Vikas Soni*, Yogesh Singh, Choudhary Ankit Singh, Sushil K. Kashaw.
Dept. of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. H. S. Gour Univ...
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Narcotic analgesics and prescription opiate abuse - a healthcare concern

Presented by: VIKAS SONI Management Scholar, Pharmaceutical Management. NIPER, Mohali, Punjab, India. GMAIL: Vikas.niper2014@gmail.com LINKEDIN: http://in.linkedin.com/in/vikassoni11/ FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/Vickysoni11
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Narcotic analgesics and prescription opiate abuse - a healthcare concern

  • 1. Vikas Soni*, Yogesh Singh, Choudhary Ankit Singh, Sushil K. Kashaw. Dept. of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. H. S. Gour University, Sagar (M.P.) INTRODUCTION :  Natural opium alkaloids, such as Morphine and Codeine.  Semi-synthetic opioids such as Heroin and Oxycodone.  Fully synthetic opioids such as Pethidine (Meperidine) and Methadone. OPIOIDS AND THEIR COMMERCIAL OR STREET NAMES:  Agonist treatment (e.g., methadone pharmacotherapy)  Antagonist treatment (e.g., naltrexone)  The use of other agents (e.g., clonidine) to help withdrawal from opioid drugs as a means of entry into treatment. Studies over the past 20 years have repeatedly shown opioids to be safe when they are used correctly. Opioid effects can be reversed with an opioid antagonist such as naloxone or naltrexone. These competitive antagonists bind to the opioid receptors with higher affinity than agonists but do not activate the receptors, A proper use of Opioids make them potent therapeutic analgesics, so on this basis we can say that the right use of opioid not cause severe toxicity but misuse results as DEATH. . • Mangione MP, Matoka M: Improving Pain Management Communication. How Patients Understand the terms “Opioid” and Narcotic.” Journal of General Internal Medicine 2008; vol 23:9 1336-1338. • Narcotic drug Addiction Help Rehabitation recovery resourceDrug-rehab-referral. org. Retrieved on 2011-09-24. • www.drugabuse.gov A Narcotic analgesic drug (Opioid) is a psychoactive chemical that works by binding to opioid receptors, which are found principally in the central and peripheral nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract. The receptors in these organ systems mediate both the beneficial effects and the side effect of opioids. Opoids are mainly used as a potent analgesic as they act directly on the central nervous system of the brain, resulting in feelings of euphoria. These feelings and the physical and psychoactive affects of the drugs can help explain the non-medical use (misuse) and abuse of prescription opiates, a serious and rapidly growing health care concern. NARCOTIC OR OPIOID ANALGESICS : ALGESIA (PAIN) AND ITS MANAGEMENT BY OPIOIDS : ADVERSE EFFECTS OF OPIOID MEDICATIONS : PRESCRIPTION OPIATE ABUSE : HOW CAN WE HELP PREVENT PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE : CONCLUSION : EVIDENSES ABOUT OPIATE ABUSE IN INDIA : There is no data available on how many numbers are using such drugs. The government of India, however, clarified that no drugs abuse survey has been done in the last nine years. “The last drug abuse survey was done in 2001 and after that no national survey has been conducted. Now the pilot survey is on, which will be followed by national survey. So the exact number of people using pharmaceuticals would only be known after that,” @Ish Kumar, deputy director general of the Narcotics control bureau. The report also mentioned that there is growing number of people who have been misusing the prescription drugs, such as synthetic opioids. TREATMENT OF OPIATE ABUSE AND ADDICTION : REFERENCES :

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