]x, pRr /Qmrfk, cfFvfdf ljleGg rf]6k6ssf sf/0f b[li6laxLg x'g] u/]sf] 5 . zx/Ls/0f / k|ljlw ljsf;sf] a9bf] cj:yf;Fu} cfFvfsf] la/fdLsf] u|fkm klg psfnf] nfUb} uPsf] 5 . ;j{]If0fn] b]vfPcg';f/ g]kfndf xfn !& k|ltzt hgtf s'g} g s'g} lsl;dsf] cfFvfsf] ;d:ofaf6 kLl8t 5g . g]kfndf sl/a @ nfveGbf a9L JolQmx? b[li6laxLg 5g . tL ;d:ofx?nfO{ Wofgdf /flv lj/f6gu/ cfFvf c:ktfnn] x/]s jif{ b'O{ nfveGbf a9L JolQmx¿nfO{ alx/ªu ljefuaf6 ;]jfx¿ k'¥ofpFb} cfO/x]sf 5geg] utjif{ ^) xhf/ eGbf a9L JolQmx?sf] cfFvf ;DalGw /f]usf] zNolqmof ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . t/ oL ;]jfx? k'¥ofpFbf klg b[li6 ;DalGw ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx?sf] ;/sf/ tyf ;dfhsf] tkm{af6 x'g'kg]{ ;]jfd'vL sfo{qmdsf] cefj dx;'; u/L c:ktfnn] ;g @)!# b]lv ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t k'gM:yfkgf -l;=la=cf/=_sfo{qmd ;'? u/]sf] 5 . lj/f6gu/ cfFvf c:ktfn sf] ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t k'gM:yfkgf sfo{qmdsf] d'Vo p2]Zo b[li6 ;DalGw ckfªutf ePsf JolQmnfO{ ;dod} klxrfg u/L k"0f{ ?kn] ;d'bfodf k'gM:yfkgf ug{' xf] . xfn of] sfo{qmd df]/ª lhNnfsf] pQ/k"jL{ e]usf !! j6f uf=lj=;= - /ªu]nL, l;h'jf, 6s'jf, uf]ljGbk'/, cd/bx, x:gbx, zlgZr/], ky/L, a/8ªjf, dxfb]jf / em'ls{of _ x?df ;+rfng xF'b} cfO/x]sf 5g . s'df/ k[y' ckmfs cgj/ ;L= aL= cf/= sfo{qmdn] ub{} cfO{ /x]sf sfo{x¿ M o; c:ktfnn] sfo{qmdsf] z'?jftdf Pp6f ;j{]If0f k|lzIf0f k|fKt sfo{stf{x¿af6 Pp6f ;j{]If0f u/fPsf lyP, tL ;j]{sf] glthfcg';f/ ;j]{If0f ul/Psf !! j6f uf=lj=;= x?df !)* hgf b[li6laxLg ePsf JolQmx?nfO{ ;"lrs[t ul/Psf] lyof] / tLdWo] xfn;Dd $% hgfeGbf a9L b[li6laxLg JolQmx?nfO{ ;fd'bflos k'gM:yfkgf ;DalGw tflndx¿ h:t} cf]/]G6];g / df]laln6L, b}lgs hLjgofkgsf ;Lkx?, x:tsnfsf ;fdu|L agfpg] ;Lk tyf Joj;fod"ns ;Lkx? ;DalGw tflndx? k|bfg u/]sf 5g . To:t} Go"gb[li6 ePsf JolQmnfO{ ;dod} klxrfg u/L Go"gb[li6 ;DalGw ljleGg pks/0fx¿ lgMz'Ns k|bfg ub}{ cfO/x]sf 5g . xfdLn] ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t k'gM:yfkgf If]qdf ;do–;dodf hfFr u/L e]l6Psf b'O{6} cfFvfdf df]ltlaGb' eP/ b]Vg g;Sg] aRrfx?nfO{ ;dod}
  • 29. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn c:ktfn NofO lgMz'Ns zNolqmof u/L tL aRrfx?sf] hLjgdf Hof]lt k|bfg u/]sf 5g . ;d'bfodf ePsf JolQmx?df ckfªutf ;DalGw hgr]tgf km}nfpgsf nflu tL ufpF ljsf; ;ldltx?df ;do–;dodf ljleGg lsl;dsf hgr]tgfd"ns sfo{qmdx¿ ;+rfng ub{} cfO/x]sf] 5 . ljBfno hfg] afnaflnsfx¿df ckfªutf ;DalGw hgr]tgf km}nfpgsf nflu ljBfno:t/df ljleGg lsl;dsf hgr]tgfd"ns sfo{qmdx¿df ;xefuL u/fpg'sf] ;fy} hgr]tgfd"ns ;fdu|Lx? ljt/0f ug]{ u/]sf] 5 . ;dod} cfFvf ;DalGw ;d:of klxrfg ug{sf lgldQ lgoldt¿kdf lgMz'Ns cfFvf, sfg lzlj/x¿ ;+rfng ub{} cfO/x]sf 5f}+ . c:ktfnn] ;d'bfodf sfg ;DalGw /f]uaf6 u|:t eP/ b}lgs hLjgofkg lgjf{x ug{ sl7gfO{ ef]lu/x]sf] JolQmsf] nflu lgMz'Ns sfg hfFr u/L zNolqmof ug'{sf] ;fy} ljleGg sfgsf] >j0f zlQm j[l4 ug]{ pks/0f;d]t ljt/0f ul//x]sf] 5 . ;/sf/n] b[li6laxLgtfsf] If]qdf cem a9L k|efjsf/L 9+uaf6 nfUg' kg]{ cfjZostf b]lvG5 . ljb]zdf b[li6laxLg JolQmsf] lzIffsf] nflu cl8of] / sDKo'6/ k|0ffnLaf6 k9fO tyf k/LIff lng]] Joj:yf ePklg xfd|f] b]zdf o:tf] tslgsLsf] cefj b]lvG5 . Go"gb[li6 jfnaflnsfsf] k/LIff lnFbf nfh{ lk|G6df k|Zg kq agfP/ hfFr lnP ljBfyL{sf] lzIff:t/df clej[l4 x'GYof] t/ Ps kfOnf cufl8 a9]/ ;f] dfq klg g]kfndf nfu" gx'g' ;/sf/sf] Go"g b[li6 emlNsG5 . tflnd k|fKt lzIfs / kof{Kt z}lIfs ;fdu|L pknAw u/fpFb} b[li6laxLg lzIff gLlt ;/sf/n] cjnDag u/] ufpF tyf zx/sf s'g} s'gfdf n's]/ a;]sf yk b[li6laxLg jfnaflnsfn] ;d]t snd lstfa af]s]/ lzIff¿kL pHofnf] 3fdaf6 jl~rt x'g] lyPgg . g]kfn ;/sf/sf] :jf:Yo If]q x]g]{ lgsfo :jf:Yo tyf hg;+Vof dGqfnon] clxn];Dd cfFFvf pkrf/ ;]jfsf] nflu :ki6 gLlt tyf lgb]{zg hf/L ug{ ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . o:tf] cK7Øf/f] kl/l:yltdf klg lj/f6gu/ cfFvf c:ktfnn] g]kfn g]q Hof]lt ;+3, If]qLo :jf:Yo lgb]{zgfno, lhNnf hg:jf:Yo sfof{no, lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt, lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no, gu/kflnsf, :yfgLo Snax¿, :yfgLo jf}l4s ju{ tyf bft[ lgsfox¿ ;Fu ;Gbe{–ljdz{ u/L cfˆgf] sfo{qmdnfO{ k|efjL 9ªuaf6 sfo{Gjog ul//x]sf] 5 . jt{dfg ;dodf ;dfhaf6 o;sf] d"Nofªsg x'g' cfjZos 5 . ;dfhdf ;a} rfxG5g sL kl/jt{g xf]; tyf /fd|f] cj;/sf] l;h{gf xf]; . s'g} klg ;+:yfåf/f ;dfhdf kl/jt{g Nofpg ljleGg vfn] cflGt/s tyf AffXo l:ylt, kl/l:ylt tyf k|of;df lge{/ ub{5 . t/ klg lj/f6gu/ cfFvf c:ktfnn] ljZj;gLo¿kdf ;fdflhs ;r]tgfhufpFb}cfˆgf]ultljlwsf]u|fkmnfO{dfly;Ddk'¥ofpg ;kmn ePsf] 5 . of] ;+:yfsf] sfo{qmdaf6 k|ToIf¿kdf ;dfh nfeflGjt ePsf] 5 eGg] ck|ToIf¿kdf ;/sf/nfO{ ;xof]u k'u]sf] 5 .
  • 30. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn lj/f6gu/ .!*jif{nuftf/pkrf/ubf{5f]/fsf]v'§fgrn]kl5 lj/f6gu/ zflGt rf]ssf /fdaxfb'/ k|wfgn] cfkmgf] PSnf] 5f]/fsf] ljjfx x'G5 eGg] slxn} ;f]r]sf lyPgg . hGd]sf] * dlxgfb]lv v'§f grNg] 5f]/fsf] pkrf/df pgL !* jif{;Dd g]kfn ef/tsf c:ktfnx¿ k'u] t/ pgsf] 5f]/fsf] v'§f rNg ;s]g . 5f]/fsf] v'§f hftL gePkl5 pgL ;Fw} ;f]Rg] uy{] …afa'cfdfn] t ;s'Gh]n;Dd x]5f{}+ t/ xfd|f] ;]vkl5 s:n] x]5{ <Ú t/ ca eg] pgn] 5f]/fsf] :oxf/ ug{] Ps c;n a'xf/L kfPsf 5g . a'xf/L h'/fO lbPsf] xf] km];a'sn] . b'j} v'§f rNg g;Sg] lj/f6gu/ zflGt rf]ssf ljho k|wfg XjLnr]o/sf] ;fx/fdf dfq lx+88'n ug{ ;S5g . XjLr]o/sf] ;fx/fdf lx+8]klg k|ljlw ;“u;“u} cl3 a9]sf pgn] cfkmgf] hf]8L cfkm} v]h]sf x'g km];a'ssf] dfWoodaf6 . @@ a;{] k|wfgn] sf7df8f+} nlnk'/ y]rf]–@, sL dlg;f dxh{g;“u ljjfx u/]sf x'g . Kn; 6' cWoog ub{} cfPsL ;kf+u dxh{gn] zf/Ll/s ¿kdf ckfªu ljho;“u ljjfx u/]sL x'g . Ps jif{cl3b]lv km];a'saf6 dfof a;]kl5 pgLx¿n] d+unaf/ ljjfx u/]sf x'g . dlg;f z'qmaf/ sf7df8f}+af6 lj/f6gu/ ljhosf] 3/df cfPkl5 pgLx¿sf] ljjfx ul/lbPsf] a'af /fdaxfb'/n] hfgsf/L lbP . ljho cfkm" ckf+u ePsf] ePklg ;kf+ueGbf s]xL sd gePsf] atfpF5g . pgn] eg], …;'?df cfk"m ckf+u 5' eGg] s'/f n'sfP . kl5 ;a} s'/f ;'gfP/ dnfO{ P;]K6 u5f{} eg]/ ;f]w+] p;n] u5'{ elgg .×Ú cfkm"x¿n] ;fFrf] dfof u/]sf sf/0f ljjfx ePsf] pgn] atfP . pgn] yk], …;'?df ljZjf; g} nfu]sf] lyPg pgL cfpFl5g eg]/ . km];a's t d]/f]nflu eujfg g} xf] . dnfO hf]8L ldnfOlbof] .Ú Jofkfl/s 3/fgfsL 5f]/L dlg;f cfk"mn] ;fFrf] dfof u/]sf sf/0f ;a} Tofu]/ cfPsf] atfOg . pgn] elgg, …km];a's d} eP klg xfd|f] …;fFrf] dfofÚ lyof] . dfof a;]kl5 kl/jf/ Tofu]/ cfPF .Ú ;fFrf] dfofFsf cufl8 zf/Ll/s :j¿kn] s]xL km/s gkfg{] pbfx/0f ag]sf 5g dlg;f / ljhosf] hf]8L . ljhon] sfd ug{ g;s]klg cfk"m k;n u/]/ >LdfgnfO{ kfNg] dlg;f atfpFl5g . ljutnfO{ ;lDemb} pgn] elgg, …3/kl/jf/df klg dnfO{ /fd|f] ub}{g y] . klxn] jf:t} nfUb}g lyof] t/ af]Nb} uP kl5 5f]8g ;lsFg / ;“u} hLjg latfpg cfP .Ú ljhon] g;s] klg cfk"m d]xgt u/]/ kfng kf]if0f ug{] pgn] atfOg . km];a'sn] ubf{ cfk"mn] g;f]r]sf] s'/f k'/f ePsf ljhosf a'af /fdaxfb'/n] atfP . pgn] eg], …d}n] 5f]/fsf] ljjfx xf]nf eGg] ;f]r]sf] lyPg . t/ km];a'sn] d]/f] 5f]/fsf] hf]8L h'/fOlbof] .Ú 5f]/fsf] af/]df ;a} s'/f kmf]gd} dlg;fnfO{ atfpFbf :jLsf/ ug{] ePkl5 ljjfx ul/lbPsf] pgn] ;'gfP . k"j{ ef/tLo ;]gf /fdaxfb'/n] eg], …dlg;fsf a'afklg cfPsf lyP . 5f]/L 3/ kms{g dflgg .Ú sIff * ;Dd cWoog u/]sf ljhonfO{ sDKo'6/sf] xf8{j]o/ ;DaGwL /fd|f] 1fg 5 pgn] eg], …cem} sDKo'6/ xf8{j]o/ l;S5' .Ú km];a'sn] h'/fOlbPsf] k|]d
  • 31. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn b'3{6gf sd u/fpg] p2]Zon] ckf+usf] ljZjofqf …b]vf ;]vL ul/vfÚ df]/ªsf] ;'Gb/k'/ b'nf/L gu/kflnsf a9x/f vf]nf6f]nLsf !( jlif{of lgzfg rf}w/Lsf] Pp6f xftsf] cf}+nf g} 5}g . t/ pgL ;Fw} vf]nfdf k'u]/ a]Nrfn] afn'jf vg]/ prfnL Ps xftn] 6«ØfS6/df nf]8 ug]{ sfd u5{g . hlGdb} ckf+utf ePsf pgsf afa'cfdf klg vf]nfd} lu6L afn'af rfNg] sfd u5{g . afa' cfdfsf] sdfO{n] kl/jf/ wfGg ufx|f] ePkl5 tLg jif{b]lv pgL klg afa' cfdf;Fu} ul5of vf]nfdf uP/ sfd ug{ yfn]sf x'g . lj/f6gu/ . cf]vn9'+uf lhNnf kmfKrf–$ sf t]haxfb'/ sfsL{sf] hLjgdf !$ jif{cl3 csNkgLo 36gf 36of] . sf“s8le§f–sf7df8f}+ ?6sf] /flqa;sf rfns sfsL{ @)%& ;fn df3 @# ut] crfgs b'3{6gfdf k/] . pgn] xf“s]sf] /flqa; wflbªsf] hf]ludf/faf6 b'O{ ;o ld6/ tn lqz'nL gbLdf v:of] . a; v:bf ;jf/ #@ hgfsf] d[To' eof] . pgL ;“u} !) hgf ofq' afFr] . ;jf/L rnfpFbf pgL ;s';n lyP . ha pgsf] xf]; v'Nof] TotL a]nf pgL 5fFufaf6 v;] . a; ;“u} lq;'nLdf v;]sf pgL xf];df cfpFbf cfkmgf] sDd/d'gLsf] efu u'dfO{ ;s]sf lyP . a;;“u} v;]sf pgL nfdf] pkrf/kl5 af“Rg t af“r] . t/ pgsf] sDd/d'gLsf] ;a} efu sf6g'k¥of] . b'3{6gf ePsf] tLg dlxgfkl5 xf]; v'Nbf pgL c:ktfndf lyP . To;a]nf;Dd pgsf] sDd/d'gLsf] efu sfd gnfUg] ePkl5 sf6]/ kmfln ;lsPsf] lyof] . …lqz'nLsf] eL/df uf8L u'8fpFbf u'8fpFb} crfgs :6]l/ªn] sfd u/]g . pgn] eg], …:6]l/ªn] sfd gu/]kl5 k5f8L kms{]/ ;a} ofq'nfO{ x]/] . lgbfO{ /x]sf lyP . ;a} dbf{ cfkm" lsg PSn} afFRg' em}+ nfUof] dnfO, TolQs}df uf8L v:of] .Ú b'j} v'§f sf6]kl5 pgL XjLnlro/sf] ;fx/f lagf lx+8g g;Sg] eP . zf/Ll/s ¿kdf ckf+u hLjg lhp“bf ef]u]sf] kL8fn] pgnfO{ lj:tf/} lk/f]Ng yfNof] . b'j} v'§f u'd]klg pgn] lxDdt xf/]sf lyPgg . ckf+un] klg s]xL ug{ ;S5g eGg] pT;fx lyof] pgL ;“u . pgL eG5g, …a; v:bf d efUon] afFr]5' sxfFaf6 s;n] nu]/ pkrf/ u¥of] s]xL yfxf 5}g . ;fob ljZjofqf ug{s} nflu afr]sf] x'“ h:tf] nfU5 .Ú sfsL{n] ljZj ;fOsn ofqfdf lgl:sPsf k':s/ zfxsf] cGt/jftf{ l6eLdf x]/]sf lyP . …Tof] cGt/jftf{ x]/]kl5 hLjgn] gof“ df]8 lnof],Ú sfsL{ eG5g, …dnfO{ klg ljZjofqfdf lgl:sg dg nfUof] .Ú cGtt M @)^! ;fn h]7 $ ut] . s]xL ;xof]uL
  • 32. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn lnP/ sfsL{ XjLnlro/sf] ;xf/fdf ljZj ofqfdf lgl:sP . sfsL{n] xfn;Dd cf7 j6f b]z e|d0f ul/;s]sf 5g . …g]kfn, ef/t, e'6fg, a+unfb]z, >Lnªsf, dflNbE;, kfls:tfg / ckmuflg:tfg 3'ld;s]+,Ú pgL eG5g, … b'3{6gf sd u/fpg] p2]Zo;lxt XjLnlro/af6 ljZjofqf u/]/ lulgha'sdf gfd n]vfpg] OR5f 5 .Ú cfkm" b'3{6gfdf k/]]/ ckf+u ePklg pgL c¿sf] Hofg hf]ufpg 8«fOe/nfO{ ;r]t u/fpFb} lxF85g . pgL eG5g, …uGtJodf gk'u];Dd ;a} ofq'sf] hLjg 8«fOe/sf] xftdf x'G5 .Ú blIf0f Pl;ofnL /fi6« 3'ld;s]kl5 pgL ef/t x“'b} Dofgdf/sf] ofqfdf lgl:sPsf lyP . t/ Dofgdf/df xjfOhxfhaf6 cfpg' eGb} Toxf“sf ;]gfn] kmsf{O lbP . ;]gfn] kmsf{Pkl5 pgsf ;xof]uLx¿n] klg ;fy 5fl8lbP . cGtt M @)&) ;fn df3df g]kfn kmls{g'kg]{ afWotf cfOnfUof] . 3/ kmls{P klg pgn] lxDdt xf/]gg . sfsL{ km]l/ rf/ dlxgfcl3 g]kfnaf6 ofqfdf lgl:sPsf lyP . ef/tsf] snsQfdf k'u]kl5 pgsf] :jf:Yodf ;d:of b]vf k¥of] . w]/} XjLnlro/df a;]sf sf/0f k5fl8 3fp eP5 . 3fp lgl:sP/ XjLnlro/df a:g g;Sg] sfsL{ lj/f6gu/ kmls{P . sf];L c~rn c:ktfndf pkrf/ ul/Pkl5 pgL km]/L ofqfdf g} lgl:sPsf 5g . XjLnlro/af6 ljZj e|d0f ug{] ;kgf af]s]sf pgL ckf+uklg ;kf+ueGbf s]xL sd 5}gg eGg] b]vfpg rfxG5g . /fli6«o emG8f af]s]/ b]zsf] uf}/j a9fpFb} lx+8]sf pg} sfsL{n] ;/sf/af6 eg] s'g} ;xof]u kfpg ;s]sf 5}gg . pgn] eg], …ljb]zdf hfFbf ljleGg b]zdf ;xof]u u/] t/ cfkmg} b]zaf6 ;xof]u t s] ofqf cg'dltkq kfpg;d]t w]/} b'Mv v]Kg' k¥of] .Ú g]kfn ;/sf/n] ckfªutf ePsfx¿nfO{ jf:tf gug{] pgsf] u'gf;f] 5 . pgL eG5g, …xfd|f] ef]6 t ckf+u x'Fb}gg t/ xfdLnfO{ ug{] Jojxf/rfxLF lsg km/s <Ú c¿n] lbPsf] ;xof]uaf6 g} ljZjofqf ug{] p2]Zo 5 pgL;“u . 3fp lgsf] x'gf;fy rf/hgf ;xof]uL vf]h]/ ofqfdf lg:sg] pgL atfpF5g . cf7 j6f /fi6« 3'ld;s]sf pgL ca eg] dn]l;ofaf6 ofqf ;'? ug{] tof/Ldf 5g . b'3{6gf sd u/fpg] p2]Zo;lxt XjLnlro/af6 ljZjofqf u/]/ lulgha'sdf gfd n]vfpg] OR5f
  • 33. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn lj/f6gu/ . ;dfhdf dflg; k/Dk/fut hLjg z}nLaf6 dfly pSn]/ cfk"m nfO{ k|ljlw ;“u–;“u} cl3 a9fpg vf]Hb}5g . t/ la8Dagf @! cf+} ztfAbLdf cfP/ klg g]kfnL ;dfhdf hftLo 5'jf5't / e]bjfa sfod} 5 . hftLo e]befjnfO{ sfg'gn] g} unt eg]sf] 5 . t/ klg k/Dk/fut z}nL / cGwljZjf;af6 c8]sf] g]kfnL ;dfhn] tNnf] hft / dflyNnf] hftsf] Jojxf/ ug{ 5f8]sf] 5}g . hftLo e]bjfe / 5'jf5'tn] h/f] uf8]sf] g]kfnL ;dfh lj:tf/} kl/jt{gtkm{ pGd'v xF'b} uPsf] 5 . klxn] cGt/hftLo ljjfx :jLsf/ gug{] g]kfnL ;dfhn] lj:tf/} :jLsf/ ug{ yfn]sf] 5 . lj/f6gu/–!! sf ab|] cfndn] pgs} l5d]sL zf/Ll/s ¿kdf czQm /~hgf ljZjsdf{;“u dfuL ljjfx u/] . zf/Ll/s ¿kdf czQm /~hgf / ab|]sf] rf/ jif{cl3 @)^& ;fndf ljjfx ePsf] xf] . x]bf{ ;fdfGo nfu] klg oL ab|] / /~hgfsf] ljjfx cGt/hftLo dfq geO{ cGt/wfdL{s / ckfªu / ;kfªu aLrsf] ljjfx klg xf] . bflxg] v'§f grNg] ljZjsdf{ j}zfvLsf] ;fxf/fdf dfq lxF88'n ug{ ;lS5g . d':nLd ;+:sf/cg';f/ ;f]xL ;d'bfodf x's{]sf cfndn] lxGb" ;+:sf/ / /xg–;xgdf x'ls{PsL /~hgf;“u dfuL ljjfx u/]sf x'g . 5'jf5't / e]bjfen] h/f] uf8]sf] ;dfhdf pgLx¿sf] hf]8L pbf/0fLo g} ag]sf] 5 . l5d]sdf a:b} cfPsf ab|] / /~hgf b'j}n] Ps csf{nfO{ /fd|/L a'em]sf lyP . pgLx¿ aLr ab|] / /~hgfsf] pbfx/0fLo ljjfx cGt/hftLo dfq geO{ cGt/wfdL{s / ckfªu–;kfªuaLrsf] ljjfx k|]d ;DaGw rn]sf] lyof] . km/s– km/s ;d'bfosf b'j}n] cfkmgf] k|]dnfO{ kl/jf/n] OGsf/ ug{] 8/n] n'sfP/ g} /fv]sf lyP . l5d]sdf a;]kl5 b}lgs h;f] e]63f6 / af]nrfn x'GYof] ab|] / /~hgfsf] . af]nrfn x'Fb} hfFbf b'j}n] Ps csf{nfO{ 5f]8g g;Sg] eP . k|]d k|;ªu rn]sf] b'O{ jif{kl5 pgLx¿n] kl/jf/sf] ;xdltdf cGt/hftLo, cGt/wfdL{s / ckfªu–;kfªuaLr dfuL ljjfx u/]sf lyP . k/Dk/fut z}nLdf u'h|L/x]sf] g]kfnL ;dfhn] cfkmgf] k|]dnfO{ :jLsf/ u5{ eGg] ab|] / /~hgfn] ;f]r]sf lyPgg . t/ ToxL ;dfhdf pgLx¿sf] hf]8L pbf/0fLo ag]sf] 5 . b'j}sf] k|]dnfO{ kl/jf/n] :jLsf/ u/]klg ;dfhn] klg pgLx¿sf] ;DaGwnfO{ :jLsf/ u/] . rf/ jif{cl3 ljjfx u/]sf] of] hf]8Lsf] xfn b'O{ a;{] 5f]/L 5 . hftLo e]befjn] h/f] uf8]sf] ;dfhdf k|]dsf] cufl8 ;fdflhs aGwgn] c;/ ub{}g eGg] bl/nf] pbfx/0f lbPsf 5g . …xfdL b'O{sf] k|]d ;DaGwnfO{ 3/af6 :jLsf/ u/]sf] lyPgg . s]xL lbgcl3 e]l6Psf cfndn] ljutnfO{ ;lDemb} eG5g, …d}n] eGbf a'afn] dfGg' x'Gg lyof] . legfh'nfO{ a'afnfO{ ;Demflbg eg] . a'afn] ;'?df gdfg] klg kl5 x'G5 eGg' eof] .Ú a'afn] :jLsf/ u/] klg ab|]n]
  • 34. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn /~hgfsf] kl/jf/nfO{ dgfpg' lyof] . pgn] /~hgfsf] 3/df s'/f ug{ klg legfh'nfO{ g} k7fP t/ cGt/hftLo / cGt/wfld{s eGb} pgsf] kl/jf/n] dfg]gg . kl5 :jLsf/ ug{] jrg lbPkl5 ljjfx eof] . ab|]n] ljjfxkl5 lxGb" ;+:sf/sfdf x'ls{PsL /~hgfsf] gfd d':nLd k/Dk/fcg';f/ g'/hxf vft'g /flvlbPsf 5g . /~hgf elG5g, …dg ldn] hft / wd{n] s]xL ub{}g .Ú ;dfhdf pbf/0f ag]sf] pgLx¿sf] hf]8L casf] ;do eg] 5f]/Lsf] eljio pHHjn agfpg ;ª3if{ ug{ nflu kg{] atfpF5g . sf7 ld:qL ub{} cfPsf ab|] 3/ aflx/sf] sfd u5{g eg] pgsL >LdtL /~hgf j}zfvLsf] ;x/fdf 3/sf] sfd ul5{g . bfxLg] v'§f grNg] pgL j}zfvLsf] ;fxf/fdf 3/wGbf ul5{g . l5d]sL /~hgf;“u 5f]/fsf] k|]d a;]sf] yfxf kfPkl5 cfkm"n] g/f]s]sf] ab|]sf a'af dxdb hlkm/ cfnd atfpF5g . pgL ;dfhdf hftLo e]befj / 5'jf5't gePsf] atfpF5g . pgL eG5g, …dfG5]sf] hft b'O{ hft b'Oj6f x'G5g . Ps k'?if csf{] dlxnf . t/ ;dfhdf cg]sy/L hfteftsf s'/f x'G5g .Ú ab|] / /~hgfsf] ljjfx ubf{ ;'?df ;dfhdf s'/f sf6] klg lj:tf/} s'/f sf6g]sf] d'v aGb ePsf] pgL atfpF5g . tTsflng ;dodf ;/sf/n] cGt/hftLo ljjfx ug{] hf]8LnfO{ k|f]T;fxg :j¿k Ps nfv /sd k|bfg ug{] lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . ab|] / /~hgfsf] hf]8L cGt/hftLo ljjfx u/]afkt k|f]T;fxg /sd k|Kt ug{] g]kfn s} klxnf] hf]8L xf] . cGt/hftLo ljjfx ubf{ ;/sf/n] k|f]T;fxg /sd lbg] eg]klg s;/L lbg] eGg] lgod ag]sf] lyPgg . of] hf]8Ln] k|f]T;fxg /sdsf nflu lgj]bg k]; u/]kl5 dfq lgod ag]/ k|f]T;fxg /sd afFl8Psf] lyof] . of] hf]8Ln] blnt clwsf/sf/sf] If]qdf sfd ub{} cfPsf] ;+:yf l/8]km g]kfnsf] ;xof]udf k|f]T;fxg /sd k|Kt u/]sf] lyof] . ;dfhdf cGt/hftLo ljjfx ug{] hf]8L lj:yflkt x'g' k/] klg of] hf]8Ldfq lj:tflkt gePsf] l/8]km g]kfnsf cWoIf pd]z ljZjsdf{ atfpF5g . pgL eG5g, …cGt/hftLo ljjfx ug{] s]xL afx]s clwsf+z hf]8L ;dfhaf6 lt/:s[t 5 of t lj:yflkt ag]sf] 5 .Ú cfly{s ¿kdf ljkGg ePklg ;dfhdf pbfx/0f ag]sf] of] hf]8Ln] lj/f6gu/ c;f]s rf]sdf 3'DtL k;n ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . k;ndf /~hgf al:5g eg] ab|] dhb'/L sfd ub{} cfPsf 5g . – xl/ clwsf/L
  • 35. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn p2]Zo -of] sfg'g lsg rflxof] <_p2]Zo -of] sfg'g lsg rflxof] <_p2]Zo -of] sfg'g lsg rflxof] <_p2]Zo -of] sfg'g lsg rflxof] <_p2]Zo -of] sfg'g lsg rflxof] <_ of] sfg'g ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] clwsf/ klg c? dflg;nfO{ hlt g} 5 eGg] s'/f lglZrt ug{, pgLx¿n] ;a} dfgj clwsf/ pkof]u ug{ kfpg'k5{ / c¿ dflg;x¿ hlt g} :jtGq / OHhtsf ;fy af“Rg kfpg'k5{ eGg] s'/f lglZrt ug{ NofOPsf] xf] . s'g} sf/0Fn] bafOd"nf] jf pkrf/ u/]/ klg lgsf] gx'g] u/L dfG5]sf] z/L/, OGb|Lo jf lbdfuL cj:yfdf s]xL kl/jt{g jf ljrng cfPkl5 b}lgs sfdsfh, ;fdflhs sfdx¿, lzÔfbLÔf, sfd Jofj;fo cflbdf ;fd]n x'g jfwf cj/f]w pTkGg u/]/ / lgÈ]w u/]/ cK7of/f] / x]lkPsf] cj:yfdf /x]sf dflg;x¿ ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿ x'g . • dxf;GwL :jLsf/ ug]{ b]zsf ;/sf/n] ug}{ kg]{ sfd • of] dxf;GwLnfO{ :jLsf/ ug]{ ;a} b]zn] jf:tljs Jojxf/d} ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ ;dfg Jojxf/ u/]sf] ;'lglZrt x'g} k5{ . • o; dxf;GwLnfO{ :jLsf/ ug]{ b]zx¿n] cfÎgf b]zdf lgDg cg';f/sf sfd ug]{ eg]/ k|ltj4tf u/]sf 5g . • lgod / sfg'g agfP/ ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ pgLx¿sf clwsf/ ;'lglZrt ug]{ / dxf;lGwdf n]lvPsf s'/fx¿;“u gldNg]vfnsf sfg'g eP ltgnfO{ kl/jt{g ug]{, • b]z / hgtfsf] ljsf;sf nflu agfOg] ;a} gLltx¿df ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] ;dfgtfsf] clwsf/ ;dfj]z ug]{, • of] dxf;lGwdf n]lvPeGbf ljk/Lt jf lj?4 x'g]u/L s'g} klg sfd gug]{ / c¿nfO{ klg ug{ glbg], • ;/sf/ / ltgsf lgsfox¿n] o; dxf;lGwdf n]lvPsf Joj:yfx¿ cg';f/ sfd ug]{, • ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ s'g} ;+:yf jf JolQm s;}n] klg e]befj jf x]nf gu?g eGg] ;'lgZlrt ug{ ;a}vfnsf pkfo ckgfpg], • ;a} j:t' tyf ;]jf ;'ljwf ;a}n] k|of]u ug{ ;Sg]u/L agfpg] jf o;nfO{ cfjZos kbf{ ;lhn} kl/jt{g ug{ ;lsg] u/L agfpg], • ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ lx+88'n ug{ / b}lgs hLjgofkgdf d2t x'g], ug]{ jf k'Ug]vfnsf ;fdu|L / pks/0Fx¿ pknAw u/fpg] . To:tf ;fdu|L / pks/0Fx¿sf] ljsf; ug]{ k|ljlwx¿df cWoog / cg';Gwfg ug]{ . ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ klg ;~rf/ ug{ / cfjZos ;"rgfx¿ k|fKt ug{ ;xh x'g]vfnsf k|ljlwx¿ ljsf; ug]{, ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] clwsf/;DaGwL dxf;GwL -;Lcf/kL8L_, @))^ sf] ;lhnf] g]kfnL ;+:s/0f • ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ pgLx¿sf nflu cfjZos kg]{ ;xof]uL ;fdu|L, ;]jf, k|ljlw h:tf s'/fx¿sf af/]df pgLx¿n] k|fKt ug{ / k|of]u ug{ ldNg]u/L jf pgLx¿sf] kx'“r k'Ug]u/L hfgsf/L / ;"rgfx¿ pknAw u/fpg], • of] dxf;lGwdf n]lvPsf ;]jf ;'ljwf / clwsf/x¿ /fd|f];“u pknAw u/fpg ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿ ;“u sfd ug]{ dflg;x¿nfO{ cfjZos kg]{ ;a} tflndx¿ pknAw u/fpg], • x/]s b]zn] cfkmgf] Ôdtfn] EofP;Dd ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] cfly{s, ;fdflhs tyf ;f+:s[lts clwsf/x¿ k|fKt ug]{ k|ultzLn 9+un] kof{Kt ah]6 5'6ofp“b} hfg'kg]{ . cfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts clwsf/sf] JofVofcfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts clwsf/sf] JofVofcfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts clwsf/sf] JofVofcfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts clwsf/sf] JofVofcfly{s, ;fdflhs / ;f+:s[lts clwsf/sf] JofVof cfly{s clwsf/ Mcfly{s clwsf/ Mcfly{s clwsf/ Mcfly{s clwsf/ Mcfly{s clwsf/ M ;DklQ sdfpg], ;DklQ /fVg kfpg], cfÎgf] ;DklQ s;/L / sxf“ vr{ ug]{ eg]/ cfkm}“ lg0F{o ug{ kfpg], sfd ug{ kfpg], /f]huf/L ug{ kfpg] / eQf, k]G;g nufotsf cfly{s ;xof]u kfpg], ;fdflhs clwsf/ M;fdflhs clwsf/ M;fdflhs clwsf/ M;fdflhs clwsf/ M;fdflhs clwsf/ M lzÔf / tflndsf] cj;/ kfpg], JolQmTj ljsf; ug{ kfpg], c¿ ;/x g} ;dfhsf ljleGg ultljlwdf ;xefuL x'g kfpg], cfÎgf cfjZostf / 5gf}6sf] af/]df lg0F{o ug{ kfpg], ljjfx / ;DaGw h:tf s'/f sfod ug{ kfpg] cflb, ;f+:s[lts clwsf/ M;f+:s[lts clwsf/ M;f+:s[lts clwsf/ M;f+:s[lts clwsf/ M;f+:s[lts clwsf/ M cfÎgf] wd{ / ;+:s[lt dfGg kfpg], v]ns'b tyf dgf]/~hgdf efu lng kfpg], snf / ;+:s[ltsf Ô]qdf ;dfj]z x'g kfpg] cflb . • ;a} b]zn] ckfªtf ePsf JolQmx¿, ltgsf ;+:yf clg cleefjsx¿nfO{ sfg'g Pj+ gLltx¿ agfpg] k|lqmof / sfdx¿df ;xefuL u/fpg'k5{ . • b]zx¿df klxn] g} s'g} ljÈodf w]/} ;'ljwf 5 jf k/Dk/fb]lv rn]sf] rngn] yk ;'ljwf lbg] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 eg] o; dxf;lGwdf sd Joj:yf 5 eg]/ To;nfO{ 36fpg kfO“b}g . • ;+3Lo /fHo ePsf b]zdf of] lgod ;a} ;+3df a/fa/ nfu" x'G5 . ckfªutf ePsf dlxnfx¿sf] clwsf/ckfªutf ePsf dlxnfx¿sf] clwsf/ckfªutf ePsf dlxnfx¿sf] clwsf/ckfªutf ePsf dlxnfx¿sf] clwsf/ckfªutf ePsf dlxnfx¿sf] clwsf/ • ckfªutf ePsf dlxnf / s]6L -aflnsf, lszf]/L_ x¿n] ljleGg lsl;dsf lje]bsf] ;x]/ a:g' kl//x]sf] s'/f :jLsf/ ug]{ / pgLx¿n] cGo dflg; ;/x ;a} dfgj clwsf/ / :jtGqtfx¿sf] pkof]u ug{ kfpg] s'/f ;'lglZrt ug]{, of] clwsf/ ;'lglZrt ug{ h] h] pko'{Qm sfdx¿ ug'{ kg]{ xf] Tof] ;a} ug]{,
  • 36. ?kfGt/0f k"jf{~rn • b]zx¿n] ckfªutf ePsf dlxnf / s]6Lx¿nfO{ pgLx¿sf clwsf/sf] k"/f pkof]u ug{ ;Sg] agfpg pgLx¿sf] ljsf; ug]{ / pgLx¿nfO{ Ôdtfjfg agfpg ;a} sfd ug]{ . ckfªutf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] clwsf/ckfªutf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] clwsf/ckfªutf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] clwsf/ckfªutf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] clwsf/ckfªutf ePsf afnaflnsfsf] clwsf/ b]zx¿n] ckfªutf ePsf afnaflnsfx¿n] cGo afnaflnsfn] h:t} ;a} xs clwsf/ pkof]u ug{ kfp“5g eGg] s'/f :jLsfg'{k5{ / pgLx¿nfO{ tL ;a} clwsf/ pkof]u ug{ lbg ;a} pkfox¿ ckgfpg'k5{ . ckfªutf ePsf afnaflnsfnfO{ cGo afnaflnsf ;/x ;dfg x}l;ot lbg'k5{ / ;dfg Jojxf/ ug'{k5{ . ckfªutf ePsf afnaflnsfx¿sf nflu s'g} klg sfd ubf{ jf lg0F{o ln“bf s] ubf{ pgLx¿sf] ;a}eGbf pQd lxt x'G5, ToxL ug]{ . ckfªutf ePsf afnaflnsfx¿sf] hLjgdf c;/ kfg]{ vfnsf] s'g} sfd ul/G5 jf pgLx¿sf nflu s'g} lg0F{o lnOG5 eg] To;df :jod ckfªutf ePsf afnaflnsfx¿n] cfÎgf cfjZostf / 5gf}6sf af/]df af]Ng, ljrf/ /fVg, efjgfx¿ /fVg kfpg'k5{ . o:tf] cj;/ lbgsf nflu b]zx¿n] x/]s ;Dej x'g] pkfox¿ ckgfpg'k5{ . ;a} 7fp“df c¿ ;/x k'Ug ;lsg] jf ef}lts ;]jf ;'ljwf / ;~rf/ ;]jf ;lhn} pkof]u ug{ kfpg] . c¿ dflg;x¿n] ;/x ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ cfTdlge{/ eP/ af“Rg ;Sg] / b}lgs hLjg rnfpg ;Sg] agfpg jl/kl/sf ef}lts ;]jf ;'ljwf, oftfoft / ;~rf/sf k|0FfnLx¿ b]zx¿n] ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿n] ;d]t k|of]u ug{ ldNg]u/L agfpg'k5{ . ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿n] ;lhn};“u o:tf ;]jf ;'ljwf k|of]u ug{ kfPsf 5g ls 5}gg, k|ofu ug{ kfPsf 5}gg eg] s] s'/fn] cj/f]w u/]sf] 5 eg]/ To;sf] klxrfg ug'{k5{ . b]zx¿n] lgDg lnlvt s'/fx¿nfO{ ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿n] ;d]t ;dfg¿kdf pkof]u jf k|of]u ug{ ldNg]u/L agfpg'k5{ . != ljBfno, a:g] 3/xµ, c:ktfnx¿, ;/sf/L sfof{no, af6f] / 7"nf ;8s, oftfoftsf ;fwgx¿, • ljB'tsf] k|of]u u/]/ lng] ;]jfx¿, cfkt–ljkb / dxfdf/L kbf{ lbOg] ;]jfx¿, • ;fj{hlgs 7fp“df /flvg] jf ;a} hgtfsf nflu ;/sf/n] lbg] ;"rgfx¿ . @= o;afx]s c¿ lgDg lnlvt sfdx¿ klg ug'{k5{ . • ;j{;fwf/0F ;a}n] pkof]u ug]{ u/L v'nf ul/Psf ;a} ;]jf ;'ljwf ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿n] ;d]t ;dfg¿kdf pkof]u ug{ ldNg]u/L agfpg cfjZos lgb]{lzsf / dfkb08x¿ lgwf{/0F ug]{ / nfu" ug]{, • ;j{;fwf/0Fsf nflu eg]/ lghL Ô]qn] lgdf{0F ug]{ jf pknAw u/fpg] ;]jf ;'ljwfx¿ klg ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿n] k|of]u jf pkof]u ug{ ldNg] agfpg b]zx¿n] lghL Ô]qnfO{ ;d]t o; ljÈodf Wofg k'¥ofpg nufpg] . • ckfªutf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ ;fj{hlgs 7fp“df ;]jf ;'ljwf / cj;/x¿ lngnfO{ s] s:tf jfwf / cj/f]wx¿ 5g eGg] af/]df / tLgnfO{ s;/L x6fpg] eGg] af/]df ljleGg ;/f]sf/jfnfnfO{ tflnd lbg] / l;sfpg], • ;j{;fwf/0F ;a}n] k|of]u ug{ ldNg]u/L agfOPsf 3/–ejgx¿ leq a|]ndf jf ;a}nfO{ k9g / a'‰g ;lhnf] x'g]u/L ljleGg k|sf/sf lrq jf ;ªs]tdf ;"rgfx¿ /fVg], • o:tf 7fp“x¿df b[i6LljxLgx¿sf nflu af6f] b]vfpg], alx/fx¿sf nflu ;fªs]lts efÈfsf bf]efÈ] / ;xof]uLx¿ pknAw u/fpg], • OG6/g]6, sDKo'6/ k|ljlw / cGo ljleGg k|sf/sf ;"rgf lng] / ;~rf/ ug]{ ;fwg / k|0FfnLx¿df ckfªutf ePsf JolStx¿sf] ;xh kx'“r k'of{pg cfjZos pkfo nufpg], • olb s;}n] ckfªutf ePsf JolStx¿sf nflu ;d]t ;xh x'g]u/L ;"rgf k|0FfnL / ;~rf/ ;]jfsf] ljsf; ug{ vf]H5 jf u5{ eg] To:tf] lgsfo jf JolStnfO{ k|f]T;fxg ug]{, • ckfªutf ePsf JolStx¿sf] nflu ;xh x'g]u/L jl/kl/sf] jftfj/0FnfO{ ljsf; ug{ / ;~rf/ tyf ;"rgf k|0FfnLsf] ljsf; ug{ ;xof]u ug]{ k|ljlwsf] pTkfbg / k|j4{g ug]{ . ;a}sf nflu v'nf ul/Psf ;]jf ;'ljwf eg]sf];a}sf nflu v'nf ul/Psf ;]jf ;'ljwf eg]sf];a}sf nflu v'nf ul/Psf ;]jf ;'ljwf eg]sf];a}sf nflu v'nf ul/Psf ;]jf ;'ljwf eg]sf];a}sf nflu v'nf ul/Psf ;]jf ;'ljwf eg]sf] s] xf] <s] xf] <s] xf] <s] xf] <s] xf] < ;a}sf nflu v'nf ul/Psf jf ;j{;fwf/0F ;a}n] pkof]u ug{ ldNg]u/L v'nf ul/Psf ;]jf ;'ljwf eGgfn] dgf]/~hg ug{ hfg] kfs{, gfr3/, l;g]df xn, au}“rf, ;fj{hlgs zf}rfno, v]n d}bfg, ;ef–;Dd]ngx¿ ug]{ 7fp“, ;a} ;/sf/L sfof{nox¿, xf]6]n, ahf/ jf lsgd]n ug]{ 7fp“x¿, ;8s, c:ktfn, a}ªsx¿, ljBfno, Sofk;, ljZjljBfno, d7 dGlb/, tflnd lbg] 7fp“x¿, oftfoftsf ;fwg, 6]lnkmf]g ;]jf, 6]lnlehg ;]jf, OG6/g]6 ;]jf, ;fj{hlgs wf/f cflb . lx“88'n ug]{ kfpg]lx“88'n ug]{ kfpg]lx“88'n ug]{ kfpg]lx“88'n ug]{ kfpg]lx“88'n ug]{ kfpg] b]zx¿n] ckfªutf ePsf JolStx¿nfO{ cGo ;/x :jtGq / :jlge{/ eP/ lx“88'n ug{ ldNg] aftfj/0F agfpg ;Sbf] k|of; ug]{5g . o;sf nflu lgDg lnlvt s'/fx¿ ;d]t ug]{5g– • lx“88'nsf nflu :jlge{/ x'g cfjZos kg]{ ;a} ;xof]ux¿ lbg], o:tf ;xof]u / ;]jfx¿ pgLx¿n] rfx] h:tf] tl/sfsf jf pgLx¿sf] cfjZostf cg';f/ x'g'k5{ . ckfªutf ePsf JolStsf cfjZostf cg';f/ eGgfn]ckfªutf ePsf JolStsf cfjZostf cg';f/ eGgfn]ckfªutf ePsf JolStsf cfjZostf cg';f/ eGgfn]ckfªutf ePsf JolStsf cfjZostf cg';f/ eGgfn]ckfªutf ePsf JolStsf cfjZostf cg';f/ eGgfn] lgDg s'/f a'´fp“5–lgDg s'/f a'´fp“5–lgDg s'/f a'´fp“5–lgDg s'/f a'´fp“5–lgDg s'/f a'´fp“5–