ICBSS Workshop „Innovation in the Wider Black Sea Region“ New Mission-orientation in STI Policy ...
General Orientations of STI Policy Thematic: addressing either  specific fields of S&T,  societal goals and m...
Historical Paradigms of STI Policy Source: Gassler, Polt, Rammer (2008)
Technology Policy Paradigm:‘Old’ Mission-Oriented Approach Thematic dimension  Emphasis on ‘large-scale’ ...
Technology Policy Paradigm: Industrial policyapproach (key/strategic technologies)Thematic  In addition to „old st...
Technology Policy Paradigm: SystemicapproachThematic  Emphasis on „functional‟ aspectsdimension of the...
Technology Policy Paradigm:„New‟ Mission-Oriented ApproachThematic  Sustainable Development;dimension  ...
Mission-oriented R&D spendingwithin the OECD Rough attribution: R&D spending classified by “socioeconomic objective”: D...
Figure 1: Govt R&D spending by "socioeconomic objective," 2003 - 2004 100.0 ...
Current Strands of (new) Mission-oriented STI-policies OECD: Mission-orientation is a mayor part of the OECD Innovation ...
‚Green Growth Strategies„ in OECD
‚Green Growth Strategies„ as part ofthe stimulus packages in OECD(Source: OECD 2009)
Joint Programming Initiatives in the EU Objective: to tackle grand societal challenges Rationale: leverage and co...
Status of Joint Programming Initiatives (March 2011) JPI Countries Pi...
(Preliminary) Conclusions on Mission-oriented STI Policy Mission-oriented STI Policy always occupied a substantial s...
Thank you for your attention !
Appendices
(Ideal)Types of R&D Activities (‚Stokes-Ruttan Space„)
(Co)Existing STI Policy Rationales Support for selected areas (societal challenges, specif...
Mission-oriented R&D expenditure JAPAN From: Stenberg & Nagano 2009
Mission-oriented R&D expenditure JAPAN From: Stenberg & Nagano 2009
Mission-oriented R&D expenditure JAPAN From: Stenberg & Nagano 2009
Mission-oriented R&D expenditure USA
Share of Public R&D support in BERD (2004) Technology programmes Other techno...
References Gassler, H., Polt, W., Rammer, C. (2008): Priority setting in technology policy – historical developments and...
Polt Presentation Icbss Athens 16 06 2011
Polt Presentation Icbss Athens 16 06 2011
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Polt Presentation Icbss Athens 16 06 2011

Presentation on Recent trends in STI policy to a workshop of the ICBSS
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Polt Presentation Icbss Athens 16 06 2011

  • 1. ICBSS Workshop „Innovation in the Wider Black Sea Region“ New Mission-orientation in STI Policy Wolfgang Polt Joanneum Research - POLICIES – Centre for Economic and Innovation Research wolfgang.polt@joanneum.at Athens, 16-17 June 2011
  • 2. General Orientations of STI Policy Thematic: addressing either  specific fields of S&T,  societal goals and missions Functional/Generic: addressing generic aspects of the Innovation System, e.g. establishment of new firms, collaboration between industry and science etc. irrespective of field of science/technology or purpose (see OECD 1991)
  • 3. Historical Paradigms of STI Policy Source: Gassler, Polt, Rammer (2008)
  • 4. Technology Policy Paradigm:‘Old’ Mission-Oriented Approach Thematic dimension  Emphasis on ‘large-scale’ technologies (i.e. defence, energy, transport etc.) Legitimization/Rationale  Production of ‘public’ or ‘meritoric’ goods Institutional Dimension /  Top down definition of Actors thematic priorities  Establishing of specialised public R&D organisations (PROs)
  • 5. Technology Policy Paradigm: Industrial policyapproach (key/strategic technologies)Thematic  In addition to „old strategic sectors‟:dimension ICT; Biotechnology; New Materials; NanotechnologyLegitimization/  Fostering competitivenessRationale  Emphasis on static and dynamic economies of scale and specific market failures, esp.spillovers from „generic‟ technologiesInstitutional  Emphasis on planningDimension /  Techn. forecasting/roadmappingActors  Technology assessment  National Technology Programs
  • 6. Technology Policy Paradigm: SystemicapproachThematic  Emphasis on „functional‟ aspectsdimension of the innovation system (cooperation; framework conditions, regulation etc.)Legitimization/  “Systemic failures”: gaps in theRationale system, parts of the system not linking together, conflicting logics of actors,….Institutional  Increasing number of actorsDimension / involved in STI policy and priority settingActors  Agencies emerge as important players in STI policy
  • 7. Technology Policy Paradigm:„New‟ Mission-Oriented ApproachThematic  Sustainable Development;dimension  Climate Change,  Information & Knowledge Society;  Demographic Change and Aging;  Health and new deseases  Safety and Security  Food supplyLegitimization/  Orientation towards societal needs and Rationale challengesInstitutional  Involvement of different societal groups Dimension / and stakeholders Actors  horizontal coordination of hitherto separated policy areas  large number of actors
  • 8. Mission-oriented R&D spendingwithin the OECD Rough attribution: R&D spending classified by “socioeconomic objective”: Defense, space, agriculture, health, energy, industrial technology (categories based on funding-agency missions) account for at least 50%, and in most cases, >60%, of public R&D spending in early 2000s for South Korea, USA, UK, France, Canada, Japan, and Germany. Spending on “advancement of knowledge” arguably the category most closely connected with the “market failure” rationale, accounts for 25 - 30% of public R&D budgets in these economies.(Source: Mowery 2005)
  • 9. Figure 1: Govt R&D spending by "socioeconomic objective," 2003 - 2004 100.0 90.0 80.0Shares of total govt R&D spending 70.0 60.0 Industrial production and technology 50.0 Energy Protection and improvement of human health 40.0 Agriculture production and technology Exploration and exploitation of space Defense 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 United Japan France Germany United Canada South States Kingdom Korea Country
  • 10. Current Strands of (new) Mission-oriented STI-policies OECD: Mission-orientation is a mayor part of the OECD Innovation Strategy: e.g. ‚Green Growth„ Strategy„ EU: Mission-orientation is a central angle of the ‚Innovation Union„ approach and the current ‚Joint Programming Initiatives„ to address ‚Grand Challenges„
  • 11. ‚Green Growth Strategies„ in OECD
  • 12. ‚Green Growth Strategies„ as part ofthe stimulus packages in OECD(Source: OECD 2009)
  • 13. Joint Programming Initiatives in the EU Objective: to tackle grand societal challenges Rationale: leverage and coordinate national activities and combine diverse resources Status:  10 themes identified in bottom-up and consensual manner  Strategic Research Agendas: in the making  Governance models: established  Resource Commitment by Member States on the basis of variable geometry – exact modes yet to be decided
  • 14. Status of Joint Programming Initiatives (March 2011) JPI Countries Pilot calls Neurodegenerative Diseases 23 May 2011 1st Wave Agriculture 19 June 2011 Cultural Heritage 15 - Healthy Diet 21 2012 Urban Europe 13 Sept 2011 Climate Knowledge 16 - Water 20 (2012)2. Wave More years, better lives 16 - Microbial challenge 15 - Oceans 17 -
  • 15. (Preliminary) Conclusions on Mission-oriented STI Policy Mission-oriented STI Policy always occupied a substantial share of public R&D expenditures. Currently, it seems to stage a come-back to the centre stage of policy attention against the background of increasing global/grand societal challenges On top of appropriately identifying „market failure‟ as a rationale for policy intervention, „innovation systems‟ and „policy mix / portfolio‟ thinking is needed ! Caution is needed in applying “lessons” from one field of mission R&D to others (e.g. defence  environment) „New‟ Mission-orientation more difficult to implement  Coordination across fields, mission agencies, complementary policies within a mission-agency area is essential but difficult  Increasingly addressing „global challenges‟ asks forinternational co-ordination of „mission-oriented‟ STI policy (e.g. takling climate change, energy, deseases, …)
  • 16. Thank you for your attention !
  • 17. Appendices
  • 18. (Ideal)Types of R&D Activities (‚Stokes-Ruttan Space„)
  • 19. (Co)Existing STI Policy Rationales Support for selected areas (societal challenges, specific technologies) (missions, public goods) Support for ‘functional’ priorities (collaboration, technology transfer, spin-offs etc) General R&D support for private industry ( e.g. tax credit for R&D, bottom-up direct funding)
  • 20. Mission-oriented R&D expenditure JAPAN From: Stenberg & Nagano 2009
  • 21. Mission-oriented R&D expenditure JAPAN From: Stenberg & Nagano 2009
  • 22. Mission-oriented R&D expenditure JAPAN From: Stenberg & Nagano 2009
  • 23. Mission-oriented R&D expenditure USA
  • 24. Share of Public R&D support in BERD (2004) Technology programmes Other technology specific support non technology specific project support R&D tax deductions Defense R&D contracts France UK USAGermany Japan FinlandSource: OECD-MSTI; National source; Estimates by ZEW 0 3 6 9 12 15* inkl. steuerlicher FuE-Förderung durch Bundesstaaten (Annahme für 2000: ca. 400 Mio. US-$) und
  • 25. References Gassler, H., Polt, W., Rammer, C. (2008): Priority setting in technology policy – historical developments and recent trends. In: Nauwelaeres, C., Wintjens, R. (Eds.): Innovation Policy in Europe. Measurement and Strategy. Edward Elgar Publishers, pp 203-224 Gassler, H., Polt, W., Rammer, C. (2006): Priority setting in research and technology policy – an analysis of paradigm changes in the post-war period [in German], in: Austrian Journal for Political Sciences [ÖZPW] 1/2006, pp 7-23 Polt, W., Gassler, H., Schindler, J., Weber, M. Mahroum, S. Kubeczko, K., Keenan, M. (2004): Priorities in Science and Technology Policy – An International Comparison. Project Report Soete & Arundel (1995)? Ergas (1987) Mowery (2005) Stenberg & Nagano (2009)

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