• Which Finch is better adapted to crush
large seeds that fall to the ground?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• Darwin observed the Galapagos finches
while traveling on the H.M.S Beagle.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Evolution Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
• Darwin hypothesized that one finch landed
on the Island.
– This one finch over time and evolved into many
different type...
• Some finches have small beaks to eats
small seeds,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some finches have small beaks to eats
small seeds, other finches have large
beaks to crush hard large seeds.
Copyright ©...
• Some finches have small beaks to eats
small seeds, other finches have large
beaks to crush hard large seeds. Other
beaks...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which Finch is better adapted to crush
large seeds that fall to the ground?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which Finch is better adapted to crush
large seeds that fall to the ground?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• They even evolved into a Vampire Finch.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Many species were able to thrive if they
made the journey to the Galapagos
because once they arrived there were very
few...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Review Activity! The Hypotheticus Beast.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The hypotheticus is a normal animal, it
eats leaves and tubers (roots).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The hypotheticus is a normal animal, it
eats leaves and tubers (roots). A male
hypotheticus meets a female.
Copyright © ...
• The hypotheticus is a normal animal, it
eats leaves and tubers (roots). A male
hypotheticus meets a female.
Copyright © ...
• More babies are born than can possibly
survive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• More babies are born than can possibly
survive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than
the other.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than
the other.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than
the other.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than
the other.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than
the other.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Predators such the Fanged Tooth
Scienceteachericus kept populations of the
Hypotheticus in check.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan ...
• Predators such the Fanged Tooth
Scienceteachericus kept populations of the
Hypotheticus in check.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan ...
• One of the offspring has more hair than
most. The Hairy Hypotheticus.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• One of the offspring has a slightly larger
neck. The Long Necked Hypotheticus.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• One of the offspring is a bit shorter and has
longer claws. The Clawed Hypotheticus.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Climate in Hypotheticus Land became
drastically dry for the next several years.
– Many of the shrubs are eaten or start ...
• Natural Resources are limited for the
Normal Hypotheticus.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The normal Hypotheticus can’t reach the
leaves, and there aren’t enough shrubs to
survive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murp...
• The normal Hypotheticus can’t reach the
leaves, and there aren’t enough shrubs to
survive.
– The Normal Hypotheticus has...
• The normal Hypotheticus can’t reach the
leaves, and there aren’t enough shrubs to
survive.
– The Normal Hypotheticus has...
• Over thousands of years, the normal type
Hypotheticus slowly have trouble surviving to
reproduce.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan ...
• The Fanged Tooth Scienceteachericus has
no problems killing these tired and weaker
species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• The long necked Hypotheticus tend to
survive more often because they can reach
leaves on trees.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• With more Long Necked Hypotheticus
surviving,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• With more Long Necked Hypotheticus
surviving, Long Necked Hypotheticus tend to
mate with Long Necked Hypotheticuses,
Cop...
• With more Long Necked Hypotheticus
surviving, Long Necked Hypotheticus tend to
mate with Long Necked Hypotheticuses, ove...
• Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked
Hypotheticus,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked
Hypotheticus, and gradually, those offspring
with longer necks survive more ofte...
• Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked
Hypotheticus, and gradually, those offspring
with longer necks survive more ofte...
• Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked
Hypotheticus, and gradually, those offspring
with longer necks survive more ofte...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The clawed Hypotheticus can dig up tuber
roots better than the other Hypotheticuses.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus,
as they can reach the tubers,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus,
as they can reach the tubers, slowly over
thousands and thousands of generatio...
• Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus,
as they can reach the tubers, slowly over
thousands and thousands of generatio...
• Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus,
as they can reach the tubers, slowly over
thousands and thousands of generatio...
• Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus,
as they can reach the tubers, slowly over
thousands and thousands of generatio...
• Maybe it learns to dig and burrow in the earth
to stay cool as the climate gets warmer.
Maybe it loses its hair.
Copyrig...
• Maybe it learns to dig and burrow in the earth
to stay cool as the climate gets warmer.
Maybe it loses its hair.
– It is...
• Over thousands of years, the clawed group of
the Hypotheticus finds it difficult to mate with
the Normal Hypotheticus.
C...
• Over thousands of years, the clawed
Hypotheticus finds it difficult to mate with the
Normal Hypotheticus.
Copyright © 20...
• Eventually, the two won’t mate at all.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Over hundreds of thousands to millions of
years a new species has evolved.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Over hundreds of thousands to millions of
years a new species has evolved.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Over hundreds of thousands to millions of
years a new species has evolved.
– This is called adaptive radiation.
Copyrigh...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• In this environment, having more hair keeps
you drier and warmer in a cold climate.
– The Long Haired Hypotheticus has a...
• Populations of the Hairy Hypotheticus are
stable in size except for some seasonal
changes.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murp...
• The ones that have more hair survive more
and thus reproduce more.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The ones that have more hair survive more
and thus reproduce more.
– Because traits are passed down, more and more
Hairy...
• The world is thrown into an ice age for
60,000 years,
• The world is thrown into an ice age for
60,000 years, only the most Hairy
Hypotheticus survive.
• The world is thrown into an ice age for
60,000 years, only the most Hairy
Hypotheticus survive.
• Now only really hairy hypotheticus have
survived and they mate with other
surviving hairy hypotheticus.
• Now only really hairy hypotheticus have
survived and they mate with other
surviving hairy hypotheticus.
• Over time, the hairy Hypotheticus is so
different from the normal Hypotheticus that
they can no longer mate.
Copyright ©...
• Over time, the hairy Hypotheticus is so
different from the normal Hypotheticus that
they can no longer mate.
– A new spe...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• The Normal Hypotheticus went extinct,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Normal Hypotheticus went extinct,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Normal Hypotheticus went extinct, but
its existence helped evolve several species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Extinct
• Interestingly, based on both morphological
and biochemical evidence,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Interestingly, based on both morphological
and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that
the manatees,
Copyright © 2010 Ry...
• Interestingly, based on both morphological
and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that
the manatees, dugongs,
Copyright ...
• Interestingly, based on both morphological
and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that
the manatees, dugongs, and hyraxe...
• Interestingly, based on both morphological
and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that
the manatees, dugongs, and hyraxe...
Extinct
Moeritherium
species – 50
million years ago.
 Variation + Many Offspring + Heredity =
Natural Selection.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Variation + Many Offspring + Heredity =
Natural Selection.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Variation + Many Offspring + Heredity =
Natural Selection.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• You can now complete this question.
• This video is what we are often taught when
we are young. (Not correct) Lamarck
– We will create a children’s story soon...
• Activity! You need to create a story book
about your own type of unique Hypotheticus.
– Please include the mechanism for...
• Example story using a combination of paint
images and PowerPoint drawing.
• Example story using a combination of paint
images and PowerPoint drawing.
• (Keep it simple for time sake)
• Copy and pa...
By Your Name
This is the story of Todd the Tortoise and
how he got his shell.
One day Tom saw the love of
his life
Tina the Tortoise…
They went behind a rock and
decided to start a family.
Tina laid many eggs.
More were born than can
possibly survive.
Natural resources are
limited.
Sammy the Snake Enjoys eating tortoise eggs
and baby tortoise.
• Only a few of the eggs survived to hatch into
baby tortoise.
No two individuals were alike and
baby Todd had this weird shell on his
back.
No two individuals were alike and
baby Todd had this weird shell on his
back. “C’mon Todd,
your so
slow.”
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept
populations of tortoise in check.
• One day Todd meet another female turtle that
had a small shell thing on her back.
They went behind a rock and
decided to start a family.
• Variation is inheritable and most of the
offspring also had this shell.
• Todd Jr. bumped into Sammy the snake one
day as an adult tortoise.
Todd’s hard shell made it very difficult
for Sammy to eat him.
Shelled tortoise began surviving more
often and were able to reproduce.
Overtime, more shelled tortoise survived
because nature selected their shell for
survival.
• Their offspring were also shelled. A new
species was eventually born.
• Their offspring were also shelled. A new
species was eventually born.
“Who are you?”
• Activity! You need to create a story book
about your own type of unique Hypotheticus.
– Please include the mechanism for...
• Activity! You need to create a story book
about your own type of unique Hypotheticus.
– Please include the mechanism for...
• Activity! You need to create a story book
about your own type of unique Hypotheticus.
– Please include the mechanism for...
• Activity! You need to create a story book
about your own type of unique Hypotheticus.
– Please include the mechanism for...
• Activity! You need to create a story book
about your own type of unique Hypotheticus.
– Please include the mechanism for...
• Activity! You need to create a story book
about your own type of unique Hypotheticus.
– Please include the mechanism for...
• Video Link! How to draw / paint using
PowerPoint. (Can you recreate as she does?)
– Older version of PowerPoint. Video i...
• These are the mechanisms that must be
mentioned in your story.
– Please record one on each slide now. You
can arrange th...
• Hypotheticus Animal Peer Review Sheet
• Evolution Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
• Evolution Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
• You can now complete this question for
homework.
• You can now complete this question for
homework.
 Divergent evolution: When a group from a
specific population develops into a new
species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Examples of divergent evolution.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• People are all of the same species, but we
can see that people all over the world have
minor differences from each other...
Teacher can minimize out of slideshow
and assist students in dragging the
person to the correct star on next slide
• The Maasai in Kenya are tall and thin, adapted
for maximum heat loss in the heat of East
Africa.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
• If you live in a cold environment, then you will
usually have small ears to retain your heat.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
• Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and
which in the cold climate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and
which in the cold climate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and
which in the cold climate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and
which in the cold climate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and
which in the cold climate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and
which in the cold climate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which fox lives in the warm climate, and
which lives in the cold climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which fox lives in the warm climate, and
which lives in the cold climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which fox lives in the warm climate, and
which lives in the cold climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which fox lives in the warm climate, and
which lives in the cold climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which fox lives in the warm climate, and
which lives in the cold climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Inuit of the Arctic are short and squat,
perfectly adapted for retaining heat in the
cold winter.
Copyright © 2010 R...
• Who is more adapted to live in a hot dry
climate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Who is more adapted to live in a hot dry
climate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
―I’m sweating like a wild
beast out he...
• Who is more adapted to live in a cold wet
climate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
―Get me out of
here!‖ ―I’m
freezing!‖
• You can now complete this question.
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
This Side:
One pa...
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
This Side:
One pa...
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
This Side:
One pa...
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved
structures in unrelated animals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
Co...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve
similar shapes or structures, in response to
similar environmental conditions.
– ...
• We see convergent evolution in Australia,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• We see convergent evolution in Australia,
it separated from the rest very early,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• We see convergent evolution in Australia,
it separated from the rest very early, and
similar type of animals are found o...
• You can now complete this question.
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
Density Indepe...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Which is density independent and which is
den...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• This is a very important limiting factor in
the human population.
• This is a very important limiting factor in
the human population.
• Are we a R Species or a K Species?
R Species K Species
Organism is very small size Large Organism
Energy to make a new o...
• Are we a R Species or a K Species?
R Species K Species
Organism is very small size Large Organism
Energy to make a new o...
• Are we a R Species or a K Species?
R Species K Species
Organism is very small size Large Organism
Energy to make a new o...
• Are we a R Species or a K Species?
R Species K Species
Organism is very small size Large Organism
Energy to make a new o...
• Are we a R Species or a K Species?
R Species K Species
Organism is very small size Large Organism
Energy to make a new o...
• Are we a R Species or a K Species?
R Species K Species
Organism is very small size Large Organism
Energy to make a new o...
• Are we a R Species or a K Species?
R Species K Species
Organism is very small size Large Organism
Energy to make a new o...
• Are we a R Species or a K Species?
R Species K Species
Organism is very small size Large Organism
Energy to make a new o...
• Are we a R Species or a K Species?
R Species K Species
Organism is very small size Large Organism
Energy to make a new o...
• Activity! Bird Monsters.
 Please record the following
 Beak types (utensils)
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Spoon beak.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Grabber Beak.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Magnetic Beak.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Tweezer Beak.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Tweezer Beak.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• In the follow activity: You are required to
eat seeds from a tray using different style
beaks.
• In the follow activity: You are required to
eat seeds from a tray using different style
beaks.
– As Darwin’s finches var...
• Rules
– Nothing hits the floor (slipping hazard).
– Obtain seeds casually (not a race) even though
in nature it’s a stru...
• Activity! Bird Eating Monsters.
– Please sketch the following trays into your journal.
– You will record your table rank...
• Activity! Bird Eating Monsters.
– Can you make a prediction as to which beak will be the
best before the activity begins...
• Bird Eating Monsters Procedure.
A.) You are required to compete (being friendly)
with other members of your table to eat...
• Please answer the following in your journal?
1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of
seed?
2.) What beak was...
• Please answer the following in your journal?
1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of
seed?
2.) What beak was...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Please answer the following in your journal?
1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of
seed?
2.) What beak was...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Please answer the following in your journal?
1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of
seed?
2.) What beak was...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Please answer the following in your journal?
1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of
seed?
2.) What beak was...
• Answer:
– The environment decides which traits are
favorable and unfavorable.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer:
– The environment decides which traits are
favorable and unfavorable.
– What’s favorable one year may not be fav...
• Answer:
– The environment decides which traits are
favorable and unfavorable.
– What’s favorable one year may not be fav...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Activity! Bird Structure Function and Survival
by investigating beak type and foot type.
– Each table group gets a token...
• Activity! Bird Structure Function and Survival
by investigating beak type and foot type.
– Each table group gets a token...
• Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking
tough seeds?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking
tough seeds?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird will be best at surviving by catching
many small fish from the air?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird will be best at surviving by catching
many small fish from the air?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing
through flesh and killing small animals?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing
through flesh and killing small animals?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing
through flesh and killing small animals?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird will be best at surviving by swiveling its
beak through the water to collect food?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
• Which bird will be best at surviving by swiveling its
beak through the water to collect food?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
• Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking
through plant matter to find insects?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking
through plant matter to find insects?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird can survive in a number of different
habitats including coastal waters, agricultural
land, and probing deep i...
• Which bird can survive in a number of different
habitats including coastal waters, agricultural
land, and probing deep i...
• Which bird will be best at surviving by obtaining
insects, seeds, and plants from the bottom of
ponds.
Copyright © 2010 ...
• Which bird will be best at surviving by obtaining
insects, seeds, and plants from the bottom of
ponds.
Copyright © 2010 ...
• Which bird will be best at stabbing through
the water to catch fish and other animals.
• Which bird will be best at stabbing through
the water to catch fish and other animals.
• Which bird will be best at tearing through
the body of small birds?
• Which bird will be best at tearing through
the body of small birds?
• Which four birds will be best at eating small
insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi-
functional beak?
Copyright ...
• Which four birds will be best at eating small
insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi-
functional beak?
Copyright ...
• Which four birds will be best at eating small
insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi-
functional beak?
Copyright ...
• Which four birds will be best at eating small
insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi-
functional beak?
Copyright ...
• Which four birds will be best at eating small
insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi-
functional beak?
Copyright ...
• Which foot type is best adapted to survive
in an aquatic environment?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to survive
in an aquatic environment?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to survive
by walking through the mud?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to survive
by walking through the mud?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to survive
by perching on branches?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to survive
by perching on branches?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to survive
by clinging to the side of trees?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to survive
by clinging to the side of trees?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to survive
by grasping and killing prey?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to survive
by grasping and killing prey?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to hop
around, cling, and eat French Fries?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which foot type is best adapted to hop
around, cling, and eat French Fries?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal has these feet?
• What animal has these feet?
• What animal has these feet?
• What animal has these feet?
• Remember, Birds came from dinosaurs
• Remember, Birds came from dinosaurs
This is grouse foot jewelry -Foot
with lots of fine feathers to keep
the bird warm on the snow.
The Jacana can walk on top of Lilly
Pads because its toes are long.
The Jacana can walk on top of Lilly
Pads because its toes are long.
• What type of birds are these?
• What type of birds are these?
• Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands.
• What type of birds are these?
• Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands.
• What type of birds are these?
• Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands.
• Which letter is the male, and which is the
female?
• Which letter is the male, and which is the
female?
• Which letter is the male, and which is the
female?
• Which letter is the male, and which is the
female?
• Which letter is the male, and which is the
female?
• Male birds are generally more flashy than
females because they don’t usually sit upon
the eggs / need the camouflage.
– ...
• Activity! Bird Structure Function.
– Who still has their token left?
• Tropical birds show many variations in
colors.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
―Hey!‖
―Stop
looking at
my butt.‖
• Video Link: Birds of Paradise.
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L54bxmZ
y_NE
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
 Coevolution: The evolution of two or more
species, each adapting to changes in the
other.
 These ecological relationships include:
 These ecological relationships include:
 Predator/prey and parasite/host
 These ecological relationships include:
 Predator/prey and parasite/host
 Competitive species
 These ecological relationships include:
 Predator/prey and parasite/host
 Competitive species
 Mutualistic species
 These ecological relationships include:
 Predator/prey and parasite/host
 Competitive species
 Mutualistic species
 These ecological relationships include:
 Predator/prey and parasite/host
 Competitive species
 Mutualistic species
 These ecological relationships include:
 Predator/prey and parasite/host
 Competitive species
 Mutualistic species
 These ecological relationships include:
 Predator/prey and parasite/host
 Competitive species
 Mutualistic species
 These ecological relationships include:
 Predator/prey and parasite/host
 Competitive species
 Mutualistic species
 Mutualism: Both organisms benefit.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Types of mutualisms
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their fungus
colonies.
Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their fungus
colonies.
-The ants then feed on the growing fungus.
Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their fungus
colonies.
-The ants then feed on the growing fungus.
• There were all examples of trophic
Mutualisms
• Trophic mutualism: Both species help feed
each other.
– -
 Trophic mutualism: Both species help feed
each other.
 Usually nutrient related.
 Cleaning symbiosis: One species gets food
and shelter, the other has parasites
removed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video Link! Bulldozer Shrimp and the
Goby.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vR9X3gFT
pL0&feature=related
• Video Link! Review of Symbiosis
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zSmL2F1t81Q
• Question! Are these ants killing this
caterpillar?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Question! Are these ants killing this
caterpillar?
– Answer: No. they are eating some sugary
secretions releases by the ...
• Video! Caterpillar and Ant defensive
mutualism.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z3bWqlPLpMg
 Defensive mutualisms: One species protects
the other and gets some benefits for its help.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Never climb Acacia trees that have these
galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and
coming running out to attack.
Copyr...
• Never climb Acacia trees that have these
galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and
coming running out to attack.
– The...
• Never climb Acacia trees that have these
galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and
coming running out to attack.
– The...
• The Sea Anemome and the Clownfish are a
mutualism.
• The Sea Anemome and the Clownfish are a
mutualism.
– The Anemome gets small scrapes from the
clownfish, and the Clownfis...
 Dispersive mutualisms: One species
receives food in exchange for moving the
pollen or seeds of its partner.
Copyright © ...
• Pollination – Insects transfer pollen from
one flower to the next, insects gets nectar.
―Wow!‖ ―Look
how this flower
has evolved to be
white, and
shaped in a way
so I can visit it.‖
• Seed dispersal
• Video Link Coevolution and a nice review of
other forms of evolutoin.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDVbt2qQRq
s&feat...
• There are an estimated 3 million to 100
million species on planet Earth.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You can now complete this question.
• Photo tour of some of the neatest and rarest
life on the planet.
– Will these species be able to adapt to a rapidly
chan...
―Wow‖
―How did
an animal
like this
come to
be?‖
―I didn’t just get run over by
a truck.‖ ―I am shaped this
way for a reason.‖
―I don’t think
this mutation
is a favorable
one.‖
―I’ll bet you’ve
never seen a
Pangolin
before?‖
―Nature has
selected a
long nose
and tongue
for survival.‖
―Check out my
large eyes.‖
―I usually come
out at night.‖
―I have big ears
for a reason‖
―I live in
the desert‖
―Never seen
a blob fish
before?‖
―I’m a Frilled
Shark‖
―Frilled to meet
you.‖
The Dumbo Octopus
―Hi!‖ ―I’m having a
great day today!‖
.
―In a few
million years,
maybe I will
have legs?‖
―Visit
Tazmania to
see some
cool
examples of
evolution.‖
―I had
legs, but
have lost
them.‖
―I had
legs, but
have lost
them.‖
―I had
legs, but
have lost
them.‖
―I had
legs, but
have lost
them.‖
• Video Link! Hank explains the Top 10 New
Species.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZDI3RexF0UM
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• You should be very close to completion of
the Evolution and Natural Selection portion
of the unit assessment.
Copyright ...
• Video Link! Evolution and Natural Selection
• Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Theory
• Optional and Ver Advanced
– http://www...
• Activity! Evolution and Natural Selection
Review Game.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Learn More at the Tree of Life Project
– http://tolweb.org/tree/
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
Areas of Focus within the Change Topics Unit:
Evolution History, Scopes Monkey Trials, Darwin, Evolution, Evidences of
Evo...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
Natural Selection, Evolution Lesson, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
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Natural Selection, Evolution Lesson, Biology Lesson PowerPoint

This PowerPoint is one small part of the Change Topics Unit (Evolution and Natural Selection) unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3200+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 27 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 12 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation. Areas of Focus within the Change Topics Unit: Concept "Everything is Changing", The Diversity of Life Photo Tour, Evolution History,Scopes Monkey Trials, Darwin, Evolution, Evidences of Evolution, Four Parts to Darwin's Theory, Natural Selection, The Mechanisms for Natural Selection, Divergent Evolution, Convergent Evolution, What does it mean to be living?, Characteristics of Living Things, Origins of Life (Other Theories), Origins of Life (Science Theory), Needs of Living Things, Origins of the Universe (Timeline), Miller-Urey Experiment, Amino Acids, How Water Aided in the Origin of Life, Human Evolution, Hominid Features, Evidences of Human Evolution, Hominid Skulls Ecological Succession, Primary Succession, Secondary Succession, Plant Succession, Animal Succession, Stages of Ecological Succession, Events that Restart Succession. This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com The Evolution and Natural / Change Topics Unit explores Evolution, Natural Selection, Characteristics of Life, Life Origins, Human Origins, Earth System History and Ecological Succession.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Technology      Entertainment & Humor      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Natural Selection, Evolution Lesson, Biology Lesson PowerPoint

  • 1. • Which Finch is better adapted to crush large seeds that fall to the ground? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  • 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 5. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 6. • Darwin observed the Galapagos finches while traveling on the H.M.S Beagle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 7. • Evolution Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 8. • Darwin hypothesized that one finch landed on the Island. – This one finch over time and evolved into many different types of finches. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 9. • Some finches have small beaks to eats small seeds, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 10. • Some finches have small beaks to eats small seeds, other finches have large beaks to crush hard large seeds. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 11. • Some finches have small beaks to eats small seeds, other finches have large beaks to crush hard large seeds. Other beaks were designed to catch insects. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  • 13. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  • 16. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 17. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 18. • Which Finch is better adapted to crush large seeds that fall to the ground? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 19. • Which Finch is better adapted to crush large seeds that fall to the ground? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 20. • They even evolved into a Vampire Finch. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 21. • Many species were able to thrive if they made the journey to the Galapagos because once they arrived there were very few mammalian predators. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 22. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 23. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 24. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 25. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 26. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 27. • Review Activity! The Hypotheticus Beast. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 28. • The hypotheticus is a normal animal, it eats leaves and tubers (roots). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 29. • The hypotheticus is a normal animal, it eats leaves and tubers (roots). A male hypotheticus meets a female. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 30. • The hypotheticus is a normal animal, it eats leaves and tubers (roots). A male hypotheticus meets a female. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 31. • More babies are born than can possibly survive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 32. • More babies are born than can possibly survive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 33. • Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 34. • Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 35. • Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 36. • Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 37. • Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 38. • Predators such the Fanged Tooth Scienceteachericus kept populations of the Hypotheticus in check. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 39. • Predators such the Fanged Tooth Scienceteachericus kept populations of the Hypotheticus in check. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 40. • One of the offspring has more hair than most. The Hairy Hypotheticus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 41. • One of the offspring has a slightly larger neck. The Long Necked Hypotheticus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 42. • One of the offspring is a bit shorter and has longer claws. The Clawed Hypotheticus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 43. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 44. • Climate in Hypotheticus Land became drastically dry for the next several years. – Many of the shrubs are eaten or start to die. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 45. • Natural Resources are limited for the Normal Hypotheticus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 46. • The normal Hypotheticus can’t reach the leaves, and there aren’t enough shrubs to survive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 47. • The normal Hypotheticus can’t reach the leaves, and there aren’t enough shrubs to survive. – The Normal Hypotheticus has a difficult time surviving. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 48. • The normal Hypotheticus can’t reach the leaves, and there aren’t enough shrubs to survive. – The Normal Hypotheticus has a difficult time surviving. – Tuber roots just below the surface are eaten quickly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 49. • Over thousands of years, the normal type Hypotheticus slowly have trouble surviving to reproduce. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 50. • The Fanged Tooth Scienceteachericus has no problems killing these tired and weaker species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 51. • The long necked Hypotheticus tend to survive more often because they can reach leaves on trees. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 52. • With more Long Necked Hypotheticus surviving, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 53. • With more Long Necked Hypotheticus surviving, Long Necked Hypotheticus tend to mate with Long Necked Hypotheticuses, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 54. • With more Long Necked Hypotheticus surviving, Long Necked Hypotheticus tend to mate with Long Necked Hypotheticuses, over millions of years. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 55. • Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked Hypotheticus, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 56. • Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked Hypotheticus, and gradually, those offspring with longer necks survive more often to reproduce and their offspring have long necks. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 57. • Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked Hypotheticus, and gradually, those offspring with longer necks survive more often to reproduce, and their offspring have long necks. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 58. • Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked Hypotheticus, and gradually, those offspring with longer necks survive more often to reproduce, and their offspring have long necks. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 59. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 60. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 61. • The clawed Hypotheticus can dig up tuber roots better than the other Hypotheticuses. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 62. • Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus, as they can reach the tubers, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 63. • Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus, as they can reach the tubers, slowly over thousands and thousands of generations, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 64. • Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus, as they can reach the tubers, slowly over thousands and thousands of generations, the Hypotheticus gets shorter, and gets larger claws for digging. – Those that are shorter with longer claws survive more to reproduce. – Their offspring are also shorter and clawed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 65. • Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus, as they can reach the tubers, slowly over thousands and thousands of generations, the Hypotheticus gets shorter, and gets larger claws for digging. – Those that are shorter with longer claws survive more to reproduce. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 66. • Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus, as they can reach the tubers, slowly over thousands and thousands of generations, the Hypotheticus gets shorter, and gets larger claws for digging. – Those that are shorter with longer claws survive more to reproduce. – Their offspring are also shorter and clawed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 67. • Maybe it learns to dig and burrow in the earth to stay cool as the climate gets warmer. Maybe it loses its hair. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 68. • Maybe it learns to dig and burrow in the earth to stay cool as the climate gets warmer. Maybe it loses its hair. – It is also advantageous to be smaller to burrow better. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 69. • Over thousands of years, the clawed group of the Hypotheticus finds it difficult to mate with the Normal Hypotheticus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 70. • Over thousands of years, the clawed Hypotheticus finds it difficult to mate with the Normal Hypotheticus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 71. • Eventually, the two won’t mate at all. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 72. • Over hundreds of thousands to millions of years a new species has evolved. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 73. • Over hundreds of thousands to millions of years a new species has evolved. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 74. • Over hundreds of thousands to millions of years a new species has evolved. – This is called adaptive radiation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 75. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 76. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 77. • In this environment, having more hair keeps you drier and warmer in a cold climate. – The Long Haired Hypotheticus has a slightly better chance of survival. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 78. • Populations of the Hairy Hypotheticus are stable in size except for some seasonal changes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 79. • The ones that have more hair survive more and thus reproduce more. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 80. • The ones that have more hair survive more and thus reproduce more. – Because traits are passed down, more and more Hairy Hypotheticus result. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 81. • The world is thrown into an ice age for 60,000 years,
  • 82. • The world is thrown into an ice age for 60,000 years, only the most Hairy Hypotheticus survive.
  • 83. • The world is thrown into an ice age for 60,000 years, only the most Hairy Hypotheticus survive.
  • 84. • Now only really hairy hypotheticus have survived and they mate with other surviving hairy hypotheticus.
  • 85. • Now only really hairy hypotheticus have survived and they mate with other surviving hairy hypotheticus.
  • 86. • Over time, the hairy Hypotheticus is so different from the normal Hypotheticus that they can no longer mate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 87. • Over time, the hairy Hypotheticus is so different from the normal Hypotheticus that they can no longer mate. – A new species has evolved. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 88. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 89. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 90. • The Normal Hypotheticus went extinct, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 91. • The Normal Hypotheticus went extinct, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 92. • The Normal Hypotheticus went extinct, but its existence helped evolve several species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 93. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 94. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 95. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 96. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 97. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 98. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 99. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 100. Extinct
  • 101. • Interestingly, based on both morphological and biochemical evidence, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 102. • Interestingly, based on both morphological and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that the manatees, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 103. • Interestingly, based on both morphological and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that the manatees, dugongs, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 104. • Interestingly, based on both morphological and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that the manatees, dugongs, and hyraxes Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 105. • Interestingly, based on both morphological and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that the manatees, dugongs, and hyraxes are the closest living relatives of today's elephants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 106. Extinct Moeritherium species – 50 million years ago.
  • 107.  Variation + Many Offspring + Heredity = Natural Selection. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 108.  Variation + Many Offspring + Heredity = Natural Selection. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 109.  Variation + Many Offspring + Heredity = Natural Selection. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 110. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 111. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 112. • You can now complete this question.
  • 113. • This video is what we are often taught when we are young. (Not correct) Lamarck – We will create a children’s story soon that explains the process according to Darwin. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fmdWfPvyQ-A Shorter Version at.. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wdeosyDtYfg
  • 114. • Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. – Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). – Create pictures, have fun with names. – Provide text above or below the pictures. – Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. – Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. – Be prepared for story time! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 115. • Example story using a combination of paint images and PowerPoint drawing.
  • 116. • Example story using a combination of paint images and PowerPoint drawing. • (Keep it simple for time sake) • Copy and paste saves time…
  • 117. By Your Name
  • 118. This is the story of Todd the Tortoise and how he got his shell.
  • 119. One day Tom saw the love of his life Tina the Tortoise…
  • 120. They went behind a rock and decided to start a family.
  • 121. Tina laid many eggs. More were born than can possibly survive.
  • 122. Natural resources are limited.
  • 123. Sammy the Snake Enjoys eating tortoise eggs and baby tortoise.
  • 124. • Only a few of the eggs survived to hatch into baby tortoise.
  • 125. No two individuals were alike and baby Todd had this weird shell on his back.
  • 126. No two individuals were alike and baby Todd had this weird shell on his back. “C’mon Todd, your so slow.”
  • 127. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 128. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 129. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 130. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 131. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 132. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 133. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 134. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 135. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 136. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 137. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 138. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 139. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 140. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 141. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 142. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 143. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 144. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 145. • Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.
  • 146. • One day Todd meet another female turtle that had a small shell thing on her back.
  • 147. They went behind a rock and decided to start a family.
  • 148. • Variation is inheritable and most of the offspring also had this shell.
  • 149. • Todd Jr. bumped into Sammy the snake one day as an adult tortoise.
  • 150. Todd’s hard shell made it very difficult for Sammy to eat him.
  • 151. Shelled tortoise began surviving more often and were able to reproduce.
  • 152. Overtime, more shelled tortoise survived because nature selected their shell for survival.
  • 153. • Their offspring were also shelled. A new species was eventually born.
  • 154. • Their offspring were also shelled. A new species was eventually born. “Who are you?”
  • 155. • Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. – Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). – Create pictures, have fun with names. – Provide text above or below the pictures. – Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. – Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. – Be prepared for story time! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 156. • Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. – Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). – Create pictures, have fun with names. – Provide text above or below the pictures. – Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. – Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. – Be prepared for story time! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 157. • Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. – Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). – Create pictures, have fun with names. – Provide text above or below the pictures. – Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. – Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. – Be prepared for story time! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 158. • Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. – Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). – Create pictures, have fun with names. – Provide text above or below the pictures. – Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. – Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. – Be prepared for story time! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 159. • Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. – Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). – Create pictures, have fun with names. – Provide text above or below the pictures. – Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. – Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 160. • Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. – Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). – Create pictures, have fun with names. – Provide text above or below the pictures. – Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. – Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. – Be prepared for story time! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 161. • Video Link! How to draw / paint using PowerPoint. (Can you recreate as she does?) – Older version of PowerPoint. Video is a bit dry but works through the drawing process. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QS9_K7pTcgU
  • 162. • These are the mechanisms that must be mentioned in your story. – Please record one on each slide now. You can arrange them into your story later.
  • 163. • Hypotheticus Animal Peer Review Sheet
  • 164. • Evolution Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 165. • Evolution Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 166. • You can now complete this question for homework.
  • 167. • You can now complete this question for homework.
  • 168.  Divergent evolution: When a group from a specific population develops into a new species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 169. • Examples of divergent evolution. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 170. • People are all of the same species, but we can see that people all over the world have minor differences from each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 171. Teacher can minimize out of slideshow and assist students in dragging the person to the correct star on next slide
  • 172. • The Maasai in Kenya are tall and thin, adapted for maximum heat loss in the heat of East Africa. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 173. • If you live in a cold environment, then you will usually have small ears to retain your heat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 174. • Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 175. • Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 176. • Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 177. • Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 178. • Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 179. • Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 180. • Which fox lives in the warm climate, and which lives in the cold climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 181. • Which fox lives in the warm climate, and which lives in the cold climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 182. • Which fox lives in the warm climate, and which lives in the cold climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 183. • Which fox lives in the warm climate, and which lives in the cold climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 184. • Which fox lives in the warm climate, and which lives in the cold climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 185. • The Inuit of the Arctic are short and squat, perfectly adapted for retaining heat in the cold winter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 186. • Who is more adapted to live in a hot dry climate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 187. • Who is more adapted to live in a hot dry climate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy ―I’m sweating like a wild beast out here!‖
  • 188. • Who is more adapted to live in a cold wet climate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 189. ―Get me out of here!‖ ―I’m freezing!‖
  • 190. • You can now complete this question.
  • 191.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 192.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy This Side: One part of the world
  • 193.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy This Side: One part of the world This Side: Another part of the world
  • 194.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy This Side: One part of the world This Side: Another part of the world Ex. S. America Ex. Asia and Australia
  • 195.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 196.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 197.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 198.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 199.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 200.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 201.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 202.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 203.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals.
  • 204.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals.
  • 205.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 206.  Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 207. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 208. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 209. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 210. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 211. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 212. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy What will this look like?
  • 213. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 214. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 215. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 216. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 217. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 218. • Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. – Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 219. • We see convergent evolution in Australia, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 220. • We see convergent evolution in Australia, it separated from the rest very early, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 221. • We see convergent evolution in Australia, it separated from the rest very early, and similar type of animals are found on each. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 222. • You can now complete this question.
  • 223. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  • 224. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  • 225. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature
  • 226. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  • 227. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  • 228. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  • 229. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  • 230. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 231. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 232. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 233. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 234. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 235. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 236. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 237. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 238. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 239. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 240. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 241. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Which is density independent and which is density dependent?
  • 242. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  • 243. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Borrowed
  • 244. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Borrowed Dams
  • 245. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Borrowed Dams Clothes Climate Control
  • 246. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Borrowed Dams Clothes Climate Control Vaccines
  • 247. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Borrowed Dams Clothes Climate Control Vaccines Hygiene
  • 248. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Borrowed Dams Clothes Climate Control Vaccines Hygiene Weapons, (tool use)
  • 249. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Borrowed Dams Clothes Climate Control Vaccines Hygiene Weapons, (tool use) This is a picture of food aid being delivered to an area of the world that needs it very badly.
  • 250. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Borrowed Dams Clothes Climate Control Vaccines Hygiene Weapons, (tool use) This is a picture of food aid being delivered to an area of the world that needs it very badly.
  • 251. • This is a very important limiting factor in the human population.
  • 252. • This is a very important limiting factor in the human population.
  • 253. • Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life
  • 254. • Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life
  • 255. • Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life
  • 256. • Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life
  • 257. • Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life
  • 258. • Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life
  • 259. • Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life
  • 260. • Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life
  • 261. • Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life The key idea of r/K selection theory is that evolutionary pressures tend to drive animals in one of two directions — towards quickly reproducing animals who adopt as many niches as possible using simple strategies, and slowly reproducing animals who are strong competitors in crowded niches and invest lots of energy in their offspring.
  • 262. • Activity! Bird Monsters.
  • 263.  Please record the following  Beak types (utensils)  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 264.  Spoon beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 265.  Grabber Beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 266.  Magnetic Beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 267.  Tweezer Beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 268.  Tweezer Beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 269. • In the follow activity: You are required to eat seeds from a tray using different style beaks.
  • 270. • In the follow activity: You are required to eat seeds from a tray using different style beaks. – As Darwin’s finches varied, the type of beak and food sources also vary.
  • 271. • Rules – Nothing hits the floor (slipping hazard). – Obtain seeds casually (not a race) even though in nature it’s a struggle for survival. – No interference, although this does occur in nature a little bit. – Put seeds in cup (without use of hands) – Return neatly at end. – Keep voices down and stay focused on the task. – No complaining please if you get a stinky beak. • The environment / food source determines the usefulness of your beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 272. • Activity! Bird Eating Monsters. – Please sketch the following trays into your journal. – You will record your table rank (1-4) 1st is the winner, 4th is last in the circle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 273. • Activity! Bird Eating Monsters. – Can you make a prediction as to which beak will be the best before the activity begins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 274. • Bird Eating Monsters Procedure. A.) You are required to compete (being friendly) with other members of your table to eat the seeds in the tray. B.) Each group member only gets one type of beak for the whole class. You must use only your left hand, collect as many seeds as possible in the time given. A new tray will arrive at your table by rotating from group to group clockwise. C.) Put the seeds in your cup. D.) Estimate your count when down (Record your table rank on your pictures) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 275. • Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 276. • Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 277. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 278. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 279. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 280. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 281. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 282. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 283. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 284. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 285. • Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 286. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 287. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 288. • Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 289. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 290. • Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 291. • Answer: – The environment decides which traits are favorable and unfavorable. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 292. • Answer: – The environment decides which traits are favorable and unfavorable. – What’s favorable one year may not be favorable the next. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 293. • Answer: – The environment decides which traits are favorable and unfavorable. – What’s favorable one year may not be favorable the next. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 294. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 295. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 296. • Activity! Bird Structure Function and Survival by investigating beak type and foot type. – Each table group gets a token for each member, a white board, and dry erase marker + wipe. – Guess right and keep your token, guess wrong and lose it. Who will survive to the end? – Tokens = surprise at end. More tokens, more of the surprise. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 297. • Activity! Bird Structure Function and Survival by investigating beak type and foot type. – Each table group gets a token for each member, a white board, and dry erase marker + wipe. – Guess right and keep your token, guess wrong and lose it. Who will survive to the end? – Tokens = surprise at end. More tokens, more of the surprise. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Good behavior = Bonus tokens to well behaved groups.
  • 298. • Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking tough seeds? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 299. • Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking tough seeds? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 300. • Which bird will be best at surviving by catching many small fish from the air? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 301. • Which bird will be best at surviving by catching many small fish from the air? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 302. • Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing through flesh and killing small animals? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 303. • Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing through flesh and killing small animals? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 304. • Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing through flesh and killing small animals? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 305. • Which bird will be best at surviving by swiveling its beak through the water to collect food? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 306. • Which bird will be best at surviving by swiveling its beak through the water to collect food? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 307. • Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking through plant matter to find insects? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 308. • Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking through plant matter to find insects? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 309. • Which bird can survive in a number of different habitats including coastal waters, agricultural land, and probing deep into insect burrows. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 310. • Which bird can survive in a number of different habitats including coastal waters, agricultural land, and probing deep into insect burrows. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 311. • Which bird will be best at surviving by obtaining insects, seeds, and plants from the bottom of ponds. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 312. • Which bird will be best at surviving by obtaining insects, seeds, and plants from the bottom of ponds. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 313. • Which bird will be best at stabbing through the water to catch fish and other animals.
  • 314. • Which bird will be best at stabbing through the water to catch fish and other animals.
  • 315. • Which bird will be best at tearing through the body of small birds?
  • 316. • Which bird will be best at tearing through the body of small birds?
  • 317. • Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi- functional beak? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 318. • Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi- functional beak? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 319. • Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi- functional beak? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 320. • Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi- functional beak? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 321. • Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi- functional beak? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 322. • Which foot type is best adapted to survive in an aquatic environment? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 323. • Which foot type is best adapted to survive in an aquatic environment? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 324. • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by walking through the mud? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 325. • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by walking through the mud? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 326. • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by perching on branches? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 327. • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by perching on branches? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 328. • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by clinging to the side of trees? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 329. • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by clinging to the side of trees? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 330. • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by grasping and killing prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 331. • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by grasping and killing prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 332. • Which foot type is best adapted to hop around, cling, and eat French Fries? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 333. • Which foot type is best adapted to hop around, cling, and eat French Fries? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 334. • What animal has these feet?
  • 335. • What animal has these feet?
  • 336. • What animal has these feet?
  • 337. • What animal has these feet?
  • 338. • Remember, Birds came from dinosaurs
  • 339. • Remember, Birds came from dinosaurs
  • 340. This is grouse foot jewelry -Foot with lots of fine feathers to keep the bird warm on the snow.
  • 341. The Jacana can walk on top of Lilly Pads because its toes are long.
  • 342. The Jacana can walk on top of Lilly Pads because its toes are long.
  • 343. • What type of birds are these?
  • 344. • What type of birds are these? • Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands.
  • 345. • What type of birds are these? • Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands.
  • 346. • What type of birds are these? • Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands.
  • 347. • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • 348. • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • 349. • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • 350. • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • 351. • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • 352. • Male birds are generally more flashy than females because they don’t usually sit upon the eggs / need the camouflage. – They try to impress the girls…
  • 353. • Activity! Bird Structure Function. – Who still has their token left?
  • 354. • Tropical birds show many variations in colors. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 355. ―Hey!‖ ―Stop looking at my butt.‖
  • 356. • Video Link: Birds of Paradise. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L54bxmZ y_NE Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 357. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 358. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 359.  Coevolution: The evolution of two or more species, each adapting to changes in the other.
  • 360.  These ecological relationships include:
  • 361.  These ecological relationships include:  Predator/prey and parasite/host
  • 362.  These ecological relationships include:  Predator/prey and parasite/host  Competitive species
  • 363.  These ecological relationships include:  Predator/prey and parasite/host  Competitive species  Mutualistic species
  • 364.  These ecological relationships include:  Predator/prey and parasite/host  Competitive species  Mutualistic species
  • 365.  These ecological relationships include:  Predator/prey and parasite/host  Competitive species  Mutualistic species
  • 366.  These ecological relationships include:  Predator/prey and parasite/host  Competitive species  Mutualistic species
  • 367.  These ecological relationships include:  Predator/prey and parasite/host  Competitive species  Mutualistic species
  • 368.  These ecological relationships include:  Predator/prey and parasite/host  Competitive species  Mutualistic species
  • 369.  Mutualism: Both organisms benefit. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 370. • Types of mutualisms Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 371. Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their fungus colonies.
  • 372. Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their fungus colonies. -The ants then feed on the growing fungus.
  • 373. Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their fungus colonies. -The ants then feed on the growing fungus.
  • 374. • There were all examples of trophic Mutualisms
  • 375. • Trophic mutualism: Both species help feed each other. – -
  • 376.  Trophic mutualism: Both species help feed each other.  Usually nutrient related.
  • 377.  Cleaning symbiosis: One species gets food and shelter, the other has parasites removed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 378. • Video Link! Bulldozer Shrimp and the Goby. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vR9X3gFT pL0&feature=related
  • 379. • Video Link! Review of Symbiosis – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zSmL2F1t81Q
  • 380. • Question! Are these ants killing this caterpillar? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 381. • Question! Are these ants killing this caterpillar? – Answer: No. they are eating some sugary secretions releases by the caterpillar. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 382. • Video! Caterpillar and Ant defensive mutualism. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z3bWqlPLpMg
  • 383.  Defensive mutualisms: One species protects the other and gets some benefits for its help. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 384. • Never climb Acacia trees that have these galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and coming running out to attack. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 385. • Never climb Acacia trees that have these galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and coming running out to attack. – They get drops of sugar from the leaves of the tree. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 386. • Never climb Acacia trees that have these galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and coming running out to attack. – They get drops of sugar from the leaves of the tree. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 387. • The Sea Anemome and the Clownfish are a mutualism.
  • 388. • The Sea Anemome and the Clownfish are a mutualism. – The Anemome gets small scrapes from the clownfish, and the Clownfish gets protection.
  • 389.  Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 390. • Pollination – Insects transfer pollen from one flower to the next, insects gets nectar.
  • 391. ―Wow!‖ ―Look how this flower has evolved to be white, and shaped in a way so I can visit it.‖
  • 392. • Seed dispersal
  • 393. • Video Link Coevolution and a nice review of other forms of evolutoin. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDVbt2qQRq s&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PL7A 750281106CD067
  • 394. • There are an estimated 3 million to 100 million species on planet Earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 395. • You can now complete this question.
  • 396. • Photo tour of some of the neatest and rarest life on the planet. – Will these species be able to adapt to a rapidly changing environment? – Music at… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4VtO7MZWbUA
  • 397. ―Wow‖ ―How did an animal like this come to be?‖
  • 398. ―I didn’t just get run over by a truck.‖ ―I am shaped this way for a reason.‖
  • 399. ―I don’t think this mutation is a favorable one.‖
  • 400. ―I’ll bet you’ve never seen a Pangolin before?‖
  • 401. ―Nature has selected a long nose and tongue for survival.‖
  • 402. ―Check out my large eyes.‖
  • 403. ―I usually come out at night.‖
  • 404. ―I have big ears for a reason‖
  • 405. ―I live in the desert‖
  • 406. ―Never seen a blob fish before?‖
  • 407. ―I’m a Frilled Shark‖
  • 408. ―Frilled to meet you.‖
  • 409. The Dumbo Octopus
  • 410. ―Hi!‖ ―I’m having a great day today!‖
  • 411. .
  • 412. ―In a few million years, maybe I will have legs?‖
  • 413. ―Visit Tazmania to see some cool examples of evolution.‖
  • 414. ―I had legs, but have lost them.‖
  • 415. ―I had legs, but have lost them.‖
  • 416. ―I had legs, but have lost them.‖
  • 417. ―I had legs, but have lost them.‖
  • 418. • Video Link! Hank explains the Top 10 New Species. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZDI3RexF0UM
  • 419. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 420. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 421. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 422. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 423. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 424. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 425. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 426. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 427. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 428. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 429. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 430. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 431. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 432. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 433. • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • 434. • You should be very close to completion of the Evolution and Natural Selection portion of the unit assessment. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 435. • Video Link! Evolution and Natural Selection • Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Theory • Optional and Ver Advanced – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R6La6_kIr9g
  • 436. • Activity! Evolution and Natural Selection Review Game. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 437. • Learn More at the Tree of Life Project – http://tolweb.org/tree/
  • 438. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tstPlease visit at least one of the ―learn more‖ educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet.
  • 439. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  • 440. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 441. Areas of Focus within the Change Topics Unit: Evolution History, Scopes Monkey Trials, Darwin, Evolution, Evidences of Evolution, Four Parts to Darwin’s Theory, Natural Selection, The Mechanisms for Natural Selection, Divergent Evolution, Convergent Evolution, Diversity of Life Photo Tour, rWhat does it mean to be living?, Characteristics of Living Things, Origins of Life (Other Theories), Origins of Life (Science Theory), Needs of Living Things, Origins of the Universe (Timeline), Miller-Urey Experiment, Amino Acids, How Water Aided in the Origin of Life, Human Evolution, Hominid Features, Evidences of Human Evolution, Hominid Skulls Ecological Succession, Primary Succession, Secondary Succession, Plant Succession, Animal Succession, Stages of Ecological Succession, Events that Restart Succession. Full unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html
  • 442. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html
  • 443. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  • 444. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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