DR VIRAL PRAJAPATI
MS(ENT)
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR
GMERS MEDICAL COLLEGE
DHARPUR-PATAN
DEFINATION OF POLYP
ETIOLOGY
PATHOGENESIS
TYPES OF NASAL POLYP
SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS
COMPLICATION
MANAGMENT
Polyp is edematous mucosa due to repeated
inflammation which is protruded from nasal
sinus labyrinth.
It’s not growth but ...
ETIOLOGY
 Inflammation of nasal
mucosa
like chronic rhinosinusitis,
asthma, aspirin intolerance,
Sampter’s tirad.
 Disor...
ETHMOIDAL POLYP
ANTROCHOANL POLYP
ETHMOIDAL POLYP
Age-
Adult common
Cause –
Allergic
Number-
Multiple
Origin-
Ethmoid air cell,uncinate
process,middle meatu...
 SYMPTOM
Nasal Blockage
Nasal Discharge
Headache
Loss of Smell
Sneezing
 SIGNS
Broadening of nose
Increase Medial inter ...
Fungal Sinusitis
Orbital cellulites
Pan sinusitis
Secretary Otitis media
Tonsilitis
 INVESTIGATION
 TREATMENT
 PATHOLOGICAL
CBC
ESR
RFT
LFT
BT,CT,BGRH
HIV,HBSAg
 RADIOLOGICAL
XRAY CHEST
XRAY PNS
CT PNS
 SPECIAL INVESTIGATION:- NA...
MEDICAL
a) Antibiotic if infection is present
b) Oral decongestant
c) Oral systemic steroid in case of allergic polyp
d) N...
ETHMOIDAL POLYP ANTROCHOANAL POLYP
Nasal polyp ppt
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Nasal polyp ppt

its useful for teaching purpose of undergraduate student of M.B.B.S.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Nasal polyp ppt

  • 1. DR VIRAL PRAJAPATI MS(ENT) ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR GMERS MEDICAL COLLEGE DHARPUR-PATAN
  • 2. DEFINATION OF POLYP ETIOLOGY PATHOGENESIS TYPES OF NASAL POLYP SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS COMPLICATION MANAGMENT
  • 3. Polyp is edematous mucosa due to repeated inflammation which is protruded from nasal sinus labyrinth. It’s not growth but it’s edematous of normal lining mucosa.
  • 4. ETIOLOGY  Inflammation of nasal mucosa like chronic rhinosinusitis, asthma, aspirin intolerance, Sampter’s tirad.  Disorder of ciliary motility Kartagener’s syndrome(BSSC) Yong’s syndrome(SpA) Churg Strauss Syndrome(AFEVG)  Abnormal composition of nasal mucus Cystic Fibrosis PATHOLOGY Inflamation of nasal mucosa cause increase vascular permeability that causes collection of extracellular fluid so edema of normal nasal mucosa seen which causes narrowing of ostium as well as prolapsing normal mucosa from sinus labrynth. Due to repeat blowing of nose for clearing of nasal secretion cause decrease nasal cavity pressure(Burnoulli’s theory) so its inceasr size of polyp and pull down the polyp
  • 5. ETHMOIDAL POLYP ANTROCHOANL POLYP
  • 6. ETHMOIDAL POLYP Age- Adult common Cause – Allergic Number- Multiple Origin- Ethmoid air cell,uncinate process,middle meatus,medial surface and edge ofmiddle turbinate Growth- forward Anteriorly Size & Shape- bunch of grapes like Recurrence- Common Color- Pale Grayish ANTROCHOANAL POLYP Age- Children common Cause – Infection Number- Solid single Origin- Maxillary Sinus Growth- Backward Posteriorly Size & Shape- Tri lobe: Antrum,Nasal and Chonal part Recurrence- Uncommon Color- Red Pinkish
  • 7.  SYMPTOM Nasal Blockage Nasal Discharge Headache Loss of Smell Sneezing  SIGNS Broadening of nose Increase Medial inter canthal distance
  • 8. Fungal Sinusitis Orbital cellulites Pan sinusitis Secretary Otitis media Tonsilitis
  • 9.  INVESTIGATION  TREATMENT
  • 10.  PATHOLOGICAL CBC ESR RFT LFT BT,CT,BGRH HIV,HBSAg  RADIOLOGICAL XRAY CHEST XRAY PNS CT PNS  SPECIAL INVESTIGATION:- NASAL ENDOSCOPY
  • 11. MEDICAL a) Antibiotic if infection is present b) Oral decongestant c) Oral systemic steroid in case of allergic polyp d) Nasal drops SURGICAL a) Polypectomy : Intranasal Transnasal b)FESS(Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery): It’s Modern advance surgery
  • 12. ETHMOIDAL POLYP ANTROCHOANAL POLYP

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