CITY GOVERNMENT OF NAGACity Planning and Development Office Comprehensive Development ...
RESOLUTION ADOPTING THE CDP Resolution No. 2011-___ “ADOPTING TH...
FOREWORDNaga, the “Heart of Bicol” that aspires to become a happy place for its people, is at the crossroads.The fastest g...
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSThe long overdue completion of this planning document was made possible through the invaluablesupport of t...
Ateneo Institute for Environmental Conservation and Research; Ateneo Social Science Research Center; Central Bicol ...
THE CDP PLANNING PROCESSPreparation of the 2011-20 CDP went through the following steps:• Ecological profiling. It start...
TABLE OF CONTENTSTitle Page .................................................................................................
LIST OF TABLESTable 1 Historical Population of Naga City, 1903-2007 ...................................................
Chapter 1Quick Facts about Naga CityThis chapter presents the basic statistical facts and figures about Naga City.Brief Hi...
• On the Philippine Map, it is placed between 13 to 14° North Latitude and between 123 to 124° East Longitude. It is bo...
while 51% are female. The latter’s share has been steadily growing: in 1995, there were only 95 females for every 10...
languages, especially at home. Other religious affiliations include Iglesia ni Kristo (1.3%), Evangelicals (1.1%). Adven...
to an even higher 118% participation rate. These data however includes enrolment of non-city residents, which ...
banks and other financial institutions; 1% with the help of employers; and 3.6% from private persons and other sources.•...
TRADE, COMMERCE AND SERVICES• As of December 2009, Naga City has a total of 5,754 business establishments (1,091 new and...
increased by 140% while foreign arrivals rose by 146%. A NSCB fact sheet issued in December 2009 said that six of every t...
• As of June 2010, the total number of registered vehicles in Naga reached 19,740 units, 19.7% higher than the 16,494 r...
Rumangrap springs--and 21 deep well pumping stations located in strategic sites within its service area.• As of 2010, the...
• Recently however, the 50-year old Balatas facility has almost reached full capacity, necessitating interventions li...
GOVERNANCE INNOVATIONS• Naga is also renowned for its governance innovations and best practices, for which it received m...
Table 1 Table 2HISTORICAL POPULATION PROJECTED POP...
Chapter 2Matrix of Local Development IndicatorsTo monitor and assess the state of development in Naga City, the city gover...
Table 6 MATRIX OF LOCAL DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS, NAGA CITYDEMOGRAPHICSource ...
school in the RUAT RUAT• HealthMillennium Under 5 mortality ...
total city household program was coupled with high population ...
Manila Percentage of 91-96% 75% (Philippines, Local situation is Water poll...
brown color) with some floating wastes ...
Philippine cities Real Property Tax 101.07% 96.13% (2nd class Exceptional Targ...
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
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Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20

Draft of Naga City's 10-year Comprehensive Development Plan covering the period 2011-20
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Naga City Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20

  • 1. CITY GOVERNMENT OF NAGACity Planning and Development Office Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20
  • 2. RESOLUTION ADOPTING THE CDP Resolution No. 2011-___ “ADOPTING THE 10-YEAR COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE CITY OF NAGA” Whereas, the Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) sets the city government’s strategic directions for the next 10 year action and details its priority sectoral and cross-sectoral programs and projects consistent with the vision for “Maogmang Naga”; Whereas, the formulation of the CDP involved the participation of various stakeholders in the community in its various stages, from visioning, situational analysis, and the development of policy responses and interventions to development challenges facing city; Whereas, the CDP represents the collective aspiration, needs and priorities of the local society and therefore enjoys broad-based support; Whereas, the CDP is the city government’s call to all its constituents, resource institutions and stakeholders, both in and out of Naga, to be its proactive partner in the city’s continuing progress and sustainable development; Now therefore, on motion duly seconded, be it Resolved, as it is hereby resolved, to adopt the Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20, of the City of Naga. ii
  • 3. FOREWORDNaga, the “Heart of Bicol” that aspires to become a happy place for its people, is at the crossroads.The fastest growing city in Bicolandia, it faces the internal challenge of maintaining high level ofhuman development even as its population is projected to double within the next two decades.Externally, it must, as has been over the last 20 years, continue to outdo itself and rise abovelimitations and constraints to build a livable and competitive city which can stand alongside otherurban centers in the Asia-Pacific region.In the face of these challenges, it can opt to take the path of least resistance and approach urbangovernance with a business-as-usual attitude. Or, it can be a little more ambitious, dream a littlebigger and come up with a more audacious plan that will position Naga as the Philippines’ best littlecity that not only does things right, but also does them well.This Comprehensive Development Plan, 2011-20, has chosen the second option. Tapping itsinternationally-recognized participatory planning processes, which welcomed and debated both officialand unofficial indicators of city development in a serious effort to define Naga’s sectoral and cross-sectoral development challenges more fully and accurately, and informed by available good urbandevelopment practices in the Philippines and abroad, it addresses four fundamental challenges: (1)reducing poverty incidence, (2) Improving access to basic services, (3) enhancing quality of life thrulivable communities, and (4) promoting good governance and responsible citizenship.Fully confident that this plan enjoys broad-based support of Nagueños, having captured the collectiveaspiration, needs and priorities of our society, I am calling on call our people, partners andstakeholders of Naga’s continuing progress and sustainable development to join us in making it work.John G. BongatCity Mayor iii
  • 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSThe long overdue completion of this planning document was made possible through the invaluablesupport of the following:• City Mayor John G. Bongat who provided the City Planning and Development Office (CPDO) staff with both the resources and moral support required by the planning process;• The Sangguniang Panlungsod, led by Vice Mayor Gabriel H. Bordado, Jr., who provided the sense of urgency and exhibited exceptional patience and understanding when finalization of the draft was taking unexpected twists and turns;• The various departments of the Naga City Government who willingly shared their data that helped build up the sectoral white papers. These papers helped anchor the debates and deliberations during the five key sectoral workshops that helped flesh out the draft plan;• The following institutions whose indicators and performance management programmes have been essential in defining a richer and more meaningful state of development in the city, as well as the unique challenges it faces during the planning period: the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the World Health Organization’s Urban Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool (Urban HEART), the Institute for Solidarity in Asia’s Public Governance System (PGS), and the Department of the Interior and Local Government’s Local Governance Performance Management System (LGPMS); and• The following public and private agencies who answered our invites for the workships, without whose vital presence and valuable inputs the plan would never have materialized at all: o City government agencies: Individual city councillors, City Engineer’s Office, Public Safety Office, Liga ng mga Barangay, Task Force Tubig, City Environment and Natural Resource Office, City Population and Nutrition Office; Arts, Culture and Tourism Office; Metro PESO, City Agriculturist’s Office, City Veterinary Office, Naga City Visitors Center, City Health Office, Naga City Hospital, City Social Welfare and Development Office, Naga City School Board, City Budget Office, City Accounting Office, City Treasurer’s Office, City Human Resources and Management Office, City Assessor’s Office, and the City Mayor’s Office. o Other local and national government government agencies (NGAs) in Naga: 2nd Engineering District, Department of Public Works and Highways; Philippine National Railways, Land Transportation Office, Metro Naga Water District; Department of the Interior and Local Government - Naga City; DepEd Division of City Schools - Naga City; National Statistics Office - Camarines Sur; Naga City Police Office; Camarines Sur Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Office; Department of Trade and Industry - Camarines Sur; Department of Agrarian Reform; Naga City Fire Station, and Department of the Interior and Local Government - Camarines Sur. o Regional offices of NGAs: Department of Agriculture, Department of Education, Commission on Higher Education, Department of Social Welfare and Development, Technical Education and Skills Development Authority, Department of Health, Civil Service Commission, and the Department of the Interior and Local Government. o Local and non-local civil society organizations: Naga City People’s Council; Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster sa Pilipinas - Camarines Sur; Ladies in Green Foundation, Inc.; Materials Recovery Facility Cooperative, Metro Naga Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Naga City Tourism Council, Camarines Sur Medical Society, Mother Seton Hospital; St. John Hospital; Naga City Women’s Council, Naga City Senior Citizens Federation, Naga City Federation of Persons with Disability; COPE Foundation, Inc.; Camarines Sur Council of Personnel Officers; iv
  • 5. Ateneo Institute for Environmental Conservation and Research; Ateneo Social Science Research Center; Central Bicol State University for Agriculture; and the University of Nueva Caceres, On the other hand, a representative from ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability also attended as an observer.• And finally, the hardworking CPDO staff who toiled to push the planning process towards their logical conclusion. In particular, I would like to acknowledge the work of in-house specialists Norman Posugac (social), Rosario Reodique (economic), Cecile Daplin (infrastructure), Angel Gonzales (environment), Rose Ciudadano (institutional), Nephtali Pabines and Job Oliva (demographic) for their critical role in crafting the sectoral plans, eventually making this key planning document a reality.Wilfredo B. Prilles, Jr.City Planning and Development CoordinatorJanuary 31, 2011 v
  • 6. THE CDP PLANNING PROCESSPreparation of the 2011-20 CDP went through the following steps:• Ecological profiling. It started late in the 2nd quarter of 2010 when the CPDO drafted an updated ecological profile for Naga, using data from various agencies, local and national; results of the 2007 national census and local surveys; as well as annual operating reports prepared by the executive department.• Preparation of sectoral white papers. From June to mid-August, CPDO sectoral specialists prepared white papers for their respective sectors, drawn mainly from the ecological profile and the 2000 Comprehensive Land Use Plan and the PGS Naga City Roadmap for 2015. These white papers contain a situationer and preliminary SWOT analysis for the sector.• Sectoral planning workshops. Skipping the visioning phase of CDP preparation, anchored on the fact that the city still has a compelling and valid vision statement crafted under the 2015 City Roadmap, five sectoral planning workshops were held from August to September 2010, right before the busy Penafrancia festivities. o These workshops, aimed at generating foundational inputs to the plan, covered the following sectors: Local Government (August 26); Demographic and Environment (September 1); Infrastructure (September 3); Economic (September 7); and Social (September 9). o Participants to the workshop were drawn from members of the five sectoral committees of the City Development Council (CDC), augmented by representatives of City Government departments and offices, concerned National Government agencies, and additional representatives from Civil Society, particularly the academe and other interest groups. o Inputs to the workshops included the following: (a) the Naga City Roadmap 2015; (b) the sectoral white papers which were attached to the letter-invitation; (c) researches, studies and other reference materials; (d) the LGPMS e-reports for Naga (covering local governance, financial performance, and state of development); (e) the initial SWOT analysis prepared by CPDO staff, and (f) the local knowledge, perceptions and expertise by the invited workshop participants themselves. o Through a streamlined yet responsive event design, the workshops covered Steps 2 to 5 of CDP preparation – from determination of vision-reality gaps; to formulation of sectoral goals, objectives and/or targets; to the development of policy responses. Each followed the same structure: (a) preliminaries; (b) overview on the LGPMS; (c) overview of the planning process; (d) inputs based on the sectoral paper and LGPMS indicators; (e) workshop; (f) presentation and critiquing of workshop outputs; and (g) closing. o Finally, an important factor that enlivened proceedings, enhanced the quality of outputs and differentiated it from other similar activities was the critical need for validation of baseline data. The facilitator emphasized the need for truth-telling and encouraged participants to challenge the data by offering better information, whether from official or unofficial sources. In regard to the initial SWOT analysis prepared by CPDO staff, they were given the option to (a) throw it away, (b) affirm, or (c) revise and enhance the analysis.• Consolidation of workshop outputs. This took place in October, delayed by the Penafrancia festivities and other subsequent activities that followed.• Drafting of the CDP. This phase was underestimated, and actually took two full months to complete.• Initial presentation to the CDC. On January 25, 2011, the plan was then formally presented during a regular, full-council meeting of the CDC. vi
  • 7. TABLE OF CONTENTSTitle Page .................................................................................................................................. iResolution Adopting the CDP ................................................................................................... iiForeword .................................................................................................................................... iiiAcknowledgments ..................................................................................................................... ivThe CDP Planning Process ...................................................................................................... viTable of Contents ...................................................................................................................... viiList of Tables ............................................................................................................................. viiiList of Figures ........................................................................................................................... viiiChapter 1. Quick Facts about Naga City ............................................................................. 1 Brief Historical Background ......................................................................................... 1 Geophysical Characteristics ........................................................................................ 1 Population and Demographic Profile ........................................................................... 2 Social Services ............................................................................................................ 4 Economy ...................................................................................................................... 6 Infrastructure ................................................................................................................ 8 Environment ................................................................................................................. 10 Institutional Machinery ................................................................................................. 11Chapter 2. Matrix of Local Development Indicators ............................................................ 14Chapter 3. Comprehensive Development Plan .................................................................... 21 Vision ............................................................................................................................ 21 Vision-Reality Gap Analysis ......................................................................................... 23 Cross-Sectoral Challenges .......................................................................................... 24 Sectoral Development Plans ....................................................................................... 25 Social .............................................................................................................. 25 Economic ........................................................................................................ 33 Infrastructure and Physical Development ....................................................... 36 Environmental Management ........................................................................... 40 Institutional Development ............................................................................... 43Chapter 4. Local Development Investment Program .......................................................... 45 Sectoral Investments ................................................................................................... 45 Social .............................................................................................................. 45 Economic ........................................................................................................ 46 Infrastructure and Physical Development ....................................................... 47 Environmental Management ........................................................................... 49 Institutional Development ............................................................................... 49 Projected Cost of the CDP ........................................................................................... 50 Financing the Plan ....................................................................................................... 51 Conclusion ................................................................................................................... 53 vii
  • 8. LIST OF TABLESTable 1 Historical Population of Naga City, 1903-2007 ....................................................... 13 2 Projected Population of Naga City, 2010-30 Using Low, Medium And High Growth Scenarios .................................................................................. 13 3 Comparative Bed Capacity of Hospitals in Naga City, 2010 .................................. 13 4 Projected Food Production and Requirement of Naga City, 2011- 13 ............................................................................................................................. 13 5 Registered Vehicles in Naga City, 2010 ................................................................. 13 6 Matrix of Local Development Indicators, Naga City ............................................... 15 7 Compatibility Map Between City Vision, Agenda, PGS Roadmap and CDP Structure, Naga City ................................................................................ 22 8 Matrix of Vision-Reality Gap Analysis, Naga City ................................................... 23 9 Social Sector Investment Program, 2011-20 .......................................................... 46 10 Economic Sector Investment Program, 2011-20 .................................................... 47 11 Infrastructure Sector Investment Program, 2011-20 .............................................. 48 12 Environment Sector Investment Program, 2011-20 ............................................... 50 13 Institutional Development Sector Investment Program, 2011-20 ........................... 50 14 Local Development Investment Program, 2011-20, By Sector and Source of Fund ....................................................................................................... 51 15 Historical Revenues of Naga City By Source, 2006-10 .......................................... 51 16 Projected Revenues of Naga City By Source, 2011-20 ......................................... 51 17 Projected Capital Expenditure Funds of Naga City By Source, 2011-20 ................................................................................................................... 52 18 Projected Share of Budgetary Resources By Type of Expenditure, 2011-20 ................................................................................................................... 53LIST OF FIGURESFigure 1 Location Map of Naga City ..................................................................................... 1 2 Historical and Projected Population of Naga City ................................................... 2 3 Age Structure in Naga City, 2007 ........................................................................... 3 4 Gender Data ........................................................................................................... 3 5 Comparative share of Public and Private Schools across education levels in Naga City ................................................................................ 4 6 Share of Preschool, Elementary and High School to total school- age population ........................................................................................................ 5 7 Structure of Nagas economy ................................................................................. 6 8 Historical air quality readings in Naga .................................................................... 11 9 Educational attainment of Naga City Government employees ............................... 11 10 Strategy Map of the Naga City Government, 2011-20 ........................................... 21 11 The Proposed C-2 and South CBD II Development. ............................................... 49LIST OF BOXESNaga City’s Vision Statement from the PGS Roadmap 2015 ................................................... 21The 12 Elements of ‘Maogmang Lugar’ .................................................................................... 22 viii
  • 9. Chapter 1Quick Facts about Naga CityThis chapter presents the basic statistical facts and figures about Naga City.Brief Historical Background• Even before the coming of the Spaniards, Naga was already a flourishing community off the riverbanks of Naga River. The name “Naga” is said to have derived its origin from the narra trees, which were then in abundance. The late Fr. Raul Bonoan, S.J. however advanced an alternative theory linking the name to the Nagas, a serpent-worshipping northern Indian tribe that settled near or around water springs,• In 1573, Spanish troops led by Capt. Juan de Salcedo were amazed to find a community with a fairly well-advanced culture. “Naga was then a premier village with a comparatively sophisticated weaponry and surprisingly advanced technology,” the book Naga City—From Epic to History said. The following year, Captain Pedro de Chaves founded Ciudad de Nueva Caceres in honor of Don Francisco de Sande, then governor of the province and a native of Caceres in Extramadura, Spain.• Nueva Caceres served as capital of Ambos Camarines and later of Camarines Sur province. In 1919, the Americans reclassified the city into a town and restored it to its former name. It regained its status as an independent component city by virtue of Republic Act No. 305 on December 15, 1948 sponsored by Rep. Juan Q. Miranda. On June 6, 1955, it ceased to become provincial capital when the Camarines Sur provincial government moved its seat to neighboring Pili pursuant to RA 1336.Figure 1. Location Map of Naga City. Base map from Google Maps, city boundaries from Comprehensive Landuse Plan 2000.Geophysical CharacteristicsLOCATION AND AREA• Naga City is centrally located in the province of Camarines Sur, about 377 kames south of Manila and 100 kames north of Legazpi City, Albay, Nestled at the foot of Mt. Isarog, the city has a total land area of 8,448 hectares.
  • 10. • On the Philippine Map, it is placed between 13 to 14° North Latitude and between 123 to 124° East Longitude. It is bounded on the North by the towns of Canaman and Magarao; on the East by Mt. Isarog and the capital town of Pili; on the South, by the town of Milaor; and on the West by the town of Camaligan. (See Fig. 1)TOPOGRAPHY• The city’s terrain generally slopes upward from west to east. Its city center, trisected by the Bicol and Naga rivers which are fed by creeks and riverines that crisscross the city, is located near its lowest point, making it susceptible to flooding when heavy rainfall causes these waterways to overflow.• The low flatlands from the city center up to the upper barangays of Pacol and San Isidro at foot of Mt. Isarog, which accounts for 58% of the total land area, have slopes of 0-3 percent (almost level) to 3-8 percent (nearly level to slightly sloping). On the other hand, the easternmost part covering barangay Carolina has slopes of 8-18 percent while Panicuason, which includes the Forest and Parks Reserve (under NIPAS) has the steepest from 18-30 percent and above.CLIMATE AND RAINFALL• Naga’s climatic type falls under Type II. This condition is characterized by a definite absence of dry season and a very pronounced maximum rain period from November to January. The city had an average annual rainfall of 2,104 mm, although this has increased by around 12% to 2,361 mm over the last five years. September and October are usually the wettest, while February and April are the driest. During the same period, average temperature ranged between 26.5 to 27.0º C.Population and Demographic ProfilePOPULATION COUNT AND TREND• According to the 2007 Census, Naga City has a population of 160,516. Of the total, 49% are male 450,000 400,000 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 03 18 39 48 60 70 80 90 00 07 10 15 20 30 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 1.65% 2.04% 2.43%Figure 2. Historical and Projected Population of Naga City. 2
  • 11. while 51% are female. The latter’s share has been steadily growing: in 1995, there were only 95 females for every 100 male population; in 2007, there were already 104 females for every 100 males.• Between 2000 and 2007, Naga’s population grew by 16.5% or an average of 2.35% annually. This translates to a projected population of 172,100 for 2010, or a household population of 32,844 based on a 5.24 average household size. By 2020, the city’s population is projected to hover between a low of 208,563 (based on an annual population growth of 1.65% recorded in 2000) to a high of 235,696 0-24 25-64 65 and over (based on a 2.43% annual growth recorded in 1990). (See Fig. 2 and Figure 3. Age Structure in Naga City, 2007. Tables 1 and 2.)AGE-SEX STRUCTURE• Naga is a city of young people. Children and the youth (those aged 24 and below) comprise more than half (55%) of the total population. About a third (32%) is of school age, with preschoolers accounting for 7%, elementary 16% and secondary 9% of the total. While males make up 51% of the total school-age population in the lower years, the situation is reversed at the secondary level where females outnumber males, 51-49%. (See Fig. 3)LABOR FORCE• Of the total population, 62% (around 99,520 in 2007) are of working age. Again, working-age females outnumber males, 52 to 48%. Of the total labor force, about 57% (around 56,726) are considered economically active. The balance comprise of full-time students, housewives, retirees and other similarly situated people. Unemployed labor force was estimated at 3,116 persons or about 5.8% of the economically-active population. Overall, this puts Naga in a favorable situation of reaping the demographic dividend (where economically active members of the population far outnumber the young and the aged), indicated by a progressively shrinking age dependency ratio (0.63 in 2007, from 0.66 in 2000 and 0.76 in 1990). (See Fig. 4)POPULATION DENSITY• Based on NSO standards, Naga is 100% urban. At 1,900 residents per sq km, it is also the most densely populated city in Bicol, using the land area of 84.48 sq kms as base. But in its website, the regional office of the National Statistical Coordination Board 110 (NSCB) puts the city’s land area at 105 119.6 sq kms. Nonetheless, Naga’s resulting population density of 1,342 100 remains higher than Legazpi’s 1,168.MOTHER TONGUE AND RELIGIOUS 95AFFILIATION• The city remains predominantly Bikolano 90 by ethnicity (95.5%) and Roman Catholic by faith (94.5%). Bikol remains 85 the most common language used in the Male Female households, although other ethnic groups, like Tagalogs (1.6%), Kankaney 1995 2007 Working age (0.3%), Bisaya-Cebuano (0.2%), Ilokano, Ilonggo and Chinese are also comfortable in using their respective Figure 4. Gender Data. Women are inching ahead of men 3
  • 12. languages, especially at home. Other religious affiliations include Iglesia ni Kristo (1.3%), Evangelicals (1.1%). Adventists (0.4%) and other smaller denominations which account for the balance.MIGRATION• In 1990, 39% of the city’s population were considered migrants. In the 2007 Ateneo de Naga University SSRC survey, results showed that 43% of city residents are born in Naga, 38% are from Camarines Sur, 9% are from other Bikol provinces, and 11% from outside Bikol. Their average length of stay in Naga is 28 years.• The pace of migration can be inferred from the 2000 census, which showed that only 6.7% of the household population aged five years old and above moved their place of residence: almost all (93.3%) remained within the city. Of the migrant population, 2.1% moved in from other cities or towns of Camarines Sur, 1.8% from other provinces, and 0.2% percent from other countries; the remaining 3.5% did not indicate their former place of residence.• According to OWWA data, there were around 2,588 overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) who are from Naga in 2008; after some adjustments, it is estimated that around for 8.5% of the city household population have an OFW member. This is higher than the 2009 NSO data placing the share of Bikolano OFWs to the Philippine total at only around 3%. The figure, however, is closer to results of the 2007 ASSRC survey which says that 11% of the city’s household population relies on “remittances, pensions, retirement” as source of income.POVERTY INCIDENCE• According to NSCB estimates, poverty incidence in Naga ranged between 19-23% using its 2000 and 2003 family income and expenditure surveys. These official figures represent the lower limit of the city’s poverty situation. The higher limit is represented by the 61% who rated themselves as poor in the 2007 Ateneo SSRC survey, which used the self-rated approach to measuring poverty.Social ServicesEDUCATION 120• As a center of education in Bicol, Naga offers quality education 100 from preschool to graduate courses. In 2009, its educational 80 institutions, including day care 60 centers which provide preschool training, totaled 181. Of these, 40 112 are public and 69 private. (See Fig. 5.) 20• Both government and the private sector in Naga provide preschool 0 services. For school year 2009- Preschool Elementary High School Tertiary 10, the city government’s 73 EduCare Centers (including its Public Private flagship SEED school) accommodated 2,853 Figure 5. Comparative share of Public and Private Schools across preschoolers; DepEd-Naga’s 27 education levels in Naga City. preschools admitted 2,874; and 20 private preschools enrolled 2,485, for a total of 8,212. This translates to a 67% participation rate when measured against the 12,166 projected preschool age (3-5 years old) population.• Elementary education is being provided by 29 public and 21 private schools. For school-year 2009-2010, public elementary schools admitted 25,530 enrollees while private schools had 5,249 for a total of 30,779 pupils. Against the projected elementary school age (6-12 years old) population of 27,686, this translates to a 111% participation rate.• Secondary education is provided by 8 public and 12 private schools. Last school year, public secondary schools accommodated 12,783 enrollees while private schools welcomed 5,330 for a total of 18,113. Against the projected high school age (13-16) population of 15,305, this translates 4
  • 13. to an even higher 118% participation rate. These data however includes enrolment of non-city residents, which 35% can mask access issues, especially at 30% the secondary school level. (See Fig. 6.) 9%• Naga City has 18 schools at the tertiary 25% level, 16 of which are privately-owned 20% and two (the Naga campus of the Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges 15% 16% (CSPC) and the Camarines Sur 10% Community College) are state-owned. These institutions offer various courses 5% ranging from 2-year secretarial course to 7% a 4 to 5-year academic degree course 0% such as nursing, engineering, law, arts and sciences. They also offer graduate Preschool Elementary High School and post-graduate courses. For school year 2009-10, their combined enrolment Figure 6. Share of Preschool, Elementary and High School reached 17,539. to total school-age populationHEALTH• As of 2010, Naga is home to a total of five hospitals, two of which are government-owned with the rest private. The two government hospitals are the 500-bed Bicol Medical Center (BMC) along Panganiban Avenue and the 29-bed Naga City Primary Hospital owned and operated by the Naga City Government.• On the other hand, the three private hospitals – Mother Seton, St. John and Dr. Nilo Roa Memorial – boast of a combined 240 beds which, together with the two government hospitals’ 529, bring Nagas total number of hospital beds to 769. The recent closure of the 60-bed Ago Foundation Hospital has reduced the city’s total bed capacity. This translates to a bed-to-population ratio of 1:4,000, lower than to the standard ratio of 1:2,000. (See Table 3.)• In addition, there are 116 clinics in the city, 88 of which are medical and 28 dental. The number of physicians and dentists practicing their profession reached 271 and 76, respectively, which translate to a ratio of 2 physicians per 1,000 and 1 dentist per 1,000 population. Against the standard of 1 physician and 1 dentist per 20,000 population, this means that Naga has more than enough physicians and dentists to serve its residents.HOUSING• Based on the 2000 NSO Census on Housing, there were 25,674 housing units in the city. Of these 83.5% were single-detached, 8.6% were multi-unit residences (apartments, rowhouses, condominiums, townhouses), 6.2% duplex-type, and 0.4% were institutional living quarters, other housing units, and commercial, industrial and agricultural buildings being used for dwelling. The classification of 1.2% of the housing units was not reported.• The same survey showed that 83.1% of the housing units had outer walls and 77.8% had roofing made of strong materials. Moreover, 71.6% of the housing units do not need repair, or if at all only needs minor repairs. Almost 4 of every 5 units (78.8%) were built within the last 30 years.• In terms of tenurial status, 48.9% of the households either own or are amortizing their housing units, 15.9% are renting, while 26.6% are occupying the lot rent-free with the owner’s consent. On the other hand, 2.4% are squatters, occupying the lot without the owner’s consent. The remaining 6.1% were unclassified.• As to mode of acquisition, 50.5% of the housing units were constructed by the owner-households themselves, while only 13.3% were purchased. On the other hand, 28.3% had their house built either by hiring skilled workers or engaging a contractor, while 2.7% said their units were either inherited or given by others. The balance (5.3%) chose not to disclose how their units were acquired.• In terms of financing, 83% of those who chose to respond to the survey built their house using their own resources; 10.5% using funds from government housing programs; 2% from private 5
  • 14. banks and other financial institutions; 1% with the help of employers; and 3.6% from private persons and other sources.• Many of the new housing stock in the city were built in the 77 subdivisions covering a combined area of 643.2 hectares that were issued development permits by the City Government and completed over the last 10 years.• On the other hand, according to the Naga City Disaster Mitigation Plan, areas that are considered as danger zones for housing are those located along the Naga and Bicol Rivers and those areas that are perennially flooded during heavy rains and typhoons. Severely flooded areas, which cover approximately 60 hectares, can be found in low-lying parts of barangays Abella, Calauag, Dayangdang, Igualdad Interior, Peñafrancia, Sabang, San Francisco, Sta. Cruz, Triangulo and Tinago. Records of the Urban Poor Affairs Office (UPAO) also indicate that about 55% of urban poor families covered by its Kaantabay sa Kauswagan (KSK) Program are located in these flood- prone barangays.• To address the needs of Nagas urban poor, the city government has been implementing the Naga Kaantabay sa Kauswagan (KSK) which focuses on helping urban poor communities obtain security of tenure either by helping them acquire their homelots on-site or providing them new ones in off-site government-owned relocation sites. Twenty years after its launching in 1989, KSK program beneficiaries have reached 8,285 (representing 25.8% of the projected household population for 2009), more than twice the 4,000 households originally targeted for coverage.PROTECTIVE• The 218 person-strong Naga City Police Office handles the daily peace and order situation of the city. Protective services in Naga, though, is further enhanced by the presence of 50 police aides and 26 volunteers hired by the city government through the Public Safety Office (PSO), as well as 24 private security agencies.• In keeping the peace, the local police force has two finger-printing equipment, one intra-station radiocom system; five police vehicles; six motorcycles and assorted PNP-issued firearms at its disposal. These are complemented by Closed Circuit Television (CCTVs) equipment installed throughout the city which are being monitored by the PSO.• For more effective response time in case of emergency, two sub-stations and four police assistance centers were established in different strategic places in Naga. These stations are located in Barlin Street (which houses the NCPO headquarters) and in Concepcion Pequeña (near the intersection of Panganiban Drive and Magsaysay Avenue). PACs are located in Peñafrancia Avenue, Tabuco, Cararayan and Carolina.• On the other hand, fire protection services in Naga are provided mainly by the local branch of the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) which falls under the operational control and supervision of the BFP Regional Office. As of 2009, the local firefighting force is composed of 108 personnel. The BFP unit is complemented by 40 volunteers from the Progressive Mason Club (Chin Po Tong) Fire Brigade and 18 from Naga White.• Firefighting facilities and equipment being used by the local fire bureau consist of 4 fire engines, 2 emergency transport vehicles, and 1 service vehicle. On the other hand, Chin Po Tong has 2 pumper tankers and 1 super tanker while Naga White has 2 fire trucks.• The Naga City District Jail (NCDJ) located in barangay Del Rosario houses all inmates of MTC and RTC and detainees/prisoners of the third and fourth districts of the province. As of 2009, there were 263 inmates at the NCDJ, 25 of which are female and 2 are juvenile delinquents. During the same year, 37 were transferred to the national penitentiary in Muntinlupa while 20 were convicted. To date, the NCDJ has only one serviceable vehicle.EconomySTRUCTURE• According to the 2000 ADB Cities Databook, Naga has a primarily trading and service-driven economy. “The service sector employs the bulk of the city’s labor force, accounting for 71% of the total. The secondary and infrastructure sector (manufacturing, utilities and construction at 14%) and others (agriculture and government at 15%) account for the rest.” The service sector is further broken down into wholesale and retail trade (32%), consumer services (15%), financial and real estate services (9%), and social services (15%). (See Fig. 7.) 6
  • 15. TRADE, COMMERCE AND SERVICES• As of December 2009, Naga City has a total of 5,754 business establishments (1,091 new and 4,663 Secondary and  Infrastructure,  Others, 15% renewals). This is 43% higher than the 4,025 firms 14% registered in 2000 (889 new, 3,136 renewals), which translates to a 4.8% annual growth of the formal business sector for the last decade. Major types of Social Services,  15% business or trade comprise wholesale and retail trade, banking and finance, insurance, real state and services. Wholesale and retail trading firms account Product Services,  Consumer  9% for 52.9% of the total businesses registered. Services, 47%• Records from the Business License Division of the City Treasurer’s Office (CTO) show that there are 64 business establishments that are engaged in wholesale trading while 2,979 are engaged in retail trading. Figure 7. Structure of Nagas economy.• The business registry of the Metro Naga Chamber of Based on 2000 ADB Cities Data Book. Commerce and Industry (MNCCI) however shows that the local economy is in fact more robust than what official figures show. In 2007, a total of 1,217 new firms opened (49% higher than the 817 recorded by the City Treasury), bringing the registry’s total to 8,303. Compared to the 5,013 businesses listed with City Hall, it shows that 40% of the firms in Naga belong to the informal sector, indicating a thriving underground economy.• In 2010, 46 banks were operating in Naga – six more than the 40 recorded ten years ago -- making it the regional financial center of Bicol. Of these, 23 are commercial banks, 15 thrift banks, 5 rural banks and 3 government banks. Joining them in the financial services subsector are 37 insurance firms of varying sizes, as well as recent entrants in the growing money remittance industry like M Lhuillier, Cebuana Lhuillier, Smart Padala, Globe G-Cash, Western Union and LBC Padala.AGRICULTURE• In terms of land use, Naga remains primarily an agricultural city. Of the city’s total land area of 8,448 hectares, 4,550 hectares (54%) are allocated to agriculture. Data from the City Agriculturist’s Office show that the sector employs a total of 4,447 individuals, 31% of which are into farming while 69% work for the livestock and poultry industry. This means that on the whole, the sector provides employment for as much as 14% of the city’s household population.• In terms of crops being planted, 52% of the local farming subsector is into rice production, 27% corn, 7% sugarcane, 6% vegetable, 4% abaca and 3% coconut farming. Nonetheless, Naga’s projected food requirements over the next five years (2011-15) show that the city will register a surplus only in corn, and will be deficient in the 10 other major food commodities, including rice, vegetable, fruits, rootcrops, livestock and poultry meat, eggs and fish. (See Table 4.)• On the other hand, Naga has a thriving livestock industry where 8 commercial farms are the main players together with 2,040 backyard swine, cattle, carabao, goat and sheep raisers. In 2009, the City Abattoir processed a total of 62,863 heads, with hogs comprising 92%, cow and carabao had 4% each, with goats accounting for the remaining 1%.MANUFACTURING• Naga has a relatively small industrial base. In 2009, 876 manufacturing firms were registered, representing 12.5% of the total number of business establishments in the formal sector.• While a handful of specialized manufacturing activities such as bottling (Pepsi and Coca Cola), chicken dressing and cooking oil processing exist, most other firms are engaged in small to cottage-scale food processing, metalworks, furniture manufacturing, jeepney bodybuilding, auto shops, warehousing and storage that fall under one of 17 key industry classifications in the city.TOURISM• The local tourism industry in Naga continues to grow side by side with the province of Camarines Sur, which is evident notwithstanding the absence of disaggregated data from the Department of Tourism. In 2009, the Naga-Camarines Sur tandem posted a total of 1.56 million foreign and domestic tourist arrivals, a 117% increase over the comparable period in 2008. Domestic visitors 7
  • 16. increased by 140% while foreign arrivals rose by 146%. A NSCB fact sheet issued in December 2009 said that six of every ten tourists visiting Bicol go to Camarines Sur, with the remaining four divided among the remaining other five provinces.• The city’s accommodation facilities have increased substantially over the last 10 years, from only 22 hotels, lodging and pension houses and resorts in 2000 to a total of 34 as of 2010 – an increase of 54%. In terms of combined room capacity, the expansion is more pronounced, reaching 112% from only 551 in 2000 to 1,169 in 2010.• On top of the 13 socio-cultural and 3 historical tourism assets, including the renowned devotion to the Lady of Peñafrancia which celebrated its tercentenary in 2010 and continues to draw millions of pilgrims to Naga every year, another emerging draw is the City Government’s governance innovations that regularly attract both domestic and foreign visitors. In 2009, it welcomed delegations from 6 provincial, 10 city and 15 municipal governments; one barangay council, and one provincial civil society federation.HOUSING AND PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT• Another key driver of local economic growth in the city is its vibrant construction and property development subsector. In 2009, building construction grew by 125% in terms of volume (from 86 to 193) compared to 2008, although a 15% reduction in the aggregate project cost was also booked, mainly due to the construction of SM City Naga mall that inflated the 2008 figures.• Six new subdivision permits were also issued within that year, twice the number approved for 2008 and 123% higher in terms of project cost (from P376 to P840 million). Combined, the subsector accounts for 79% of new investments infused into the local economy.InfrastructureROADS AND BRIDGES• As of December 2009, Naga’s road network has expanded to 184.1 kms, 19.8 more than the 164.3 kms recorded in 2000 – an increase of 12%. Of these roads, a total of 31.8 kms (17%) were built by the national government.• In terms of road type, 147.7 kms (or 80% of the total) are concreted; 14.6 kms (8%) are concreted with asphalt overlay, 4.1 kms (2%) are asphalted; 11.9 kms (7%) are gravel surfaced; while 5.8 kms (3%) are still earth road/unsurfaced.• Within Naga City are 11 city bridges spanning 223 meters, five national bridges with a total length of 272 meters, and two barangay bridges with a total length of 31 meters. Most of these bridges are found in the city center which is trisected by the Bicol and Naga Rivers.LAND TRANSPORT• Naga’s public transportation system is mainly provided by some 5,007 units, broken down into the following: o Around 300 aircon and non-airconditioned buses that ply inter-provincial routes within Bicol, as well as trips between Naga and Metro Manila. They account for 6% of the total; o 291 Filcab vans, 203 of which cover intra-provincial routes while the remaining 88 ply inter- provincial routes, mainly to Camarines Norte and Albay. These vans account for 6% of the total; o 931 public utility jeepneys (PUJs) and multicabs, 608 of which cover routes to other towns in Camarines Sur, with the remaining 323 plying intra-city routes. PUJs and multicabs account for 19% of the total; o 1,500 trimobiles serving mainly intra-city routes, whose number is fixed by a city ordinance, representing 30% of the total; o 50 taxi units, which resumed operating in Naga after the opening of SM City Naga mall, accounting for 1% of the total; o 1,925 units of pedicabs, more popularly known as “padyaks,” which are supposed to cover only barangay and subdivision roads but have contributed to congestion by entering certain city and national roads. This is the biggest form of public transport in terms of number, accounting for 38% of the total; and o Around 10 units of calesas, mostly operating in Barangay Abella, which account for 0.2% of the total. 8
  • 17. • As of June 2010, the total number of registered vehicles in Naga reached 19,740 units, 19.7% higher than the 16,494 registered in 1998. Of these, 17,947 (91%) are private, 1,522 (8%) are public utility, and 271 (1%) are government-owned vehicles. (See Table 5.)• In terms of vehicle type, motorcycles dominate city roads, accounting for 57% or almost 3 of every 5 registered in the city. Utility vehicles, which are mostly jeepneys, comprise the next biggest group at 24%, followed by cars and SUVs at 10%, trucks and buses at 5%, and trimobiles at 4%.AIR TRANSPORT• By plane, Naga is about 45-55 minutes away from Metro Manila via Naga Airport which is located in the capital town of Pili, Camarines Sur, about 12 kilometers from the city proper. Air Philippines and Cebu Pacific field regular morning and afternoon flights to and from the national capital. Every week, around 30 flights serve the Naga-Manila route which allows greater flexibility to connect with other national and international destinations.• Legazpi Airport, which is about two hours drive from Naga, can also be utilized in going to Manila or Cebu, largely because of the availability of jet service to and from the national capital.RAIL AND WATER TRANSPORT• Daily commuter trains of the Philippine National Railways (PNR) have resumed operations and are now plying the Naga-Ligao and Naga-Sipocot routes for as low as P33 to P66 per trip. Presently, revitalization activities are being undertaken by the PNR which may soon restore the regular Bicol-Manila run, all the way to Legazpi City.• At present, only one motorized banca provides water transport services, handling the Naga- Libmanan route.COMMUNICATION• Bayantel and Digitel are the two major telecommunication companies that provide basic and advanced fixed-line telecommunication services in the city. Their combined subscriber base of almost 11,500 subscribers has pushed the citys fixed line telephone density to one for every three households.• The entry of the wireless telecommunication companies led by Smart, Globe and Sun Cellular has accelerated growth of the local telecommunication industry. The 2007 Ateneo SSRC research shows that Nagueños have greater access to cellular service than landline, with every household owning two mobile phones on the average.• Internet access has also been increasing, powered by more accessible and affordable broadband services being offered by Smart, Globe, Bayantel, Digitel and Sun Cellular, as well as bundled offerings by local cable TV operators Skycable and Caceres Cable. Cybercafes offering cheap internet services and games have also been mushrooming in the city, further enhancing greater access by local residents and visitors alike. Some service and commercial establishments, particularly hotels and restaurants, even offer free wi-fi internet service to customers as a value- added amenity.• The broadcast media in Naga has continued to grow over the decade. These are being provided by 20 AM and FM radio stations, and four local television stations, ABS-CBN, GMA, PTV and UNTV. Also, two local cable TV companies provide up-to-date news, relevant information and entertainment to Nagueños. National dailies and local weekly newspapers are also available in the city.• Postal services are being provided by the Philippine Postal Corporation (PhilPost) whose 42 staff and personnel handle a monthly average of 42,560 outgoing and 742 incoming mails and packages, and 2,000 foreign and domestic printed matters. It also operates a mailing station located at EMall along Penafrancia Avenue. Complementing it are seven messengerial companies namely JRS Express, LBC Air Cargo, DHL, Daily Overland Express, FedEx, OCS and 2Go (formerly Aboitiz Express). However, the advent of internet-based technologies and social networking sites like Yahoo, Hotmail, Gmail, MSN, Skype, Facebook, Twitter and Friendster have affected these traditional communication services.WATER• The waterworks system run by the Metro Naga Water District (MNWD) supplies the requirements of Naga and their four neighboring towns of Canaman, Camaligan, Gainza and Magarao. Its main water source comes from 3 springs located in Pili, Camarines Sur—the Anayan, Kalinisan and 9
  • 18. Rumangrap springs--and 21 deep well pumping stations located in strategic sites within its service area.• As of 2010, the MNWD water system has a total of 32,769 active connections, which is continuously growing at the rate of 153.3 average new connections per month. Average daily consumption of residential, commercial and government users are 24.51, 54.55 and 110.62 cubic meters, respectively. A cause for concern is a relatively high systems loss estimated at 24.4%, mainly due to pilferage and illegal connections.• Complementing the MNWD is city government’s own Task Force Tubig (TFT) that installs Levels I and II water systems in key areas of the city. Recently, the city government has institutionalized the TFT by incorporating it as a new division of the City Engineer’s Office.POWER• Electric power services in the city is being provided by the Camarines Sur II Electric Cooperative (CASURECO II), one of the four electric cooperatives engaged in power retail in Camarines Sur. Power is sourced mainly from newly privatized generating plants connected to the Luzon Grid leased to and operated by the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP).• Data from the National Electrification Administration (NEA) show that as of June 30, 2010, CASURECO II has achieved 100% energization of all barangays, 69% of all sitios and 86% of all potential households within its coverage area. In Naga, it has energized all 27 barangays of the city.• Its finances, as of late, have improved. In 2009, CASURECO II registered a P39.2 million net margin out of P1.37 billion sales, equivalent to 2.8% of the total.• A lingering cause of concern is its 15.5% systems loss--7th highest among the 11 electric cooperatives in Bicol–which is only marginally lower than 16.8% registered in 2006. As a result, the electric cooperative failed to meet the 14.8% systems loss target for the year under the DOE Power Development Plan, putting it in danger of missing the 8.8% systems loss level targeted for 2010 and beyond.• The same NEA data show that in 2009, CASURECO II has the 4th highest average power rate in Bicol – and highest among the four electric cooperatives in Camarines Sur – in spite of being the second biggest market next to Albay Electric Cooperative (ALECO). Naga is said to account for at least 60% of this market.ADMINISTRATIVE INFRASTRUCTURE• Aside from being the regional trade, finance and services center of Bicol, Naga is also a key government center, hosting city, provincial and regional units of 28 national government agencies.• This list includes the regional offices of the National Irrigation Authority (NIA), the Cooperative Development Authority (CDA), the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI), as well as the pension funds GSIS and SSS. The presence of the latter, combined with the choice of the country’s major government and private banks to put up their regional operations in Naga, further underscores the city’s role as Bicol’s finance center.EnvironmentSOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT• Total garbage collection by the city government over the last three years has been going down substantially, from 72,275 tons in 2008 to 48,009 in 2009 and recently to only 20,767 for 2010 – an average annual reduction of 36% over the last two years. This was made possible by decentralized waste segregation at the barangay, subdivision and institutional levels, in the process reducing volume being processed at the Balatas MRF.• A profiling done on solid waste generated in the city shows that agricultural waste makes up close to a quarter (24%) of the total volume. Food wastes account for slightly smaller share at 23%. Paper-based materials and plastics each comprise 12%, followed by ash and dirt at 10, while the other materials are spread out in smaller percentages.• Solid wastes are collected via the city’s government’s fleet of 12 garbage trucks which traverses ten routes on a daily basis. Collected wastes are then dumped at the 3.6-hectare Balatas Controlled Dumpsite where they are segregated according to type, i.e. biodegradable and non- biodegradable. 10
  • 19. • Recently however, the 50-year old Balatas facility has almost reached full capacity, necessitating interventions like the waste- to-energy power plant (which will be fed by solid waste, including those in the dumpsite), and the rehabilitation and expansion of the materials recovery facility (MRF) within the compound – both aimed at extending its life and serviceability.AIR QUALITY• As the Pilot Airshed Area of the Bicol Region, weekly air quality monitoring through Hi-volume Sampling were made Figure 8. Historical air quality readings in Naga at Concepcion Pequeña, Magsaysay, and Panganiban crossing beside PNP Substation-1 to measure particulates that go with the air.• In 2009, air quality reading worsened by 20% from 80 to 96 microgram per cubic meter (μg/m³). This reversed the gain registered in 2008 when the volume of atmospheric pollutants went down from 99 to 80 μg/m³, sending back the city’s air quality rating from Good to Fair. (See Fig. 8.)WATER QUALITY• At present, the current environmental situation of the Naga River is quite challenging. Along the urban center, it is classified as Class C, based on intended Water Use Stream Classification Scheme of the Philippine government.• This qualifies its waters for irrigation of agricultural crops, the propagation and growth of fish and other aquatic resources; boating for recreation; and industrial water supply for manufacturing processes after treatment.Institutional MachineryCOMPONENT BARANGAYS• Naga has a total of 27 barangays of varying sizes. In terms of population, Dinage is the smallest with 371 inhabitants as of 2007 while Concepcion Pequeña is the largest with 20,555. In terms of land area, Lerma is the smallest with 5.1 hectares while Carolina is the biggest with 1,777.4. Lerma is also the most dense at 444 persons per hectare while Carolina and Panicuason are the least dense at only 2 persons per hectare.ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE• More than 60 years after it was created a chartered city, the Naga City Educational Attainment 7% 2%2% Government has evolved an 8% organizational structure that departs significantly from what was originally 6% provided for under its charter, RA 305. The city had only 15 departments/offices in 1978. This later grew to 25 in 1999, and to 30 in 2009.• As of December 2009, the city 75% government has 988 employees, broken into 14 elective (1%), 469 permanent (47%), 391 casuals (40%), 95 contract Masteral/Law College College Undergrad of services including consultancy (10%), Vocational High School Elementary 18 job orders and one coterminous employee (2%). This translates to Figure 9. Educational attainment of Naga City Government roughly one employee per 170 employees. population.• In terms of educational qualification, 2% have masteral/law degrees, 75% graduated from college, 6% are college undergraduates, 8% finished vocational courses, 7% finished high school, and 2% are elementary graduates. (See Fig. 9.) 11
  • 20. GOVERNANCE INNOVATIONS• Naga is also renowned for its governance innovations and best practices, for which it received more than 150 national and international awards. It is the first city in the Philippines to institutionalize people participation and sectoral representation in policymaking with the enactment of the Empowerment Ordinance in 1996. As a result, the Naga City People’s Council (the federation of civil society organizations in city) identifies its own representatives, which account for at least 25% of the total membership, to all local special bodies and the 31 standing committees of the city government.• It also pioneered the development of the Naga City Citizen’s Charter, a guidebook on 130 key city government services, having already produced three editions of the Charter pursuant to a local ordinance. These documents predated by at least seven years a national law that mandates the development of citizen’s charters by all national and local government agencies (RA 9485, more popularly known as the “Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007”).FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT• Over the decade, Naga has consistently topped all Bicol cities in total locally sourced income, business and real property tax collections. This performance enabled the city government to achieve a 50%-50% locally sourced-to-nationally source income ratio, higher than the 33%-67% national standard for cities.• The city government also remains very liquid. By the end of 2009, it had total of P367.5 million in cash resources, enough to cover 72% of its 2010 budget of P508.9 million.• In 2009, Naga received a credit rating of “B+,” the highest among eight cities initially rated by Standard and Poor’s, a reputable international rating agency, under a World Bank technical assistance program. It said: “Naga City’s overall financial management assessment (FMA) score is the highest among assessed Philippines LGUs to date, reflecting the city’s more balanced developments in its FMA practices for most key areas, as opposed to some local peers who may demonstrate sound practices in certain elements such as revenue management, but at the same time scoring poorly in other areas like debt management, budgeting etc.” 12
  • 21. Table 1 Table 2HISTORICAL POPULATION PROJECTED POPULATION OF NAGA CITY, 2010-30OF NAGA CITY, 1903-2007 USING LOW, MEDIUM AND HIGH GROWTH SCENARIOSYear Historical Population Growth Rate Low Medium High1903 17,943 Scenario 1.65% 2.04% 2.43%1918 9,396 2010 168,593 170,541 172,5041939 22,505 2015 182,969 188,661 194,5071948 56,238 2020 208,563 221,741 235,6961960 55,506 2030 303,883 352,830 409,4281970 79,8461980 90,7121990 115,3292000 137,8102007 160,516Source: NSO Table 3 COMPARATIVE BED CAPACITY OF HOSPITALS IN NAGA CITY, 2010Hospital Type Category Pay Ward Charity Ward TotalBicol Medical Center Government Tertiary 30 470 500Dr. Nilo Roa Memorial Hospital Private Secondary 17 13 30Naga City Hospital Government Primary 0 29 29Mother Seton Hospital Private Tertiary 135 15 150St. John Hospital Private Tertiary 60 0 60Totals 242 527 769 Table 4 PROJECTED FOOD PRODUCTION AND REQUIREMENT OF NAGA CITY, 2011-13 Commodity 2011 2012 2013 Production Consumption Production Consumption Production ConsumptionRice 5,497 22,359.85 D 5,222 22,885.25 D 4,960 23,423.10 DCorn 2,800 658.78 S 2,660 674.26 S 2,528 690.11 SVegetable 2,400 4,863.36 D 2,520 4,977.64 D 2,444 5,094.62 DRootcrops 597 944.14 D 627 966.32 D 646 989.03 DFruits 1,748 5,825.12 D 1,835 5,961.99 D 1,926 6,102.11 DEggs 39 787.37 D 38 805.87 D 37 829.81 DPoultry Meat 267 1,336.94 D 281 1,368.36 D 294 1,400.51 DBeef 260 649.98 D 234 665.25 D 211 680.88 DCarabeef 2 17.61 D 2 18.03 D 2 18.45 DPork 1,687 2,409.66 D 1,603 2,466.28 D 1,523 2,524.25 DFish 81 4,058.38 D 79 4,153.74 D 77 4,251.36 D Source: City Agriculturist’s Office Table 5 REGISTERED VEHICLES IN NAGA CITY, 2010Classification Private Public Utility Government TotalLight, Medium & Heavy Cars 1,629 1 5 1,635Sport Utility Vehicle 335 1 2 338Utility Vehicles 3,916 593 162 4,671Truck / Bus 808 135 35 978Motorcycle 11,255 0 67 11,322Tricycle 0 792 0 792Light, Medium & Heavy Trailers 4 0 0 4Totals 17,947 1,522 271 19,740Source: Land Transportation Office 13
  • 22. Chapter 2Matrix of Local Development IndicatorsTo monitor and assess the state of development in Naga City, the city government uses a combinationof development indicators relevant to its needs. These indicators include the following: • the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) • the World Health Organization’s Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool (Urban HEART) • the Institute for Solidarity in Asia’s Public Governance System (PGS), and • the Department of the Interior and Local Government’s Local Governance Performance Management System (LGPMS.This chapter presents these indicators, which were presented to, debated and validated by theparticipating stakeholders during the series of sectoral planning workshops conducted in August andSeptember 2010. They are summarized under Table 6.
  • 23. Table 6 MATRIX OF LOCAL DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS, NAGA CITYDEMOGRAPHICSource Indicator Naga City National/Regional Local Trend Remarks AverageNational Population growth Between 2.12 to 2.04% (Philippines), Twice as fast as • Naga is the fastest growing cityStatistics Office 2.43% annually 1.22% (Bicol) Bicol’s growth in the Bicol Region • Took 32 years to double 1990 population of 90,712 • At current pace, it will take only 20 years to double 2010 population of 172,100Millennium Poverty incidence Between 19-23% 26.9% (Philippines), Lower than both Needs more regular measurementDevelopment (official) and 61% 40.5% (Bicol) regional and at city, barangay levelsGoals (self-rated) national levelsSOCIALSource Indicator Naga City National/Regional Local Trend Remarks Average• EducationState of Children Preschool 67% as of 2009 60% (Philippines, Higher than Needs stronger collaborationReport participation rate 2002) national level between DepEd, city government to attain universal coverageMillennium Elementary Between 106- 84.4% (Philippines), Consistently Needs better data. Non-cityDevelopment participation rate 130% from 2007- 85.1% (Bicol) exceeds target resident enrolment in publicGoals 09 schools can mask access problems for some Nagueño children Elementary survival Between 70-78% 69.9% (Philippines), Better than Some improvements have been rate from 2007-09 67% (Bicol) regional and made over last few years, but city national levels remains off from 2015 targetState of Children Mean percentage From 2005-09: From 2005-09: Deteriorating • Erratic performance hasReport score in Regional, • Between 50- • Between 51-62% performance for plateaued in recent years National 55% for for elementary, elementary in • City still off from 75% minimum Achievement Test elementary, 45- 42.5-43% for NAT, secondary MPS to be considered passing (RUAT, NAT) 49% for high high school in the in RUAT school in the NAT (Bicol NAT Region) • Between 59.5- • Between 59-64% 73% for for elementary, elementary, 48- 42-46% for high 52% for high school in the 15
  • 24. school in the RUAT RUAT• HealthMillennium Under 5 mortality From 5.55 (2007) 32.0 (Philippines), Significantly lower Has already met 2015 targetDevelopment rate to 2.33 per 1,000 6.1 (Bicol) than both regionalGoals live births (2009) and national levels Infant mortality rate Increased from 24.0 (Philippines), Substantially Has already met 2015 target, in 0.30 (2007) to 1.91 9.3 (Bicol) lower than both spite of slippages per 1,000 live regional and births (2009) national levels Maternal mortality Increased from 162.0 (Philippines), Substantially Has already met 2015 target, in ratio 0.30 (2007) to 0.78 1.2 (Bicol) lower than spite of slippages per 100,000 live national, births (2009) marginally lower than regional levels Fully immunized Increased from 83% (Philippines), Marginally higher Continues to recover lost ground children 85% (2007) to 87% (Bicol) than both regional towards full immunization achieved 90% (2009) and national in previous years levelsMDG, State of Preschool Between 4-5% 24.6% (Philippines), Significantly lowerChildren Report malnutrition from 2007-09 22.6% (Bicol) than both regional and national levelsState of Children Grade school Reduced from No data available Needs sustained implementation ofReport malnutrition 19% (2005) to “Nutri Dunong” program 11% (2009)Urban HEART Incidence of road 17 8.3 (Philippines) Significantly traffic injuries higher than national level Social health 13% 79% Substantially Does not take into account city’s insurance lower than own social insurance scheme enrolment national level anchored on the Naga City Hospital• HousingMDG, Public Proportion of urban 63% No data availableGovernance poor householdsScorecard enjoying secure(PGS) tenureCity Profile Proportion of KSK 25.8% Not applicable Higher than 20% Unmanaged program expansion beneficiaries to ratio when and weak collection efficiency, 16
  • 25. total city household program was coupled with high population population launched in 1989 growth, will add pressure to program sustainability• ProtectiveCity Profile Police-to- 1:758 (2010) 1:737 (Philippines, A little worse than • Does not take into account population ratio 2008), 1:970 (Bicol, national, but contribution of the 76-man 2006) better than the strong city-funded PSO regional level • Still off from ideal 1:500 ratio Fireman-to- 1:3,307 (2010) 1:5,214 (Bicol, • Does not take into account population ratio 2006) contribution of Chin Po Tong and Naga While volunteers • Still off from ideal 1:2,000 ratioECONOMICSource Indicator Naga City National/Regional Local Trend Remarks AverageLGPMS Unemployment rate 5.8% 7.5% (Philippines), Marginally higher Unemployment is relatively low 5.4% (Bicol) than regional, lower than and national levels Underemployment 5-15% 18.1% (Philippines) Underemployment That 40% of business rate exists, but establishments are in the informal situation is not yet sector can worsen the situation alarming Poverty incidence Between 19-23% 26.9% (Philippines) Poverty incidence Needs more regular measurement for LGUs outside is relatively low at city, barangay levels Metro Manila compared to the national bench- mark of 26-35% Income per capita P36,000-P50,000 P34,600 Income per capita annually (Philippines) is marginally higher than the national averageINFRASTRUCTURESource Indicator Naga City National/Regional Local Trend Remarks AverageLGPMS Percentage of 94-97% 92.1% for urban Local situation is households with areas (Philippines) better than the electricity for LGUs national average outside Metro for urban areas 17
  • 26. Manila Percentage of 91-96% 75% (Philippines, Local situation is Water pollution due to domestic households with Urban HEART data) significantly wastes and its effects on public sanitary toilets for higher than the health is somewhat less LGUs outside national average threatening Metro Manila Percentage of 91-95% 83% (Philippines, Local situation is Many households have access to households with Urban HEART data) better than the piped-in water supply. Easy access access to piped-in national average to this service is available to more water than 90% of the population.`ENVIRONMENTSource Indicator Naga City National/Regional Local Trend Remarks Average• Solid WastePGS Proportion of city’s 85% No data available City roadmap Garbage collection and disposal is residential areas targets raising it to a big financial burden to the city whose garbage is 99% by 2015 government, which is spending collected at least around P38 million (roughly 8% of four times a week its annual budget) in providing the service. Cost recovery is only 5%.• Air QualityCity Profile Ambient air quality “Fair” - 96 No data available City roadmap In 2008, the city already achieved reading microgram per targets raising it to “Good” rating after achieving 80 cubic meter “Good” by 2015 μg/m³ reading (μg/m³) in 2009LGPMS Percentage of All industries have No data available Better air quality polluting industries pollution control in urban areas is facilities expected Absence of smog, Smog, odor and No data available Better air quality From time to time, foul odor coming odor and noise in loud and in urban areas is from the Balatas Controlled urban areas uncomfortable expected Dumpsite has become an issue noise level are due to capacity problems absent.• Water QualityPGS Average water Class C No data available City roadmap quality rating of targets raising it to Naga River “B+” by 2015LGPMS Freshwater quality Water is turbid No data available Freshwater quality Water should be clear, without (light brown to is poor water lilies and/or floating wastes 18
  • 27. brown color) with some floating wastes Fish catch in river Fish catch in river No data available Average Should be stable or increasing or lake or lake remains freshwater the same productivity Presence of 1 or more No data available All industries should have pollution polluting industries industries have no control facilities in riverside or pollution control lakeside facilities Extent of riverside 6-20 houses per No data available The probability of Should not be more than 20 or lakeside km stretch on pollution load on squatters riverside or freshwater areas lakeside is relatively low due to the tolerable number of squatter HHs.INSTITUTIONAL MACHINERYSource Indicator Naga City National/Regional Local Trend Remarks Average• Revenue GenerationLGPMS Cost to collect 5.44% 17.51% (2nd class Exceptional Should be lower than the average revenues cities), 28.58% (all performance as of LGUs of the same type and Philippine cities) city exceeds both income average of 2nd class and all Philippine cities Locally-sourced 50% 31.30% (2nd class Exceptional Should be higher than the average revenues to total cities), 33.70% (all performance as of LGUs of the same type and income Philippine cities) city exceeds both income average of 2nd class and all Philippine cities Locally-sourced P216.3 million P131 million (2nd Desired Should be higher than the average revenue level class cities), P454.7 performance as of LGUs of the same type and million (all Philippine city exceeds income cities) average of 2nd class cities, but is lower than average of all 19
  • 28. Philippine cities Real Property Tax 101.07% 96.13% (2nd class Exceptional Targeting needs improvement. The (RPT) cities), 90.61% (all performance as annual City Treasury target used as accomplishment Philippine cities) city exceeds both base is significantly lower than the rate average of 2nd actual potential collectible using class and all City Assessor’s data Philippine cities• Revenue GenerationLGPMS Personal services 43% (adjusted) 48.79% (2nd class Desired Should not exceed the ceiling as expenditure ratio cities), 37.80% (all performance as mandated by law, i.e., for 1st-3rd Philippine cities) city is better than class LGUs – 45% average of 2nd class cities, but is worse than average of all Philippine cities Debt service ratio 2.72% No data available Substantially Should not exceed 20% of the lower than 20% regular income. This is the debt debt ceiling servicing limitation set for under Local Government Code of 1991• Financial ManagementStandard and Credit rating B+ BB- Pilot Highest among eight cities initiallyPoor’s Credit Financial Intermediate No data available implementation of rated by the international ratingand FMA management a World Bank agencyAnalysis assessment technical assistance project 20

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