National bank 2
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National bank 2
Internship report at a glance
Name of the Tropics
1. Chapter One
2. Chapter Two
An Appraisal of National Bank Ltd.
3. Chapter Three
4. Chapter Four
Services of National Bank
5. Chapter Five
6. Chapter Six
Daily activities of Bank
7. Chapter Seven
Other activities of National bank ltd
8. Chapter Eight
Recommendation & Conclusion.
1.1 An overview of National Bank Ltd.
ational Bank Limited is regarded as the pioneer in the private sector
banking of Bangladesh. National Bank started its journey with the noble
vision of diversifying banking activities into different activities of client
service. The bank is also committed to fulfill its responsibilities to the society
and the country. National Bank Limited has its prosperous past, glorious
present, prospective future and under processing projects and activities.
Established as the first private sector Bank fully owned by Bangladeshi
entrepreneurs, NBL has been flourishing as the largest private sector Bank
with the passage of time after facing many stress and strain. The member of
the board of directors is creative businessman and leading industrialist of the
country. To keep pace with time and in harmony with national and
international economic activities and for rendering all modern services, NBL,
as a financial institution automated all its branches with computer network in
accordance with the competitive commercial demand of time. Moreover,
considering its forth-coming future the infrastructure of the Bank has been
rearranging. The expectation of all class businessman, entrepreneurs and
general public is much more to NBL. Keeping the target in mind NBL has
taken preparation to open new branches by the year 2000-2001.
The emergence of National Bank Ltd. in the private sector is an important
event in the Banking arena of Bangladesh. When the nation was in the grip of
severe recession, Govt. took the farsighted decision to allow in the private
sector to revive the economy of the country. Several dynamic entrepreneurs
came forward for establishing a bank with a motto to revitalize the economy
of the country.
National Bank Limited was born as the first hundred percent Bangladeshi
owned Bank in the private sector. From the very inception it is the firm
determination of National Bank Limited to play a vital role in the national
economy. We are determined to bring back the long forgotten taste of
banking services and flavors. We want to serve each one promptly and with a
sense of dedication and dignity.
The then President of the People's Republic of Bangladesh Justice
Ahsanuddin Chowdhury inaugurated the bank formally on March 28, 1983
but the first branch at 48, Dilkusha Commercial Area, Dhaka started
functioning on March 23, 1983. The 2nd Branch was opened on 11th May
1983 at Khatungonj, Chittagong. Today they have total 76 Branches all over
Since the very beginning, the Bank exerted much emphasis on overseas
operation and handled a sizeable quantum of homebound foreign remittance.
The Bank established extensive drawing arrangement network with Banks
and Exchange Companies located in important countries of the world.
Expatriates Bangladeshi wage earners residing in those countries can now
easily remit their hard-earned money to the country with confidence, safety
In the year 2000, the Bank managed to procure foreign remittance business to
the tune of US$88.44 million dollar equivalent to Tk.4, 662.10 million
compared to Tk.3, 986.20 million in the previous year indicating a growth of
Considering the need for remittance by the expatriates Bangladeshis residing
abroad the Bank during the year established drawing arrangement with the
Pacific Bank Berhad, Malaysia (now May Bank), Security Exchange
Company Limited, State of Kuwait and Dalil Exchange, State of Bahrain.
Our Bank invested 25% equity in Gulf Overseas Exchange Company LLC, a
joint venture Exchange Company in Oman, operating since November, 1985
under the management of our Bank. The Bank received Riyal Omani 12,450
equivalent to Tk.1.74 million as dividend for the year 2000.
A Representative Office was established in Yangon, Myanamar in October,
1996 by our Bank and obtained permission from the Government of
Bangladesh to handle border trade with Myanmar. Opportunities are being
explored for further business avenues there.
Now NBL is on line to establish trade and communication with the Prime
International banking companies of the world. As a result NBL will be able to
build a strong root in international banking horizon. Bank has been drawing
arrangement with well conversant money transfer service agency "Western
Union". It has a full time arrangement for speedy transfer of money all over
Banking is not only a profit-oriented commercial institution but it has a
public base and social commitment. Admitting this true NBL is going on with
its diversified banking activities. NBL introduced Monthly Savings Scheme,
Special Deposit Scheme, Consumer's Credit Scheme and Savings Insurance
Scheme etc. to combine the people of lower and middle-income group.
A team of highly qualified and experienced professionals headed by the
Managing Director of the Bank who has vast banking experience operates
bank and at the top there is an efficient Board of Directors for making
To obtain a suitable position in the banking sector of Bangladesh
To provide standard financial services
“A Bank for Performance with Potential”
1.2 Origin of the Report:
The purpose of this report is to focus practical Experiences of my day-to-day
work as a part of my internship period.
Methodology what I have applied to prepare this Report
• Projection Techniques
• Depth Interviews
• Interaction with the Customers and Colleagues
Sources of Data
• Doing practical work in different desks
• Study of old files/documents/formats
• Personal investigation.
• My colleagues and Customers
• Collection of Data from different statements and abstracts.
• Internet, Brochures, annual report etc.
1.3 Objective of the Report
The main objective of this report is to fulfill partial requirements of M.B.A
degree program. In order to be able to obtain the M.B.A degree program
from Asian University of Bangladesh, every student is required to do
internship program in a well-reputed organization for 3 months, after
completing all the required courses. After the internship period, each student
or intern has to submit a report about the respective organization. I have
completed my internship program in National Bank Ltd. And this report is
about this bank.
As one of the main objectives of internship is to gather job experience, I have
tried to put some of the experiences that I have learnt from my internship in
The specific objectives of this report are –
To present an overview of National Bank Ltd.
To appraise the performance of National Bank Ltd.
To apprise financial performance of National Bank Ltd.
To identify the problems of National Bank Ltd.
To recommend/ remedial measures of the development of National
1.4 Methodology of the study:
Both the Secondary and Primary Sources have been used to collect data for
this research paper.
Collection of Secondary Data:
Data regarding the operations of National Bank Ltd. and analysis of
financial statement were collected from secondary sources like annual
report, Brochures, Manuals and Publications of National bank Ltd.
Collection of Primary Data:
Many of the data and information were collected from my practical
experience and queries from the executives while doing our assignment
period at National Bank Ltd. Information and data regarding
products & services, interest rates & charges, banking operations,
organization structure, management personnel, and policies were
collected from these sources
1.5 Limitations of the report:
To prepare the internship I encountered some limitations. The limitations are
• Limitation of time was a major constraint in making a complete study,
due to time limitation. The duration was only twelve weeks. It was too
limited to cover all the banking area. Many aspects could not be discussed
in the present study.
• Lack of comprehension of the respondents was the major problem that
created a lot of confusion regarding verification of conceptual question.
• Confidentiality of data was another important barrier that was faced
during the process of this study.
• As being an intern, it also created some problems as I was unable to
acquire hands-on-experience in all the departments, due to the bank’s
policy of maintaining secrecy and also because I did not get the
opportunity in all the departments.
1.6 Organization structure:
Functional oriented structure Organization structure plays an important role
on the profitability of any organization. National bank limited is a centralized
organization and operates in a. That is, its activities are designed on the basis
of traditional banking business, such as credit, international division,
investment, administration, and operation etc. NBL has a formal
organizational structure that is highly specialized and centralized. The whole
organizational structure is given below-
Board of Directors
MS. PARVEEN HAQUE SIKDER : Chairperson
MR. MD. MAHBUBUR RAHMAN KHAN : Director
MR. MD. KHALILUR RAHMAN (MAZNU) : Director
MRS. NAHEED PERVIN : Director
MR. ZAKARIA TAHER : Director
MR. SHAHADAT HOSSAIN : Director
MR. M. G. MURTAZA : Director
MR. ATAUL HUQ : Director
MR. A. M. NURUL ISLAM : Director
MR. SALIM RAHMAN : Director
MR. S. M. SHAMEEM IQBAL : Director
PROF. MAHBUB AHMED : Director
CAPT. ABU SAYEED MONIR : Director
MR. M. A. MAZID KHAN : Managing Director
Hierarchy of the Bank:
D M D
E V P
S V P
A V P
Division of NBL
1. Audit & Inspection Division.
2. ATM Card Division
3. Board Secretariat
4. Budget & Monitoring Division.
5. Credit Division-1.
6. Credit Division.-2.
7. Credit Card Division.
8. Classified Loan Recovery Division.
9. Financial Administration Division.
10.General Banking Division.
11.Human Resources Division.
13.Information System & Technology Division.
14.Law & Recovery Division.
16.Merchant Banking Division.
17.Public Relations Division.
20.System & Operations Division.
An Appraisal of National Bank Ltd.
2.1 Capital structure:
The total asset of NBL amounts to TK 32,034,142 at 30th June 2004 &
30,714253 at 30th June 2003. A brief capital position of the bank is given in
the table below.
Auditor's Report to the Shareholders of National Bank Limited
Balance Sheet at 31 December 2004
PROPERTY AND ASSETS Amounts in Taka
At 31 Dec 2004 At 31 Dec 2003
In hand (including foreign currencies) 653,472,580 551,098,717
With Bangladesh Bank and Sonali Bank
(including foreign currencies)
Balance with other banks and financial
In Bangladesh 1,541,748,039 1,724,376,662
Outside Bangladesh 194,975,825 713,803,147
Money at call and short notice 1,090,000,000 390,000,000
Government securities 2,246,315,910 1,927,344,455
Others 645,656,360 699,281,328
Loans and advances
Loans, cash credits, overdrafts, etc 18,295,068,022 17,256,001,734
Bills discounted and purchased 1,905,568,709 1,297,666,929
Fixed assets 797,811,208 485,643,062
Other assets 2,870,616,342 4,954,234,646
Non-banking assets -- --
Total Assets 31,661,479,100 31,281,423,129
LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL Amount in Taka
At 31 Dec 2004 At 31 Dec 2003
Borrowings from other banks,
Institutions and agents
Deposits and other accounts
Current deposits and other accounts 8,340,190,626 7,177,544,858
Bills payable 350,449,132 806,244,633
Savings bank deposits 4,726,516,382 4,217,714,098
Bearer certificates of deposit 251,165,000 282,965,000
Term deposits 11,228,321,931 11,131,816,338
Other Liabilities 5,101,669,074 6,056,917,164
Total Liabilities 30,088,727,088 29,854,028,516
Paid-up capital 430,273,250 430,273,250
Statutory reserve 588,957,865 508,829,581
Other reserve 153,761,130 153,761,130
Surplus as per Profit and Loss account 399,759,767 334,530,652
Total Shareholders’ Equity 1,572,752,012 1,427,394,613
Total liabilities and Shareholders’
Acceptances and endorsements
Letters of guarantee 8,550,097,635 6,785,792,139
Irrevocable letters of credit 7,413,354,314 7,696,321,152
Bills for collection 1,107,167,734 1,384,550,769
Other contingent liabilities -------- --------
Total contingent liabilities 17,070,619,683 15,866,664,060
Other Commitments --- ---
Total Off-Balance Sheet Items 17,070,619,683 15,866,664,060
Profit and Loss Statement for the Year Ended 31 December 2004
Amount in Taka
31 Dec 2004
31 Dec 2003
Interest income 2,057,444,277 1,820,329,468
Less: Interest paid on deposits, borrowings,
Net Interest income 570,752,835 464.232,733
Income from investment 204,052,663 186,933,354
Commission, exchange and brokerage 749,040,697 752,155,814
Other operating income 274,524,285 229,484,550
Total operating income 1,227,617,645 1,168,573,718
Salary and allowances 486,335,427 443,294,407
Rent, taxes, insurance, lighting, etc 79,166,025 64,454,197
Legal expenses 3,813,345 3,236,030
Postage, stamp, telegram and telephone 47,262,447 49,325,209
Auditors' fee 200,000 236,000
Printing, stationery, advertisements, etc 26,643,356 21,449,803
Managing Director's salary and allowances 1,320,000 900,000
Directors' fee 3,378,863 2,609,441
Repair, maintenance and depreciation of
Other expenses 79,656,977 78,678,520
Total operating expenses 781,729,059 708,648,797
Profit before provision 1,016,641,421 924,157,654
Provision for bad and doubtful loans 606,000,000 550,000,000
Provision for diminution in value of
Other provision 10,000,000 --
Total provision 616,000,000 590,400,000
Profit before taxation 400,641,421 333,757,654
Provision for taxation 126,202,047 105,133,661
Profit after taxation 274,439,374 228,623,993
Add: Balance of profit, brought forward 334,530,652 301,740,165
Statutory reserve (80,128,284) (66,751,531)
Proposed dividend (129,081,975) (129,081,975)
Retained earnings, carried forward 399,759.767 334,530,652
Earnings per share 63.78 53.13
Cash flow for the period ended December 31st, 2004
(Taka in "000")
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Interest and commission
Interest Payments (1,486,691,442) (1,356,096,735)
Receipts from other operating
Cash payments to employees (480,491,693) (406,873,987)
Cash payments to suppliers (48,628,653) (35,891,617)
Payments for other operating
Operating profit before changes
in operating assets
Investment in treasury bills, etc. (266,374,687) (276,781,521)
Funds advanced to customers (1,646,968,068) (314,148,715)
Other assets 2,083,618,304 (1,705,344,588)
Deposits form customers 1,280,358,144 3,357,561,184
Other liabilities (955,248,090) (65,506,377)
Dividend paid (129,081,975) (86,054,651)
Net Cash from operating
Cash Flows from Investing
Interest receipts 204,052,663 186,933,354
Purchase of fixed assets (347,818,863) (27,079,727)
Disposal of fixed assets 3,683,395 --
Net Cash from investing
Cash Flows from Financing
Decrease in borrowings (90,411,482) (89,851,384)
Net cash from financing
Net increase in cash and cash
Cash and cash equivalents at
beginning of period(1)
Cash and cash equivalents at
end of period(1)
(1)Cash and cash equivalents
Cash 2,073,718,685 1,833,071,166
Balance with other banks and
Money at call and short notice 1,090,000,000 390,000,000
Prize bonds 6,315,910 7,344,110
2.2 Five Year's Performance at a Glance
(In Million Taka)
Particulars 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
1,000.00 1,000.00 1,000.00 1,000.00 ----
391.16 430.27 430.27 430.27 ----
03.Reserve Fund 943.90 983.63 997.12 1,142.48 ----
04. Deposits 17,364.74 20,258.72 23,616.28 24,896.64 ----
05. Advances 16,056.40 18,239.52 18,553.66 20,200.64 ----
06. Investment 2,095.02 2,371.35 2,626.62 2,891.97 ----
27,236.50 23,597.10 22,420.04 20,773.20 ----
15,664.00 18,742.40 21,670.80 22,071.00 ----
09. Gross Income 1,808.66 1,871.54 2,988.90 3,285.06 ----
1,407.69 1,667.95 2,064.75 2,268.42 ----
400.97 203.59 333.75 400.64 ----
260.63 78.85 228.62 274.44 ----
13. Fixed Assets 396.00 486.93 485.64 797.81 ----
14. Total Assets 33,617.50 36,545.28 47,148.08 48,732.10 ----
15. Book value per Share 341.30 328.61 361.74 395.52
16. Market value per Share 65.25 61.60 212.00 287.28
17. Earning per Share 66.62 18.32 53.13 63.78
18. Dividend 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 30.00%
19. Number of foreign
328 324 326 328
20. Number of Employees 1,917 1,868 2,025 2,073
21. Number of Shareholders 7,800 7,857 8,960 9,052
22. Number of Branches 66 66 66 75
General BankingGeneral Banking
General banking is one of the main departments of any bank A Bank starts
its banking work through General Banking. General Banking helps to do
other activities of the Bank smoothly. General Banking Division consists of
the following fields of activities:
• Receiving/Collecting deposits
• Issuance of Cheque Book, DD, TT, P.O
3.1 Receiving/ Collecting Deposits:3.1 Receiving/ Collecting Deposits:
Our Branch is collecting two types of deposits, such as:
1. Demand deposits
2. Time Deposits.
These sorts of Deposits are payable without any notification. Our branch is
collecting the above deposits through the following way:
By opening of;
1. Current account &
2. Saving account
1. Current Deposits (CD A/c)
Current Deposits (CD A/c) is a running A/c where a customer can draw
money frequently/continuously. Funds of CD A/c shall be payable on demand.
Bank does not allow any interests on CD A/c. CD A/c is generally opened by
Business men, Public Institutions, Corporate Bodies & other organizations
who want to operate his A/c numerously & frequently.
National Bank Limited provides the following types of current account:
Current account for individual (There must be a nominee)
Joint current account (There must be a nominee)
Proprietorship current account: It may be CD A/c (Current
To open a Proprietorship A/c ----
• Proprietor of the firm must fill up the Current Proprietorship A/c
• An Introducer acceptable to Bank must introduce the A/c.
• Photographs of the Proprietor
• The specific Rubber-stamp of the Proprietorship firm
• Valid Trade License
Partnership current account: For opening this A/c the Conditions
• It may be CD A/c
• It must be opened by the name of the Partnership Firm
• Partnership Deed must be submitted with the A/c opening form
• Specific Rubber Stamp of the Firm
• Photographs of the A/c operative persons
Limited Company current account: To open an A/c in the name of a
Company the following documents and papers must be submitted with
the A/c opening form:
• Memorandum & Articles of Association of the Company
• Certificate of Incorporation
• Resolution of the Board to open A/c with the Bank
• List of Directors with Signatures
• Photographs of the operative persons
Public Limited Company Current A/c:
To open an A/c in the name of a Public Limited Company, the following
documents and papers must be submitted along with the A/c opening form:
• Memorandum & Articles of Association of the Company
• Certificate of Incorporation
• Resolution of the Board to open A/c with the Bank
• List of Directors with Signatures
• Photographs of the operative persons
• Certificate of Commencement of Business.
Time deposits are payable at a fixed date or after notification. Our Branch
receives Time deposits through Fixed deposits receipt (FDR), Short-term
deposit (STD), MSS (Monthly Saving Scheme), SDS (Special Deposit Scheme)
Fixed Deposits (FD)
Fixed Deposits (FD A/c) shall be opened for a longer period such as 3
(three) months to 3 (three) years or more. Generally who wants to invest his
money safely can open FD A/c. The interest of FD A/c is negotiable & it
depends on the volume of deposit and period. At present, our branch is
allowing interest from 8% to 10.25% in FD A/c. It may be noted that no
introduction is necessary to open FD A/c & the FDR is not negotiable
instrument & cannot be transferred by endorsement.
Interest rate on FDR:
The interest rate of the deposited amount depends on duration and volume of
the amount. If duration is long the interest rate is high, and at the same time
if the volume of amount is large the interest rate is also high and vice-versa.
Period Up to Tk.
Tk. 50,00,000 to
a. 3 months 8. % 8. % 8.50%
b. 6 months 8.25% 9% 9.25%
c. 1 year 8.50% 9.25% 9.50. %
d. 2 year 9.25% 9.50% 10. %
e. 3 year 9.50% 10 % 10.50%
Short Term Deposit or STD Account Opening procedure is similar to that of
the current account. The rate of interest on this type of account is 5%.
Withdrawals from this type of account require a prior notice of seven days.
Special Deposit Scheme
For most of the people on fixed income the opportunity to supplement their
monthly earning is a golden one. And NBL Special Deposit Scheme gives a
customer just that.
Under this scheme, customers can deposit money for a term of 5 years. The
deposited money is fully refundable at the expiry of the term. At the same
time, during the term period they can enjoy a monthly profit corresponding
to their deposited amount. As for instance, under this scheme a deposit of Tk,
55,000/- gives a monthly income of Tk.500/-.
Tk. 55,000/- Tk. 500/-
Tk. 1,10,000/- Tk. 1,000/-
Tk. 1,65,000/- Tk. 1,500/-
Tk. 2,20,000/- Tk. 2,000/-
Monthly Savings Scheme
This scheme is specially designed for the benefit of the limited income group
members. This helps to accrue small monthly savings into a significant sum at
the end of the term. So, after the expiry of the term period the depositor will
have a sizeable amount to relish on.
A monthly deposit of Tk.500/- or Tk.1000/- for 5 or 10 years period earns in the end
Tk.40, 100/- or Tk.2, 24,500/- respectively.
Saving Insurance Scheme
This is an uncertain World and the threatening silhouettes of future
catastrophes are always looming around. This NBL scheme gives your family
protection against the insecurities of the world. This scheme is the first of its
kind in Bangladesh. It combines the benefits of regular savings and insurance
scheme, so, you get the usual rate of interest on the deposited amount while
you enjoy the protection of a comprehensive insurance coverage. Under this
scheme, the beneficiary (ies) get equal the deposit in case of natural death of
the account holder whereas in the event of accidental death of the account
holder the beneficiary (ies) will receive twice the deposit. As for example, if a
customer picks up Easy Class (Tk.50, 000/-) he/she will get Tk.50, 000/- for
natural death and Tk.1, 00,000/- for accidental death apart from his/her
deposited amount and interest.
Easy 50,000/- 1,00,000/- 1,50,000/-
Services of National Bank
Through its Credit Card, National Bank Limited has not only initiated a new
scheme but also brought a new life style concept in Bangladesh. Now the
dangers and the worries of carrying cash money are memories of the past.
Credit Card comes in both local and international forms, giving the client
power to buy all over the World. Now enjoy the conveniences and advantages
of Credit Card as you step into the new millennium.
NBL ATM Service
National Bank Limited has introduced ATM service to its Customers. The
card will enable to save our valued customers from any kind of predicament
in emergency situation and time consuming formalities. NBL ATM Card will
give our distinguished Clients the opportunity to withdraw cash at any time,
even in holidays, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Western Union Money Transfer
Joining with the world's largest money transfer service "Western Union",
NBL has introduced Bangladesh to the faster track of money remittance. Now
money transfer between Bangladesh and any other part of the globe is safer
and faster than ever before.
This simple transfer system, being on line eliminates the complex process and
makes it easy and convenient for both the sender and the receiver. Through
NBL - Western Union Money Transfer Service, your money will reach its
destination within a few minutes.
Western Union is a global leader in Money transfer and message services.
With the help of western Union a consumer or a Businessman can transfer
money or make payments more quickly and more securely from one part to
another part of the world. There are 1, 17,000 Western Union Agent
Locations over 185 countries in the world. It’s the largest network in the
world. Western Union markets transact more than one quarter Billion money
In Bangladesh National Bank is the only agent of transferring money. In
Bangladesh we can only receive money from abroad but we can not make
payment or transfer money from our country to another country of the world
on behalf of our customer.
At our NBL Uttara Branch we make payment to our customer through
western Union with the help of our Foreign Exchange Branch
The procedures of Transfer Money through Western Union:
In our Branch, we take one of the following document as a Valid ID before
the payment of western Union.
i) Photocopy of 1st
three pages of Valid Passport. In case of renewal, the
photocopy of renewal page will be added.
ii) Nationality Certificate with Photograph from
Chairman/Commissioner/MP. The said person will verify the signature
photograph of the applicant.
iii) Bank’s Certificate with photograph A/c Maintaining with the Bank.
The Authorized Officer/Branch in Charge will verify the signature &
photograph of the applicant.
iv) Any A/c Holder of our Branch. In this case we will use the A/c Number
v) Voter ID.
vi) Service ID (In case of reputed service holder)
Issuance of DD, TT & PO.
This Bank offers DD, TT & PO for transferring the funds from one place to
another to our Customer. It is Called Inland Remittance. It is one kind of
sources of Income of the Branch. Bank can issue DD, TT & PO against cash
or Cheque. To issue the above we have to follow some rules & regulations.
1) Issuance of DD. (Demand Draft)
DD is a written order from one branch to another branch of the same Bank.
It is not payable to bearer of the instrument. In practice, we can not issue DD
between Branches within the same city. we need to complete the following
steps for issuing a DD
2) Issuance of TT. (Telegraphic Transfer)
TT is one kind of telegraphic/Telephonic message order to pay some one the
fund between two Branches of the same Bank. It is the quickest & easiest way
to transfer fund from one place to another place.
The charges for issuing of DD & TT of our Branch
DD/TT 0.10% of the total DD/TT Amount
Telex Charge Tk. 40 fixed
VAT 2% of Commission amount
3) Issuance of PO (Pay Order)
PO is a written order, issued by branch of Bank to pay a certain amount to a
specific person or organization. Whose favor we issue PO is called Payee.
Some time PO is sold to individual on payment of value, and then the
individual is called the purchaser. A pay order has three parts such as:
Modes of the Foreign Exchange:
Various services regarding foreign exchange provided by NBL can be
segregated into four broad categories:
• Foreign Remittance
• Issuing T/C & Endorsement of Dollar
This section perform the major function of import procedure in favor of its
clients and provide import financing through guarantee, LIM, PAD, LTR etc.
Letter of Credit:
Letter of Credit (L/C) is a letter from the importer’s bank to the exporter
that the bills if drawn as per terms and conditions are compiled with will be
honored or accepted for deferred payment on presentation.
Requirements of opening an L/C are: Trade license, IRC, Membership
Certificate, TIN and VAT Certificate, Bond License, Memorandum of
Articles (Incase of a limited co.), Registered Deed (Partnership Firm),
Resolution and Photographs
Parties To Documentary Credit:
a) Applicant: The applicant is normally the buyer of the goods, i.e. importer
who requests his bank to issue a L/C in favor of a named beneficiary against
tendering of certain documents.
b) Beneficiary: the beneficiary is normally the seller of the goods who
receives payment under documentary credit if he has complied with terms
Parties to documentary credit may be an issuing bank, an advising bank, a
confirming bank, a reimbursing bank or a nominated bank.
a) Issuing bank: The issuing bank or the opening bank is one, which issues
b) Advising Bank: The Advising Bank advises the credit to the beneficiary
thereby authenticating the genuineness of the credit. It is normally situated in
the country/place of the beneficiary.
c) Confirming Bank: A Confirming Bank is one which adds its guarantee to
the credit opened by another bank, thereby undertaking the responsibility of
payment/negotiation/acceptance under the credit in addition to that of the
d) Nominated Bank: A Nominated Bank is that bank nominated by the
issuing bank to pay, to incur a deferred payment liability, to accept drafts or
to negotiate credit.
e) Reimbursing Bank: A Reimbursing Bank is the bank authorized to honor
reimbursement claims in settlement of negotiation/acceptance/payment
logged with it by the negotiating/accepting/paying Bank.
Other related parties:
a) Issuer: The Issuer has the responsibility for issuing the goods as provided
in the credit.
b) Carrier: The Carrier is responsible for safe arrival of the goods at the
Types of documentary credit:
a) Revocable D. credit
b) Irrevocable D. credit
c) Confirmed and unconfirmed D. credit
d) Fixed, revolving and installment credits
e) Standby credit
f) Red clause
g) Back to back credit
h) Transferable credit
i) Credit options
Documents in a documentary are Commercial Invoice, Certificate of origin,
Analysis/quality certificate, packing list, Draft, and Transport documents and
Export is the process of selling goods and services to the other country. It has
an immense contribution to generating income for the bank.
Requirements for the export procedure:
In order to export any goods or service to overseas, the exporter should have
attested the photocopies of the following documents with the up to date export
registration certificate. Other requirements are Commercial Invoice,
Certificate of origin, Beneficiary certificate (where the exporter tells about
the goods he/she wants to export), Beneficiary fax (confirmation of sending
goods to the importer), Packing list, Draft, Transport documents and
If the bank authority satisfies with all the information provided by the
exporter, steps are taken to smooth out the process of export regarding
collection of money or opening back to back L/C.
Opening back-to-back L/C is a letter of credit backed by the original L/C or
the mother L/C to open a new L/C. The bank provides it to the exporter to
import the raw material from overseas in order to produce the exportable
commodity for the importer. It encourages the exporter to produce more
exportable goods. In this case the bank offers some additional facilities i.e.
about 120 days to pay back the money where in case of import. L/C is issued
for 60 days.
Foreign Remittance refers to the transfer of fund from one country to
another through channel. Foreign Remittance is an important sector where
NBL earns a lot of foreign exchange every year.
Drawing Arrangements is made to facilitate remittance through concluding
accounting relationship between a bank and corresponding, or an exchange
house, which may exist in the following three forms of accounts.
1. NOSTRO A/C: A foreign currency account that a local bank maintains
with another bank in abroad.
2. VOSTRO A/C: An account, which a foreign bank maintains with a local
bank, is called VOSTRO A/C.
3. LORO A/C: An account, which a third party maintains with a foreign
bank, is known as LORO A/C.
There are two types of Remittance:
a) Foreign Inward Remittance: The remittance in foreign currency, which
is received from outside the country to our country is known as Foreign
Inward Remittance. The remittance can be performed in two ways:
Visible Inward Remittance-such as export proceeds
Visible Inward Remittance -such as family maintenance consultant fee
etc. Cash is remitted through TT (Telegraphic Transfer), DD (Demand
b) Foreign Outward Remittance: Foreign Outward Remittance is funds
remitted to overseas on behalf of the client. It is of two types:
Visible Outward Remittance-such as, payment against import, sale of
traveler’s cheques etc.
Visible Outward Remittance-such as, membership fee, subscription fee
ISSUING T/C & ENDORSEMENT OF DOLLAR
NBL is an authorized dealer of American Express T/C. at the same time;
they can sell T/C and dollar. Every morning they get a telex from the
Head Office, which carries the rate of the foreign currency transaction of
the day. The payment to the customer is made instantly by debiting
“foreign bill purchase” account.
Daily activities of Bank
Clearing is one of the important jobs of a bank. To run the banking business
smoothly and to provide serve to customer, every bank has to collect cheques,
POs, Drafts, etc which are drawn on other Bank on behalf of their A/c holder.
On the other hand, every Bank has to pay against his A/c holder’s
Instrument, which are received from other Banks. In a word, we can say, the
bank needs to collect or pay money on behalf of its A/c holder against A/c
payee instruments. The process by which way the bank collects or pays the
money is called clearing.
Clearing House is a place where various Bank’s representatives gather with
their Clearing Instrument and settle each other’s claims. Normally, Clearing
house sits in the Central Bank. Where there is no branch of Central Bank, the
clearing house sits in a general place selected by the Central Bank. Clearing is
held under the supervision of the Central Bank. In our country, Bangladesh
Bank controls the clearinghouse. Bangladesh Bank has divided the whole
country in various clearing zones such as, Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna,
Barishal etc. Some where Sonali Bank arranges & controls the clearing
house as a representative of Bangladesh Bank.
Every Bank does not get the clearing facility. To avail the clearing facility
every bank and its branches need to become a member of the Clearing House.
Our NBL Uttara Branch is a member of Dhaka Clearing House and our
clearinghouse sits in Bangladesh bank. We cannot do our clearing jobs
directly. We do our clearing jobs through our Head office at Dilkusha C/A,
There are two kinds of Clearing as:
1) Outward Clearing
2) Inward Clearing
The A/c holders of our Branch deposit other Bank’s instrument in their A/c
for collection. We collect it through Outward Clearing and credit the
proceeds in their A/c.
Description of Outward Clearing:
Bank does not involve in clearing house directly. They make their clearing
through Head office, Dilkusha. They just prepare the Instrument and send it
to Clearing department of Head Office for collection.
On the other hand, the A/c Holder of our Branch gives our Branch’s
instrument to their party who is not our A/c holder as payment. The party
deposits the following instruments in their A/c for Collection through
Clearing house. We receive those instruments from Clearing house and make
payment on behalf of our A/c holder. This is called Inward Clearing.
Except Clearing Instrument the Clearing Department also Collect the
following instruments on behalf of the their customer.
1) LBC Cheques: LBC Stands for Local Bills Collection. LBC is a
process of collection of instrument, which is held between the two
different Branches of the Same Bank in the Same Clearing House. For
example, if any A/c holder of our branch deposited a cheque which is
drawn on our Babu Bazar Branch. In this case we will collect the
proceeds through LBC.
2) OBC Cheques
OBC stands for Out Wards Bills Collection. Like LBC it is a process of
collection of instrument which is held between the two different Branches of
the Same Bank in the Different Clearing House/Different City. For example if
any A/c holder of our branch deposited a cheque which is drawn on our
Agrabad Branch Chittagong. In this case, we collect the proceeds through
Commission of OBC of our Branch
Below Tk. 1 Lac 0.15%
Above Tk. 1 Lac 0.10%
Postage Charge Tk. 10.00
3) IBC ( Inward Bills Collection)
We collect the instrument on behalf of our a customer through LBC/OBC
which are drawn on other Branches of our Bank. Like this collection we also
make payment on behalf of our customer against LBC/OBC instrument,
which are received from other Branch but drawn on our Branch. For
example if any A/c holder of our Branch gives a cheque to his customer who
maintains a/c with our Babu Bazar Branch & deposited the Cheque in his
A/c. Babu bazaar Branch will send the said Cheque to our Branch through
LBC for collection. Receiving of this kind of Instrument called IBC.
Writing of Advices:
Every Branch of our bank has to write Advice for updating their inter
Branch Transaction. To serve our customer promptly we have to pay or
receive deposits on behalf of our other branches. We receive or payment this
deposit through advice in case of Branch to Branch transactions. Suppose, we
have received a TT Message from our Khulna Branch to Pay Tk.1000 to Mr.
X, one of our A/c Holder. Here, some one deposits money at our Khulna
Brach but payment will be made at our Uttara Branch but we can not receive
any cash from Khulna Branch. In this case, we will make the payment to Mr.
X and send a Responding TT advice to our Khulna after debiting their
There are Many kinds of Advice such as
1) Originating Credit Advice:
We issue this kind of advice to credit the deposit in the other Branches A/c
against their claim such as payment against Clearing, LBC, OBC, Credit
Card Fund, E/Cash A/c, PF, WF, Income tax & various kinds of fund
2) Responding Credit Advice:
When we receive credit advice from the other Branches to credit our A/c
called Responding Credit Advice. We receive such kind of advice against
Clearing, LBC, OBC, Fund Transfer, Cash remittance etc.
3) Originating Debit Advice:
We make payments to the Customer against their instrument or documents
on request of any other Branches of our Bank by issuing Originating Debit
Advice. In our Branch we generally issue the following advice for payment
against Western Union Money Transfer, FDD, etc.
4) Responding Debit Advice:
When we receive Debit advice from the other Branches to Debit our A/c
called Responding Debit Advice.
5) Originating TT Advice:
Every day we issue TT, which is drawn on any other Branches of NBL &
transfer The TT Message over Telephone or Telex to the drawee Branch for
making payment to the TT favoring person. After receiving the message the
drawee Branch makes the payment. Next, we send an Originating TT Advice
to the Drawee/Responding Branch as a document of the following issued TT.
6) Responding TT Advice:
We receive TT message from other Branches of NBL and make payment to
the Payee. In this case we are the drawee branch/Responding Branch. As a
document we send Responding TT Advice to the TT Originating Branch.
Disbursement CCS Loan:
The full elaboration CCS is Consumer Credit Scheme. It is one kind of Loan.
National Bank's Consumer Credit Scheme gives a great opportunity to buy
household and office items on easy installments. This scheme gives you the
advantage of part payment to cope with the high price tags of many necessary
home and office appliances.
Television, Refrigerator, VCR, Personal Computer, Photocopier, Washing
Machine, Furniture, Microwave Oven, Car, and a number of other expensive
items are now within your buying range. With this scheme NBL makes better
living possible for people living on fixed income. Customers can buy those
home and office equipment's without over taxing their budget.
Documents required by our Branch against CCS Loan:
1) Application for loan under CCS
2) Undertaking to pay Monthly Installment.
3) Letter of Authority to Debit Account for payment of Monthly
Installment of CCS
4) Price Quotation of the Product, which the applicant wants to buy.
5) Promissory Note
6) Letter of Guarantee
7) Guarantee Bond from two persons with their photographs acceptable
8) Two copies of passport size photographs of the Applicant.
IBP (Inland bill purchase)
Some times to serve our reliable valued clients financially, we purchase their
Instrument in cash which is drawn on other Bank It’s called IBP. To do the
above we have to do the following works:
Fund Transfer to E/Cash A/c
There are several ATM Card Booth of our NBL from where the ATM
Card Holder can draw cash at any time through punching their ATM Card.
Every ATM Card holder maintains a link A/c. From the link A/c we have to
transfer the fund to E/cash Account to activate the ATM Card. ATM Card is
issued by Head Office ATM Card Division. Every day we receive the status of
ATM Card holders from ATM Card Division.
Other activities of National bank ltd:
1. Rural Credit Programs: NBL is playing effective role in
developing agricultural sector through its special credit programs.
Under this project loan is given for food grain diversification, fisheries,
and for purchase of agri- equipment and power tillers. In last 10 years
the bank has disbursed tk. 69.85 million and the loan realization rate is
94 percent. Under this project loans will be disbursed in different sub-
sectors like fisheries, agro- processing, industry, poultry, and livestock.
Besides loan disbursement under this program technical assistance is
2. National Bank Training Institute: The bank on 24, 1987
established the National Bank Training Institute. So far 4520 people
were given training in difference batches till August 2003.
3. National Bank Foundation: To create a well education
nation the National Bank Foundation established National Bank
Public School and College. Presently there are 642 students at the
school section and 164 students at college level. The rate success is
100% and 77.42% respectively.
4. Sports and Cultural Activities: The name of NBL is
associated with the country’s sports. Expensive sports activities and
its development need financial support and for that reason NBL
involved itself with these activities. NBL is giving support to various
social, sports and development activities.
Recommendation & Conclusion
• NBL should pursue advertisement campaign in order to build a strong
image among the people. They should carry out aggressive marketing
campaign to attract clients. They can give advertisements in newspaper
and magazine, television and neon signs.
• NBL can pursue a diversification strategy in expanding its current line of
business. The management can consider options of starting merchant
• NBL should move towards Online banking operations. It the appropriate
time for going for Online banking because some of the banks are already
in to the Online banking operation.
• National Bank ltd. should increase consumer-banking activity. Their
consumer-banking activity is so poor. They should increase the consumer
banking as early as possible.
• They should innovate other type of deposit to attract more customer.
• NBL should increase management efficiency. The bank should try to keep
a balance in its operating expenses and operating income. If the operating
expenses to operating income are high the bank may face some problem.
• Default Culture is very much familiar in our country. National Bank
Limited should carefully allocate the bank’s assets to the highest yielding
loans while avoiding excessive risk. The bank should reduce the amount of
Bad/Loss relative to classified loans.
• NBL is taking higher risk to get higher return. In this perspective the
bank should be concerned about their risk-taking tendency. Now they
should take calculate risk.
• NBL should maintain more cash and deposit balances with other banks.
Because it is desirable that banks keep their cash and balance with other
bank to such extent so that it can minimize the chance of liquidity crunch.
• NBL should keep on adding different banking service with its traditional
interested based business to generate more non-interest revenues.
• NBL should develop more strategic planning as to compete with its rival
National Bank Limited has been trying to operate its business successfully
since 1983. The bank has already developed good image and goodwill among
its clients by offering excellent services. As a newly established Branch, NBL
Uttara is serving at its locality with utmost satisfaction of the customer. So,
NBL Uttara Branch has to compete with those banks as well as other
Commercial Banks. Today, the whole Banking sector is facing a tough
competition and challenge. In this situation our Branch is in good position
than any other Bank of its locality and day-by-day we are increasing our
activities & goodwill. Within 20 years of its operation, the bank has grabbed
a position in the banking sector. According to the CAMEL rating the banks
performance are 3, which is satisfactory. It is expected that in a year or so the
rating will be 1, which is strong. So we can say that overall performance is
good in banking sector of Bangladesh