NASA MOONED AMERICA !
By Ralph Rene
APPROPRIATE SAYINGS
People always overdo the matter when they attempt deception.
C.D. Warner
Repetition does not transform...
INTRODUCTION
Our space shuttles routinely blast off to orbit the Earth. There is not a single doubt that
man is in space! ...
THE ZERO G AIRPLANE
This photo in Carrying The Fire, a book written by Apollo Astronaut Michael Collins,
was snapped by a ...
The GEMINI 10 SPACE WALK
This picture was also extracted from Carrying The Fire and was allegedly taken during a
space wal...
THE SPACEY TWINS # 1
Following an obvious hunch I had negatives made of both previous pictures. Then I had
another negativ...
THE SPACEY TWINS # 2
I then rotated the blown-up photo clockwise until the propulsion rod made the same
angle across the p...
AUTHOR'S NOTES
This book is niether a thesis nor an academic dissertation, nor is it written by an academic
expert. It pro...
I found no fault with the research of these professional writers because it was mostly well
written. I feel their only fla...
Since 1973 over one billion children all over the world have grown into adults.
They've been taught to believe in the fair...
Historically, our western beliefs are to some degree cyclical and oscillate to and fro: sex
is bad, sex is great; war is b...
The most cohesive adhesives of any society are a common language and common cus-
toms which cause the majority of the memb...
FOREWORD
In October of '92 I received a large size, full color, glossy, 180 page government publica-
tion called America A...
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 1
FX PICTURES
I remember watching the first astronauts land on the Moon and wondering why the TV
...
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 2
liant sunlight on the Moon by using spotlights in a dark studio. Many of the pictures have
dive...
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 3
Deadwood Dick
This picture of Nat Love (Deadwood Dick) was
taken in the 1870's.
Compare this wi...
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 4
The Gemini Fireproof Antenna
Wally Schirra and Tom Stafford are about to be rescued after splas...
FXPictures/Chap.1 p.5
Cover Photo
NASA's official title of the picture on the cover is "Astronaut Collecting Lunar Samples...
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 6
4/22/72 AS16-107-17446
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / RENE
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 P-7
The Backdrop Begins
NASA titled this photo "Apollo XVI on the Moon." Just past the object of int...
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 8
4/21/72 AS16-113-18339
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / RENE'
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p.9
Me And My Shadow
NASA claims this picture was also taken on the Apollo 16 mission. Notice that t...
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 10
2/5/71 AS14-66-9277
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / RENE'
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 11
No Crater
This picture is titled "Apollo XIV on the Moon." Notice the footprints in the soft M...
FX Pictures / Chap 1 p. 12
Hero's Medal
Although a number of Russians preceded him,
Alan Shepard was the first American to...
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 13
The Shadow Shows
This unbelievable picture, allegedly taken from the Apollo 11 command capsule...
The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 15
THE TV COVERAGE
The one word never mentioned during the very first moon landing was the wo...
The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 16
to magnify the picture. The price paid was in clarity. First, there was a more than propor...
The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 17
cow called NASA?
More on TV
At the time I wasn't sure whether Apollo 12 (from 11/14/69 to ...
The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 18
Unfortunately for NASA, planetariums only work in the dark. One small spotlight
completely...
Asp / Chap. 3 p. 19
ASP
The asp is a small, venomous cobra-type snake found in Egypt. It is historically famous
for being ...
Asp / Chap. 3 p. 20
video transmissions emanated from the flawless and mechanistic heart of a specially
modified IBM 370-C...
Asp / Chap. 3 p. 21
glamorous. But to be slaughtered like a sheep is something else again. Had NASA done it
any other way,...
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 23
NASA'S HISTORY & POLITICS
A little over thirty years ago the popular new Preside...
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 24
The space project became extremely political the instant Sputnik passed over our...
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 25
And its authors Young, Silcock, and Dunn wrote these words.
"Long before the sat...
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 26
Had rocket expert Wernher von Braun been allowed to fire off his rocket in the f...
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 27
question the necessity of more Moon shots. There is a saying by the journalists ...
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 28
1. p. 3, JOURNEY TO TRANQUILITY, "Young, Silcock & Dunn", 1969, Doubledav
2. p. ...
Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 29
STAR LIGHT - STAR BRIGHT
On evenings when the sky is clear, as the day's light fa...
Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 30
pored through thousands of service records in 1961, and after multiple screenings...
Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 31
Once again, American prestige and world leadership was at stake. If the Soviets, ...
Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 32
Before my research into this matter I initially suspected that star-blindness was...
Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 33
stars are bright and they are steady." 4
Then, by the time he gets to the Agena, ...
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Nasa mooned america ralph rene

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  • 1. NASA MOONED AMERICA ! By Ralph Rene
  • 2. APPROPRIATE SAYINGS People always overdo the matter when they attempt deception. C.D. Warner Repetition does not transform a lie into a truth. F.D. Roosevelt A clean glove often hides a dirty hand. English Proverb The great masses of the people will more easily fall victims to a big lie than a small one. A. Hitler The trouble with lying is that your lie changes slightly with each telling. Rene There is a principle which is a bar against all information, which is proof against all arguments and which cannot fail to keep a man in everlasting ignorance — that principle is contempt prior to investigation. Herbert Spencer There's a sucker born every minute. RT. Barnum - a -
  • 3. INTRODUCTION Our space shuttles routinely blast off to orbit the Earth. There is not a single doubt that man is in space! However, there is much doubt that any man has ever gone beyond the radiation shield provided by the Van Allen belts. As you will eventually learn from the chapter titled Sunstroke, once beyond that shield space is riven with deadly radiation from the Sun. The Table of Contents should be on this page. However, since NASA MOONED AMERICA! is a unique book it required a different format. The old adage, "A picture is worth 10,000 words." still holds true. We shall immediately present four pages of NASA- derived photos that will absolutely prove that NASA began to doctor photos three years before the Apollo missions allegedly landed men on the Moon. - b -
  • 4. THE ZERO G AIRPLANE This photo in Carrying The Fire, a book written by Apollo Astronaut Michael Collins, was snapped by a professional NASA photographer as the plane flew an outside loop to temporarily eliminate gravity. The cabin is padded to protect the occupants from the inevi- table fall the instant the loop is terminated. Here, Collins, as he practices space walking, is holding the propulsion rod in his right hand. Note the similarity between this picture and the one on the adjoining page. Note also that the suit's wrinkles deny that it is inflated. - c -
  • 5. The GEMINI 10 SPACE WALK This picture was also extracted from Carrying The Fire and was allegedly taken during a space walk on the Gemini 10 mission exactly three years before his Apollo 11 mission to the Moon. NASA claims to have landed the first men on the Moon during this mission. He is shown holding a jet reaction propulsion rod with his left hand. On page 124 of Heroes In Space by Peter Bond, published in 1987, I discovered that Collins allegedly lost his camera on this space walk. That was a contrived excuse by NASA so they could turn a zero-g picture into one of a spacewalk so no one would ask why he wasn't carrying his camera. On page 660 of Ain't Nobody's Business If You Do written by Peter Mc Williams we find "the film of Russia's first space walk was later proven to be shot in a studio." -d-
  • 6. THE SPACEY TWINS # 1 Following an obvious hunch I had negatives made of both previous pictures. Then I had another negative made of the first photo reduced in size and flopped over. Collins is now practicing with his left hand, the same hand he used in his alleged space walk. I then had the "Gemini 10" picture blown up until the figure of Collins was the same size as this one.
  • 7. THE SPACEY TWINS # 2 I then rotated the blown-up photo clockwise until the propulsion rod made the same angle across the page on both pictures. Even the expression of his face is the same. Collins would have us believe that this picture was taken by a different person many months later. However, the negative of either picture placed over the print of the other produces a point to point coincidence until the binding line at the knee is reached. The missing area was re- moved when the photo was bound in his book. If I do the same to the original NASA picture #66-40127 (which took over 18 months to get from NASA), the point to point coincidence continues to the soles of his boots. Why did NASA feel it necessary to fake pictures and lie to us as early as July 1966? -f -
  • 8. AUTHOR'S NOTES This book is niether a thesis nor an academic dissertation, nor is it written by an academic expert. It provides a strong body of proof that we never landed men on the Moon. I first reached this conclusion by examination of the photos you have just seen and others, and by dissecting direct quotations from the books of the astronauts involved in the Apollo missions and those of government scientists and engineers. The subject matter caused most publishers to reject this book out of hand without bothering to read it. Some rejected it because I lack proper academic credentials. In this somewhat Orwellian world many people with formal educations delude themselves into thinking that college degrees are a prerequisite for thought. That's simply not so! I have very credible credentials for what I do. I am an ex-member of Mensa with an IQ in the top one- half % of the population; I am an inventor who was granted, without corporate help, two basic patents. I am a self-taught engineer who has successfully designed beams, trusses, a mobile crane, boats, homes, factories, machinery, etc. I know they are successful because I built them with my own hands. For over 20-years I was the only disciple of Pete Ross who had one of the finest technical minds on the planet. He was a hands-on person who could devise simple experiments to test almost any hypothesis with the same ease with which he could design and build a machine. He claimed I was one of the smarter monkeys, and he vowed to open my mind. He presented me with logic and examples that many times negated some small part of our accepted scientific beliefs. Frequently, when I left, I had severe headaches from the process. The only people with the proper credentials to write about the moon hoax are the very ones who participated in it. Michael Collins, Frank Borman, and Buzz Aldrin all wrote books about the Apollo 11 mission- which was a mistake, because those books contain many revealing discrepancies. This book was originally written because in 1990 NASA intended to take us to Mars the same way they allegedly took us to the Moon. The week before I finished this new edition NASA bravely announced that Martian life was found on a rock they found in the Antarctic. WOW! According to their professionals this rock had smashed into Antarctica 13,000 years ago after being blasted off Mars 17-million years ago by a meteorite. Therefore, since Antartica accretes ice at the rate of 2 feet per year they must have found it at the 26,000 foot level- which is rather difficult to do, because there is only 10,000 feet of ice there. To put the icing on the NASA fruitcake, about a week later some lady astronomer announced that she had located the Martian crater from which it was blasted. This means that although the rock was in space with an unstable orbit for 16,987,000 years (it hit us didn't it?) she was able to calculate backwards from the landing site of that rock. For starters she had to know the exact time, direction, and velocity of the landing. Sure she does! I cite only secondary sources for information. Whistle blowers are never popular, and in the last few decades many of them have worked in either atomic energy or space. Not having a suicidal urge, I refrained from blandly traipsing in the government archives suspiciously searching for information. That would be foolish. Instead, I chose to dissect the work of other serious writers on space and various other NASA programs, plus the astronauts who wrote about their trips to the Moon . -i -
  • 9. I found no fault with the research of these professional writers because it was mostly well written. I feel their only flaw was in their conclusions, where they neglected to exercise their critical facilities. However, it is easy for sincere, honest men to fall prey to professional and unscrupulous con men especially when the con artists have wrapped themselves in red, white, and blue. I myself was an absolute believer for over 20-years. On the title page of this book the copyright notice reads, "All rights reserved," etc. The first part is a familiar message appearing in most books. Did all the authors have to get permis- sion to print the same message from one another? How do they know who to get permission from? So far as I know there is no service that keeps track of the users and issues a listing of a hundred thousand previous users. It's very perplexing. However, I took the precaution of add- ing to the standard notice a statement giving other authors blanket permission to use direct quotes from this book. Trying to get permission from various publishers is an excercise in futility. I sent certified letters. After five or six weeks had passed, two out of a dozen or so responded. They used the SASH I provided to forward me a questionnaire asking simplistic questions. They wanted to know how much the book would cost, how many copies would be sold, where it would be for sale, etc. I enthusiastically sent back the answers, all of which consisted of "I don't know"! Another publisher informed mc that the rights had reverted to an English company which I also contacted. Years have passed, and I never received a single permission. This dilemma is a fairly new phenomenon on the publishing scene. How can one freely critique a non-fiction book if one needs permission to use quotes which is never granted? By the simple act of not sending permission they keep others vulnerable to lawsuit, and protect their "product" from scrutiny. This is hardly conducive to free inquiry or scholarship. How is the reader to know what the original author actually wrote if one is forbidden to quote him? The original law was supposed to prevent plagiarism; not to protect liars! But if this is the way it is now, I stand ready to defend against their lawsuits. For example, one of my complaints includes NASA, who has the gall to place the barely legible 'lawyerese' on government photos. "No copyright is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in the photo, use for commercial purposes may infringe on the right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by, pro- cess or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release." NASA admittedly has no copy rights yet they are now trying to impute censorship rights they wish they had. This blurb didn't exist on pictures Bill Kaysing obtained from NASA ten years ago. I must conclude that this blurb was NASA's direct response to Bill Kaysing's origi- nal book, We Never Went To The Moon, and I can't help but wonder what NASA will do for an encore after reading this book! My original guess was that every photo used in this book would disappear from their ar- chives. Much to my surprise that didn't happen. Instead, they changed the numbering system and forgot to keep an index of the changes! However, with enough persistence the photographs are still obtainable. * See NASA photo Addendum -j -
  • 10. Since 1973 over one billion children all over the world have grown into adults. They've been taught to believe in the fairy tale that we landed men on the Moon. I hope this book will one day banish forever this fanciful tale and relegate the story of NASA's Moon landings to the realm of fraud where it belongs. Over a decade ago I wrote a column called, "One Man's Opinion", for my local North Jersey Mensa Newsletter "IMPRINT". At the local level, Mensa is primarily a social organization, but the qualification for membership is to score in the top 2 percentile of the population on standard intelligence tests. The North Jersey group used to put out a good newsletter, but I soon discovered that whenever I attacked some sacred cow, particularly a scientific sacred cow, vitriolic knee-jerk responses were triggered from people who were certifiably "intelligent". I finally came to realize that my fellow Mensans were just as subject to failures in logic as are the rest of humankind, myself included. Our (what I call) emotional belief system, or "EBS" is the sum total of our inner phi- losophy. This evolves from the sum total of our life experiences. Our personal philosophies are basically emotional because much of what we believe is not necessarily logical. Indeed, it may even be contradictory, but nonetheless we make our decisions and govern our lives accordingly. Our EBS is implanted in our early childhood by cultural osmosis and authoritarian pronouncements. We are "imprinted" by our society's opinions in the same way a baby duck is imprinted by the first moving object it sees after hatching. Much of this imprinting is due to religion, which is one of the great molders of societies. Then add our early education: what we are taught (or not taught), and our parents' influence. This is the process by which we eventually come to know "right from wrong, good from evil, success from failure, and stool from Shinola shoe polish. Have you ever wondered how a man from a third-world country wearing a pair of tat- tered trousers can be so pleased with himself, even though his ribs stand out from hunger? How can he feel so fine knowing that the great number of children he has sired will be as dirt-poor as he is? The reason is that in his society the very act of siring marks him the "success" he is. Logical? No! Emotionally satisfying? Yes! Our EBS is reinforced by education, most of which takes place before our critical fac- ulties develop or our logic centers mature. Our imprinted opinions can vary from era to era, from country to country, or from county to county. These influences cause our philosophies to vary according to sex, religion, status, occupation, or even physical and mental attributes. As I said before, EBS represents the sum total of our lives. No two lives are identical, so the fringe layers of our inner philosophies are as individualistic as our fingerprints. But unlike our prints, which are fixed at birth, our personal philosophy can and does change somewhat as a response to each day's new experiences being filtered and compared against the old. For example, as a member of a modern, mostly Christian society in the USA, we are imprinted with the Biblical admonition, "Thou shalt not kill!" However, in warrior societies, young men train hard for the opportunity to chop up their live enemies. Most women today deplore violence, but in warrior societies the women seek out the warriors. I use this dramatic example to deliberately emphasize that the only real difference in people, anywhere and anytime, is to be found in their EBS. -k-
  • 11. Historically, our western beliefs are to some degree cyclical and oscillate to and fro: sex is bad, sex is great; war is bad, war is good; God is cruel and vindictive, God is just and merciful; children need discipline, discipline is traumatic to kids; the poor are depraved, the poor are deprived; the universe is "natural" or uniformitarian, it is "supernatural" or cata- clysmic; etc. In most cases our imprinting controls the operation of our minds for the rest of our lives. It's as if our EBS is to our minds as the operating system is to a computer. As adults, when our EBS is threatened by contrary facts or logic, we either bias our perception of the facts, ignore them completely, or become filled with irrational rage. Whether longshoreman or philosopher, anything that threatens our rice bowl, pride, prestige, or EBS, will be met with one of the above responses. This is an intensely human reaction. Our EBS is capable of modification only to a small degree. Change mainly depends on the subject matter and the logic of the person involved. The old saying, "You can't teach an old dog new tricks" derives from this observation, because changes are usually slow and very limited. Neither brain nor computer can function outside the limits imposed, whether it's the EBS in man or the operating system in a computer. EBS governs what we are allowed to think about, what logic we may use for decision making, and what facts we may consider. Hypnosis is an excellent demonstration of the usually temporary distortion of a person's EBS. The hypnotist, by modification of the subject's sensory input, enables the subject to believe he sees or hears only what the hypnotist commands. The hypnotic subject may also be given input that is contrary to reality or logic, yet he will still accept that input. Not even science escapes our EBS. If it did, then the Ptolemaic system of astronomy could not have remained in vogue for well over 1,000 years. The philosophers of yesteryear were as intelligent as modern ones. Yet, due to an implanted EBS, they consistently set about proving that all celestial bodies were embedded in hollow crystalline spheres that tinkled as they rotated, each one inside the other, encircling this flat world. For over a thousand years the basis of the Christian religion was the Old Testament wherein God was depicted as ... a cruel God, a vindictive God, a jealous God! For that same period of time the philosophers believed that our Earth was sculpted by forces generated by incredible volcanoes, humongus waves, and world shaking earthquakes. This was aptly named "Catastrophism", and it was in harmony with the religious thought of that time. When the New Testament unveiled a just and merciful God, catastrophism began to fade, and newer philosophers, exemplified by Charles Darwin, came to believe that our world was molded by slow and subtle processes. This philosophy, diametrically opposed to the old, is called "Uniformitarianism" and it too is in harmony with the religious thought of our time. Experts of every denomination, whether religious or scientific, do not always espouse the truth, even if they happen to know it. Harmony between philosophy and religion doesn't necessarily give us the truth. As I said at the beginning, people have great difficulty recon- ciling facts anomalous to their basic philosophy, or EBS. -l-
  • 12. The most cohesive adhesives of any society are a common language and common cus- toms which cause the majority of the members of that society to share a common philosophy and EBS. As long as this is the case, that society is fairly stable. To our everlasting disgrace we are now allowing immigrants to dictate to us on both these critical matters. On the other hand, the destructive forces that tear societies apart are also founded in individual philosophies. When a genuine schism develops, it pits man against man and group against group to such an extent that the society will begin to crumble. Fanaticism is the result of colliding philosophies. It may be necessary to some degree, say, to defeat an enemy. However, once begun it is prone to remain long after the need has disappeared. Now to my point. I believe I have made a strong and believable case against NASA and their claims to have landed men on the Moon. However, what I have written here is some- thing many people may not want to hear. It challenges that old EBS to be told that that our great father in Washington has lied, stolen from, and cheated his children, and even worse, he has every intention of doing it again and again. Because we have both an instinctual love for, and a cultural bias toward, our authoritar- ian government, the information in this book may be hard for some to believe. If it creates too much stress, your EBS may well generate fictional counter data forcing you to make extreme allowances for our government or even forcing you to become hostile toward the book and its author. I couldn't have written all this without acknowledging that emotional fact. However, to date it has been read by thousands of people, and I know of none who still believe the NASA fairy tale. - m -
  • 13. FOREWORD In October of '92 I received a large size, full color, glossy, 180 page government publica- tion called America At The Threshold. It was sent to me because I had responded a few years before to a NASA solicitation for ideas for space. My best guess is that they originally queried me because I am both a patented inventor and a past member of the high IQ society known as Mensa. While reading the book, I stumbled across my name printed smack dab in the middle of page A-51. It was there because at least one of my ideas had passed the serial scrutiny of a number of special committees of judges. By this time, however, I had become a confirmed skeptic and had ceased to believe in NASA and the CIA, and I was getting mighty suspicious of apple pie Americanism. Bill Kaysing's book We Never Went To The Moon fine-tuned my suspicions of the Moon landings by pointing out things I had missed. For example, the astronauts' boots left deep impressions in the soft dust, but the Lunar Landers left no craters nor did they sink into it. Thousands of photos taken on each of the missions never showed the millions of stars that must be brilliantly visible on the airless Moon. I also realized that much of the $40-billion cost for this production had probably been ferreted away, either squandered in the Vietnam "police action" and in the CIA's "secret war" in Laos, or siphoned off to fill the back pockets of the producers. NASA 's America At The Threshold is cover-to-cover propaganda about "Project Outreach" which I was horrified to discover is NASA's grab for our grandchildren's wallets ostensibly to produce a trillion-dol- lar MARTIAN HOAX that can bankrupt our already debt-plagued country. For almost five months my erstwhile publisher constantly questioned NASA. If they hadn't known about this book before, they sure knew then. The 25th (silver) anniversary of the safe return of the crew of the first Moon landing (Apollo 11) came and went without the expected NASA hoopla and propaganda. Instead, the usually unapproachable Apollo astro- nauts began a series of TV and radio show appearances. I directly attribute this to my book and this man's activities. Unfortunately, he did everything but print the book. In a prosecutorial mode therefore, I accuse NASA, the CIA, and whatever super-secret group that controls the shadow government of these United States of fraud on the grandest scale imaginable, of murder by arson, and of larceny of over $40 billion in conjunction with the Apollo program that allegedly landed men on the Moon. I also accuse them of violating a federal law against lobbying by government-funded entities and of serial murder of low-level NASA employees, witnesses, and other citizens who happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. Such accusations seem incredible because none of us ever want to believe our governmental father is deceiving us. However, by the end of this book, even the most trusting reader will have no doubt that NASA MOONED AMERICA ! Note: Since I published, some of my readers have gone to great trouble and expense to teach me about the Federal Reserve hoax and the hidden controllers of the world's economy, money, and power. I must now admit that the Apollo hoax is to the Federal Reserve hoax as a firecracker is to an A-bomb. - n -
  • 14. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 1 FX PICTURES I remember watching the first astronauts land on the Moon and wondering why the TV pictures were so murky. We watched two blurry white ghosts, who did little or nothing while they lurked in the shadow of the Lunar Lander. NASA seemed to have lost 100 years of photographic progress. It was boring, but I believed! During the next few years I caught glimpses of subsequent missions as they flashed in color upon my TV screen, and I believed. The pictures improved with each mission and toward the end of the Apollo program the Moon buggy tore up the Moon's surface while NASA began to talk up a Martian adventure. I still believed in apple pie, the CIA, and NASA. A few years later I saw the movie "Capricorn One". Its plot involved a CIA hoax about a manned Mars landing. Did I relate that story to our Moon missions? Nah! I still believed in NASA and the CIA. Years later, watching a TV show, I thought I saw the Moon flag ripple on the airless Moon. The worm of suspicion slid into my system. I then began watching NASA film clips very closely and with less emotion. As those rose-colored glasses slipped lower on my nose I began to notice flaws in the pictures. The astronauts and their backpacks weighed less than 75 pounds on the Moon, yet they left deep footprints in the Moon dust and gravel. The blast of a rocket engine that lowered the 33,000- pound LEM (lander) to the Moon's surface left no crater. And apparently it didn't even blow away the dust beneath the foot pads. Strange! Here on Earth clear footprints usually require some type of wetting agent. There is no wet on the Moon! Recently I read MOONGATE by William Brian and discovered that the flag actually did ripple during the Apollo 14 flag salute ceremony. That author procured that film clip in 1980 from movie newsreels in Hollywood. When the Rover spun its wheels, the dirt and gravel sprayed backwards as it would here on Earth. But, in spite of the Moon's much lighter gravity, the dirt hit the surface just about as fast as it would here on Earth. The only tangible proof that we landed on the Moon were the pictures and 840 pounds of Moon rocks. The rocks, without the corroboration of photos, are meaningless, because they could have easily have been fabricated in NASA labs using high temperatures and pressures. I have been told that Werner Von Braun retrieved two cases of rocks using a U.S. Navy ship in the Antarctic years before the Apollo missions. The shipping labels on the cases said "NASA, Houston, Texas". 1 began to closely examine every NASA picture that came my way and discovered that almost every picture or TV tape released to the public is flawed in some respect. All the pictures in this book have been published previously. The still pictures were taken with Hasselblads at that time the world's finest camera. As you will shortly see for yourself, they do not ring true whether black and white or color. I had to ask myself, "Why would anyone fake pictures of an event that actually happened?" That's why I refer to them as "FX" pictures. In movie lore, FX stands for special effects. Where Hollywood employs the best technicians to create magnificently authentic-looking fantasies, apparently NASA employed amateurs who attempted to recreate the bril- NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 15. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 2 liant sunlight on the Moon by using spotlights in a dark studio. Many of the pictures have diverging or converging shadows which indicate two or more spotlights. The Sun throws only parallel shadows on Earth or on the Moon. If you look at the backgrounds of most NASA pictures, there is a relatively sharp tran- sition line where anything beyond becomes smooth and featureless. This is a sure sign of a grade Z studio backdrop. Every time the American flag is shown there is a great deal of light on it, even if it is on the shadow side of the Lunar Lander. Also, NASA never filmed either stars or planets. The reason is simple: before the era of computer enhancement the stars would have been impossible to fake accurately enough to fool the world's amateur astronomers. The original TV pictures we saw were photographic horrors because the astronauts looked like ghosts. Why? Apparently the government-cleared TV cameramen filmed a magnified TV screen. In fact, as you will subsequently learn, there were no live TV trans- missions during Apollo 11 & 12. The pictures were intentionally blurred to make us believe that the simulations we saw were real. Note: The pictures reproduced in this book include the date and the NASA number of the picture whenever possible so that you may order them directly from NASA if you wish. NASA is now preparing to take us to Mars the same way they took us to the Moon. This time a small cadre of computer experts will astound us with photos created by the new digitized computer graphics which didn't exist in 1969. Next time we will have no way of determining the truth. This new epic is called "Project Outreach" and it will feature new space heroes who will struggle to overcome all obstacles in our one-country race for Mars. The first segments of this serial, which we will be able to watch in the comfort of our living rooms, will show the construction of a permanent space base between Earth and the Moon, and the struggle will be against the cold and pitiless vacuum of space. Next the astronauts will risk life and limb building the first base on the Moon. It will end with a successful Mars walk and will be the greatest made-for-TV movie ever. The budget — paid by us taxpayers — will be over a trillion dollars stretched out over a decade. People reading this book have found many other anomalies in these and other NASA photos. I even have a report that when some of the color pictures are scanned the backround dots in some areas are a different color which is indicative of a composite photo using pictures made with different brands of film. I have not added to the text all of these reports because that might prevent you from discovering additional flaws yourself. NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 16. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 3 Deadwood Dick This picture of Nat Love (Deadwood Dick) was taken in the 1870's. Compare this with "the Apollo ghosts" below that were allegedly sent back from the Apollo 11 mission. Both astronauts are in sunlight, but one reflects blinding white light and the other is strangely dark. Apollo Ghosts NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 17. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 4 The Gemini Fireproof Antenna Wally Schirra and Tom Stafford are about to be rescued after splash-down on Gemini 6A. They claim to have made a rendezvous in space with Borman and Lovell, who were flying Gemini 7. From the front of the capsule we see the base of a long fiberglass whip antenna. It is completely undamaged, and it is not retractable, as the capsule cabin contains no antenna well. The capsules came from the factory gleaming with a silver film (which is charred by temperatures over 5000 degrees during re-entry). Anything not shielded by the forward ablative coating will burn up. None of the other Gemini capsules showed whip antennas after splash-down. This antenna responds to frequencies not used in space and would only be of value in locating the capsule after it landed. Once the capsule was found it would have no further value. Why do NASA apologists argue that the rescue divers installed it after it was in the water? The only logical conclusion left is that this capsule never re-entered from space but was parachuted from a CIA cargo plane. NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 18. FXPictures/Chap.1 p.5 Cover Photo NASA's official title of the picture on the cover is "Astronaut Collecting Lunar Samples, Apollo XII". NASA contends that Pete Conrad took it of Al Bean on 10/20/69. The NASA number is AS12-49-7278. At any one time there were only two men on the Moon. Yet — as reflected in Bean's face-plate under magnification, Conrad is carrying no camera. Conrad has his left arm straight down and his right elbow is down with his hand near his navel. We see a flat background surface with the horizon sharply delineated. On Bean's visor we see Conrad and the horizon behind him closely matching the real one. If we examine Bean's shadow, as reflected in his visor, we know by its length that he is less than 10-feet away from Conrad. Therefore, we know there is no steep hill between them. But the camera on Bean's chest is being viewed from at least 8-feet above the ground. Since there is no camera stand reflected between Bean and Conrad either a camera boom was used or the man on the Moon is 10-feet tall, invisible and took this picture. Here is a list of other anomalies: 1. On the upper left edge are two structural pieces that slant toward the ground and seem to be holding a spotlight. The ground between that spotlight and Bean is unevenly lit, but the brightest area is around him. This is consistent with a spotlight. The ground in back of Conrad is extremely well lit which is also consistent with studio spotlights. Sunlight in a place without clouds, trees, or hills is uniform. 2. Bean is holding in his right hand a polished piece of metal tubing that has no shadow side. Was a flash used in sunlight that is 20% brighter than Earth? 3. There is a second shadow that extends from Conrad forward and to his right. It is almost 180-degrees away from his regular shadow. NASA never told us that our solar system has two suns. I consider this picture to be one of the most flawed of NASA's Apollo Project's filmed documentation because there are so many things wrong with it. A picture is composed only of light and shadow and by definition the shadow must be on the shady side away from the light source. NASAMOONEDAMERICA!/Rene
  • 19. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 6 4/22/72 AS16-107-17446 NASA MOONED AMERICA! / RENE
  • 20. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 P-7 The Backdrop Begins NASA titled this photo "Apollo XVI on the Moon." Just past the object of interest the landscape becomes featureless. As in most NASA photos the background begins abruptly. NASA states that this is because of the Moon's smaller diameter. Optical perspective is not dependent on the distance to the horizon. Charles Duke was standing next to a geological marvel and never saw it. Unless, of course, the marvel we are seeing here is nothing more than an amateurish backdrop for a simulated shot taken in a secret government movie studio. One NASA apologists claims to believe that the Rover is on a cliff edge. NASA claims it chose each landing zone carefully to avoid cliffs and craters. The large rock in the left foreground is clearly marked with a big capital "C". The bottom right corner has a crease similar to that caused by wetting a folded newspaper. This makes it a showbiz "flap" rock, which the people who work in Hollywood studios throw at visitors. They used to be made from wet newspaper and paste and showed similar flaps. Stage rocks are usually placed by stage hands over similarly lettered markers positioned by the set designer. Did NASA really carry fake boulders and stage hands onto the Moon? The shadows of Astronaut and the Rover are in a different direction than the rocks nearer the camera. Sunlight casts parallel shadows. I have no idea how this was accomplished. Notice also that the Rover has left tracks that show an abrupt right angle turn. Have you ever seen any vehicle that could do that? It looks like stage hands lifted up the front and dragged the Rover around to the left just before this picture was taken. Only a two wheeled hand truck can leave such a track. Notice the sharp footprints and tire tracks. A man who has tracked various animals in the Australian desert pointed out that clear tracks in deep dust require moisture; otherwise they form only indistinct depressions. I've done some tracking of my own and I instantly knew he was right. The only clear tracks we can leave on a sand beach, no matter if the sand is fine or course, is near the water. There are some ultra fine man-made materials that will take a track at normal temperatures but I know of no dry natural soil here on Earth that has that property. There can be no moisture on the Moon. Especially during the daytime when surface temperatures are about 250 degrees. Couple this with the vacuum of space (which drastically lowers the boiling point) and any water in the dirt would boil away in seconds. And yet, every picture allegedly taken on the Moon shows clear footprints. Another anomaly is found in the fact that the upright gnomen is casting a very dark shadow right next to the "C" rock that is thinner than the diameter of the gnomen. Yet the shadow of the legs are about the same size as the legs. The Rover has an antenna at the front end. The camera has placed range finding cross- hairs on the photo. The top of the Rover's antenna was super-imposed over the second cross from the top left. If NASA landed men on the Moon why were the photos faked? On your last vacation, did you go to a studio and simulate the pictures you took? NASAMOONEDAMERICA!/Rene
  • 21. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 8 4/21/72 AS16-113-18339 NASA MOONED AMERICA! / RENE'
  • 22. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p.9 Me And My Shadow NASA claims this picture was also taken on the Apollo 16 mission. Notice that the surface of the hill in the background is not very bright. It is shadowed although there are no Moon clouds! That hill can only be a part of a very inferior and amateurish backdrop. The shadow from the skinny flag pole is clearly visible at its base. If the thickness of that shadow is measured and compared with the diameter of the pole there is another reduction in size of an objects shadow. If that pole shadow is followed it terminates in the very thin shadow of the flag itself. Inspection shows that the flag itself is lying away from the Sun. In the background is the LEM which is 32 feet in diameter. The LEM also has a very skinny shadow hardly thicker than the flag. Here on Earth shadows from the Sun are always proportional to the size of the object. Nearer the foreground is a long dark line. Close inspection reveals it to be a line cord. It should lead back to the LEM but it disappears at the rock near the flag pole. If this cord was laid down on a crowded beach it would take hours before the foot traffic could bury it to this extent. There were supposed to be only two men on the Moon at any time. How many stage hands tramped about on this set to accidentally bury this line? Since the flag is away from the Sun why is the side of it so brilliantly lit? Could there be another source of light? Did they carry power-hungry and heavy spotlights to the Moon? The LEM had only batteries! And why would you need spotlights where the Sun is 20 % brighter than here on Earth? John Young has leaped about 18 inches in the air. We all know that white men can't jump but this is ridiculous. Under the Moon's 1/6 gravity his weight (suit included) was only 65 pounds. I am crippled and weigh over 200 pounds but I can jump 4 inches high. On the Moon this would be over 2 feet. You would think that youthful, physically fit Astronauts with "The Right Stuff could jump higher than this. NASA apologists keep insisting that the flag shadow is his. However, for this to be true that shadow would also have to be much fatter. But what really takes the Booby Prize, is that he has out-jumped his own shadow. Since even a gazelle can't out jump its shadow either light moves much slower on the Moon or men with "The "Right Stuff can move faster than light. However, no matter how you cut the cake, Young still has no shadow! The only solution to this problem is that he, just like that Rover antenna, was also super-imposed. NASAMOONEDAMERICA!/Rene
  • 23. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 10 2/5/71 AS14-66-9277 NASA MOONED AMERICA! / RENE'
  • 24. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 11 No Crater This picture is titled "Apollo XIV on the Moon." Notice the footprints in the soft Moon dust. They extend under the LEM almost to the rocket engine's shroud. The LEM weighed almost 17 tons and had only one central rocket to decelerate this mass during landing. The engine had a thrust of 10,500 pounds, and even if the nozzle throat had a diameter of 3 feet, the exhaust pressure would have been close to 10 psi (pounds per square inch). A common leaf blower generates about 1/2 psi yet it will blow away loose dirt and dig a crater in the ground. This monster not only landed without digging a crater but it didn't even blow away the loose dust. Without atmosphere to hinder it, can you imagine what the blast from a large rocket engine would do to dust and small rocks in the vacuum of space? Yet we find crystal clear footprints in the dust at the extreme center foreground. The rocket shroud is in pristine condition. It's not discolored and shows no signs of having been heated. How can a rocket engine fire and not heat up the shroud? The engine itself appears to be positioned off-center to the front left of the LEM. If anyone had dared to fire this stupid looking and ungainly machine as it descended, the eccentric position of the nozzle would have exerted an unstabilizing torque and caused the LEM to pinwheel onto the Moon's surface no matter how many tiny thrusters were fired trying to keep it vertical. Here on Earth our fluorescent atmosphere shields us from the direct rays of the Sun and scatters photons in every direction, giving some light to even well-shadowed surfaces. The word fluorescent is not used lightly. The vacuum on the Moon eliminates these effects. Notice how well you can read the words "UNITED STATES" on the shadow side of the LEM! On page 241 of Aldrin's Men From Earth, he clearly states,"... with no atmosphere, there was absolutely no refracted light..." Therefore there had to be another source of light. This is consistent with other NASA photos that always show brightly lit flags and the words "UNITED STATES". The foot pad on the extreme right disappears into the picture's border. Take a pencil and sketch in the rest of the leg and the foot pad. Then duplicate the foot pad shadow we see on the left leg. Why isn't that shadow on the page? Also, the shadow of the landing strut in the foreground has a shadow less than half its diameter. Last and most important is that the left side of the background is brilliantly lit while the right side is dim. Is this another unreported geological miracle where reflective white dirt meets dull red dirt in a straight line? Or is this photo just another simulation? NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 25. FX Pictures / Chap 1 p. 12 Hero's Medal Although a number of Russians preceded him, Alan Shepard was the first American to enter space. NASA created a special "distinguished service medal", and President Kennedy pinned it on. Look at this man grin! 5/6/1963 S-63-6268 Glum Chums Is this the look of three men who had just returned from being the first men to walk on the Moon? The Apollo 11 crew have just returned to Earth and are talking to President Nixon from quarantine. This group is definitely not a bunch of happy campers. Could they feel ashamed about something they didn't do? NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 26. FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 13 The Shadow Shows This unbelievable picture, allegedly taken from the Apollo 11 command capsule, is the apex of chicanery. Despite this, I have seen it in at least three books including Collins' Carrying The Fire, where he claims that the picture is of the Sea of Tranquility and shows the landing zone. The shadow in the lower left corner is supposed to be from the engine shroud whose diameter is 8.5 feet as it orbits 69 nautical miles (79 statute miles) above the Moon. A few readers have told me that this shadow's shape matches the LEM's small directional thrusters which are 6 inches in diameter. I agree! The sun, however, has a diameter and the rays emitted from either side of it tend to cancel out sharp or definite shadows in some distance considerably less than 79 miles. Commercial airliners that are ten times larger fly a few thousand feet over our heads, yet no one ever sees a definitive shadow. Apparently we have an astronaut who casts no shadow and an engine nozzle or, worse yet, a small thruster that casts a shadow over 79 miles away. What kind of a wondrous place is this Moon of ours? 7/20/69 NASA NO. AS11-37-5437 NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 27. The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 15 THE TV COVERAGE The one word never mentioned during the very first moon landing was the word "simu- lation". Given the temper of the times, it might have produced full blown revolution. The simulation story is relatively recent and probably a direct response by NASA apologists to Bill Kaysing's original detective work. Why would NASA have needed to use any simulated film if they really landed on the Moon? Looking back at it now I can see that every photo was simulated, but back then we believed that it was the distance that screwed up the coverage. There had to be some reason, because we knew NASA had the finest equipment. The pictures were dark one second and bright the next. A single picture might show one astronaut blazing with light while his buddy, 10 feet away and also in the unfiltered sunlight, would be troll black. Most of the pictures resembled those of night scenes on a "grade Z" science fiction flick where the buxom girl, whose bodice has been ripped by the aliens, keeps disappearing into the gloom just before we can get a good look. The Blurry Pictures The blurry white ghosts and the black trolls were busy doing unusual boring things while speaking NASA-ese at each other. "Did you put up the poop-ding on ramus?" "No, the clavrick has exceeded port 19!" The astronauts were alternately hiding under the shadow of that ungainly and exceed- ingly ugly LEM, and then popping out into the sunlight to gambol around. They were blindingly white one second and dark the next, and not one picture was ever crisp. It was as if a blurry eraser had been applied. Malicious Intent - The lousy pictures were intentional! Indeed, this was imperative so that no one could critically examine those first pictures when our critical facilities were at their peak. Once a premise is accepted by our EBS, we hardly ever re-examine it. It was years before I suspected NASA of fraud and thought to re-examine the pictures for the first few missions. By that time they were hard to find, as TV stations preferred the clearer color shots allegedly taken on later missions. The pictures were just more obfusca- tion used by NASA to keep its gravy train rolling through this land that once was flowing with milk and honey. The Big Screen Much of the blurring was specifically induced by NASA's insistence that the TV net- works had to broadcast directly from a huge TV screen in the operations room. In other words, they had to take a picture of a poorly-magnified picture! Fortunately for NASA, the major networks accepted this mandate. Also, even more fortunate, in 1969 there were no TV screens that large, no matter how much you could spend. If you wanted a bigger screen you bought an optical system that strapped onto a standard set and used mirrors and lenses NASA MOONED AMERICA / Rene
  • 28. The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 16 to magnify the picture. The price paid was in clarity. First, there was a more than proportional loss in brilliance of the screen. And second, the picture was composed of giant grains with the inevitable result of dim blurry pictures. Within 72 hours after the splashdown of the Apollo 11, Bantam Books in conjunction with the New York Times, had the presses running on John Noble Wilford's We Reach The Moon. On the inside front cover is one of those blurry pictures that show Neil Armstrong's foot about to hit the Moon. The only way to take that shot was by either having a moon photographer lying on his belly or by having a camera attached to the adjacent landing leg. Mr. Wilford, according to his book, was an insider. Here is a quote found on the publishers page. ABOUT THE AUTHOR JOHN NOBLE WILFORD is the leading aerospace reporter for The New York Times. He has covered every phase of the space program and every Apollo shot leading up to the epochal moon landing. WE REACH THE MOON is Mr. Wilford's definitive account of the incredible space achievement, from its beginnings with the faint beep- beep of Sputnik to its conclusion at the Apollo 11 splashdown. On the frontispiece adjacent to this picture is a boxed blurb that reads: ABOUT THE COVER PHOTOGRAPHS Front cover photograph (NASA): left to right-Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. Inside cover photographs were taken directly from television screens, which provided the first visual documentation that man had landed on the moon. A: Neil Armstrong steps onto the surface of the moon. B: Buzz Aldrin stands on the moon. C: First moonscape taken by man on moon. D: Aldrin and Armstrong in front of the module on the moon. E: The American flag goes up on the moon. Now why did NASA institute this "picture-of-a-picture" policy when they easily could have popped in some coaxial connectors and jacks so that the TV crews could take copies of the broadcasts directly before optical magnification destroyed the originals? Oversight? Extreme stupidity? Or the cunning of the fox loose in the chicken house? Why didn't the experienced TV news people show the NASA technicians how simple it would be to correct the pictures? Why did the networks let them get away with this? Why didn't they take their complaints to the public if NASA officials refused to listen? And why didn't they get direct copies of the clearer pictures which NASA must have taped as they arrived in Houston (whether such pictures were actually from the Moon or previously prepared simulations)? Even after all these years, we have never seen the clear pictures which NASA must have stored in their archives. Why has the media seldom attacked this sacred NASA MOONED AMERICA / Rene
  • 29. The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 17 cow called NASA? More on TV At the time I wasn't sure whether Apollo 12 (from 11/14/69 to 11/24/69) was "live" or not because I wasn't excitedly waiting in line to see more blurry exercises. I dare say neither was anyone else. Thinking back on it, almost everybody had the same complaint -lousy pictures. According to my recent research, however, there were no live TV broadcasts of either Apollo 11 or Apollo 12. If true, this means that the incredible space achievement we watched was a ghastly, ghostly joke perpetrated by those masters of the hoax — NASA. Richard Lewis writes about the Apollo 14 landing: "Mitchell then descended to the surface and Shepard collected a contingency sample about 25 feet from the LM. He then set up the television camera on a tripod about 100 feet away. He was careful to keep the lens away from the sun, which was what had blinded the Apollo 12 camera. Now, for the first time, there would be a televised record of man on the Moon." 1 Gee! Imagine that: a guy with "The Right Stuff", after all that training, doing a dumb thing like pointing a TV camera directly at the Sun. Hard to believe! So, what were they showing? We must have watched simulations! Not only did I not realize that at the time; no one else I know did either. Did you? But we were only taxpaying outsiders. The bigger fools seem to be the professionals like John Wilford, The New York Times, and the TV journalists. They fell for it hook, line, and sinker. To add insult to injury the later pictures were still bad. Richard Lewis wrote about the Apollo 14 TV: "In the television pictures that came to Earth from 238,000 miles away, the explorers looked like bulky white ghosts against a black sky, cavorting about a strange landscape of dunes and craters ..." 2 Sounds the same as the first pictures that the astronauts didn't take during the Apollo 11 and Apollo 12 missions. In Footprints on the Moon, the authors have this to say about Armstrong as he descended the Lander's ladder. "Suddenly he was standing on the porch of Eagle, beginning tentative steps down the nine rungs of the ladder. On the way he pulled a lanyard releasing an equipment shelf and a television camera." 3 Why do I get the feeling that NASA will always tell whatever lie is handy? This is government newspeak at its peak. When is the first picture, the first picture? The only pictures that NASA didn't dare fake (and eliminated entirely) were pictures of the stars and planets. NASA realized that millions of amature and professional astronomers around the world would see these pictures, and if there were any discrepancies NASA's Moon cat would surely claw out from NASA's bag of tricks. NASA did build a planetarium at their secret Mercury, Nevada base and attempted to use it for faking the stars. But it didn't work. A planetarium projector uses a bright lamp bulb inside a sphere that is pierced to allow dots of light to radiate up to the hemispherical roof of the circular building. The dome must be painted with a highly reflective paint so that the "stars" are visible. NASA MOONED AMERICA / Rene
  • 30. The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 18 Unfortunately for NASA, planetariums only work in the dark. One small spotlight completely destroys the effect. How could you film the astronauts and their equipment in the blazing sunlight on the Moon if you dared not light the set with arc lights? If NASA had pretended to send the astronauts into a lunar night, the problem would have been worse, since the LEM used only batteries for power, and batteries don't run spotlights very long. Leave your headlights on for a while when your car is parked if you think I jest. And car headlights are birthday candles compared to serious spotlights. So after spending a fortune (ours) to build that planetarium, they found it was unusable. Then they were reduced to obfuscating the brilliant stars and planets of space by having the astronauts pronounce them as dim and fuzzy, and they were forced to maintain that lie down through the years. Today, a computer using enhancement and digitized graphics could fool the world's greatest field astronomer. But this is now, and that was then. Added note: Aron Ranen of Third Wave Media who was funded by a grant that probably came from NASA, made a video that was supposed to prove that NASA did, indeed, go to the Moon. He was received with open arms by NASA, and in creating his video titled "DID WE GO?"discovered that all the audio tapes from the Apollo missions had disappeared. Jim Collier, before he died, told me that the plans to the Rover, the LEM, and the huge engines that powered the Apollo space craft are also missing. I wonder what the odds are against the contractors losing the prints and NASA losing both prints and tapes. 1. p. 187, THE VOYAGES OE APOLLO, "Lewis", 1974, Quadrangle 2. p. 188, Ibid. 3. p. 206, FOOTPRINTS ON THE MOON, "Barbour", 1969, The Associated Press NASA MOONED AMERICA / Rene
  • 31. Asp / Chap. 3 p. 19 ASP The asp is a small, venomous cobra-type snake found in Egypt. It is historically famous for being Cleopatra's accomplice in suicide. She chose to clasp the asp, and the little viper accommodated her by nipping her breast. Like Cleopatra, we must be suicidal too, because we have been grasping another sneaky snake to our Federal breast for over thirty years. It is also doing its aspy thing. This ASP is an acronym for "Apollo Simulation Project", which was created in 1961 and operated by the DIA (Defense Intelligence Agency) to "help" NASA with their technical problems by establishing a totally simulated moon mission. 1 ASP was a total secrecy project along the same lines as the Manhattan Project of World War II. The Manhattan Project ultimately employed some 300,000 people and hardly a word was leaked out. It served as a proving ground for security techniques and personnel manipulation on a broad-based program that to this day hasn't failed. To have gone to this much trouble that early in the program is a sure sign that NASA knew that no one was going to the Moon. It is difficult for the average person to believe in a huge governmental conspiracy be- cause they know the difficulty people have in keeping small secrets. They visualize a few thousand people involved and believe it is virtually impossible to keep them quiet indefi- nitely. Anyone who knows about Air America, the CIA-controlled largest commercial air fleet in the world, should hardly be surprised. As Bill Kaysing says, "Air America is noted for its two distinct types of Alumni: The silent and the silenced." 2 The ASP base was constructed on land controlled by the (then) Atomic Energy Com- mission and surrounded by other military bases. Scattered throughout these arid Moon-like properties near Mercury, Nevada are super-secret site after secret site. Top level manage- ment was provided by CIA spooks. Interface personnel were hired as needed and paid top dollar and then released as necessary (with the required "never tell" NASA warnings backed by the muscle of the CIA). Picture this: a cavern on that base with an elaborate sound stage, code named Copernicus, built and outfitted with everything necessary to simulate moon pictures. It was named by someone with little knowledge of history after a crater on the Moon. That crater was named after an early seeker of cosmic truth, Nicolaus Copernicus, so this cognomen for this nefari- ous studio is puzzling. However, there may be something in universal justice because this studio soon became "Cuss' in the base vernacular because of the problems that developed after CIA amateurs tried to make Hollywood-style FX.3 "Also installed at the "Cuss" base was the true master control center of which the so-called Mission Control and the Spacecraft Center at Houston were merely satellites or slaves. The master control of Cuss (MASCONCULL) collected all data, programmed it into a computer which then coordinated the entire moon landing simulation. Since all releases were by well-edited tape, there was no chance of a blooper. Again, the total control of news by the American corporate state set an effective precedent for the totally controlled output of MASCONCULL. From prelaunch countdown to the final descent to the ocean, all sound and NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 32. Asp / Chap. 3 p. 20 video transmissions emanated from the flawless and mechanistic heart of a specially modified IBM 370-C computer." If you don't believe that some central news agency distributes the news to the TV sta- tions then channel surf on the major channels during the six o'clock or eleven o'clock news. More often than not, the same story is being broadcast at the same time, give or take a few ticks of the clock. Today we would have no problem with the idea that a huge mainframe computer could control and handle an entire show of this magnitude from prerecorded tapes. Had anyone suggested the idea of deceit in 1969, people would have thought the person to be crazy. However, the Apollo serials were successfully aired, proving that an IBM 370-C computer could and did handle the show from prerecorded tapes, radio data, messages, TV pictures, etc. The astronauts were very carefully led into the intrigue one at a time and were told only as much as was required for their mission. They could either go along or get along. If there was even a doubt as to their total loyalty to the program, the dissidents were sidetracked out of the mainstream. After the Grissom-Chaffee-White incineration, I hardly think anyone would not have joined. One hand offered fame, money and power. The other hand offered a Federal funny farm or death. In this world there are peaceful nations, military nations, and police states. We are the only one that brags we are the first but have always been the second and are now rapidly evolving into the third. The news and TV shows indicate every day that our government confiscates property and even "arrests" money, cars, houses, and other inanimate objects of value on the mere presumption of guilt as reparations in the drug war. This, to my mind, is martial law at its worst, but our press never mentions it to us. Bill Kaysing, a former employee of Rocketdyne, reports that the Saturn 5 Moon rockets held a cluster of five B-1 engines instead of the more powerful, but totally unreliable, F-1 engines. Each B-1 produced a thrust of 150,000 pounds while a single F-1 produced ten times as much. Had this substitution not been made, the moon rocket "in its designed form would have weighed 6,000,000 pounds, or 3,000 tons fully loaded. This is the weight of a U.S. naval destroyer, further pointing out the total impracticality of the venture." 5 Thus, the stripped down moon rockets that actually blasted off from Kennedy weighed about 300,000 pounds and were light enough for the five B-l's to get airborne. Here Bill Kaysing and I part company, because he believes that the astronauts were never launched. I say that they had to go with the big bird. The very danger of explosion was the reason. If a rocket had blown away on the pad then NASA would have had three live astronauts to deal with instead of three atomized corpses. Such a type of accident would have created immense problems for everyone. Think how nervous it would have made the surviving astronauts knowing that their buddies were whacked to keep a secret? Surely one of them would have run to the press, to avoid the possibility of a similar fate in the near future. It's one thing to die in a flight or a fight. That's a bit NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 33. Asp / Chap. 3 p. 21 glamorous. But to be slaughtered like a sheep is something else again. Had NASA done it any other way, the rest of the astronauts would have panicked. Remember, these were test and combat fighter pilots who took risks as often as necessary. Just as long as there was a good chance of a liftoff they would risk the ride. Also, they had been riding the B-1 engines for years during the Gemini Program. I believe that each mission was on sequential tapes and programmed into the computer weeks before the liftoff. The immense number of simulations took months to create, and probably more time to carefully edit the simulations and weave them into the fabric of the next Apollo mission. Once the simulations were prepared, all that was left was to provide the distraction that is vital to con-man and magician alike just before the deception begins. In this case it was the public launching at Cape Canaveral (now Cape Kennedy) that provided all the flame, fury and flash that any magician could ever ask for. It focused the attention of billions of people around the world on the launch while diverting us from the scam. The next time the ASP strikes it will be to take us to Mars via digitized graphics and computer enhancements, and no one will be able to prove it's not real. 1. p. 54, WE NEVER WENT TO THE MOON, "Kaysing", 1981, Desert Publication 2. p. 61, Ibid. 3. p. 62, Ibid. 4. p. 63, Ibid. 5. p. 63, Ibid. NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 34. Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 23 NASA'S HISTORY & POLITICS A little over thirty years ago the popular new President, John Kennedy, was besieged by events completely beyond his control. Castro had taken Cuba away from a tyrant named Battista. Both the Mafia and the CIA were frothing at the mouth, the Mafia because it had lost a splendid source of casino income, and the CIA because a ragamuffin Cuban Communist and his army had taken power on an island a few miles off our coast. Kennedy had barely settled into the oval office when the Russians followed up with their Sputnik success, and, on April 12, 1961, sent Yuri Gagarin into orbit on Vostok 1 for 108 minutes. If that wasn't enough, that same week the CIA botched the Bay of Pigs landing. Led by the CIA, a ragtag battalion of Cuban expatriots was supposed to reconquer Cuba and make it safe for democracy. Also involved were the CIA and the CIA's old World War II partners, the Mafia. On May 25, 1961 Kennedy broke Presidential precedent and delivered a State of the Union message to a joint session of Congress. It was necessitated by racial tensions, CIA problems in Laos (later called our secret war), CIA problems with Cuba, and a whole gamut of other foreign entanglements — all involving the CIA. Kennedy sought a national distraction. He also hoped to regain American prestige by asking Congress to drastically expand the space budget at a time when Congress was actually decreasing military spending and trying to cut back on other expenditures. Some sections of his speech are printed below. "I believe we possess all the resources and talents necessary. But the facts of the matter are that we have never made the national decision or marshalled the national resources for such leadership. We have never specified long-range goals on an urgent time schedule; or managed our resources and our time so as to insure their fulfillment. Recognizing the head start obtained by the Soviets with their large rocket engines, which gave them many months of lead time, and recognizing the likelihood that they will exploit this lead for some time to come in still more impressive successes, we nevertheless are required to make new efforts of our own. For while we cannot guarantee that we will one day be first, we can guarantee that any failure to make this effort will make us last. We take the additional risk of making it in full view of the world. But as shown by the feat of Astronaut Shepard, this very risk enhances our stature when we are successful. But this is not merely a race. Space is open to us now. And our eagerness to share its meaning is not governed by the efforts of others. We got into space because whatever mankind must undertake, free men must fully share. I therefore ask this Congress, above and beyond the increases I have earlier requested for space activity, to provide the funds which are needed to meet the following national goals: First, I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to earth. No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind or more important for the long-range exploration of space." NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 35. Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 24 The space project became extremely political the instant Sputnik passed over our heads emitting annoying pings. The pings were perceived as the sound of danger, evoking memories of the whistles attached to World War II bombs. And just like the whistles on those bombs, the pings were psychological warfare. That was how we entered the space race. General Eisenhower was the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces during World War II before he became our President. Under pressure fueled by Sputnik, he signed an executive order that mutated a quiet aircraft and design facility called the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) into what would become an insatiable monster called NASA. Ike wasn't too thrilled with the projected costs, and although he wanted our space program in civilian hands, he directed that only military test pilots be allowed to fly the coming rockets. In January 1959 NASA began a search for the chosen few who would become our first astronauts. They scrutinized the military records of all the current test pilots and then culled one hundred and ten names from the various lists. Next, a committee whittled the list down to thirty-two and those men underwent extensive tests and interviews until only seven remained. These were the men with "The Right Stuff!" When Republican born and bred President Eisenhower left office, he uncharacteristically tried to warn us about the military-industrial complex but we paid no attention. He gave a speech in which he said, "In the councils of government we must warn against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex." He also should have warned us that the military-industrial complex had control of the CIA which President Harry Truman created after World War II to stave off the fatal hug of the Russian Bear. Had Truman been a closer reader of bureaucratic history, he would have known that "intelligence" organizations have a way of inevitably expanding themselves into covert actions. Then by infiltration and blackmail they become a forceful shadow over the very government that gave them life. Witness the recent revelations concerning the transvestitism of the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover. Shadow governments become more totalitarian year by year. Ike also might have warned us about this, and the fact that their sometime handmaidens, the academic, legal and medical professions, are also complexes that bolster and protect these entities. The story of that period and the political ramifications from our expanding cold war with the Russians is best summed up by the authors of an excellent contemporary book on NASA, Journey to Tranquility, printed in 1969 shortly after the Apollo 11 flight. "The concepts of politics and war may seem to defile the beautiful picture of brilliant thinkers acting out private dreams. But it is these that gave the journey to Tranquility a troubled, uncertain and sometimes sordid passage." 1 "Some politicians built careers on it; others lined their pockets from it. Whole corporations survived on the strength of it, as tiny groups of men decided where its billions of dollars would be distributed." 2 "The builders of Apollo were not technicians at work in a laboratory insulated from the world. They were soldiers in an age when technology has become warfare by other means." 3 NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 36. Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 25 And its authors Young, Silcock, and Dunn wrote these words. "Long before the satellite got off the ground, it became the object of political and military wrangles of the most virulent kind. When it finally reached its destination, it was no longer a triumph of science. It had been transformed from a box of technical tricks into the obsessive tool of cold-war politicians. There could have been no apter beginning to the real history of America's great space adventure." 4 Immediately after Sputnik we were playing a losing game. We could orbit a tiny, tinned toy and they would answer with a big, heavy, mean machine. They had Cummins diesels and we had Volkswagens. Our Mercury Program popped Alan Shepard up in ballistic flight for all of 15 minutes. We hailed this, even though we could not achieve a true orbit. Their cosmonauts were breathing air at normal atmospheric pressure (14.7 psi), but ours were forced to use 100 percent oxygen at 5 psi. A shell strong enough to hold normal pressure in space was much heavier than our rockets could then lift. The hysteria caused by Sputnik destroyed the logical developmental course we should have followed in attempting to reach the Moon. In his book, Angle of Attack, Mike Gray, writes how we should have flown "the X-15 to the edge of space; then build an 'X-16' that would fly into orbit; then an 'X-17' - a space shuttle - that would carry cargo; use the shuttle to build an orbiting space station; and then, say about 1985, depart from there on an expedition to the moon." 5 In due time our second astronaut, Virgil Grissom, spent 16 minutes in ballistic flight. But two weeks after that the Russians upped the ante by putting a cosmonaut in orbit for over 25 hours. Six months later John Glenn finally boosted into orbit, into fame, and eventually into politics, by staying up for almost five hours. Three months after that Scott Carpenter duplicated, almost to the minute, Glenn's ride. Two months later, on August 11 and August 12, 1962, the Russians really played hardball by sending up two cosmonauts in two separate birds. They also had the nerve to add a lot of insult to our injury by staying up for 94 hours and 71 hours respectively. Plus another first - they made a rendezvous with each other! Things were quiet for a while, and then on May 15, 1963 we orbited for over 34 hours. A month later the Russians played "one-upmenship" and within two days sent up another two birds. The first one stayed up 119 hours, and the second carried the first woman into space, Valentina V. Tereshkova, who orbited for 71 hours. Then rub-a-dub-dub the Soviets sent up three men in a big, big tub. Six months later we got two men up in our own washtub with the first shot of the Gemini Program. But we finally had the bit in our teeth. We were going to win that space race no matter who it killed or how much the cost. The decision to go to the Moon was not made by President Kennedy but by NASA itself. A man named George M. Low pressured an internal NASA committee into accepting that goal.6 It was the tail wagging the dog that day when NASA set its own agenda to start the Apollo Program. Nothing has changed since! NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 37. Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 26 Had rocket expert Wernher von Braun been allowed to fire off his rocket in the fall of 1956 we would have orbitted the first satellite. However, it was politically incorrect to use former Nazi expertise. Politically, our great leaders desperately wanted the Navy to be first with an all American-made Vanguard rocket. In the early '60s the only technicians who actually knew how to build rockets were those harvested up by the army from the German V2 Program. They were all working in Hunts-ville, Alabama on our missile program and miraculously, the military, an organization rarely known to give up the spoils of war, released them to NASA. Just as its predecessor, the Nazi V2 missile project in Norway, had been taken over by the Nazi SS, ours was also held in thrall by the CIA. How this machination was accom- plished and maintained is not known, but as the tiger is known by its stripes, you can bet that whenever big bucks are involved the CIA will be there. And NASA bucks are still big! The estimate given to Kennedy to put a man on the Moon was less than 20 billion dollars. The final cost, if tallied by the total expenditures of NASA from 1962 to 1973 was over 39 billion. 7 This is about 200 billion 1990 dollars. Norman Mailer said of the Apollo Project that he couldn't decide whether it was "the noblest expression of the twentieth century or the quintessential statement of our funda- mental insanity." 8 Some contemporary critics called NASA's Moon project a "Roman Circus". However, I feel that term is a little too strong. "Space Opera" has a better ring to it. First there was the terrifying quasi-cremation of three astronauts on Pad 34. Then in each of the manned missions that followed serious problems developed, but each time, in the nick of time, American astronauts and/or unsung NASA geniuses saved the day! After the Apollo 11 landing, the American public began to ignore the subsequent land- ings. Congress was getting a little shaky because of the CIA's secret Laos war and the Vietnam police action, racial rioting, hippie rebellions, and student demonstrations. Our leaders were working overtime trying to throw a great war in Vietnam, but many of the kids from farm and slum, the backbone of all our previous armies, didn't want to come to the party. Tens of thousands of draft dodgers were leaving the USA for Canada and other parts unknown. The legacy of Vietnam still troubles this country. Potential draftees seemed to know instinctively what took me another twenty years to find out — that basically Vietnam was a CIA war over who would control the worldwide distribution of heroin from the Golden Triangle. NASA had planned the first manned landing sometime in October 1967. There were three very political reasons for this schedule. The first was that the Russians were expected to execute a Moon landing to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the Bolshevik Revo- lution. The next because 1968 represented the beginning of a period of intense solar flare activity. The last because it could affect the coming Presidential elections. 9 The American public never quite caught space fever. Yes, they cheered on the launchings, but by Apollo 12, the second landing, even America's patriotic silent majority began to NASA MOONKI) AMERICA! / Rene
  • 38. Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 27 question the necessity of more Moon shots. There is a saying by the journalists who work in Washington DC that the letters "N.A.S.A." stand for "Never A Straight Answer". Despite this, NASA continues to run amuck. 10 In May 1995 Congress reduced their budget to its 1961 level. I believe it was because I had spent over two years sending copies of this book to any member of Congress who seemed the least bit rebellious. That tremendous decrease in budget didn't even slow them down. I can only conclude that they are being funded directly by the Federal Reserve a group of private banks. However, NASA's public relations department was equal to the task. They kept grinding out action scripts. The liquid oxygen storage containers on Apollo 13 exploded between here and the Moon. Apollo 14 had trouble with the LEM while landing on the Moon. On Apollo 15 they were drowning in the capsule, and Apollo 16 suffered strange vibrations. Apollo 17 saw the end of the space opera despite NASA's previous plans for many more landings. In the meantime, we were being devastated by racial rebellions, campus riots, and a simmering anger as the poor began to realize that they paid most of the freight for all these grandiose adventures. There was a slight surge of interest when the "Rovers" were introduced. They too soon grew boring despite the fact they were now broadcasting live color TV. Had we known at the time that each throwaway Rover costs over 12 million dollars we probably would have had more riots. Also the end of the Apollo Program saw a shift in direction from the professed scientific toward military and commercial ventures. Harry Hurt I I I says it succinctly: "Henceforth, the space agency paid only lip service to the noble theme etched on the plaque the Apollo 11 astronauts left on the moon; We came in peace for all mankind.' The first series of shuttle flights pioneered the commercialization and militarization of space, forsaking manned exploration of the solar system to concentrate on the pursuit of profits and the development of a Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), also known as 'Star Wars.' 11 Perhaps Hurt's position is closer to mine, but his conclusion may change after he reads this book. NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 39. Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 28 1. p. 3, JOURNEY TO TRANQUILITY, "Young, Silcock & Dunn", 1969, Doubledav 2. p. 4, Ibid. 3. p. 4, Ibid. 4. p. 41, Ibid. 5. p. 41, ANGLE OF ATTACK, "Gray", 1992, Norton 6. p. 65, JOURNEY TO TRANQUILITY, "Young, Silcock & Dunn", 1969, Doubledav 7. p. 54, FOR ALL MANKIND, "Hurt", 1988, Atlantic Monthly Press 8. p. 15, Ibid. 9. p. 80, MISSION TO THE MOON, "Kennan & Harvey", 1969, William Morrow & Co. 10. p. 43, Ibid. 11. p. xii, FOR ALL MANKIND, "Hurt", 1988, Atlantic Monthly Press NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 40. Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 29 STAR LIGHT - STAR BRIGHT On evenings when the sky is clear, as the day's light fades from our fluorescent sky some of us look up seeking the first star of the night. At such times, those of us still young at heart remember the old litany in which we ask the gods for one small, measly little favor. We remember squinching our eyes shut real hard and telepathically broadcasting our wish to the all-knowing gods. The ancient magical chant goes like this: Star light — star bright First star I see tonight I wish I may, I wish I might Have the wish I wish tonight Most of us quit the practice as we got older. We quit because we noticed that very few of our wishes came true. For the few wishes that did come true, we usually soon came to regret making that particular wish in the first place; especially when it involved sex, jobs or money, all the really neat things in life. Indeed, sometimes a granted wish is so hard to get rid of that we desperately attempt to make it go away by again eliciting the same gods who granted it. To do this you have to try again, and again, and again. By human standards, the fickle gods have a very distorted sense of humor, giving us what we ask for only when it is not what we truly deserve. Despite that fact, I have an idea why they do what they do. They sock it to us because most people wish on a star that is not a star at all. The two brightest objects in our sky are the planets Venus and Jupiter. Most people seeking to make a wish are too anxious. They usually mistake one or the other of these planets for the first "star" of the night. True, these planets are usually the first visible celes- tial objects, but from the viewpoint of the gods we are ignorant and greedy: ignorant for not knowing the difference and greedy for not waiting a few more minutes. Had we but waited we would have had our pick of the brightest stars: the important stars used by navigators. Another ten minutes in the darkening night, provided we weren't legally blind, would have allowed us to see a hundred stars. Then, mere minutes later, a thousand stars would peep through in all their various shades of color and varying degrees of brightness. This, despite the fact that we live at the bottom of the atmospheric well which is laden with dust, humidity, smoke particles, and pollen. This, despite ground light pollution from house and streetlights, headlights, lighted signs, and smog, which destroy our night vision. Professional and amateur astronomers, along with a few hundred million other folks all over the world, know that the higher the elevation, the less the ground lighting; the less the moonlight and the colder and drier the air, the more stars can be seen. In fact, tens of thousands of stars are visible to the naked eye, particularly at higher elevations on cold, dry nights. Star watchers are entranced people who have been known to drag their kicking and scream- ing friends out into the dark night just to get them to stare up at the sky. I'm a dragger. I've urged many a friend out of warm sleeping bags when camped out on hunting and fishing trips. I have hauled them from warm cabins and cars on sub zero nights, after skiing all day and have even run them out of the warm cabin on my boat. Without exception, no matter how cold the night was, the raucous complaints stopped once they looked up. The point is that in my entire life I have never met anyone who was star-blind. In fact, I had no idea that the condition even existed. Everybody I personally know (that's hundreds of people with the exception of those who are truly blind) can see the stars. Yet, after NASA NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 41. Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 30 pored through thousands of service records in 1961, and after multiple screenings and batter- ies of tests, NASA selected seven truly exceptional men for astronaut's training. Eventually one of them, Alan Shepard, was put in a tin can and blasted into a ballistic arc, barely touching what NASA called "space". "Close space" is a more accurate term. Anyway, up he went. Despite the G's thrust on him from the cannon shell they called a Redstone rocket, Shepard reported seeing no stars. (If somebody strapped me in a tin can atop a Redstone rocket that pulled 4 G's acceleration, I think I would have seen stars!) Unbe- knownst to us at the time, this was the first recorded case of star-blindness in the whole world. Alan, the poor guy, had all the "Right Stuff", but he was star-blind. Next, NASA spent three and a half months setting up another lightweight tin can. This time Virgil Grissom duplicated the ballistic arc for the same fifteen minutes or so. When he was recovered and questioned, believe it or not, he hadn't seen any stars either. He too was star-blind. That's two out of two, and I figure the odds against that to be pushing about 10,000 to 1. To cover this obvious blemish in the superior abilities of the astronauts, NASA told us a little fabrication. Their apologists claimed that the eyes need a long time to adjust enough to see the stars in the blackness of space. That's one of the dumbest lies they ever told. We can stare at a street light and look quickly at a star and see it. But at this stage of the game, someone in NASA must have been in a total panic. NASA's real goal, to beat the Russians to the dark side of the Moon, required men who could certainly see the stars. The only thing that NASA felt at this early stage in the space game was that this goal had been jeopardized. Astronauts with star-blindness who cannot see the stars would be unable to navigate to the dark side of the Moon. Being the first to get to the dark side was vital to American interest for both military and scientific reasons. Such reasons have some- how been almost synonymous since World War II. The military reason was that the first country to get there could build a base hidden from Earth. The scientific reason was that someday we could set up a telescope to study the stars. Of course, a Lunar telescope could be almost as effective if it were located on the near side of the Moon. What we term a month is actually a Lunar day. Either side receives equal hours of day and night. The only advantage to be had was that the bright Earth would never block out a small section of the sky. The down side is that an alternate transmission method would be needed to communicate with Earth. As soon as possible, NASA tinkered up another tin pot, this time bolting it on a bigger rocket. John Glenn soared into space and not only attained orbit, but also, a bit later, won a seat in the Senate. He was up for almost five hours and when snatched from the cold waters of the Atlantic Ocean he reported that he could actually see a few stars and even some constellations, indicating he was only a little bit star-blind. The odds against all three randomly chosen astronauts being star-blind to some degree had to be a million to one. This raised a scientific question: was star-blindness induced by space itself or by zero gravity? NASA surely must have been dithered! However, being guys with the "Right Stuff, they next sent up a few more astronauts for even longer periods of time. But there was no im- provement in the rate of star-blindness. Apparently, almost everybody had it. They also discovered that these poor souls were also planet-blind. On subsequent missions the various astronauts would report seeing God, flying angels, and UFOs, but the stars remained dim and fuzzy, and no one ever reported seeing a planet. NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 42. Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 31 Once again, American prestige and world leadership was at stake. If the Soviets, who reported no such problem, found out that the creme de la creme of American men (those who had the most "Right Stuff) were star-blind, then by the power vested in the Domino Theory, our way of life would soon be over. We would be knocked onto the ground and stomped flat under the heel of a totalitarian military boot as demonstrated by Soviet Premier Khrushchev at the United Nations when he beat his shoe on a podium. Our democratic lifestyle would disappear from the face of the Earth: blasted away, city by city, in atomic holocausts. At least, that's what was strongly implied at the time about the Vietnam situation. And it also seemed to apply itself to this cold-war situation. NASA tested another batch of pilots, but this time they tested them for star-blindness before they inducted them into the space program. Their research medical staff, together with an army of shrinks, devised a surefire test to check them out. The method was straightfor- ward. It consisted in paying local scout leaders to escort the candidates into the mountains for a night of camping out and star gazing, man to man! When they came back from the trip the scout leaders pronounced them to really have "The Right Stuff." The new group of astronauts were integrated with the old veterans, and NASA began to send them up two at a time in the Gemini Program. Hopes ran high. Still, after ten more space shots, the best that could be found were a few who could pick out a couple of fuzzy, indistinct stars. It was probably bruited about by the higher echelons of super spooks in the ASP cavern that star-blindness was extremely contagious — like chicken pox or measles. The up side was that those few who could barely see the stars would become navigators and with luck we could still get to the dark side of the Moon before the Russians. It was danger- ous, but hey, that's what men with "The Right Stuff do best; they confound us by confront- ing danger. Further testing disclosed that for some undiscoverable reason every astronaut could see the stars and the planets while he was here on Earth, but the instant he hit space this was no longer true. The disease apparently occurred only under conditions of zero gravity. It seems a cosmic joke that just as man reaches for the stars he becomes star-blind. Obviously, no cure was ever found because even today few shuttle astronauts have ever mentioned seeing the stars or planets. Did I tell you that the gods were capriciously cruel and crazy? The New World Order was hanging on by a thread. How could the rest of the world be led to one-world citizenship by the U.S. if our men didn't have the "The Right stuff? The Trilateral Commission probably held its collective breath and ordered an expansion of NASA's program. NASA, being the eternal optimist, readily went along for two reasons. The first was that hope springs eternal in the human breast. Secondly, it was a gravy train, a pork barrel, a veritable cornucopia of untraceable and unaccountable funds. NASA inducted even more astronauts into its ranks. They hired thousands of people and let out billion-dollar contracts to multi-zillion dollar blue chip, multi-national corporations. After all, what is money when God, Apple Pie, the Flag and the American Way of Life were at stake? Sooner or later, NASA knew that we would get to the dark side of the Moon. This was nobility in its highest form! During the Apollo Program, they began to regularly send astronauts out in threes. The ground computers handled the outward bound navigation to the Moon. Everyone, including the designated navigators, hoped for the best. This turned out to be okay because once they orbited the dark side, while not cured, they really could see the stars clearly enough to be able to report their position. NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 43. Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 32 Before my research into this matter I initially suspected that star-blindness was CIA disinformation for the Russians. Now I don't know what to think. But I shall reprint com- ments the astronauts themselves made during various Apollo missions so that you can come to your own conclusions. Only two of the many books I read for this book dealt in any depth with the subject of star-blindness beyond reporting that the stars were dim and fuzzy. The first is Carrying the Fire by astronaut Michael Collins. The other is For All Mankind by Harry Hurt III who seems to be a very competent researcher. I thought about going to visit the NASA archives in Houston, but I chickened out. I believe that once NASA lets a too-curious visitor into its vaults he (I), might not find the way out again. The government, in addition to having a very bad safety record concerning people who seem to be a tad critical, are always classifying this or that file so that they cannot be viewed for fifty some odd years. Many government critics have complained that the (so- called) Freedom of Information Act has many capricious frustrations. Besides, I didn't want to be "accidentally" locked in one of those basement record rooms. My first quote for this section regarding the back side of the Moon was taken from Harry Hurt's book. He states: "The moon is a natural laboratory for practical research. Its dark side is the ideal place for a giant telescope (possibly constructed out of glass blown from lunar sands) that could afford vast new glimpses into deep space astronomy." 1 That is exactly what I have been telling you. The dark side is apparently — according to NASA — the only place that star-blind people will ever be able to clearly see the stars. Never mind NASA's unconscionable goof with the original optics of the Hubbel Telescope — or their subsequent multi-million dollar repair job. Deep space telescopes may be astigmatic, but — by definition — they're hardly star blind, like the early astronauts. The serious side is that Hurt touts NASA's grandiose plans for Mars because he still believes in NASA. It's all kind of dumb anyway. These fools talking about the dark side of the moon seem to have forgotten that the Moon has no Earth-type fluorescent atmosphere, which sends generated light flying in all directions. Light travels, or reflects, only in straight lines, and it makes absolutely no difference in space whether the Sun is shining or the Earth is shining. A highly directional instrument like a telescope would only have to have a black tube affixed to its end to protect its optics from secondary light pollution. Buzz Aldrin was also quoted by Hurt. While riding Apollo 11 on its way to the Moon, he spoke about the spacecraft's induced rotation around its longitudinal axis. "the only conso- lation was the magnificence of the visual spectacle that paraded past their portals during every roll, what Aldrin calls "an incredible panorama every two minutes as the sun, moon, and Earth appeared in our windows one at a time." 2 There was no mention of stars or planets. His partner, Neil Armstrong, is also quoted, ""The sky is black, you know,"..."It's a very dark sky."" 3 I find all this extremely difficult to understand, because I have been in the woods at night when it was closet black. On clear nights, even those with the new moon, I could travel with ease through the woods using only the light provided by the stars. I was younger then and maybe my eyes were better, but I could even read a book or newspaper by the light of the moon. What makes this star-blindness even stranger is that it comes and goes. On the Gemini 10 mission while space walking, Collins reported, "My God, the stars are everywhere: above me on all sides, even below me somewhat, down there next to that obscure horizon. The NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
  • 44. Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 33 stars are bright and they are steady." 4 Then, by the time he gets to the Agena, the stars are gone. Three years later, on his way to the moon in Apollo 11, he writes, "I can't see the earth, only the black starless sky behind the Agena, ..." 5 And on the next page, "As I slowly cartwheel away from the Agena, I see nothing but the black sky for several seconds,..." 6 One hundred and fifty pages later he also writes, "What I see is disappointing for only the brightest stars are visible through the telescope, and it is difficult to recognize them when they are not accompanied by the dimmer stars,..." 7 That's an incredible statement. Our normal stars seen clearly through a thick atmosphere here on Earth by the naked eye were so dim in space that even a telescope fails to reveal them. All I can conclude is that star-blindness must be like malaria: you are subject to unpredictable random attacks of star blindness when you are in zero gravity. It is a good thing that this doesn't happen here on Earth. Imagine the consternation if half the people say, "See that bright star up there!" and the other half asks, "Up where?" Nevertheless, as the Apollo 11 capsule rounded the Moon the situation changed. As reported by Harry Hurt: "Apollo 11 commander Neil Armstrong, by far the most laconic member of the crew, was also moved to comment: "Houston, it's been a real change for us. Now we are able to see the stars again and recognize constellations for the first time on the trip. The sky is filled with stars, just like nights out on Earth." 8 But as they rounded the Moon once again, the situation brings forth this comment from Mike Collins. "Outside my window I can see stars — and that is all. Where I know the moon to be, there is simply a black void; the moon's presence is defined solely by the absence of stars." 9 Naturally Collins couldn't see the stars if he were looking toward the dark side of the Moon, but if the Apollo 11 rotated, or came around the limb of the Moon, stars should be visible. More confusion emerges as we read the following "explanatory" quote by Collins: l0 "Toward the sun nothing, nothing can be seen but its blinding disk, whereas down-sun there is simply a black void. The stars are there, but they cannot be seen because with sunlight flooding the space craft, the pupil of the eye involuntarily contracts, and the light from the stars is too dim to compete with the reflected sunlight, as both enter the eye through the tiny aperture formed by the contracted pupil. No, to see the stars the pupil must be allowed to relax, to open wide enough to let the starlight form a visible image on the retina, and that can be done only by blocking out the sunlight." Then they rig plates over the windows and he reports, "Under these conditions the eye slowly "dark adapts" itself, and the brighter stars gradually emerge from the void." Fourteen years later Collins wrote another book. The writing is so different from his first that one would almost think it was written by someone else (or at least another ghost writer). In it he proclaims, "My God, the stars are everywhere, even below me. They are somewhat brighter than on earth ..." 11 Toward the end of that book he declares, "Never a day without sunshine, or a night without stars —fat, unblinking stars." 12 Golly, Collins saw the light at last! Every star is just a point of light. Even the closest stars cannot be magnified, or resolved, into a perceptible sphere by the largest of our astronomical telescopes. However, point for NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene