Present Simple Tense
To work I work
You work
he works
Uses: 1. The Generic Present =
generic or universal truths
The earth moves around the sun
Uses : 1. The Generic Present =
generic or universal truths; laws of
nature
Water boils at 100 C.
Uses: The Generic Present = generic
or universal truths; laws of nature
The Danube flows into the Black Sea
Uses: 1. The Generic Present = facts
which are always true; permanent
situation or state
She works in a bank
Uses: 1. The Generic Present = facts
which are always true; permanent
situation or state
He who laughs last laughs best
Uses: 1. The Generic Present =
generic or universal truths
Uses: 2. Habitual present
always
generally
usually
often
rarely
sometimes
never
every day/ week/ month
on Sunday
Children ...
Uses: 2. Habitual present
often
sometimes
rarely
twice a week
usually
never
Uses: 2. Habitual present
often
sometimes
rarely
twice a week
usually
never
Uses: 2. Habitual present
This child always helps his parents to shovel
the snow in front of their house
Uses: 2. Habitual present
This girl never says no when asked to do the
dishes
Uses: 2. Habitual present
He washes the dishes every day
Uses: 3. The Instantaneous
Present = Particular Event!!!
Simultaneous with the moment of
Speaking
NO DURATION in mind
Radi...
Uses: 3. The Instantaneous
Present = Particular Event!!!
Simultaneous with the moment of
Speaking
There goes the last bus!...
Uses: 3. The Instantaneous
Present = Particular Event!!!
Simultaneous with the moment of
Speaking
Banel Nicolita passes th...
Uses: 3. The Instantaneous
Present = Particular Event!!!
Simultaneous with the moment of
Speaking
The actions will happen ...
Uses: 3. The Instantaneous
Present = Particular Event!!!
Simultaneous with the moment of
Speaking
Now I put the cake mixtu...
Uses: 4. State Verbs
Be/ Have
He is very intelligent
He has/ owns/ possess a nice house
Vbs of thinking
think
understand
b...
Verbs of thinking
think
I think Present
Simple is not difficult
I think the museum is open to visitors
understand
Do you u...
Verbs of thinking
I think I’ll
impress
John if I
study hard
Anyway,
I understand
the lesson better now
I expect the teache...
Verbs of feelings and emotions
hate
loathe
detest
want
prefer
wish
love
like
adore
desire
I dislike his behaviour
I want t...
Verbs of feelings and emotions
I adore
these
moments
of peace
Wow, I love this
coffee brand,
it is a wonderful start
for m...
Verbs of involuntary
perception
hear
Listen! Do you hear a
noise?
I am listening, but I can’t hear a
thing, I do not hear,...
Verbs of involuntary
perception
This
coffee
smells
terrible
Ooops, it tastes
awful, too
but I can’t say a word
I feel like...
Verbs of involuntary
perception
Uses: 5. The Present Simple for
Future
Planned future action
Part of an already
fixed programme
Calendar,
journey,
timetab...
Uses: 5. The Present Simple for
Future
Planned future action
Part of an already
fixed programme
Calendar,
journey,
timetab...
Uses: 5. The Present Simple for
Future
The train leaves Craiova
at 6:30 and arrives in
Bucharest at 8:30
Our spring holida...
Uses: 5. The Present Simple for
Future
What time does the film
begin?
One day three we visit
Buckingham Palace; - descript...
Uses: 5. The Present Simple for
Future
time
The sooner you finish
the better it will becondition
The idea of futurity isTh...
If Clauses
If I get a
good mark
my mom will
buy me the
dress
If I read the whole pile of
books I will get a ten
If I under...
Time Clauses
When I go
home I’ll
have a hot
shower and
go to bed
As soon as the bell rings
I’ll rush out of the door
When ...
Bibliography:
• Ioana Murar, The English Verb,
EUC, 2004, Craiova
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Presentsimpletense

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Entertainment & Humor      Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Presentsimpletense

  • 1. Present Simple Tense To work I work You work he works
  • 2. Uses: 1. The Generic Present = generic or universal truths The earth moves around the sun
  • 3. Uses : 1. The Generic Present = generic or universal truths; laws of nature Water boils at 100 C.
  • 4. Uses: The Generic Present = generic or universal truths; laws of nature The Danube flows into the Black Sea
  • 5. Uses: 1. The Generic Present = facts which are always true; permanent situation or state She works in a bank
  • 6. Uses: 1. The Generic Present = facts which are always true; permanent situation or state He who laughs last laughs best
  • 7. Uses: 1. The Generic Present = generic or universal truths
  • 8. Uses: 2. Habitual present always generally usually often rarely sometimes never every day/ week/ month on Sunday Children always look for love Generally, I don’t drink coffee in the evening I usually walk to school I often read my Bible I never get up late in the morning She goes to England every yearNo Particular Event or State No Particular Moment of Time
  • 9. Uses: 2. Habitual present often sometimes rarely twice a week usually never
  • 10. Uses: 2. Habitual present often sometimes rarely twice a week usually never
  • 11. Uses: 2. Habitual present This child always helps his parents to shovel the snow in front of their house
  • 12. Uses: 2. Habitual present This girl never says no when asked to do the dishes
  • 13. Uses: 2. Habitual present He washes the dishes every day
  • 14. Uses: 3. The Instantaneous Present = Particular Event!!! Simultaneous with the moment of Speaking NO DURATION in mind Radio or TV commentaries, sports Description of demonstrations, experiments Stage directions Exclamations: Here, There… .
  • 15. Uses: 3. The Instantaneous Present = Particular Event!!! Simultaneous with the moment of Speaking There goes the last bus! There it goes! Here comes the bus!
  • 16. Uses: 3. The Instantaneous Present = Particular Event!!! Simultaneous with the moment of Speaking Banel Nicolita passes the ball to Chivu who heads straigh into the goal!
  • 17. Uses: 3. The Instantaneous Present = Particular Event!!! Simultaneous with the moment of Speaking The actions will happen each and every time the same! He coughs loudly several times, sits down on the chair, frowns, sneezes He sits down on the floor, stretches his arms and sighs
  • 18. Uses: 3. The Instantaneous Present = Particular Event!!! Simultaneous with the moment of Speaking Now I put the cake mixture into this bowl and add a drop of vanilla essence
  • 19. Uses: 4. State Verbs Be/ Have He is very intelligent He has/ owns/ possess a nice house Vbs of thinking think understand believe Vbs of feelings and emotions love hate want Involuntary perception Feel, hear, see
  • 20. Verbs of thinking think I think Present Simple is not difficult I think the museum is open to visitors understand Do you understand Present Simple now? They understand my problem now believe I believe in God I believe he is the man you are looking for I do not believe it. Guess, imagine, know, remember, supposeRealize, remember, doubt, forget
  • 21. Verbs of thinking I think I’ll impress John if I study hard Anyway, I understand the lesson better now I expect the teacher will give me a high mark I doubt I can read the whole pile of books, though
  • 22. Verbs of feelings and emotions hate loathe detest want prefer wish love like adore desire I dislike his behaviour I want to go to London Do you like English?
  • 23. Verbs of feelings and emotions I adore these moments of peace Wow, I love this coffee brand, it is a wonderful start for my long work day! I hate the way the waitress looks at me… she must think that there is no tip I want to talk to my boss, I can see him at that table over there, but...
  • 24. Verbs of involuntary perception hear Listen! Do you hear a noise? I am listening, but I can’t hear a thing, I do not hear, really…. see I see a car com ing tow ards us Look: You look well smell The house still smells of that cabbage stew I am smelling the flower and I can say that it smells good Feel, notice I feel (like) an absolute fool Taste: The soup tastes bad
  • 25. Verbs of involuntary perception This coffee smells terrible Ooops, it tastes awful, too but I can’t say a word I feel like an absolute fool. I hope this coffee commercial is a success and the public can’t read my mind
  • 26. Verbs of involuntary perception
  • 27. Uses: 5. The Present Simple for Future Planned future action Part of an already fixed programme Calendar, journey, timetableCome, go,leave return; begin, finish, start, end, meet. Obligatory adverbial ofObligatory adverbial of time for the correcttime for the correct interpretation of theinterpretation of the temporal valuetemporal value
  • 28. Uses: 5. The Present Simple for Future Planned future action Part of an already fixed programme Calendar, journey, timetableCome, go,leave return; begin, finish, start, end, meet. Obligatory adverbial ofObligatory adverbial of time for the correcttime for the correct interpretation of theinterpretation of the temporal valuetemporal value
  • 29. Uses: 5. The Present Simple for Future The train leaves Craiova at 6:30 and arrives in Bucharest at 8:30 Our spring holiday begins on April 26th. Certainty
  • 30. Uses: 5. The Present Simple for Future What time does the film begin? One day three we visit Buckingham Palace; - description of travel arrangements The examination begins at 8.30 tomorrow morning. Certainty
  • 31. Uses: 5. The Present Simple for Future time The sooner you finish the better it will becondition The idea of futurity isThe idea of futurity is clearly denoted in the mainclearly denoted in the main clause --> Future Timeclause --> Future Time I’ll give you the book as soon as I finish Unless you leave now, you will miss the train We will be late if you don’t hurry
  • 32. If Clauses If I get a good mark my mom will buy me the dress If I read the whole pile of books I will get a ten If I understand this page I will call it a day If I finish here in time I will go to the concert
  • 33. Time Clauses When I go home I’ll have a hot shower and go to bed As soon as the bell rings I’ll rush out of the door When I get the phone from Mark I’ll leave the library When I finish this book I won’t start another one
  • 34. Bibliography: • Ioana Murar, The English Verb, EUC, 2004, Craiova

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