Nature Directives and wilderness
Zoltan Kun, Chairman, European Wilderness
Society
The political context
Natura 2000 covers 1/5 of the land territory and
includes areas of highest biodiversity value in the
EU
The management ...
The two nature directives (Bird and Habitat)
provide the framework for designating and
managing N2000 sites but there ar...
To ensure significant progress towards the EU 2020
Biodiversity Strategy targets, through improved and
Strengthened impl...
To develop new management insights and help put in
place priority management actions
To establish a framework for networ...
To develop cooperation between Member States,
stakeholder organisations, environmental NGOs and
specialist networks
To ...
Strict nature reserve vs. Nationally protected areas vs.
Natura 2000
Language  the meaning of wilderness
Unlikely that...
Decision needed
If wilderness is to continue to exist in Europe it needs
to be defined and given protection on a legal b...
The history
November 2008 over 100 organisations signed a
resolution (citizens’ call) on wilderness submitted to
the EP
3 February ...
EC Presidency conferences:
- Prague May 2009 conference on wilderness and
wild lands resulting the Agenda for Europe’s
...
EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy includes wilderness
linked to forestry
EC management guidance recently approved
Wildernes...
Beyond the biodiversity and social
arguments, there is a MORAL
OBLIGATION as well to protect
wilderness for future gene...
Achievements
Guidelines on Wilderness in Natura 2000 sites
Management of terrestrial wilderness and wild areas
within the Natura 2000...
Defining wilderness in a European context
A wilderness is an area governed by natural
processes. It is composed of nativ...
Understanding the difference between rewilding
(verb, restoration process) and wilderness (noun,
status mainly focused o...
The purpose of this document is to guide the
management of those areas in Natura 2000 where the
objective of management ...
Chapter 1: review of literature and definition
Chapter 2: EU policy framework
Chapter 3: ecosystem resillience and press...
Bark beetle
Forest fires
Reindeer grazing
Küre Mountains NP © Aykut Ince
Wilderness guidance
Several best practice ex...
Examples
collected from
over 1/3 of
habitat types
Retezat NP © Felk Kienas
Wilderness guidance
31% of
habitats are
forest, but not
exclusively!
Retezat NP © Felk Kienas
Wilderness management can be implemented
throughout Europe not only in East or North!
It is bound by and faithful to the...
Combining existing data
No real field check
Filtering through national contacts
 Challenge is to get real management i...
To turn every single Natura 2000 site into wilderness
To have a new directive
Archipelago NP © ANP Archives
Not TARGET
The European Wilderness Society
works to identify, designates,
manages and promotes Europe’s
wilderness, the continent’...
of 27

Natura 2000 and wilderness - the link to European policy

in the lack of the representation of the European Commission, the Chairman of the European Wilderness Society put together a presentation about the link between wilderness protection and European Union policy in Europe.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Environment      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Natura 2000 and wilderness - the link to European policy

  • 1. Nature Directives and wilderness Zoltan Kun, Chairman, European Wilderness Society
  • 2. The political context
  • 3. Natura 2000 covers 1/5 of the land territory and includes areas of highest biodiversity value in the EU The management and restoration agenda for Natura 2000 is the single most practical and obvious measure towards achieving the 2020 goal Archipelago NP © ANP Archives The political context
  • 4. The two nature directives (Bird and Habitat) provide the framework for designating and managing N2000 sites but there are several challenges such as - Interpretation of FCS - N2000 vs national designation - Planning and managing ... Archipelago NP © ANP Archives The political context
  • 5. To ensure significant progress towards the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy targets, through improved and Strengthened implementation of Natura 2000 To advance implementation of Natura 2000 directives To strengthen common understanding of the role of the network in achieving favourable conservation status Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Strategic objectives I.
  • 6. To develop new management insights and help put in place priority management actions To establish a framework for networking, sharing information and experience and building knowledge (biogeographical process) Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Strategic objectives II.
  • 7. To develop cooperation between Member States, stakeholder organisations, environmental NGOs and specialist networks To strengthen recognition and action on how to manage Natura 2000 in ways that also significantly contributes to socio-economic objectives, through the multiple benefits that derive from such action Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Strategic objectives III.
  • 8. Strict nature reserve vs. Nationally protected areas vs. Natura 2000 Language  the meaning of wilderness Unlikely that countries will seek to amend their national protected area legislation to redefine their strictly protected areas as wilderness Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Challenges
  • 9. Decision needed If wilderness is to continue to exist in Europe it needs to be defined and given protection on a legal basis We should speak a common language Archipelago NP © ANP Archives
  • 10. The history
  • 11. November 2008 over 100 organisations signed a resolution (citizens’ call) on wilderness submitted to the EP 3 February 2009 the overwhelming majority of the EP adopted the Resolution on Europe’s Wilderness Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Steps towards improving legal protection I.
  • 12. EC Presidency conferences: - Prague May 2009 conference on wilderness and wild lands resulting the Agenda for Europe’s Wilderness with 24 recommendations - Brussels November 2010 Restoring the Wild Heart of Europe (EU 2020 Biodiv Strategy) - Westport May 2013 wilderness restoration on modified landscape Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Steps towards improving legal protection II.
  • 13. EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy includes wilderness linked to forestry EC management guidance recently approved Wilderness register covering the 39 countries (EEA) Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Achievements
  • 14. Beyond the biodiversity and social arguments, there is a MORAL OBLIGATION as well to protect wilderness for future generations Archipelago NP © ANP Archives WILD10 how far can we go with our vision? Wilderness Convention at COE or.... European Citizens’ Initiative
  • 15. Achievements
  • 16. Guidelines on Wilderness in Natura 2000 sites Management of terrestrial wilderness and wild areas within the Natura 2000 Network Led by Alterra No examples! Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Wilderness guidance document I. Downloadable from EC DG Environment website!
  • 17. Defining wilderness in a European context A wilderness is an area governed by natural processes. It is composed of native habitats and species, and large enough for the effective ecological functioning of natural processes. It is unmodified or only slightly modified and without intrusive or extractive human activity, settlements, infrastructure or visual disturbance Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Wilderness guidance document II.
  • 18. Understanding the difference between rewilding (verb, restoration process) and wilderness (noun, status mainly focused on management)! Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Wilderness guidance document III. Rewilding the hearts and minds of people Rewilding an area might end up with wilderness
  • 19. The purpose of this document is to guide the management of those areas in Natura 2000 where the objective of management is to preserve wilderness qualities and consequently the chosen management method is non-intervention or set aside and to present the current knowledge on the benefits of such an objective as well as the consequences... The document does not suggest more wilderness! Paanajärvi NP © Viktor Gritsuk Wilderness guidance
  • 20. Chapter 1: review of literature and definition Chapter 2: EU policy framework Chapter 3: ecosystem resillience and pressures for wilderness Chapter 4: best practice examples Chapter 5: stakeholder involvement Borjomi-Kharagauli NP © Kote Gabrichidze Wilderness guidance
  • 21. Bark beetle Forest fires Reindeer grazing Küre Mountains NP © Aykut Ince Wilderness guidance Several best practice examples were submitted and attached to the document
  • 22. Examples collected from over 1/3 of habitat types Retezat NP © Felk Kienas Wilderness guidance
  • 23. 31% of habitats are forest, but not exclusively! Retezat NP © Felk Kienas
  • 24. Wilderness management can be implemented throughout Europe not only in East or North! It is bound by and faithful to the EU directives It is not legislative It is not promoted specifically Cepkeliai-Dzukija NP © Eugenijus Drobelis Wilderness guidance
  • 25. Combining existing data No real field check Filtering through national contacts  Challenge is to get real management information Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Wilderness register The register will soon be available online!
  • 26. To turn every single Natura 2000 site into wilderness To have a new directive Archipelago NP © ANP Archives Not TARGET
  • 27. The European Wilderness Society works to identify, designates, manages and promotes Europe’s wilderness, the continent’s most undisturbed areas of nature www.wilderness-society.org

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