NAR-5060
Communications Appliance
Users Manual
Revision: 030
ITEM NO: B8980650
Portwell Inc.
3F, No. 92, Nei-Hu Rd., Sec....
NAR-5060User’sManual 1
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction 3
1.1 About This Manual .....................................
NAR-5060User’sManual 2
5.9 Sample Code ......................................................................................
NAR-5060User’sManual 3
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 About This Manual
This manual describes all required information for set...
NAR-5060User’sManual 4
1.3 Text Conventions
Users may find helpful tips or related information on Portwell's Web site.
htt...
NAR-5060User’sManual 5
Chapter 2 Getting Started
This section describes how the hardware installation and system settings ...
NAR-5060User’sManual 6
4. Do not operate the processor without a thermal solution. Damage to the processor
can occur in se...
NAR-5060User’sManual 7
2.4 Opening the Chassis
To open the chassis, follow these steps:
Fig. 2-3 Remove the screw on the a...
NAR-5060User’sManual 8
2.5 Installing a Hard Disk Drive
Fig. 2-7
The system has a internal drive bay for one 2.5" hard dis...
NAR-5060User’sManual 9
Fig. 2-10 Plug the 44-pin end to IDE connector Fig. 2-11 Bend the cable below the bracket
Fig. 2-12...
NAR-5060User’sManual 10
Fig. 2-14 Fig. 2-15
2.7 Upgrading the RAM Module
In case of upgrading system RAM module, follow th...
NAR-5060User’sManual 11
Fig. 2-22 Fig. 2-23
2.8 Replace the Battery
In case of replacing the battery, follow these steps:
...
NAR-5060User’sManual 12
dot mark (pin 1) of the CPU corresponds to the socket's bevel end. Then press the CPU
gently until...
NAR-5060User’sManual 13
Fig. 2-28 Set the CPU to the position and drive
the screws
Fig. 2-29 insert the air dock and buckl...
NAR-5060User’sManual 14
Fig. 2-33 tight up the screws Fig. 2-34 insert the PCI card into the PCI slot
Fig. 2-35 tight up t...
NAR-5060User’sManual 15
1. Lay the top cover properly above the chassis (Fig.2-36)
2. Push the top cover towards to the fr...
NAR-5060User’sManual 16
2.12.2.1 Jumpers
In general, jumpers on the single board computer are used to select options for c...
NAR-5060User’sManual 17
J18 Reset
J20 LAN2_LED
J21 LAN1_LED
J22 HDD_PowerLED
J30 Load_Default
J31 COM2
J33 HDD_PowerLED
J3...
NAR-5060User’sManual 18
5 HSYNCR
6 DDCCL
7 GND
8 DDCDA
9 GND
10
●
J4: Small 4 pin header
Pin No. Signal Description
1 +12V...
NAR-5060User’sManual 19
5 Di7 6 Do7
7 Di6 8 Do6
9 Di5 10 Do5
11 Di4 12 Do4
13 Di3 14 Do3
15 Di2 16 Do2
17 Di1 18 Do1
19 GN...
NAR-5060User’sManual 20
1 GND
2 RESET
●
J20 : LAN2_LED
Pin No. Signal Description
1 L2_1000#
2 L2_LINK LED#
3 L2_100#
4 L2...
NAR-5060User’sManual 21
use the single or double-side DDR without parity check and ECC function.
Watch out the contact and...
NAR-5060User’sManual 22
4. Please make the port settings to Baud rate 19200,Parity None,Data bits 8,
Stop bits 1.
5. Turn ...
NAR-5060User’sManual 23
7. This is the end of this section. If the terminal did not port correctly, please check the
previ...
NAR-5060User’sManual 24
Chapter 3 Operation Guides
3.1 Brief Guide for PPAP-3711VL
The PPAP-3711VL all-in-one half-sized n...
NAR-5060User’sManual 25
PPAP-3711VL built-in Socket 478 to support Intel®
FC-PGA Celeron™/Pentium®
4 processor
(both for 4...
NAR-5060User’sManual 26
Fig.3-2 PPAP-3711VL System Block Diagram
NAR-5060User’sManual 27
Chapter 4 Appendix
4.1 GPIO Sample code
/*
* led.c:
*
* Copyright (C) 2001 DeanSoft Co.,Ltd
* Copy...
NAR-5060User’sManual 28
if (port > 1024) {
if (!iopldone && iopl(3)) {
fprintf(stderr, " iopl(): %sn", strerror(errno));
r...
NAR-5060User’sManual 29
outw(val&0xffff, port);
else
outb(val&0xff, port);
return 0;
}
void led_init()
{
unsigned int rval...
NAR-5060User’sManual 30
break;
case 4: // (D12)Bit2: 0-> led ON, 1-> led OFF
led=read_port(pmbase+0x37,1);
led=( flag==1 ?...
NAR-5060User’sManual 31
led_onoff(1,ON);
sleep(10);
led_onoff(1,OFF);
}
#endif
#if 1
led_onoff(1,ON);
led_onoff(2,ON);
led...
NAR-5060User’sManual 32
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/type...
NAR-5060User’sManual 33
#ifdef DEBUG
printf("Write_Port(0x%04x)<=0x%xn", port, val);
#endif
if (port > 1024) {
if (!iopldo...
NAR-5060User’sManual 34
; Reset to default status can be read from ICH4_GPI6.
; After Power On reset, GPI6 = low ( 0 )
; I...
NAR-5060User’sManual 35
PROMP1 DB'PORTWELL PPAP-3711,3711RSTD.exe, V1.00 10-01-2003,All rights reserved.$'
PROMP1_1 DB ' F...
NAR-5060User’sManual 36
int 21h
lea dx,PROMP_2_CR_LF
mov ah,09h
int 21h
lea dx,PROMP_Str1
mov ah,09h
int 21h
lea dx,PROMP_...
NAR-5060User’sManual 37
;
; -------------------------------------------------- 1_start
; Get PMBASE and save to EBX_bit[31...
NAR-5060User’sManual 38
; GPI_INV (=GPIOBASE+2Ch)-bit6P0. ( GPI6 not inverted )
;
; Get GPI6 status from GPE0_STS (=PMBASE...
NAR-5060User’sManual 39
or al,08h ; bit3 ---> GPO19
out dx,al ; output GPO19 1
; make sure GPO19 = 1 end
; ===============...
NAR-5060User’sManual 40
call KB_Wait
; ---- t1 end
next_test1 :
; ---- t2 start
lea dx,promp_rst2df
mov ah,09h
int 21h
lea...
NAR-5060User’sManual 41
; ---- t3 start ,Clear RST2DF F/F
; GPO19 write 1,0,1
;
; ========= Write GPO19 1-0-1 start
xor bx...
NAR-5060User’sManual 42
rol edx,10h
; ---- t3 end
test_end :
ror edx,10h ; check error flag
cmp dl,00h
je test_ok
test_fai...
NAR-5060User’sManual 43
push ax
push bx
push cx
push dx
lea dx,PROMP_Qkey
mov ah,9 ; Display "Q" key prompt
int 21h
xor al...
NAR-5060User’sManual 44
; MUST to do write 1 to clear GPE0_STS_bit6 to 0 FIRST due to the
; access ( 0/1 ) . This register...
NAR-5060User’sManual 45
pop ax ;
pop dx
pop cx
ret
FIXDELAY ENDP
END programstart
NAR-5060User’sManual 46
Chapter 5 EZIO-100
5.1 About EZIO-100
Proprietary keypad and LCD display interfaces are implemente...
NAR-5060User’sManual 47
5.4 General Specification
 General Specification
Display Resolution:  16 characters x 2 lines
...
NAR-5060User’sManual 48
5 4 3 2 1
10 9 8 7 6
Pin 2: TxD Pin 3 : RxD Pin 5 : Ground
Fig. 5-1 Power connector and serial por...
NAR-5060User’sManual 49
clear the screen, send the command prefix (254) followed by the LCD clear-screen code (1). The val...
NAR-5060User’sManual 50
For 16×2 Display Address
Character 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 ...
NAR-5060User’sManual 51
 Shift right for entry mode.
 Setaddresscounterto“00”(cursorpositionto 0)
 In entry mode.
NAR-5060User’sManual 52
5.8 Character Generator ROM (CGROM)
NAR-5060User’sManual 53
5.9 Sample Code
/* *************************************
* EZIO RS232 LCD Control Sample Program
*...
NAR-5060User’sManual 54
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
static int fd;
vo...
NAR-5060User’sManual 55
int show = 14 ; /* Show underline cursor */
void Show () {
write(fd,&Cmd,1);
write(fd,&show,1);
}
...
NAR-5060User’sManual 56
Init(); /* Initialize EZIO twice */
Init();
Cls(); /* Clear screen */
ShowMessage(mes1,mes2);
whil...
of 57

Nar 5060 user's manual-english

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
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Transcripts - Nar 5060 user's manual-english

  • 1. NAR-5060 Communications Appliance Users Manual Revision: 030 ITEM NO: B8980650 Portwell Inc. 3F, No. 92, Nei-Hu Rd., Sec. 1, Taipei 114, Taiwan, R.O.C. Headquarter: +886-2-2799-2020 Fax: +886-2-2799-1010 http://www.portwell.com.tw Email: info@mail.portwell.com.tw
  • 2. NAR-5060User’sManual 1 Table of Contents Chapter 1 Introduction 3 1.1 About This Manual ................................................................................... 3 1.2 Manual Organization ................................................................................ 3 1.3 Text Conventions ..................................................................................... 4 Chapter 2 Getting Started 5 2.1 Included Hardware ................................................................................... 5 2.2 Before You Begin ..................................................................................... 5 2.3 The Chassis ............................................................................................ 6 2.4 Opening the Chassis ................................................................................ 7 2.5 Installing a Hard Disk Drive ...................................................................... 8 2.6 Installing a CF (Compact Flash) Card....................................................... 9 2.7 Upgrading the RAM Module ................................................................... 10 2.8 Replace the Battery................................................................................ 11 2.9 Installing a Different Processor................................................................ 11 2.10 PCI Card Install & Remove..................................................................... 13 2.11 Assembling the System.......................................................................... 14 2.12 Configuring the System Board................................................................ 15 2.13 Installing Memory .................................................................................... 20 2.14 Using a Client Computer ........................................................................ 21 Chapter 3 Operation Guides 24 3.1 Brief Guide for PPAP-3711VL ................................................................ 24 Chapter 4 Appendix 27 4.1 GPIO Sample code ................................................................................ 27 4.2 Watch-Dog Timer Sample code.............................................................. 31 4.3 Reset To Default Sample code............................................................... 33 Chapter 5 EZIO-100 46 5.1 About EZIO-100........................................................................................ 46 5.2 Features .......................................................................................... 46 5.3 Mechanical Specification........................................................................ 46 5.4 General Specification ............................................................................. 47 5.5 Product Outlook...................................................................................... 47 5.6 Interface Pin Assignment........................................................................ 47 5.7 EZIO Function Command....................................................................... 48 5.8 Character Generator ROM (CGROM) .................................................... 52
  • 3. NAR-5060User’sManual 2 5.9 Sample Code ......................................................................................... 53
  • 4. NAR-5060User’sManual 3 Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 About This Manual This manual describes all required information for setting up and using the NAR-5060. NAR-5060 provides the essential components for delivering optimal performance and functionality in the value communications appliance market segment. This manual should help its users to get familiar with NAR-5060 to be able to fulfill requirements. Feature of NAR-5060 includes: ◆ Versatile networking and I/O capabilities: 3/6 Ethernet ports ◆ Foul USB ports ◆ Two COM ports ◆ One VGA Port ◆ One CF Card Socket ◆ One EZIO Display ◆ Up to 2 Gbyte of DDR memory ◆ Two on-board DMA100 IDE channel to support two IDE hard disk drives ◆ CE NO: ◆ FCC NO: 1.2 Manual Organization The manual describes how to configure your NAR-5060 system to meet various operating requirements. It is divided into three chapters, with each chapter addressing a basic concept and operation of this whole system. Chapter 1: Introduction. It briefly talks about how this documentation is about. Some guidelines for users who do not want to read through all the pages, but still finding what they need. Chapter 2: Hardware Configuration Setting and Installation. This chapter shows how the hardware was put together. Detail information is also included in this section of this article. It shows the definitions and locations of Jumpers and Connectors that you can easily configure your system. Descriptions on how to properly mount the CPU and main memory to get a safe installation. By reading this chapter, the users should be able to set up NAR-5060. Chapter 3: Operation Information. It illustrates the main board system architecture. This section intends to give the users more information on the system architecture and how its performance can be maximized. Any updates to this manual, technical clarification, and answers to frequently asked questions will be posted on the following web site: http://isc.portwell.com.tw
  • 5. NAR-5060User’sManual 4 1.3 Text Conventions Users may find helpful tips or related information on Portwell's Web site. http://www.portwell.com.tw. A direct contact to Portwell's technical person is also available. For further support Users may also contact our headquarter in Taipei or contact Portwell's distributors.
  • 6. NAR-5060User’sManual 5 Chapter 2 Getting Started This section describes how the hardware installation and system settings should be done. 2.1 Included Hardware The following hardware is included in your kit: ◆ PPAP-3711VL Net Appliance System board ◆ 200 W power supply ◆ 1U Chassis ◆ 512MB DDR of DDR system memory ◆ One serial port cable ◆ One VGA cable ◆ One USB cable ◆ One EZIO 2.2 Before You Begin To prevent damage to any system board, it is important to handle it with care. The following measures are generally sufficient to protect your equipment from static electricity discharge: When handling the board, use a grounded wrist strap designed for static discharge elimination. Touch a grounded metal object before removing the board from the antistatic bag. Handle the board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral chips, memory modules or gold contacts. When handling processor chips or memory modules, avoid touching their pins or gold edge fingers. Put the value communications appliance system board and peripherals back into the antistatic bag when they are not in use or not installed in the chassis. Some circuitry on the system board can continue to operate even though the power is switched off. Under no circumstances should the Lithium coin cell that is being used to power the real- time clock be allowed to be shorted. The coin cell can heat under these conditions and present a burn hazard. WARNING 1. “CAUTION:DANGEROFEXPLOSIONIFBATTERYISINCORRECTLY REPLACED. REPLACE ONLY WITH SAME OR EQUIVALENT TYPE RECOMMENDED BY THE MANTFATURER. DISCARD USED BATTERIES ACCORDING TO THE MANUFACTURER’SINSTRUCTIONS” 2. This guide is for technically qualified personnel who have experience installing and configuring system boards Disconnect the system board power supply from its power source before you connect or disconnect cables or install or remove any system board components. Failure to do this can result in personnel injury or equipment damage. 3. Avoid short-circuiting the lithium battery; this can cause it to superheat and cause burns if touched.
  • 7. NAR-5060User’sManual 6 4. Do not operate the processor without a thermal solution. Damage to the processor can occur in seconds. 2.3 The Chassis The system is integrated in a standard 19" 1U chassis and fits in all standard rack or cabinet (Fig. 2-1 , Fig. 2-2). Front accessible panel there are an EZIO, a LED panel and a set of LAN ports. The LAN ports number can be different according to model. Fig. 2-1 Front View of the Chassis Fig. 2-2 Rear View of the Chassis
  • 8. NAR-5060User’sManual 7 2.4 Opening the Chassis To open the chassis, follow these steps: Fig. 2-3 Remove the screw on the arrow tip of top-cover Fig. 2-4 Remove the screw on the arrow tip of the ear mount Fig. 2-5 Push the top-cover on both left and right upper side at the same time Fig. 2-6 Slide lightly the top-cover to rear side until it is stopped and then raise it up
  • 9. NAR-5060User’sManual 8 2.5 Installing a Hard Disk Drive Fig. 2-7 The system has a internal drive bay for one 2.5" hard disk drive. If the HDD is not pre-installed, you can install by yourself. You need the parts from the accessory-bag as shown on Figure 2-7. They are one HDD-bracket, several screws and one 44pin IDE cable. (from left to right). Fig. 2-8 Fix the hard disk drive on the HDD bracket with four sink-head screws Fig. 2-9 Plug the IDE cable into hard disk drive connector
  • 10. NAR-5060User’sManual 9 Fig. 2-10 Plug the 44-pin end to IDE connector Fig. 2-11 Bend the cable below the bracket Fig. 2-12 Fix the half assembled HDD with the four round head screws Fig. 2-13 Complete. 2.6 Installing a CF (Compact Flash) Card 1. To install a compact flash card, it needs only to insert the CF card into the white socket on the adaptor board (Fig. 2-14)(Fig. 2-15)
  • 11. NAR-5060User’sManual 10 Fig. 2-14 Fig. 2-15 2.7 Upgrading the RAM Module In case of upgrading system RAM module, follow these steps: 1. Pull out the lock arms on both side and the RAM module springs up automatically. (Fig.2-22) 2. Press down gently on both left and right edges of the module (Fig.2-23) until it "clicks". 3. Then reappear step 1 to 2 to install more RAM module.(Fig. 2-25) Fig. 2-22 Fig. 2-23
  • 12. NAR-5060User’sManual 11 Fig. 2-22 Fig. 2-23 2.8 Replace the Battery In case of replacing the battery, follow these steps: Fig. 2-24 Fig. 2-25 1. Press the metal hook backward. (Fig.2-24) 2. The battery springs automatically. (Fig.2-25) 4. Replace a new one and press it back with fingertip. 2.9 Installing a Different Processor Installing CPU 1. Lift the handling lever of CPU socket outwards and upwards to the other end. 2. Align the processor pins with holes on the socket. Make sure that the notched corner or
  • 13. NAR-5060User’sManual 12 dot mark (pin 1) of the CPU corresponds to the socket's bevel end. Then press the CPU gently until it fits into place. If this operation is not easy or smooth, don't do it forcibly. You need to check and rebuild the CPU pin uniformly. 3. Push down the lever to lock processor chip into the socket. 4. Follow the installation guide of cooling fan or heat sink to mount it on CPU surface and lock it on the socket 478. 5. Be sure to follow particular CPU speed and voltage type to adjust the jumper settings properly. Removing CPU 1. Unlock the cooling fan first. 2. Lift the lever of CPU socket outwards and upwards to the other end. 3. Carefully lift up the existing CPU to remove it from the socket. 4. Follow the steps of installing a CPU to change to another one or place handling bar to close the opened socket. 2.11.1 Configuring Processor Speed The system was designed to self-detect its CPU speed. So it does not require any system adjustment. Fig. 2-26 Lift the handling lever of CPU socket outwards and upwards to the other end. Fig. 2-27 insert CPU into theSocket
  • 14. NAR-5060User’sManual 13 Fig. 2-28 Set the CPU to the position and drive the screws Fig. 2-29 insert the air dock and buckle up to the system board as shown with red arrow Fig. 2-30 assembling completion diagram 2.10 PCI Card Install & Remove If the installation of PCI cards required, please follow the instructions with care. Fig. 2-31 PCI Card secure base Fig. 2-32 Install the secure base to the chassis
  • 15. NAR-5060User’sManual 14 Fig. 2-33 tight up the screws Fig. 2-34 insert the PCI card into the PCI slot Fig. 2-35 tight up the mooting screw of the PCI card 2.11 Assembling the System The mechanism of top cover assembly to chassis needs six screws to fix the top cover. However, by assembling the top cover, there is one importance point; the tongue of the cover must be inserted to the proper position, so the six screw holes on the cover can match to the chassis. Fig. 2-36 Fig. 2-37
  • 16. NAR-5060User’sManual 15 1. Lay the top cover properly above the chassis (Fig.2-36) 2. Push the top cover towards to the front side. (Fig.2-37) 3. Fasten the chassis of all screws. 2.12 Configuring the System Board 2.12.1 Product Specifications Main processor  Intel® Celeron™/Pentium® 4 Processors. (Speed up to 2.8GHz) BIOS  Award system BIOS with 64Kb Flash ROM to support DMI, PnP, Redirect to console. Main Memory  Two 184-pin DDR socket, supporting 2.5V DDR up to 2GB L2 Cache Memory  128KB/512KB PBSRAM built in (Celeron™/Pentium® 4) CPU module Chipset  Intel® 845GV IDE Interface  One on-board DMA33 IDE channel to support two IDE devices Default support 2.5" IDE devices only (3.5" IDE requires a converting cable) Serial Ports  One DB9 Connector for connecting to console  One internal Pin pair connector for optional LCD/Key pad module (Portwell Proprietary) USB Interface  Support two USB 2.0 ports for high speed I/O peripheral devices Auxiliary I/O Interfaces  System reset switch, Power LED, LAN activity LED, HDD LED interface Watchdog Timer  255 intervals from 0.5 min. to 254.5 min. by software programming Power Inlet  One standard 20-pin ATX power connector  One on-board DC input jack PCI Golden Finger  One PCI golden finger edge connector for PCI connection Hardware Monitor On-board hardware monitor for:  CPU fan x 1  System fan x 2  System voltages: +5V and +12V Power Good  On-board power good generator with reset time, 300ms~500ms 2.12.2 Hardware Configuration Setting This section gives the definitions and shows the positions of jumpers, headers and connectors. All of the configuration jumpers on PPAP-3711VL are in the proper position. The default settings set by factory are marked with a star ( ★ ).
  • 17. NAR-5060User’sManual 16 2.12.2.1 Jumpers In general, jumpers on the single board computer are used to select options for certain features. Some of the jumpers are user-configurable, which allows system enhancement. The others are for testing purpose only and should not be altered. To select any option, cover the jumper cap over (Short) or remove (NC) it from the jumper pins according to the following instructions. Here NC stands for "Not Connected". (Please refer to Fig. 2-38 for detail jumper positions) mPGA478B FWH BAT 845GV/GL ICH4 SIO LAN1 LAN2 LAN3 LAN4 LAN5 LAN6 J6 J15 J24 J26 J27 J28 J29 J31 PW1 J40 J35 J34 J33 JP3 J30 JP2 J39 J37 DIMM1 DIMM2 J38 J32 J36 J19 J23 J4 J5 J8 J9 J16 JP1 J25 J10 J2 J3 J7 J11 J12 J13 J14 J20 J21 J22 J17 J18 19 20 9 10 5 10 5 10 13 26 2 4 2 2 2 4 4 5 6 10 2 2 4 9 2 10 7 10 39 40 43 44 Fig.2-38 PPAP-3711VL Jumper Locations 2.12.2.2 Connectors I/O peripheral devices and Flash disk will be connected to these interface connectors or DOC socket located on this single board computer. Connector Function Remark JP1 Secondary IDE Select Shot: Master / Open: Slave JP2 Clean CMOS 1-2: Normal , 2-3: Clean JP3 WDT Select Shot: WDT Reset / Open: SMI J2 K/B, M/S J3 CRT J4 Small 4 pin header J5 USB J7 Parallel port J8 GPIO J11 LAN6_LED J12 LAN5_LED J13 LAN4_LED J14 LAN3_LED J17 Load_Default
  • 18. NAR-5060User’sManual 17 J18 Reset J20 LAN2_LED J21 LAN1_LED J22 HDD_PowerLED J30 Load_Default J31 COM2 J33 HDD_PowerLED J34 USB Pin Assignments of Connectors ● JP1: Secondary IDE Select Pin No. Signal Description Shot Master NC Slave ● JP2: Clean CMOS Pin No. Signal Description 1 –2 Normal 2 –3 Clean CMOS ● JP3: WDT Select Pin No. Signal Description Shot WDT Reset NC WDT SMI ● J2: K/B , M/S Pin No. Signal Description 1 MDAT 2 3 GND 4 VCC 5 MCLK 6 KDAT 7 8 GND 9 VCC 10 KCLK ● J3: CRT Pin No. Signal Description 1 RED 2 GREEN 3 BLUE 4 VSYNCR
  • 19. NAR-5060User’sManual 18 5 HSYNCR 6 DDCCL 7 GND 8 DDCDA 9 GND 10 ● J4: Small 4 pin header Pin No. Signal Description 1 +12V 2 GND 3 GND 4 VCC ● J5/J34: USB Header Pin No. Signal Description 1 VCC2/VCC4 2 GND3/GND5 3 DATA2/DATA4 4 GND3/GND5 5 DATA2+/DATA4+ 6 DATA3+/DATA5+ 7 GND2/GND4 8 DATA3-/DATA5- 9 GND2/GND4 10 VCC3/VCC5 ● J7: Parallel port Pin No. Signal Description Pin No. Signal Description 1 P_STB# 2 P_PD0 3 P_PD1 4 P_PD2 5 P_PD3 6 P_PD4 7 P_PD5 8 P_PD6 9 P_PD7 10 ACK# 11 BUSY 12 PE 13 SLCT 14 P_AFD# 15 ERR# 16 P_INIT# 17 P_SLIN# 18 GND 19 GND 20 GND 21 GND 22 GND 23 GND 24 GND 25 GND 26 N/A ● J8: GPIO Pin No. Signal Description Pin No. Signal Description 1 VCC 2 3 Di8 4 Do8
  • 20. NAR-5060User’sManual 19 5 Di7 6 Do7 7 Di6 8 Do6 9 Di5 10 Do5 11 Di4 12 Do4 13 Di3 14 Do3 15 Di2 16 Do2 17 Di1 18 Do1 19 GND 20 GND ● J11: LAN6_LED Pin No. Signal Description 1 L6_1000# 2 L6_LINK LED# 3 L6_100# 4 L6_ACT ● J12 : LAN5_LED Pin No. Signal Description 1 L5_1000# 2 L5_LINK LED# 3 L5_100# 4 L5_ACT# ● J13 : LAN4_LED Pin No. Signal Description 1 L4_1000# 2 L4_LINK LED# 3 L4_100# 4 L4_ACT# ● J14 : LAN3_LED Pin No. Signal Description 1 L3_1000# 2 L3_LINK LED# 3 L3_100# 4 L3_ACT# ● J17/J30: Load_Default Pin No. Signal Description 1 PRE# 2 GND ● J18 : RESET Pin No. Signal Description
  • 21. NAR-5060User’sManual 20 1 GND 2 RESET ● J20 : LAN2_LED Pin No. Signal Description 1 L2_1000# 2 L2_LINK LED# 3 L2_100# 4 L2_ACT# ● J21 : LAN5_LED Pin No. Signal Description 1 L1_1000# 2 L1_LINK LED# 3 L1_100# 4 L1_ACT# ● J22/J33: HDD_Power LED Pin No. Signal Description 1 GND 2 VCC 3 HDD_ACT 4 VCC ● J31: COM2 Pin No. Signal Description 1 DCD#2 2 RXD#2 3 TXD#2 4 DTR#2 5 GND 6 DSR#2 7 RTS#2 8 CTS#2 9 RI#2 10 2.13 Installing Memory This PPAP-3711VL provides one 184-pin DDR socket. The maximum memory size is 2GB. Normally, the DDR used could be 2.5V DDR with speed less than 70ns (-7), you need to use DDR with speed less than 70ns (-7). It is better to use PC2700-compliant memory chip on your system. For system compatibility and stability, don't use memory module without brand. You can also
  • 22. NAR-5060User’sManual 21 use the single or double-side DDR without parity check and ECC function. Watch out the contact and lock integrity of memory module with socket, it will impact on the system reliability. Follow normal procedure to install your DDR RAM module into memory socket. Before locking, make sure that the module has been fully inserted into card slot. NOTE: For maintaining system stability, don't change any of DDR parameters in BIOS setup to upgrade your system performance except for getting technical information. 2.14 Using a Client Computer 2.14.1 Connecting Using HyperTerminal If users use a headless NAR-5060, which should have no mouse/keyboard and VGA output connected to it. The console may be used to communicate with NAR-5060 If users would like to use console to access NAR-5060, using HyperTerminal will be one of many good choices. It can be set up by following the steps below: 1. Execute HyperTerminal under C:Program FilesAccessoriesHyperTerminal 2. Enter a name to create new dial 3. For the connection settings, make it Direct to Com1.
  • 23. NAR-5060User’sManual 22 4. Please make the port settings to Baud rate 19200,Parity None,Data bits 8, Stop bits 1. 5. Turn on the power of raid, after following screen was shown 6. You can then see the boot up information of NAR-5060
  • 24. NAR-5060User’sManual 23 7. This is the end of this section. If the terminal did not port correctly, please check the previous steps.
  • 25. NAR-5060User’sManual 24 Chapter 3 Operation Guides 3.1 Brief Guide for PPAP-3711VL The PPAP-3711VL all-in-one half-sized network appliance system board is designed to fit a high performance Celeron™ and Pentium® 4 based processor and compatible for high-end computer system application. It is made to meet today's demanding pace, and keep complete compatibility with hardware and software designed for the IBM PC/AT. It's beneficial to build up a high performance and high data availability system for VARs, or system integrators. This single board computer can run with Intel® FC-PGA Celeron™ or Intel® FC-PGA Pentium® 4 processors (Speed up to 2.8GHz), and 184-pin DDR up to 2GB. The enhanced on-board PCI IDE interface support 2 drives up to PIO mode 4 timing and Ultra DMA/100 synchronous mode feature. The on-board Super I/O Chipset integrates only two serial ports, which are driven by two high performance 16C550-compatible UARTs to provide 16-byte send/receive FIFOs. Besides, the two Universal Serial Bus ports provide high-speed data communication between peripherals and PC. The A built-in Watch-dog Timer function helps to monitor your system status. The on-board Flash ROM is used to make the BIOS update easier. An AC/DC adaptor power input jack is provided for AT mode operation. The high precision Real Time Clock/calendar is built to support Y2K for accurate scheduling and storing configuration information. All of these features make PPAP-3711VL excellent in stand-alone applications. Fig. 3-1 System Architecture The following illustration of block diagram will show how PPAP-3711VL be a highly integrated system solution. The most up-to-date system architecture of PPAP-3711VL, includes two main VLSI chips, 845GL/GV Host Bridge and 82810DB, to support FC-PGA Celeron/P4 processor, DDR, PCI bus interface, USB 2.0 port, SMBus communication, and Ultra DMA/100 IDE Master. The on-board super I/O chip, W83627HF, supports two UARTs.
  • 26. NAR-5060User’sManual 25 PPAP-3711VL built-in Socket 478 to support Intel® FC-PGA Celeron™/Pentium® 4 processor (both for 400/533 FSB bus only) for high performance and cost-effective application. The Intel® Celeron™ processor is the next addition to the P6 micro architecture processor product lines. The Intel® Celeron™ processor, like the Intel Pentium Pro and Intel Pentium II processor, features a Dynamic Execution micro-architecture and also executes MMX technology instructions for enhanced media and communication performance. However, the FC-PGA Pentium® 4 processor provides 512K L2 Cache. The North Bridge 845GL/GV provides a completely integrated solution for the system controller and data path components in a Celeron™ processor system. It provides a 64-bit GTL+ based host bus interface, optimized 64-bit DRAM interface without ECC to support two 2.5V DDR memory module at the maximum bus frequency of 533 MHz, and 32-bit PCI bus interface to support on-board PCI device. The South Bridge, 82810DB, provides one channel dedicated Ultra DMA-100 IDE master/slave interface, full Plug-and-Play compatibility, and one channel CF slot, Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller (APIC) interface on PPAP-3711VL. It also supports 4-port Universal Serial Bus (USB 2.0) and PCI 2.1 Compliance operation. The Super I/O chip W83627HF integrates two high-speed serial ports.In PPAP-3711VL, it contains Watch-dog Timer (WDT) enabled by Software(BIOS). and Eight bit GPIO, Besides, an advanced feature is used on PPAP-3711VL to support detection of CPU temperature. Provides 64Kbit nVRAM(non-volatile RAM), and One 2x5 pin connector for VGA supported. All detailed operating relations are shown in Fig. 3-2 PPAP-3711VL System Block Diagram.
  • 27. NAR-5060User’sManual 26 Fig.3-2 PPAP-3711VL System Block Diagram
  • 28. NAR-5060User’sManual 27 Chapter 4 Appendix 4.1 GPIO Sample code /* * led.c: * * Copyright (C) 2001 DeanSoft Co.,Ltd * Copyright (C) 1998,2000,2001 Alessandro Rubini * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the * GNU General Public License for more details. * * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. */ #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <string.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <errno.h> #include <fcntl.h> #include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/stat.h> #include <asm/io.h> /* linux-specific */ #ifdef __GLIBC__ # include <sys/perm.h> #endif // #define DEBUG static unsigned int pmbase=0; unsigned int read_port(unsigned int port,int size) { static int iopldone = 0; unsigned int val=0;
  • 29. NAR-5060User’sManual 28 if (port > 1024) { if (!iopldone && iopl(3)) { fprintf(stderr, " iopl(): %sn", strerror(errno)); return 0; } iopldone++; } else if (ioperm(port,size,1)) { fprintf(stderr, " ioperm(%x): %sn", port, strerror(errno)); return 0; } if (size == 4) { val=inl(port); #ifdef DEBUG printf("Read_port:(0x%04x)=>0x%08xn", port, val); #endif } else if (size == 2) { val=inw(port); #ifdef DEBUG printf("Read_port:(0x%04x)=>0x%04xn", port, val); #endif } else { val=inb(port); #ifdef DEBUG printf("Read_port:(0x%04x)=>0x%02xn", port, val); #endif } return(val); } static int write_port(unsigned int port, unsigned int val, int size) { static int iopldone = 0; #ifdef DEBUG printf("Write_Port(0x%04x)<=0x%xn", port, val); #endif if (port > 1024) { if (!iopldone && iopl(3)) { fprintf(stderr, "iopl(): %sn", strerror(errno)); return 1; } iopldone++; } else if (ioperm(port,size,1)) { fprintf(stderr, "ioperm(%x): %sn", port, strerror(errno)); return 1; } if (size == 4) outl(val, port); else if (size == 2)
  • 30. NAR-5060User’sManual 29 outw(val&0xffff, port); else outb(val&0xff, port); return 0; } void led_init() { unsigned int rval=0,mval=0; // program bit 31,30,29 of PCR GENCFG to 1,1,1 write_port(0xCF8,0x800038B0,4); rval=read_port(0xCFC,4); mval=rval | 0xe0000000; write_port(0xCF8,0x800038B0,4); write_port(0xCFC,mval,4); // program bit 8 of PCR XBCS to 0 write_port(0xCF8,0x8000384C,4); rval=read_port(0xCFC,4); mval=rval & 0xfffffeff; write_port(0xCF8,0x8000384C,4); write_port(0xCFC,mval,4); // raed Power Management base address write_port(0xCF8,0x80003B40,4); rval=read_port(0xCFC,4); pmbase=rval&0xFFC0; } // // pos= 1~8 ,flag=1/0 // void led_onoff(int pos, int flag) { unsigned int led=0; switch (pos) { case 1: // (D9) Bit5: 0-> led ON, 1-> led OFF led = read_port(pmbase+0x37,1); led=( flag==1 ?(led & 0xDF) : (led | 0x20)); write_port(pmbase+0x37,led,1); break; case 2: // (D10)Bit4: 0-> led ON, 1-> led OFF led=read_port(pmbase+0x37,1); led=( flag==1 ?(led & 0xEF) :(led | 0x10)); write_port(pmbase+0x37,led,1); break; case 3: // (D11)Bit3 0-> led ON, 1-> led OFF led=read_port(pmbase+0x37,1); led=( flag==1 ?(led & 0xF7) :(led | 0x08)); write_port(pmbase+0x37,led,1);
  • 31. NAR-5060User’sManual 30 break; case 4: // (D12)Bit2: 0-> led ON, 1-> led OFF led=read_port(pmbase+0x37,1); led=( flag==1 ?(led & 0xFB) :(led | 0x04)); write_port(pmbase+0x37,led,1); break; case 5: // (D13)Bit1: 0-> led ON, 1-> led OFF led=read_port(pmbase+0x37,1); led=( flag==1 ?(led & 0xFD) :(led | 0x02)); write_port(pmbase+0x37,led,1); break; case 6: // (D14)Bit0: 0-> led ON, 1-> led OFF led=read_port(pmbase+0x37,1); led=( flag==1 ?(led & 0xFE) :(led | 0x01)); write_port(pmbase+0x37,led,1); break; case 7: // (D15)Bit0: 0-> led ON, 1-> led OFF led=read_port(pmbase+0x35,1); led=( flag==1 ?(led & 0xFE) :(led | 0x01)); write_port(pmbase+0x35,led,1); break; case 8: // (D16)Bit0: 0-> led ON, 1-> led OFF led=read_port(pmbase+0x34,1); led=( flag==1 ?(led & 0xFE) :(led | 0x01)); write_port(pmbase+0x34,led,1); break; default: } } #define ON 1 #define OFF 0 int main(int argc, char **argv) { // unsigned int i, n, port, size, error = 0; // int i; setuid(0); /* if we're setuid, force it on */ led_init(); #if 0 led_onoff(1,ON); led_onoff(2,ON); led_onoff(3,ON); led_onoff(4,ON); led_onoff(5,ON); led_onoff(6,ON); led_onoff(7,OFF); led_onoff(8,OFF); #endif #if 0 for(i=0;i<50000;i++) {
  • 32. NAR-5060User’sManual 31 led_onoff(1,ON); sleep(10); led_onoff(1,OFF); } #endif #if 1 led_onoff(1,ON); led_onoff(2,ON); led_onoff(3,ON); led_onoff(4,ON); led_onoff(5,ON); led_onoff(6,ON); led_onoff(7,ON); led_onoff(8,ON); #endif } 4.2 Watch-Dog Timer Sample code Watch Dog Timer is a special function; the user can monitor and control the system via software or hardware implementation. If the implementation does not respond in seconds, the system will be rebooted automatically. With this mechanism, the lost or damage can be minimized, when there is not monitoring personnel onsite. Following list are PPAP-3711 Watch Dog Timer sample Code, this is for reference only: /* * PPAP-3711VL Watch Dog Sample: * * Copyright (C) 2001 Portwell Inc. * Copyright (C) 1998,2000,2001,2002,2003. Chris Chiu * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the * GNU General Public License for more details. * * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. */ #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <string.h>
  • 33. NAR-5060User’sManual 32 #include <unistd.h> #include <errno.h> #include <fcntl.h> #include <sys/time.h> #include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/stat.h> #include <asm/io.h> /* linux-specific */ #ifdef __GLIBC__ # include <sys/perm.h> #endif unsigned int read_port(unsigned int port,int size) { static int iopldone = 0; unsigned int val=0; if (port > 1024) { if (!iopldone && iopl(3)) { fprintf(stderr, " iopl(): %sn", strerror(errno)); return 0; } iopldone++; } else if (ioperm(port,size,1)) { fprintf(stderr, " ioperm(%x): %sn", port, strerror(errno)); return 0; } if (size == 4) { val=inl(port); #ifdef DEBUG printf("Read_port:(0x%04x)=>0x%08xn", port, val); #endif } else if (size == 2) { val=inw(port); #ifdef DEBUG printf("Read_port:(0x%04x)=>0x%04xn", port, val); #endif } else { val=inb(port); #ifdef DEBUG printf("Read_port:(0x%04x)=>0x%02xn", port, val); #endif } return(val); } static int write_port(unsigned int port, unsigned int val, int size) { static int iopldone = 0;
  • 34. NAR-5060User’sManual 33 #ifdef DEBUG printf("Write_Port(0x%04x)<=0x%xn", port, val); #endif if (port > 1024) { if (!iopldone && iopl(3)) { fprintf(stderr, "iopl(): %sn", strerror(errno)); return 1; } iopldone++; } else if (ioperm(port,size,1)) { fprintf(stderr, "ioperm(%x): %sn", port, strerror(errno)); return 1; } if (size == 4) outl(val, port); else if (size == 2) outw(val&0xffff, port); else outb(val&0xff, port); return 0; } void ppap100_wdt_enable ( ) { read_port(0x433,1); } int main(int argc, char **argv) { ppap100_wdt_enable(); } 4.3 Reset To Default Sample code Reset To Default 是提供給使用者透過一個按鍵,使用自行撰寫的軟體,可控制系統將系統參數重新 設定為預設值,透過這個功能,可避免系統發生錯亂現象時,使用者不知如何處理的情況產生,可避免 造成系統停擺,產生莫大的損失. 下列為 PPAP-3711 Reset To Default 功能的 Sample Code,僅供參考: ; For PPAP-3711, RESET to Default testing ; By Frank Hsu , 10/01/2003 ;
  • 35. NAR-5060User’sManual 34 ; Reset to default status can be read from ICH4_GPI6. ; After Power On reset, GPI6 = low ( 0 ) ; If Reset to Default (RST2DF) Button pressed ( Triggered ) ; ,then GPI6 will be latch to high ( 1 ). ; ; RST2DF register can be cleared by ICH4_GPO19. ; Write a pulse timing ( High1_low_high2 ) to clear RST2DF to 0. ; High1 : output GPO19 high , and keep 10 us. ; Low : output GPO19 low , and keep 10 us. ; High2 : output GPo19 high again , and keep high always. ; ; ; Programming Guide : ; PG_Step1 : Enable ACPI IO port assignment and get PMBASE, then save to ; EBX_Bit[31..16] ; ; First : GPI_ROUT bit[13,12] P [0,0] : Let GPI6 not evoke SCI. ; Write GPI_Rout bit[13,12] to [0,0] for no effect on GPI6 ; ( B0:D31:F0:Offset_B8h-Bit[13,12]P[0,0] , no SCI event evoked) ; ; Second: Enabe ACPI IO port by setting ACPI_CNTL bit4 ; B0:D31:F0:Offset_44h_bit4P1 ; Third : Get PMBASE ( ACPI I/O port BAR ) and ; save to EBX_bit[31..16]. ; PMBASE=:B0:D31:F0:Offset[40..43h] ; Let Bit0 = 0.( PCI_BAR bit0 returns 1 for a IO_BAR ) ; ; ; ; PG_Step2 : Enable GPIO IO function and get GPIOBASE, then save to ; ECX_Bit[31..16] ; ; How to program GPIO19 ( Output only , i.e. GPO19 ) ; ------------------------------------------------------- ; Get GPIOBASE =: B0:D31:F0:Offset[58..5Bh] ;(and let bit0 = 0 ) ; GPIO_CNTL =: B0:D31:F0:Offset_5Ch_bit4P1 ;Enable ICH4 GPIO ; ; GPIO19 ; GP_LVL (=:(GPIOBASE + 0Ch))_bit19P[0/1]; Write value 0/1 ; ------------------------------------------------------ ; ; How to read GPI6 ; ====================================================== ; GPI6 status MUST NOT be inverted First. ; GPI_INV (=GPIOBASE+2Ch)-bit6P0. ( GPI6 not inverted ) ; ; Get GPI6 status from GPE0_STS (=PMBASE+28h)-bit22 ; 0 = low , 1= high level ; ====================================================== .MODEL tiny .386 .STACK 200h .data
  • 36. NAR-5060User’sManual 35 PROMP1 DB'PORTWELL PPAP-3711,3711RSTD.exe, V1.00 10-01-2003,All rights reserved.$' PROMP1_1 DB ' For PPAP-3711 Reset-to-Default test .',13,10,'$' PROMP_2_CR_LF db 0Dh, 0Ah,0Dh, 0Ah, '$' PROMP_Str1 db ' Reset-To-Default status latched by a F/F. ',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_Str2 db ' This status bit = 0 ---> Normal. ',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_Str3 db ' This status bit = 1 ---> RST2DF button has been pressed.',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_Str4 db ' This status bit can be read by ICH4_GPI6, ',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_Str5 db ' and can be cleared by an ICH_GPO19 High1-Low-High2 pulse.',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_Str6 db ' ',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_Str7 db ' High1 = 30us High level ',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_Str8 db ' Low = 30us Low level ',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_Str9 db ' High2 = High level again and no level change from now on.',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_StrA db ' ',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_rst2df db 0dh,0ah,' Press the Reset-to-Default button and then release it for the test NOW!$' PROMP_anykey db 0dh,0ah,' Ready ? If yes , then Press any key to start test ....... $' PROMP_err1 db 0dh,0ah,' ***** "Reset-to-Default F/F Initialization" Failed. *****',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_err1_1 db ' ( This may be a H/W error or Reset-to-Default button has ever been pressed ! )',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_err2 db 0dh,0ah,' ***** "Reset-to-Default event latched by F/F " Failed. *****',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_err3 db 0dh,0ah,' ***** "Clear Reset-to-Default F/F status " Failed. *****',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_TEST_OK db ' <<..... PPAP-3711 RESET-TO-DEFAULT test OK .....>>',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_TEST_fail db ' <<***** PPAP-3711 RESET-TO-DEFAULT test FAIL *****>>',0dh,0ah,'$' PROMP_Qkey db 0dh,0ah,'Press "Q" key to stop test and return to DOS; or other key to go on next test.$' GP_INV_OFFSET db 2Ch ; The offset value from GPIOBASE GPE0_STS_OFFSET db 28h ; The offset value from PMBASE GP_LVL_OFFSET db 0Ch ; The offset value from GPIOBASE ; EBX_bit[31..16] save PMBASE ( B0:D31:F0:Offset[40..43h]) ; ECX_bit[31..16] save GPIOBASE ( B0:D31:F0:Offset[58..5Bh] ) .code programstart: mov ax,@data mov ds,ax lea dx,PROMP_2_CR_LF mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP1 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_2_CR_LF mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP1_1 mov ah,09h
  • 37. NAR-5060User’sManual 36 int 21h lea dx,PROMP_2_CR_LF mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_Str1 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_Str2 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_Str3 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_Str4 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_Str5 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_Str6 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_Str7 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_Str8 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_Str9 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,PROMP_StrA mov ah,09h int 21h mov edx,00000000h ; Error flag in EDX_BIT[16..18], 0=ok, 1=failed ; PG_Step1 : Enable ACPI IO port assignment and get PMBASE, then save to ; EBX_Bit[31..16] ; ; First : GPI_ROUT bit[13,12] P [0,0] : Let GPI6 not evoke SCI. ; Write GPI_Rout bit[13,12] to [0,0] for no effect on GPI6 ; ( B0:D31:F0:Offset_B8h-Bit[13,12]P[0,0] , no SCI event evoked) ; ; Second: Enabe ACPI IO port by setting ACPI_CNTL bit4 ; B0:D31:F0:Offset_44h_bit4P1 ; Third : Get PMBASE ( ACPI I/O port BAR ) and ; save to EBX_bit[31..16]. ; PMBASE=:B0:D31:F0:Offset[40..43h] ; Let Bit0 = 0.( PCI_BAR bit0 returns 1 for a IO_BAR ) ;
  • 38. NAR-5060User’sManual 37 ; ; -------------------------------------------------- 1_start ; Get PMBASE and save to EBX_bit[31..16] ; Let GPI6 GPI_ROUT to [0,0] , i.e. not evoke SCI in S0. mov dx,0CF8h ; PCI Config Read mov eax,8000F8B8h ; B0:D31:F0:Offset_B8h out dx,eax mov dx,0CFCh in eax,dx and ah,0CFh ; bit[13,12] set to [0,0] to let GPI6 not out dx,eax ; evoke SCI event mov dx,0CF8h ; PCI Config Read mov eax,8000F844h ; B0:D31:F0:Offset_44h out dx,eax mov dx,0CFCh in eax,dx or al,10h ; bit 4 set to 1 to enable PMBASE out dx,eax ; mov dx,0CF8h ; Get PMBASE mov eax,8000F840h ; B0:D31:F0:Offset_40h out dx,eax mov dx,0CFCh in eax,dx and al,0feh ; bit0 cleared to 0. rol eax,10h mov ebx,eax ; Save PMBASE to EBX[31..16] ; -------------------------------------------------- 1_end ; PG_Step2 : Enable GPIO IO function and get GPIOBASE, then save to ; ECX_Bit[31..16] ; ; How to program GPO19 ; ------------------------------------------------------- ; Get GPIOBASE =: B0:D31:F0:Offset[58..5Bh] ;(and let bit0 = 0 ) ; GPIO_CNTL =: B0:D31:F0:Offset_5Ch_bit4P1 ;Enable ICH4 GPIO ; ; GPO19 ; GP_LVL (=:(GPIOBASE + 0Ch))_bit19P[0/1]; Write value 0/1 ; ------------------------------------------------------- ; ; How to read GPI6 ; ====================================================== ; GPI6 status must NOT be inverted First.
  • 39. NAR-5060User’sManual 38 ; GPI_INV (=GPIOBASE+2Ch)-bit6P0. ( GPI6 not inverted ) ; ; Get GPI6 status from GPE0_STS (=PMBASE+28h)-bit22 ; 0 = low , 1= high level ; ====================================================== ; ==================================================== 2_start ; Get GPIOBASE Base Address , and save to ECX_bit[31..16] mov dx,0CF8h mov eax,8000F85Ch ; B0:D31:F0:Offset_5Ch out dx,eax mov dx,0CFCh in eax,dx or al,10h ; 5Ch_Bit4P1 to Enable GPIO out dx,eax mov dx,0CF8h ; Get GPIOBASE mov eax,8000F858h ; B0:D31:F0:Offset_58h out dx,eax mov dx,0CFCh in eax,dx and al,0feh ; bit 0 cleared to 0. rol eax,10h mov ecx,eax ; Save GPIOBASE to ECX[31..16] ; Get GPIOBASE Base Address , and save to ECX_bit[31..16] ; Testing way : ; --- t1 ; Read GPI6 first , GPI6=0 ? if yes,pass ; if no, failed ; ; --- t2 ; RST2DF button pressed and released , read GPI6 ,GPI6 = 1 ? if yes, pass ; if no, failed ; ; --- t3 ; Clear RST2DF status to 0 ,read GPI6 ,GPI6 = 0 ? if yes, pass ; if no, failed ;------------------------------------------------------------------ t_start rol ecx,10h ; Restore GPIOBASE from ECX[31..16] to ECX[15..0] ; make sure GPO19 = 1 start ( RST2DF F/F no cleared by GPO19 ) xor bx,bx mov bl,GP_LVL_OFFSET ; Write GPO19 1 mov dx,cx ; add dx,bx ; add dx,02h ; point to GPIO[16..23] register in al,dx ; read first call IODELAY ; io delay
  • 40. NAR-5060User’sManual 39 or al,08h ; bit3 ---> GPO19 out dx,al ; output GPO19 1 ; make sure GPO19 = 1 end ; ============================ MUST DO ==========================Start ; GP_INV bit6 MUST Program 0 for GPI6 state not inverted. start xor bx,bx mov bl,GP_INV_OFFSET ; Not invert GPI6 status mov dx,cx ; add dx,bx ; bit6 ---> GPI6 in al,dx ; read first call IODELAY ; io delay and al,0BFh ; mask bit6 and write 0 out dx,al ; GP_INV bit6 MUST Program 0 for GPI6 state not inverted. end ; ============================ MUST DO ==========================End ; ---- t1 start ; GPI6 , read its status , initialization will be 0 . ; ; How to read GPI6 ; ------------------------------------------------------- ; PMBASE has been stored in EBX[31..16]. ; Get GPI6 status from GPE0_STS (=PMBASE+28h)-bit22 ; 0 = low , 1= high level ; ------------------------------------------------------- call READ_GPI6_TO_AL and al,40h ; mask bit6 cmp al,00h je next_test1 ; okay , go on test ; jz next_test1 ; okay , go on test ; no , error message display lea dx,promp_err1 mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,promp_err1_1 mov ah,09h int 21h ror edx,10h ; error falg EDX_Bit16 , 1 --> Error happened or dl,01h rol edx,10h
  • 41. NAR-5060User’sManual 40 call KB_Wait ; ---- t1 end next_test1 : ; ---- t2 start lea dx,promp_rst2df mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,promp_anykey mov ah,09h int 21h xor al,al ; halt for ready? Any key pressed to go on. WAIT_KB_0: mov ah,1 int 21h cmp al,0 je WAIT_KB_0 lea dx,PROMP_2_CR_LF mov ah,09h int 21h ; test RST2DF button pressed call READ_GPI6_TO_AL and al,40h ; mask bit6 cmp al,40h je next_test2 ; okay , go on test ; no , error message display lea dx,promp_err2 mov ah,09h int 21h ror edx,10h ; error falg EDX_Bit17 , 1 --> Error happened or dl,02h rol edx,10h call KB_Wait ; ---- t2 end next_test2 :
  • 42. NAR-5060User’sManual 41 ; ---- t3 start ,Clear RST2DF F/F ; GPO19 write 1,0,1 ; ; ========= Write GPO19 1-0-1 start xor bx,bx mov bl,GP_LVL_OFFSET ; Write GPO19 1 mov dx,cx ; add dx,bx ; add dx,02h ; point to GPIO[16..23] register in al,dx ; read first call IODELAY ; io delay or al,08h ; out dx,al ; output GPO19 1 first call FIXDELAY ; 30 us delay in al,dx ; output GPO19 0 then call IODELAY and al,0F7h out dx,al call FIXDELAY ; 30 us delay in al,dx ; output GPO19 high finally call IODELAY or al,08h out dx,al ; ========= Write GPO19 1-0-1 end call READ_GPI6_TO_AL ; check RST2DF F/F and al,40h ; mask Bit6 cmp al,00h je test_end ; okay , then end ; jz test_end ; okay , then end ; no , error message display lea dx,promp_err3 mov ah,09h int 21h ror edx,10h ; error falg EDX_Bit18 , 1 --> Error happened or dl,04h
  • 43. NAR-5060User’sManual 42 rol edx,10h ; ---- t3 end test_end : ror edx,10h ; check error flag cmp dl,00h je test_ok test_fail : lea dx,PROMP_2_CR_LF mov ah,09h int 21h lea dx,promp_TEST_fail mov ah,09h int 21h jmp return_to_dos test_ok : lea dx,promp_TEST_OK mov ah,09h int 21h ror ecx,10h ; ECX[15..0] to ECX[31..16] ; Restore GPIOBASE to ECX[31..16] return_to_dos : mov ah,4ch ; Return to DOS int 21h ;------------------------------------------------------------------ t_end ; ==================================================== 2_end IODELAY PROC near push ax push dx mov dx,0edh in al,dx jmp $+2 mov dx,0edh in al,dx pop dx pop ax ret IODELAY ENDP KB_wait PROC near
  • 44. NAR-5060User’sManual 43 push ax push bx push cx push dx lea dx,PROMP_Qkey mov ah,9 ; Display "Q" key prompt int 21h xor al,al WAIT_KB: mov ah,1 int 21h cmp al,0 je WAIT_KB cmp al,51h ; "Q" pressed ? je test_fail cmp al,71h ; "q" pressed ? jne call_return jmp test_fail ; call_return : lea dx,PROMP_2_CR_LF mov ah,09h int 21h pop dx pop cx pop bx pop ax ret KB_wait ENDP READ_GPI6_TO_AL PROC near push bx push dx xor bx,bx rol ebx,10h ; restore PMBASE from EBX_bit[31..16] to EBX_bit[15..0] mov dx,bx ror ebx,10h ; save PMBASE to EBX_Bit[31..16] mov bl,GPE0_STS_OFFSET add bl,02h ; Point to Bit22 add dx,bx in al,dx call IODELAY ; io delay
  • 45. NAR-5060User’sManual 44 ; MUST to do write 1 to clear GPE0_STS_bit6 to 0 FIRST due to the ; access ( 0/1 ) . This register is R/WC , and will be set ; at any time when GPI signal is high. ; and al,40h ; mask bit6 or al,40h ; WC out dx,al ; Write bit6 to 0 first. call IODELAY ; io delay in al,dx ; read GPI6 again pop dx pop bx ret READ_GPI6_TO_AL ENDP ;---------------------------------------------------------------; ; FIXED_DELAY ; ;---------------------------------------------------------------; ; Input : (CX) count of 15 microseconds to wait ; ; STACK PRESENT ; ; Output: NONE ; ; CX=2 , 15us x 2 = 30 us ; ; ; ; This routine is called to wait for 15 microseconds * count in ; ; (CX), then return. Gives a programmed software delay. ; ;---------------------------------------------------------------; FIXDELAY PROC near push cx push dx push ax pushf mov cx,02h mov dx,61h in al,dx ; jmp $+2 jmp $+2 and al,00010000b ; mov ah,al ; fixed_delay_1: in al,dx ; jmp $+2 jmp $+2 and al,00010000b ; cmp al,ah ; jz short fixed_delay_1 ; mov ah,al ; loop short fixed_delay_1 ; popf
  • 46. NAR-5060User’sManual 45 pop ax ; pop dx pop cx ret FIXDELAY ENDP END programstart
  • 47. NAR-5060User’sManual 46 Chapter 5 EZIO-100 5.1 About EZIO-100 Proprietary keypad and LCD display interfaces are implemented in traditional computing system design, but they are usually different from system to system. The main purpose to roll this module out is to provide an easier man-machine interface for those computing systems regarding applicationfriendlyoperationasa“must.” The design goals of this interface are:  A single interface for those applications where both LCD display and keypad are required. This interface should be available in every computing system. The communication implementation should be OS independent. Our solution is to use“Serialport”astheinterfaceforbothLCDdisplayandkeypad.Asimple protocol is further defined so that applications can directly communicate with this module no matter what the Operating System is. WARNING! THE LCD DRIVER ICS ARE MADE OF CMOS PROCESS, DAMAGED BY STATIC CHARGE VERY EASILY. MAKE SURE THE USER IS GROUNDED WHEN HANDLING THE LCD. 5.2 Features  Ideal user interface for communication appliance  No driver required; OS independent  Alphanumeric characters display support  Four key pads can be customized for different applications  Easy system installation and operation  Clearly display system status  Single interface to SBC or M/B 5.3 Mechanical Specification Module Size (mm):  101.6(W) x 26.0(H) x 30.6(D) (max.) Display Format:  16 characters x 2 lines Character Size:  3.0 x 5.23 mm
  • 48. NAR-5060User’sManual 47 5.4 General Specification  General Specification Display Resolution:  16 characters x 2 lines Dimensional Outline (mm):  101.6(W) x 26.0(H) x 30.6(D) (max.) Function Key:  Four operation keys (up, down, enter and ESC) Display Icon:  Eight self-defined icons Interface:  RS-232  Absolute Maximum Rating Normal Temperature Operating StorageItem Max. Min. Max. Min. Ambient Temperature 0ºC +50ºC -20ºC +70ºC Humidity (w/o condensation) Note 2, 4 Note 3, 5 5.5 Product Outlook 5.6 Interface Pin Assignment There are only two connectors in this module, as shown in Figure 5-1: power connector and Serial Port connector. The power source into this module is 5 volt only. There are only three pins used in the Serial Port interface (Figure 5-2).
  • 49. NAR-5060User’sManual 48 5 4 3 2 1 10 9 8 7 6 Pin 2: TxD Pin 3 : RxD Pin 5 : Ground Fig. 5-1 Power connector and serial port connector of EZIO-100 Fig. 5-2 Pin assignment In other words, the Serial Port is defined as DCE. Therefore, we can use a straight-through cable to connect it to the Serial Port of most of the computers, defined as DTE. (1) Interface Pin Assignment PIN NO. PIN OUT Description 1 NC No connector 2 RXD RS232 Data 3 TXD RS232 Data 4 NC No connector 5 VSS Ground 6 NC No connector 7 NC No connector 8 NC No connector 9 NC No connector 9 NC No connector (2) Power PIN NO. PIN OUT Description 1 NC No connector 2 GND Power GND 3 GND Power GND 4 +5V Power VCC (+5V) 5.7 EZIO Function Command First, all versions (00A, 01A, 02A) of EZIO can use those commands. Only the 02A version of EZIO firmware that adds “FE28”&“FE37”commandcancontrolstartofHEX&End of HEX. EZIO is an intelligent device, which will display those data received from RS-232 port and reply key pressing status to polling command from RS-232 port. Both commands and data go thru RS-232 ports. To distinguish between data and commands, the LCD/key-pad module recognizes a command prefix,254(Hex0FE).Thebytefollowing“254”willbeprocessedasacommand.Forexample,to Serial Port ConnectorPower Connector
  • 50. NAR-5060User’sManual 49 clear the screen, send the command prefix (254) followed by the LCD clear-screen code (1). The valid data range is shown as the following table: Valid data range Displayed characters 0-7 Customized icon 0-7 48-57 (30-39 Hex) 0-9 65-90 (41-5A Hex) A-Z 97-122 (61-7A Hex) a-z Togetthekeypressingstatus,a“readkey”commandcanbeissuedtothismodule,whichwill check the key-pressing status and reply accordingly. The following are the commands and corresponding Decimal/Hex values: Functions/commands Decimal/Hex Comment 1. Start Of HEX 40/28 Only for 02A 2. End Of HEX 55/37 Only for 02A 3. Clear screen 1/01 4. Home cursor 2/02 5. Read key 6/06 See note 1 6. Blank display (retaining data) 8/08 7. Hide cursor & display blanked characters 12/0C 8. Turn on (blinking block cursor) 13/0D 9. Show underline cursor 14/0E 10. Move cursor 1 character left 16/10 11. Move cursor 1 character right 20/14 12. Scroll 1 character left 24/18 13. Scroll 1 character right 28/1C 14. Set display address (position the cursor) location 128 (Hex080)+ Location See note 2 15. Set character-generator address 64 (Hex 040)+ address See note 3 Note 1: Uponreceivingthe“readkey”commandfrom hostcomputer,theLCD/keypadmodulewillcheckthe status of every key and reply with status command accordingly. The replied message from LCD/key-pad module consists of a header and a status byte. The header byte is 253 (Hex0FD). The high nibble (with the mostsignificantbit)ofthestatusbyteisalways“4”andthelownibble(withtheleastsignificantbit)ofthe statusbyteisusedtoindicatekeypressingstatusofthekeypadmodule.Thisnibblewillbe“F”(of four 1s), if nokeypressedwhilethe“readkey”received.“0”willbeusedtoindicatekeypressingstatusof corresponding key. There are four keys in this module –upper arrow, down arrow, enter (ENT), and escape (ESC). The relationship between the function key, corresponding status bit and status byte is shown as the table below. Function key Corresponding status bit Status byte Escape The fourth bit of lower nibble (the least significant bit) (1110) 4E (H) Up arrow The third bit of lower nibble (1101) 4D (H) Enter The second bit of lower nibble (1011) 4B (H) Down arrow The first bit of lower nibble (0111) 47 (H) Morethanonekeycanbepressedatthesametimesothattheremaybemorethanone“0”sinthelow nibble of status byte. For example,ifUpandDownarrowkeysarepressedatthesametimewhile“read key”commandreceived,therepliedstatuswillbe“Hex045”. Note 2: This command can be used to place the cursor at any location. The corresponding address for each character on the screen is as follows:
  • 51. NAR-5060User’sManual 50 For 16×2 Display Address Character 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 0A 0B 0C 0D 0E 0FLocation (Address) 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 4A 4B 4C 4D 4E 4F The addresses of characters at the same row are continuous, so moving cursor commands can be applied to shift the cursor position back and forth. However, the addresses of characters between upper and lower row are discontinuous. To change cursor position between upper row and lower row, this command will be applied. Note 3: This command can be used to create customized icon. The starting address is 64 and every character will take 8 bytes to create a 5(W) x 7(H) resolution picture, as shown below: CG RAM MAPPING CG RAM Address Character Patterns (CG RAM data) 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 High Low High Low 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 ←Character Pattern0 0 0 1 1 1 * * * 0 0 0 0 0 ←Cursor 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 ←Character Pattern0 0 1 1 1 1 * * * 0 0 0 0 0 ←Cursor ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… ……… 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 ←Character Pattern1 1 1 1 1 1 * * * 0 0 0 0 0 ←Cursor To show the customized icon, simply sendthedatabetween“0”to“7”tothismodule. Forexample,thismodulewilldisplaythecustomizediconatlocation64to71uponreceivingdata“0”; white itwilldisplaythecustomizediconatlocation72to79uponreceivingdata“1”. Watchdog timer is also builtinthemodule.Thismodulewillresetitselfandsendout“resetpacket“(0FDH, 0EH) thereafter. The input must be a standard RS-232 or inverted TTL signal. The RS-232 setting should be:  Baud rate: 2400 bps  Parity: None  Data bits: 8  Stop bit: 1 What follows is the default setup after LCD module initiated:  2-line display mode; every character is 5 x 8 dots.  Display on; cursor off; cursor blink off.  Display will be cleared.
  • 52. NAR-5060User’sManual 51  Shift right for entry mode.  Setaddresscounterto“00”(cursorpositionto 0)  In entry mode.
  • 53. NAR-5060User’sManual 52 5.8 Character Generator ROM (CGROM)
  • 54. NAR-5060User’sManual 53 5.9 Sample Code /* ************************************* * EZIO RS232 LCD Control Sample Program * ************************************* * ************************************************************************* * Company: Portwell Inc. * Date: 4/16/2003 * Program: 02A.c * Version: 1.02 * Compile: Linux GNU C * Purpose: Direct access to EZIO LCD, the program will display * messages according to the control button. The current * version only has the following function: * * 1: display welcome message * 2: display UP message if "scroll up" button is pressed * 3: display ENTER message if "ENTER" button is pressed * 4: display ESC message if "ESC" button is pressed * 5: display DOWN message if "scroll down" button is pressed * * Program Overview: * * - Parameters: * fd : a file name for open() method, here represents the com port * Cmd : command prefix * cls : clear command * init : initialize command * blank : display blank screen * stopsend : stop input/output * home : move cursor to initial position * readkey : set to read from EZIO * hide : hide cursor & display blanked characters * movel : move cursor one character left * mover : move cursor one character right * turn : turn on blinking-block cursor * show : turn on underline cursor * scl : scroll cursor one character left * scr : scroll cursor one character right * setdis : set character-generator address * * - Procedure: * 1. The program sets up the environment, i.e. com port settings. * 2. The main function MUST call init() twice to initialize EZIO * before any communication. * 3. For executing any command, the command prefix, Cmd, MUST be * called be command. So all command contains two parts, eg. * to initialize the sequence of HEX number is 0xFE, 0x25. * 4. After clear screen and display welcome message, ReadKey() * method must be call to advise EZIO for reading data. * 5. A pooling method is implemented to get input from EZIO while * any button is pressed. * * - NOTE: This program is a sample program provided " AS IS" with NO * warranty. * * Copyright (c) Portwell, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * * ************************************************************************/
  • 55. NAR-5060User’sManual 54 #include <sys/stat.h> #include <fcntl.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <stdlib.h> static int fd; void SetEnvironment () { system("stty ispeed 2400 < /dev/ttyS1"); system("stty raw < /dev/ttyS1"); } int Cmd = 254; /* EZIO Command */ int cls = 1; /* Clear screen */ void Cls () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&cls,1); } int init = 0x28; void Init () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&init,1); } int stopsend = 0x37; void StopSend () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&init,1); } int home = 2 ; /* Home cursor */ void Home () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&home,1); } int readkey = 6 ; /* Read key */ void ReadKey () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&readkey,1); } int blank = 8 ; /* Blank display */ void Blank () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&blank,1); } int hide = 12 ; /* Hide cursor & display blanked characters */ void Hide () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&hide,1); } int turn = 13 ; /* Turn On (blinking block cursor) */ void TurnOn () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&turn,1); }
  • 56. NAR-5060User’sManual 55 int show = 14 ; /* Show underline cursor */ void Show () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&show,1); } int movel = 16 ; /* Move cursor 1 character left */ void MoveL () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&movel,1); } int mover = 20 ; /* Move cursor 1 character right */ void MoveR () { write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&mover,1); } int scl = 24; /* Scroll cursor 1 character left */ void ScrollL(){ write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&scl,1); } int scr = 28; /* Scroll cursor 1 character right */ void ScrollR(){ write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&scr,1); } int setdis = 64;/* Command */ void SetDis(){ write(fd,&Cmd,1); write(fd,&setdis,1); } /* Add or Change Show Message here */ char mes1[] = "Portwell EZIO"; char mes2[] = "*************"; char mes3[] = "Up is selected"; char mes4[] = "Down is selected"; char mes5[] = "Enter is selected"; char mes6[] = "ESC is selected"; char nul[] = " "; int a,b; void ShowMessage (char *str1 , char *str2) { a = strlen(str1); b = 40 - a; write(fd,str1,a); write(fd,nul,b); write(fd,str2,strlen(str2)); } int main () { SetEnvironment(); /* Set RAW mode */ fd = open("/dev/ttyS1" ,O_RDWR);/** Open Serial port (COM2) */
  • 57. NAR-5060User’sManual 56 Init(); /* Initialize EZIO twice */ Init(); Cls(); /* Clear screen */ ShowMessage(mes1,mes2); while (1) { int res; char buf[255]; SetDis(); ReadKey(); /* sub-routine to send "read key" command */ res = read(fd,buf,255); /* read response from EZIO */ switch(buf[1]) { /* Switch the Read command */ case 0x4D : /* Up Botton was received */ Cls(); ShowMessage(mes1,mes3); /** display "Portwell EZIO" */ break; /** display "Up is selected */ case 0x47 : /** Down Botton was received */ Cls(); ShowMessage(mes1,mes4); /** display "Portwell EZIO" */ break; /** display "Down is selected" */ case 0x4B : /** Enter Botton was received */ Cls(); ShowMessage(mes1,mes5); /** display "Portwell EZIO" */ break; /** display "Enter is selected" */ case 0x4E : /** Escape Botton was received */ Cls(); ShowMessage(mes1,mes6); /** display "Portwell EZIO" */ break; /** display "Escape is selected */ } } }

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