UPEC julio 31STUDENTPORTFOLIO 2012NAME: WILLIAM MORILLO INGLES 6°
DOSSIERSHARE YOUR IDEAS ABOUT THE DVANCE OF TEHCNOLOGY AND THEIR USE AT PRESENT TIMEIMAGINE WHAT ...
As I will powers are many and of great importance such as I have and will improve theways of thinking and to make appropri...
Finally, other capacity development and Im going to put into practice in the laborfield is teamwork, as it is of utmost im...
I can also say that many of the phenomena of the world and our country arecaused by human activities that disrupt the norm...
All of us in one form or another as long as we are affected by these phenomenathat occur in our world.In many cases a man ...
The third case was important globally, and personally I can remember I haveto:3) Earthquake in Qinghai China.A strong eart...
Used for predictionsWill Verb (base form)Examples:The concert will begin at 8 oclock.When will the train leave?Used for sc...
Frank is going to study Medicine.Where are they going to stay when they come?She isnt going to buy the new house afterall....
The class begins at 11.30.The plane leaves at 6 oclock.Used for scheduled public events such as train and plane schedules,...
Examples:You are going to stay with them.She is going to visit Paul.They are going to move soon.Conjugate the helping verb...
Examples:Are you attending the meeting on Friday?Is he coming to the party?Are they giving a presentation? UNIV...
4. - Water in our lives has a variety of uses such as washing our fruits and vegetablesthat we eat, it is used for bathing...
Will the administration I can be defined as the process of designing and maintaining anenvironment in which people work in...
a- A used for people ( call ). cell...
g- A used for the weather satell...
TAREA 2Article using infinitives ECUADOR ECONOMYThe economy of our country today is now of par...
Other actions that intend to help the economy of our country are:1. Distribution and marketing of oil to countries that ca...
One of the areas that the most visited, is characterized by oil production, timber,agricultural and ranching in the Amazon...
PASSIVE VOICEPLEASE WRITE AN ARTICLE ABOUT YOUR CAREER IN THE UPEC. IN WHICHYOU USE THE DIFFERENT FORMS OF THE PASSIVE VOI...
Will the administration I can be defined as the process of designing and maintaining anenvironment in which people work in...
youYou dont like music.heHe is going out.sheShe likes sport.itit is raining.weWe live in London.youHow old are you?theyWhe...
usCome and see us.youI don´t know you.themHe knows them.Also used the object pronouns follows the prepositions (for, with,...
I hate parties. Theyre boring.Theres Pat and Tom. I like them.I dont like dogs. Im afraid of them.I never go to parties. I...
(= When you put water in a cooler, it freezes)If you heat ice, it melts.(= When you heat ice, it melts)CLAUSULA CONDICIONA...
The examples discussed above show you two different patterns of conditions for thiscase. However, other combinations are a...
Principaldesires of my lifeThe desires I have in my life, this first meeting and get my engineeringdegree inbusiness admin...
As a very famous person would make much money, where an amount of money thatyou earn go toward the neediest people perform...
And if I were a celebrity would make my activities and actions responsibly and safelywithout dirtying my name against the ...
We warmly thank the people that I have taken into account for this annual convention,and I hope they understand my situati...
I can let you know that the smart card project for gas distribution is focused onsupplying the needs of citizens and that ...
TAREA 3: REPORTED SPEECHDEAR STUDENTS PLEASE PERFORM YOUR OWN EAMPLES IN WHICH YOU EVIDENCETHE TRANSFORMATION OF THE REPOR...
15. "How far is your house?" The taxi driver 15. The taxi driver asked me how far it was myasked me. ...
injured. week but had not been injured or Tom had an ...
"Did you buy a new car?" she asked. She asked me if I had bought a new car.PastContinuous ...
Modal Verbs DirectSpeech IndirectSpeech Will ...
CNT. I can say that the cell in most Latin American countries because the service operatesthrough a network of cells, wher...
Among the disadvantages that may have cell phone use are:  It can cause withdrawal, disconnection from reality and soli...
INTRODUCTIONManagement is the corporate body responsible for making resources productive, thatis the responsibility of org...
ADMINISTRATIONThe administration is defined as the process of designing and maintaining anenvironment in which people work...
ADMINISTRATORSThey are individuals in an organization that steers the work of others. They also mayhave some operational r...
Plan: future evaluation and provisioning resources based on that.Organization: provides the elements necessary for the ope...
Management features1. Universality. The administrative phenomenon occurs wherever there is a socialorganism, because it mu...
7. Interdisciplinarity. The administration uses the principles, processes, proceduresand methods of other sciences that re...
• are feasible contributions from other schools that can be used administrative andbest administrative contemporary though...
BIBLIOGRAPHIES• Elementos básicos de la administración. [Documento en Línea].Disponible:http://www.geoogle.com/organiz...
Portafolio de ingles 6°
Portafolio de ingles 6°
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Portafolio de ingles 6°

PORTAFOLIO DE INGLES DE TODO EL 6 NIVEL
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
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Transcripts - Portafolio de ingles 6°

  • 1. UPEC julio 31STUDENTPORTFOLIO 2012NAME: WILLIAM MORILLO INGLES 6°
  • 2. DOSSIERSHARE YOUR IDEAS ABOUT THE DVANCE OF TEHCNOLOGY AND THEIR USE AT PRESENT TIMEIMAGINE WHAT CAPACITIES OR COMPETENCES YOU WILL BE ABLE TO DOAFTER YOU FINISH THE UNIVERSITYSpecifically to culminate my career Ill be ready to act and play very importantpositions in any public or private entity since theoretically be ready to play any role orposition in relation to business administration and marketing, but it is worth tospecify and to know that as a student, which in practice will have less experience butwant to go out and strive hasten every day, this part of work experience is animportant part I give to know as many of us recently graduated students not complyperfectly with the practical skills or work to develop us well in the workplace, sincemany of us have to learn and improve work practice in companies.
  • 3. As I will powers are many and of great importance such as I have and will improve theways of thinking and to make appropriate decisions for improvement, could helpsociety to solve problems that are happening and I would a researcher cases thataffect our society.Another strength that Im developing and improving innovation is constant, this beingan important factor that every manager must have and you have to develop.
  • 4. Finally, other capacity development and Im going to put into practice in the laborfield is teamwork, as it is of utmost importance so we could work together better inthe field defogging labor and so focus and meet our objectives of the best way.PLEASE WRITE AN ARTICLE ABOUT THE NATURAL DISASTERS THAT MAYHAPPEN AT PRESENT TIME INTRODUCTIONIn this issue I give to make known then speak of the natural phenomena of theworld and our country and everything related to the material and human lossescaused by nature such as earthquakes, floods, landslides, deforestation ,environmental pollution and others.
  • 5. I can also say that many of the phenomena of the world and our country arecaused by human activities that disrupt the normal environment. Among some ofthe best known are: pollution of the environment, erroneous and irrationalexploitation of natural resources have to forests, soil, minerals, construction ofhouses and buildings in high risk areas.Basically if we talk about natural phenomena in our country and around the world, Ican say that the biggest risk area is always in the Pacific since historically most ofthe phenomena have occurred in the ocean.Among one of the phenomena, which I can personally say that was the mostshocking was the phenomenon of the child, and that this phenomenon originatedmajor floods, causing distress for the entire population and economic collapse inmany countries including our country, as happened in two sometimes at the end ofthe twentieth century.
  • 6. All of us in one form or another as long as we are affected by these phenomenathat occur in our world.In many cases a man could do nothing to prevent these phenomena, or in othercases the man does nothing to prevent them. The effects of a disaster can beamplified due to poor planning of human settlements, lack of safety measures,emergency plans and warning systems and man becomes a little fuzzy. All this youcan see it focused in many countries, including our country, because I canpersonally say that the safety standards provided by the state, many of us do notdeliver.Then I will make known some of the most disastrous that we and everyone wehave lived and of which I can remember personally:1) Earthquake and Tsunami in Japan 8.9 which I think is most important in theworld.This was caused on 11 Mar 2011 earthquake that rocked much of the east coast ofJapan had a magnitude of 8.9 degrees on the Richter scale, the largest in thehistory of Japan, taking more than 5 000 people and hundreds of million loss inEconomics.2) The Indian Ocean earthquake of 2004, which was also one of the moststriking, and one of the most recent.Known by the scientific community as the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake was anundersea earthquake that occurred at 00:58 UTC, or 7:58 local time in the regionon Sunday, December 26, 2004 (21:58 hours coast West Pacific on SaturdayDecember 25, 2004), centered on the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. Thisearthquake caused a series of devastating tsunamis along the coasts of mostcountries bordering the Indian Ocean.
  • 7. The third case was important globally, and personally I can remember I haveto:3) Earthquake in Qinghai China.A strong earthquake in Chinas Qinghai Province, neighboring the Tíbelt, killed atleast 550 dead and 10,000 wounded. The earthquake destroyed hundreds ofhomes and cut communications in the region, local authorities said.The earthquake occurred in the province of Qinghai, neighboring Tibet in China.According to the Institute of Geophysics of the United States, had a magnitude of6.9 degree.The latest report released states that are 400 dead and around 10 thousandinjured, the agency official New China. Following the quake, hundreds of housescollapsed, roads and telecommunications were cut off were interrupted in thisHimalayan region.PLEASE DO A RESEARCH OR AN INVESTIGATION ABOUT THE DIFFERENTFORMS OF FUTURE Future FormsThen I will make known the future models that I know personally, Ican tell they are all forms that have taught me throughout mystudent life.The following are examples, applications and training for future formsWill Verb (base form)Examples:It will snow tomorrow.She wont win the election.
  • 8. Used for predictionsWill Verb (base form)Examples:The concert will begin at 8 oclock.When will the train leave?Used for scheduled eventsWill Verb (base form)Examples:Will you marry me?Ill help you with your homework after classUsed for promisesWill Verb (base form)Examples:Ill make you a sandwich.Theyll help you if you want.Used for offersWill Verb (base form)Examples:He will telephone as soon as he arrives.Will you visit me when you come next week?Used in combination with time clauses (as soon as, when, before, after)Be going to Verb (base form)Examples:
  • 9. Frank is going to study Medicine.Where are they going to stay when they come?She isnt going to buy the new house afterall.The future with going to is used to express planned events or intentions. Theseevents or intentions are decided on before the moment of speaking.NOTEGoing to or -ing are often both correct for planed events. Going to should be usedfor distant future intentions (example: Hes going to study Law)Be going to Verb (base form)Examples:Oh no! Look at those clouds. Its going to rain.Be careful! Youre going to drop those dishes!Used for future predictions based on physical (usually visual) evidence.Present Continuous (be -ing)Examples:Hes coming tomorrow afternoon.What are we having for dinner?Im not seeing the doctor until Friday.Used for planned or personally scheduled events. Usually used with principle verbssuch as: come, go, begin, start, finish, have, etc.NOTEGoing to or -ing are often both correct for planed events. Going to should be usedfor distant future intentions (example: Hes going to study Law)Simple PresentExamples:
  • 10. The class begins at 11.30.The plane leaves at 6 oclock.Used for scheduled public events such as train and plane schedules, course schedules,etc.Common future time expressions include:next (week, month, year), tomorrow, in Xs time (amount of time, i.e. two weekstime), in year, time clauses (when, as soon as, before, after) simple present (example: Iwill telephone as soon as I arrive.) soon, laterStructure of the FormsFuture with WillS + will + verb (base form) = positveExamples:Ill make you a sandwich.Theyll visit soon.Itll rain tomorrow.S + will not (wont) + verb (base form) = negativeExamples:She wont come next week.It wont take a long time.We wont sing that song.Will + S + verb (base form) = questionExamples:Will you give me a hand?Where will she stay?When will we leave?Future with going toConjugate the helping verb "be" going to verb (base form).
  • 11. Examples:You are going to stay with them.She is going to visit Paul.They are going to move soon.Conjugate the helping verb "be" not going to verb (base form)Examples:Im not going to stay very long.We arent going to visit our friends in Paris.They arent going to get a new job.Question word conjugate the helping verb be subject going to verb (base form)Examples:What are you going to do?Where is he going to stay?When are they going to leave?Future with -ing (present continuous)Conjugate the helping verb "be" and verb -ing.Examples:Im meeting him tomorrow.Shes having lunch with Tom.Theyre flying to Lisbon next week.Conjugate the helping verb "be" not verb -ing.Examples:She isnt having a meeting tomorrow.You arent playing tennis this weekend.They arent going to the party.Question word conjugate the helping verb be subject verb -ing
  • 12. Examples:Are you attending the meeting on Friday?Is he coming to the party?Are they giving a presentation? UNIVERSIDAD POLITÉCNICA ESTATAL DEL CARCHITOPIC:TASK 8. ROOM PROJECT ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENTDATE:17-05-2012NAME: WILLIAM MORILLOLEVEL: 6° ENGLISH 1. WATER 2.- WATER 3.- WHERE WATER 4.- WATER USES ENVIRONMENT1. - Water is the main and essential component of the human body, and the maincomponent to generate any kind or alive human being existing in the world.2.- I can personally say that the water is in our environment where we live now andthroughout the world, including also plants, rivers, the forests, oceans and all livingthings in the world. You could say that the aquatic environment is very broad andvery important in our lives, because through it all living beings can live and reproduce.3. - We, human beings can find water in many parts of the world, this we have therivers, seas, lakes, mountains and even can be found in trees. As a result, the water isin all places where we are, even water can be found in the deserts, but in smallerquantities.
  • 13. 4. - Water in our lives has a variety of uses such as washing our fruits and vegetablesthat we eat, it is used for bathing or showering, serves to prepare our food, it is usedto give life to our plants and finally and more importantly serves to give a goodperformance to our bodies.PASSIVE VOICEPLEASE WRITE AN ARTICLE ABOUT YOUR CAREER IN THE UPEC. IN WHICHYOU USE THE DIFFERENT FORMS OF THE PASSIVE VOICE School of business administration and marketingThe career of business management and marketing will be Carreras is one of the mostimportant that the university has.The School of Business Administration and Marketing, will be called is to give the answerthe Carchi need to promote its true development, through the incubation of small,medium and large, and also by providing knowledge and cutting-edge skills delivered tobusinesses and institutions to achieve these objectives has been selected in a rigorousway the faculty, which transmits its scientific, technological and cultural knowledge ayouth eager to meet and achieving the goals set by our prestigious institution of highereducation.
  • 14. Will the administration I can be defined as the process of designing and maintaining anenvironment in which people work in groups effectively reach selected goals. I think thisapplies to all types of organizations whether they be small or large for-profit andnonprofit, to manufacturing and service.Thats why my career in business administration and marketing is very important bothpersonally and corporately we will solve any problems that occur in our city and ourcountry.Infinitive in a web link1- Complete the sentences below with the right name of the object andput the verb in the infinitive or gerund :MICROWAVE OVEN , CELL PHONE, COMPUTERS, INTERNET, TELEPHONES,IPHONEExample: DNA fingerprinting is (to be) used to identifycriminals.(identify)
  • 15. a- A used for people ( call ). cell phone is callingb- used to Computers are make researches ( make ).c- A used for photocopies ( take ). fax machine is takingd- The used to the weather internet is readreport ( read ).e- used for IPHONES ARE making music downloads ( make ).f- A used to food. ( heat ). microw ave is heat
  • 16. g- A used for the weather satellite is checkingaround the world (check).h- used to telephones arepeople conversations ( have ). have
  • 17. TAREA 2Article using infinitives ECUADOR ECONOMYThe economy of our country today is now of paramount importance since it is whatmakes a country as economically and productively.I can also say that the largest base of the economy of our country is the richbiodiversity of the territory, population, together with the creation of public andprivate companies, products offered, services provided and exports made todifferent countries.Considering the export products made by our country we can say is the mostexcellent, as an important activity for the economy of our country.Among the products exported and I have knowledge of them are:Mainly we have oil, bananas, shrimp, seafood, coffee and cocoa, which help us toimprove our economy and are significant to us all.In my view for us to increase our countrys economy the state could make betterchanges in world trade, one way in which export products to reach more countries,in order to grow our economy, providing benefits all of us.
  • 18. Other actions that intend to help the economy of our country are:1. Distribution and marketing of oil to countries that can pay more per barrel2. Proper administration of the Trans-Ecuadorian pipeline to increase revenue withrespect to all pipelines are there in our country.3. I also think it was good to improve the actions taken at the offices of the country.5. Expand and improve our countrys Telecommunications6. Finally, and as essential, more attention and greater concentration in relation toelectricity in the transmission and distribution aspects.To conclude I can say that:Our country in the world is a very important factor in everyones life, as we havediversity of wealth that many countries require them, that is why all the goodactions performed by our government will be reflected in the future.Each of us expect our country to grow every day more and more because in thefuture we will be rewarded in a good way and economically.TAREA 3News inventions Tourism of EcuadorIn our country, Ecuador has many great tourist attraction areas that stand out for itsdiverse culture and rich biodiversity, among these, the central mountains and theAmazon, rich in wealth.
  • 19. One of the areas that the most visited, is characterized by oil production, timber,agricultural and ranching in the Amazon region, as for the Sierra region, we have acrop, livestock and flower.All these sectors are most preferred by tourists q coming to visit our country, moreand more the tourist population is growing, and this is very important to the economyof our country, because if we increase the busiest tourists economical.Among the most known and most visited touristically we have:Laguna Toreadora. - From Cuenca takes about 40 minutes to get there.Half the world in the city of QuitoIn Guayaquil we have the boardwalkCemetery TulcánThe Galapagos IslandsThe beaches of the province of emeraldsAll these places are well known to us by many Ecuadorians and tourists who havevisited our country.TAREA 4
  • 20. PASSIVE VOICEPLEASE WRITE AN ARTICLE ABOUT YOUR CAREER IN THE UPEC. IN WHICHYOU USE THE DIFFERENT FORMS OF THE PASSIVE VOICE School of business administration and marketingThe career of business management and marketing will be Carreras is one of the mostimportant that the university has.The School of Business Administration and Marketing, will be called is to give the answerthe Carchi need to promote its true development, through the incubation of small,medium and large, and also by providing knowledge and cutting-edge skills delivered tobusinesses and institutions to achieve these objectives has been selected in a rigorousway the faculty, which transmits its scientific, technological and cultural knowledge ayouth eager to meet and achieving the goals set by our prestigious institution of highereducation.
  • 21. Will the administration I can be defined as the process of designing and maintaining anenvironment in which people work in groups effectively reach selected goals. I think thisapplies to all types of organizations whether they be small or large for-profit andnonprofit, to manufacturing and service.Thats why my career in business administration and marketing is very important bothpersonally and corporately we will solve any problems that occur in our city and ourcountry.PLEASE DO A RESEARCH ABOUT THE OBJECT AND SUBJECT PRONOUNS ANDTHE CONDITIONAL SENETNCES TYPE 2PLEASE DO A RESEARCH ABOUT THE OBJECT AND SUBJECT PRONOUNS AND THECONDITIONAL SENETNCES TYPE 2SUBJECT PRONOUNSweyoutheyOBJECT PRONOUNSyouthemRemember that the subject pronouns function as subject of the verb and objectpronouns as a complement of the verb. Note that the object pronouns is placed afterthe verb:SUBJECTII am English.
  • 22. youYou dont like music.heHe is going out.sheShe likes sport.itit is raining.weWe live in London.youHow old are you?theyWhere are they?SUBJECTmeYou dont like me.youIm following you.himCan I see him?herHe likes her!itHow do you spell it?
  • 23. usCome and see us.youI don´t know you.themHe knows them.Also used the object pronouns follows the prepositions (for, with, etc.):The call isnt for you. Its for her.Shes going out with me this evening.He is speaking to them.She lives near us.We must be especially careful with pronouns it, they/them:It can refer to animals, things and sometimes people:It is a big black dog. I dont like itIt is a nice house. I like it.As the subject empty, meaningless:Its ten oclock.It´s raining.To identify people:Whos that?Its MrFelida.They/them can refer to people, animals and things:Theres Pat and Tom. Theyre talking.There are the dogs. They´re running.
  • 24. I hate parties. Theyre boring.Theres Pat and Tom. I like them.I dont like dogs. Im afraid of them.I never go to parties. I dont like them.CONDITIONAL SENTENCESWhen you want to talk about a "possible" situation and results, you should use aconditional clause. Look at these examples:If people invite you to a party, they expect you to come properly dressed.If I wear the green jacket, itll go with my new shoes.In this type of conditional sentences there is a real possibility that what happens inthem is expressed. There are basically two types of structures:CLAUSULA CONDICIONALIF + present simpleCLAUSULA PRINCIPALpresent simpleUsing this type of conditional sentence to talk about something that always happens.Its like a law. In this type of condition if (if) has a similar meaning to when (when):If you put water in a cooler, it freezes.
  • 25. (= When you put water in a cooler, it freezes)If you heat ice, it melts.(= When you heat ice, it melts)CLAUSULA CONDICIONALIF + present simpleCLAUSULA PRINCIPALWILL / LL / WONT + infinitiveHowever, using this second alternative conditional sentence to talk about a possiblefuture outcome, that is, not quite sure:If I wear the green jacket, itll go with my new shoes.If you dont study, you wont pass the FCE exam.In these conditional sentences generally can use unless (unless) instead of thestructure if ... not (yes. .. not). notes:Unless you study, you wont pass the exam.(= If you dont study, you wont pass the exam)(= Si no estudias, no aprobarás el examen)Unless I wear clothes like theirs, my friends will think Im a bit strange.(= If I dont wear clothes like theirs, my friends will think Im a bit strange)
  • 26. The examples discussed above show you two different patterns of conditions for thiscase. However, other combinations are also possible verb forms. Here are twoexamples:If you get the chance, visit Buenos Aires in spring.If youre not nervous, why is your hand shaking?The possible combinations can lead even modal verbs as in these three examples.If you have finished, you may go.>> MODAL VERB: mayIf youre feeling ill, you ought to see a doctor.>> MODAL VERB: ought toIf Mirta, Ricardo and Miguel could do those webs, they can do anything.>> MODAL VERBS: could (past) - can (present)DEAR STUDENTS ON THIS SECTION YOU HAVE TO SHARE YOUR IDEAS ABOUTTHE MAIN WISHES YOU HAVE IN YOUR LIFE
  • 27. Principaldesires of my lifeThe desires I have in my life, this first meeting and get my engineeringdegree inbusiness administration and marketing, this being my first goal thatI have beenstruggling year after year in recent years.The second objective is to obtain primary and essential workaccording to myexperiences and knowledge, which I personally can developverywell and haveappreciation for the work you do against others.Like any person, havingreceived its title and a steady job so I would like is to find mybetter halfor my partner so I can make a home where there is lots of loveandunderstanding.It concluded with these desires to bring before work and I would constantlybeat in anyarea in which I know very well develop, and able to deal with anyproblems, obstaclesand difficulties always occur constantly in our dailylives.This is all about my dreams and desires that I intend to achieve anticipationof future.IMAGINE YOU WERE A FAMOUS PERSON (ANYONE) . TELL US WHAT WOULD YOU DOIF YOU WERE THAT PERSONIf I were a celebrity would have been a very supportive person in front of the neediestpeople of our country.
  • 28. As a very famous person would make much money, where an amount of money thatyou earn go toward the neediest people performing acts of solidarity such as health,education and support programs caring for society.A famous person to be loved and appreciated by people in the world, should makesolidarity aid to people who do not have financial resources and not much help fromthe state, which is why my first point, one famous person would help the poorestpeople.Moreover when a celebrity I would link my project to help athletes who need a lot ofcelebrities, such as to help raise awareness against the public and publicize itssporting qualities they have and need expel those qualities that athletes have.
  • 29. And if I were a celebrity would make my activities and actions responsibly and safelywithout dirtying my name against the company, as many cases many of the famousare not always appreciated by everyone in the world, and many of them performactions that are against the law and discredit his name, for this I would make thingsthe best way possible without my integrity and my personality is affected in someway.DEAR STUDENTS WRITE A FORMA LETTER TO ASK INFORMATION ABOUT THECONVENTION ADVERTISED HEREHello friends who make up the ADS Annual Convention - San Diego, California My name is William MORILLO First of all thanking you for the invitation to the annual convention held in SanDiego California, on the other hand I let them know that this kind of convention I foundvery important since many people would be integrated which will have the opportunityto meet and know more about them and their cultures, where I can say that I love to bepresent in these types of events. As another point of view I would like to know its interesting that these seminarsare proposed for studying people like us, because the topics that you would help me toknow much to strengthen my knowledge and gain new experiences in the course of mylife.But thinking clearly I like to attend this seminar next year because right now I find myselfwith little time and with little money to pay for and attend this seminar, which for me isvery important and very interesting, basically the information that has given me I knowhow important it would be to be present at this seminar.Then I can say that with much more knowledge of this type of seminar I would be readyand prepare me for next year, so you can attend these types of conventions.
  • 30. We warmly thank the people that I have taken into account for this annual convention,and I hope they understand my situations that Im going.Thank you very much.WRITED OWN ANA RTICLE ABOUT A NEWS WHICH HAS HAPPENED RECENTLYResent some of the news I thought was very important to make it known is a storythat I personally lived and the whole city of Tulcán he lived with many problems anddifficulties. The news on the domestic gas, which many people in the city of Tulcánstruggled to get a gas cylinder.These disadvantages experienced by some few months of this year, most recentlyearlier this month of July was normal in the distribution of liquefied gas.The distribution of cooking gas in my city of Tulcan border with Colombia, hasovercome the disadvantages, today there are now improved distribution of the oil.The project of implementing smart cards in the city is in full swing and progressingaccording to schedule established authorities.
  • 31. I can let you know that the smart card project for gas distribution is focused onsupplying the needs of citizens and that there is a register in the provinces of Carchi,mainly because in our city there is smuggling of gas, this being the first cause of thisproblem.As I could understand this high-impact news is that at the end to the gas distributionwas that for households with one to three members may receive two cylinders permonth, from 4 to 7 members, will account four cylinders per month, more than sevenfamily members will be given six cylinders per month. Thats all I can give to knowabout this news that was of great impact for all carchenses and especially for the cityof Tulcan.
  • 32. TAREA 3: REPORTED SPEECHDEAR STUDENTS PLEASE PERFORM YOUR OWN EAMPLES IN WHICH YOU EVIDENCETHE TRANSFORMATION OF THE REPORTED SPEECH IN COMANDS, REQUESTS ANDTHE TWO KINDS OF QUESTIONSExercises:1. "What did the dentist?" My brother asked 1. My brother asked me what the dentist toldme. him to do.2. "Did you take pictures during your trip?" My 2. My teacher asked if I had taken picturesteacher asked me. during my trip.3. "Whats in the bags?" Carlos asked. 3. Carloss brother asked him what was in the bags.4. "Are you going to visit your mother?" Myfather asked me. 4. My father asked me to visit my mother.5. "Where have you been hiding?" Brendas 5. Brians father eagerly asked where he wasfather asked impatiently. hiding.6. "When will the results be announced?" 6. My colleagues at the University asked whenAsked my colleagues at the university. results are announced.7. "Did he give the money at once?" My friend 7. My friend asked me if I had given the moneyasked me. at once.8. "Where is Mrs. Hawkins opened his third 8. Susans mother asked me where Mrs.bakery?" Susans mother asked me. Hawkins had opened the third bakery.9. "Where is your father now?" I asked Peter. 9. I asked Peter that his father was at that time.10. "What will you do next year?" The teacher 10. The teacher asked Tom what he would doasked Tom. next year.11. "Who harms the piano?" My grandfather 11. My grandfather asked my brother who hadasked my brother. damaged the piano.12. "When workers go on strike?" The 12. The journalist asked the leader whenjournalist asked the leader. workers go on strike.13. "Where did you go on the eve of 13. The neighbor asked my mother where heChristmas?" The neighbor asked my mother. had gone on the eve of Christmas.14. "What is the name of the lady?" Mr. James 14. Mr. James asked the clerk what the nameasked the secretary. of the lady was.
  • 33. 15. "How far is your house?" The taxi driver 15. The taxi driver asked me how far it was myasked me. house.16. "Have you finished the exercises?" The 16. The engineer asked the students whetherengineer asked the students. they had completed the exercises.17. "How many miles did you walk today?" 17. The coach asked me how many miles heCoach asked me. had walked the previous day.18. "What did the secretary asked?" Peter 18. Peter asked John what he had asked theasked John. secretary.19. "Why do you say he was too busy?" Asked 19. Susan Jennifer asked why she said she wasJennifer Susan. busy.20. "Where is the plane of Quito arrives?" The 20. The lady asked the stewardess on the planelady asked the stewardess. from Paris had arrived.21. My father is in hospital. 21. Helen said her father was in the hospital.22. Sue and Jim are getting married next 22. Carla said that Sue and Jim were gettingmonth. married next month.23. I have not seen Bill for a while. 23. Andrea said she had not seen Bill for a while.24. Ive been playing tennis a lot lately. 24. Anita said she had been playing tennis a lot lately.25. Barbara had a baby. 25. Johana said that Barbara had a baby.26. I do not know what Fred is doing. 26. Mayra said he knew what Fred was doing.27. Almost never out these days. 27. Carmen said she almost never left these days.28. I work 14 hours a day. 28. Andrew said he has worked 14 hours a day. 29. Carlos said he would tell Jim saw me and29. Ill tell Jim I saw you. saw me.30. You can come and be with me if you are 30. John said I could come and stay with it if Iever in Tulcán. was ever in Tulcán.31. Tom had an accident last week, but was not 31. Marco said that Tom had an accident last
  • 34. injured. week but had not been injured or Tom had an accident last week but was not injured.32. I saw Jack at a party a few months ago, and 32. Luis said he had seen Jack at a party a fewhe seemed fine. months ago and had seemed good or see Jack ... and he seemed fine.Direct SpeechPlay"I am going to London next week," she said.Play"Do you have a pen I could borrow," he asked.PlayAlice said, "I love to dance."PlayChris asked, "Would you like to have dinner with me tomorrow night?"ReportedSpeechDirectSpeech ReportedSpeechPresent Simple Past Simple"Hes American" she said. She said he was American."Im happy to see you", Mary said. Mary said that she was happy to see me.He asked, "Are you busy tonight?" He asked me if I was busy tonight.PresentContinuous PastContinuous"Dan is living in San Francisco," she said. She said Dan was living in San Francisco.He said, "Im making dinner" He told me that he was making dinner."Why are you working so hard?" they asked. They asked me why I was working so hard.Past Simple PastPerfect Simple He told me they had gone to the movies last"We went to the movies last night," he said. night. Greg said that he hadnt gone to workGreg said, "I didnt go to work yesterday." yesterday.
  • 35. "Did you buy a new car?" she asked. She asked me if I had bought a new car.PastContinuous PastPerfectContinuous"I was working late last night," Vicki said. Vicki told me shed been working last night.They said, "We werent waiting long." They said that they hadnt been waitinglong.He asked, "Were you sleeping when I He asked if Id been sleeping when he called.called?"PresentPerfect Simple PastPerfect SimpleHeather said, "Ive already eaten." Heather told me that shed already eaten."We havent been to China," they said. They said they hadnt been to China. I asked her whether shed worked there"Have you worked here before?" I asked. before.PresentPerfectContinuous PastPerfectContinuous"Ive been studying English for two years,"he He said hed been studying English for twosaid. years.Steve said, "Weve been dating for over a Steve told me that theyd been dating foryear now." over a year."Have you been waiting long?" they asked. They asked whether Id been waiting long.PastPerfect Simple Past Perfect Simple (*NO CHANGE) He said that hed been to Chicago before for"Id been to Chicago before for work," he said. work.PastPerfectContinuous Past Perfect Continuous (*NO CHANGE)She said, "Id been dancing for years before She said shed been dancing for years beforethe accident." the accident.Play"Im 30 years old," she said. → She said she is 30 years old.PlayDave said, "Kelly is sick." → Dave said Kelly is sick.Play"We are going to Tokyo next week," they said. → They said they are going to Tokyo next week.Play"Ill cut my hair tomorrow," Nina said. → Nina said she is cutting her hair tomorrow.
  • 36. Modal Verbs DirectSpeech IndirectSpeech Will Would John said he would go to the "Ill go to the movies tomorrow," John said. movies tomorrow. She asked me if I would help her "Will you help me move?" she asked. move. Can Could Debra said Allen could Debra said, "Allen can work tomorrow." work tomorrow. "Can you open the window, please?", he He asked me if I could open the asked. window. Must Hadto My mom said I had to wear my "You must wear your seatbelt," mom said. seatbelt. She said, "You must work tomorrow." She said I had to work tomorrow. Shall Should Tom asked if we should go to the "Shall we go to the beach today?" Tom asked. beach today. She asked me what we should "What shall we do tonight?" she asked. do tonight. May Might/Could Jane said she might not be in class Jane said, "I may not be in class tomorrow." tomorrow. "May I use the bathroom, please?" the boy The boy asked if he could use the asked. bathroom.THE CELLThe cell phone or wireless device is an electronic access and use network services ormobile cell phone that exists in our country such as Ecuador Claro, Movistar and Prepaid
  • 37. CNT. I can say that the cell in most Latin American countries because the service operatesthrough a network of cells, where each antenna signal repeater is a cell, although thereare satellite mobile telephone networks. Its main feature is its portability, which allowsyou to communicate from almost any place where we meet. The main function of thephones is voice communication, such as conventional telephone and video calls, and thesethree factors that we currently have in our country.The phones we use everyday in our lives, have advantages and disadvantages, which I willmake known thenPersonally, I consider that there are more advantages you have, among which I list:  Helps cut distances and stay in touch with people around the world.  For portability, we can place people where they are immediately.  Its low cost. Currently, there are phones that integrate video and audio programs like Skype conference call where anyone in the world economic.  I can combine multiple applications, such as text messages, voice messages, access to social networks, camera, etc.  When the mainstream media have been silenced, social networks via mobile phones have helped to clear the truth.  Its the best way to communicate instantly.
  • 38. Among the disadvantages that may have cell phone use are:  It can cause withdrawal, disconnection from reality and solitude  High level of dependency  Discourages physical activity and outdoor play can cause disinterest in other forms of entertainment.  You can broadcast obscene, harmful or aggressive comments to people.  Health problems such as those mentioned at the beginning (more children) Finally I can say that the phone has become an indispensable item in adult life and increasingly among children. And it is not only a means to receive and answer calls, smart phones now allow us to do many activities like web browsing, interaction in social networks, chat, take pictures, record videos, etc.. FINAL PROJECT: ADMINISTRACIÓN
  • 39. INTRODUCTIONManagement is the corporate body responsible for making resources productive, thatis the responsibility of organizing the economic development that reflects theessential spirit of the modern era.People have plans and goals pursued by organizations and all kinds of feats achievedfor thousands of years. However, management theory is often considered a relativelyrecent phenomenon that emerged with the industrialization of Europe and America inthe XXI century.An organization is a social unit or group of persons formed primarily to achievespecific objectives which means that organizations are proposed and built withplanning and is prepared to achieve certain objectives.The administration has features such as universality, specificity, temporal unit,instrumental value, extent of exercise, flexibility, among others that will be expandedin this content, also have items such as: efficiency, effectiveness, productivity,resource coordination, goals and social groups make it different from otherdisciplines.The administrative process comprising the interrelated activities of planning,organizing, directing and controlling all activities involving human relations and time.Business administration has five main variables which constitute the study are: task,people, technology, environment and structure.MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVESThe objectives of administration can be summarized as follows:• Achieve efficient and effective as the objectives of a social organism.Effectiveness. When the company achieves its goalsEfficiency. When achieved its objectives with minimum resources.• It is allowing the company to have a broader perspective of the environment inwhich it develops• Ensure that the company produces or provides services.
  • 40. ADMINISTRATIONThe administration is defined as the process of designing and maintaining anenvironment in which people work in groups effectively reach selected goals. Thisapplies to all types of organizations whether they be small or large for-profit andnonprofit, to manufacturing and service.Finally the administration is giving way, consistent and constant organizations. Allorganizations have people who are commissioned to serve you to achieve your goals,called Manager, administrators, etc..MANAGERA manager is a person responsible for directing the activities that help organizationsto achieve their goals. The measure of the efficiency and effectiveness of a manager, isthe extent and scope to determine appropriate targets.• Managers act through relationships that are two-way roads, a party is subject to theother.• Managers act through relationships that have implications that involve other people,for better or for worse.
  • 41. ADMINISTRATORSThey are individuals in an organization that steers the work of others. They also mayhave some operational responsibilities. Can be divided into two groups:• The operations are people who work directly in a job or activity and have noresponsibility for supervising the work of other employees.• Managers direct the activities of other people.Administrators turn a set of human, material, technical, monetary, time and space in auseful and effective company.They have a responsibility to take actions that allow people to make their bestcontributions to group goals.Administrators are classified as:• The first line managers usually what we call supervisors.• The control means may hold title as head of department or office, project leader, unitmanager, district manager, dean, bishop, or divisional manager.Managers usually hold titles of vice president, president, chancellor, ManagingDirector.The main functions of administratorAdministrator functions are defined taking into account the relevant factors such asmanage: plan, organize, direct, coordinate and control. Administrative functionsinclude the elements of the administration is saying that the administrator
  • 42. Plan: future evaluation and provisioning resources based on that.Organization: provides the elements necessary for the operation of the company, canbe divided into physical and social.Address: starts the organization. Its aim is to achieve the maximum performancefrom employees, the benefit of the general business interests.Coordination: harmonizes the activities of a company to facilitate the work andresults. Synchronize resources and activities in suitable proportions and adjustsmeans to ends.Control: Check that all stages march under the plan. The instructions and establishedprinciples. It aims to identify the weaknesses and mistakes to correct and preventrecurrence.IMPORTANCE OF MANAGEMENTThe administration seeks to achieve objectives through people, using techniqueswithin an organization. She is the key subsystem within an organizational system.Includes any organization and is a vital force that links all the other subsystems.Within the administration are:• Coordination of human, material and financial resources for effective and efficientachievement of organizational objectives.• Relationship of the organization with its external environment and respond to theneeds of society.• Performance of specific functions such as setting goals, planning, allocate resources,implement, and so on.• Performance of various interpersonal roles, information and decision.
  • 43. Management features1. Universality. The administrative phenomenon occurs wherever there is a socialorganism, because it must always be systematic coordination of media. TheAdministration is taken for the same in the State, in the army, in the company, in areligious society, etc..2. Its specificity. The administrative phenomenon is specific, it can be a greatproduction engineer and a lousy administrator. The administration has specificcharacteristics that allow us to be confused with other science or art. Theadministration helpers from other science and technology, has characteristics thatgive it its specific character, ie not be confused with other disciplines.3. His unit time. Although distinguishable stages, phases and elements ofadministrative phenomenon, it is unique and, therefore, at all times in the life of acompany are taking a greater or lesser degree, all or most of the administrativeelements. Thus, when making plans, does not thereby cease to command, control,organize, and so on.4. His unit hierarchy. All who have the character of leaders in a social organism,participating in various degrees and forms, the same administration. Thus, in acompany form one administrative body, from the CEO down to the last butler.5. Instrumental value. The administration is a means to an end, ie, is used in socialagencies in an efficient manner to achieve stated objectives.6. Range of exercise. It applies at all levels of a formal body, for example, presidents,managers, supervisors, etc. housewife.
  • 44. 7. Interdisciplinarity. The administration uses the principles, processes, proceduresand methods of other sciences that relate to the work efficiency. It is related tomathematics, statistics, law, economics, accounting, sociology, psychology, philosophy,anthropology, etc..8. Flexibility. The principles and management techniques can be adapted to differentneeds of the business or social group.ADMINISTRATIVE PROCES PLANNING Decision on business objectives Definition of plans to achieve Schedule of activities ORGANIZATION  Resources and activities to achieve the objectives  Bodies and charges  Allocation of authorities and responsibilities ADDRESS  Decision of objections  Communication, leadership and motivation of people  Address to the objectives CONTROL  Definition of standards for measuring performance  Correct deviations and ensure that planning is doneAdvantages of the Administrative Process• It provides a conceptual framework.• Provides foundation for the study of the administration to promote theunderstanding of what the administration.
  • 45. • are feasible contributions from other schools that can be used administrative andbest administrative contemporary thought.• flexibility is obtained, although it is applicable to a variety of situations, the user isgiven the necessary room to accommodate a particular set of conditions.• flexibility is recognized and art of management and encourages the best way to use itin a practical way.• It provides genuine help to the practitioners of management. The pattern of theprocess causes the manager to analyze and understand the problem and bring it todetermine the objectives and the means to achieve them.• The management principles are derived, refined and applied and guidelinesnecessary to serve as a useful administrative investigation.• It stimulates the development of a particular philosophy of government, each of thephases of your applications requires use values, beliefs and understanding of themanager of the objectives, resources on which it operates.CONCLUSION• Professional management is not based on the property, if not the skills obtainedthrough knowledge and exploration.• Manage tasks is to make the running in the best way possible, using availableresources to achieve the objectives• Administration occurs in all types of organizations is not a work that is performedonly in companies or government agencies, management is required in churches,prisons, taverns and mountaineering expeditions.• The task of management is to interpret business objectives and translate them intobusiness action by planning, organizing, directing and controlling activities in thevarious areas and levels of the company to achieve such goals.• Administrators turn a set of human, material, technical monetary, time and space ina useful and effective company and makes people with their work and producephysical resources in order to achieve the objectives of the system.• Efficiency is a vital part of the administration as regards the relationship betweenresources and production. But the administration also has to get it to culminate theactivities, ie searching efficiency.
  • 46. BIBLIOGRAPHIES• Elementos básicos de la administración. [Documento en Línea].Disponible:http://www.geoogle.com/organizacion/elementosbasicosdelaadministraciom/segunalgunosautores.htm [ Consulta: 2003, Abril ]• Administración. [Documento en línea]. Disponible:http://www.monografias.com-administracion.htm [Consulta: 2003, Abril ].• Historia de la administración [Documento en línea]. Disponible:http://www.geoogle.com/organización/historia de la administracion.htm [Consulta:2003, Abril].• De Welsch,Hilton& Gordon (1990). El proceso administrativo. [Documentoenlínea].Disponible:http://www.geoogle.com/organización/elprocesoadministrativo.htm [Consulta: 2003, Abril ]Mexico: Mc Graw – Hill Book Company.• :http://www.geoogle.com/elprisma.com.htm• :http://www.monografia.com• Koontz, Harold (1994. Administración una perspectiva global. (10 ª ed.)México: McGraw - Hill Interamericana de México, S.A.